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breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

BREAST CANCER  Survival in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Explored in Retrospective Study  In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stover et al found that cell-free (cf) DNA tumor fraction ≥ 10% was associated with worse survival in metastatic triple-negative breast...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Approves Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Breast Cancer

On January 12, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to olaparib (Lynparza), a poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, for the treatment of patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer
cost of care

Population-Based Screening for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Genetic Mutations Appears Cost-Effective

The cost-effectiveness of population-based panel testing for the known high- and moderate-penetrance ovarian and breast cancer mutations, including BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C, RAD51D, BRIP1, and PALB2, was not known. Now, a study evaluating the cost-effectiveness of screening the general population for...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Circulating Tumor Cells May Predict Late Recurrence in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

In patients with early breast cancer, the presence in the blood of circulating tumor cells 5 years after diagnosis increases the risk for recurrence nearly 20-fold, researchers reported at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 “We found that a single positive circulating tumor cell assay...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Power of Pathologic Complete Response to Neoadjuvant Therapy Demonstrated in I-SPY 2 Trial

  More evidence of the power of pathologic complete response (pCR) now comes from an update of the multicenter, adaptively randomized I-SPY 2 trial. In a study reported at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, pCR predicted for event-free and distant disease–free survival in high-risk...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Proof-of-Principle Study of Combination Checkpoint Inhibitor Plus Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

  The combination of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) plus trastuzumab (Herceptin) may turn out to be a good treatment option for patients with trastuzumab-resistant advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, according to the results of an early study presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

NSABP B-47: No Benefit for Adjuvant Trastuzumab in HER2-Low Breast Cancer

  For more than a decade, breast cancer experts have wondered whether women with low levels of HER2 might derive some benefit from trastuzumab (Herceptin), based on signals seen in earlier trastuzumab trials. Most notably, in the landmark National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) ...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Novel Antibody-Drug Conjugate Active in Refractory Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In relapsed or refractory triple-negative breast cancer, the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan (IMMU-132) demonstrated significant clinical activity in an open-label study presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 “Metastatic triple-negative breast cancer is an...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

Increasing use of a potentially life-saving treatment for metastatic cancer is leaving too many vulnerable patients behind, according to a new study from Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital published by Kann et al in JNCCN – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

breast cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Study Finds Increased Risk in Common Cancers in Female Night Shift Workers

In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work with circadian disruption or chronodisruption as a probable human carcinogen. Now, a meta-analysis investigating whether long-term shift work increases the risks of common cancers in women has found that, overall, night...

breast cancer

Dual HER2 Inhibition Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Metastatic Breast Cancer

The phase III ALTERNATIVE trial has shown progression-free survival benefit with the addition of lapatinib (Tykerb) to trastuzumab (Herceptin) and an aromatase inhibitor among postmenopausal women with HER2-positive, hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer. These findings were...

breast cancer

Long-Term Outcomes With Neoadjuvant vs Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

A meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group indicates that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with a higher local recurrence risk vs the same chemotherapy given postoperatively after breast-conserving therapy. Study Details...

breast cancer

FDA Clears Stereotactic Radiotherapy System for Use in Treating Breast Cancer

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared a new noninvasive stereotactic radiotherapy system intended for use in treating cancer in breast tissue. “With [this] clearance, patients will have access to a treatment option that provides greater accuracy in delivering...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

27 Breast Oncologists Recognized on Forbes’ ‘Physician Honor Roll’

This December, Forbes magazine recognized 27 breast oncologists across the country as exemplary physicians in the field of oncology. Individuals on the list serve in the top spots of their respective hospitals, contribute a wealth of clinical research to advance the practice, and serve on community ...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Neratinib Is Approved: Should We Reject It Anyway?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved 1 year of extended adjuvant neratinib (Nerlynx) after chemotherapy and a year of trastuzumab (Herceptin) for HER2-positive breast cancer this summer on the basis of the ExteNET trial. Many were surprised at the approval, since the evidence of...

Breast Cancer

Exercise Counteracts Fatigue, Pain in Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

A SUPERVISED and individualized exercise program can reduce fatigue and pain while improving cardiovascular health and quality of life in women being treated for advanced breast cancer, according to research presented by Eduardo Oliveira, PhD, Professor of Exercise Physiology and Exercise Cancer...

Breast Cancer

Disease Progression and Deterioration of Health-Related Quality of Life in Advanced Breast Cancer

IN PATIENTS WITH estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, better quality of life may be prolonged by delaying the progression of the disease, according to an ongoing quality-of-life assessment from the PALOMA-2 study, presented by Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of...

Breast Cancer

Dose-Dense Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer: A ‘Win-Win’ Treatment Approach

INCREASING THE DOSE density of chemotherapy lowers the risk of recurrence and breast cancer death by about 15% in women with early breast cancer, according to a large, meticulously conducted meta-analysis by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group (EBCTCG).1 The trials included in...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Marisa Weiss, MD; Carlos Arteaga, MD; and Kathryn Ruddy, MD

COMMENTING ON THIS STUDY, Marisa Weiss, MD, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Breastcancer.org, said: “It is great to see a compliance rate of 80% at 2 years. When you talk to a patient about extending adjuvant therapy for 2 years instead of 5 extra years, it may be this will encourage...

Breast Cancer

Extended Endocrine Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer: 2 Years as Effective as 5 Years

An additional 5 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy after 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy failed to improve disease-free survival compared with an additional 2 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer, according to the results ...

Breast Cancer

Ribociclib Doubles Progression-Free Survival in Premenopausal Breast Cancer

PREMENOPAUSAL WOMEN with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer benefited substantially from the addition of ribociclib (Kisqali) to first-line endocrine therapy plus medical ovarian suppression, according to results from the MONALEESA-7 study.1 At the 2017 San Antonio...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Pertuzumab for Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On December 20, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to pertuzumab (Perjeta) for use in combination with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and chemotherapy as adjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer at high risk of recurrence. APHINITY...

breast cancer

Hormonal Contraception and Breast Cancer Risk

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mørch et al, a Danish study has shown that the risk of breast cancer is increased in hormonal contraception users vs nonusers, with the absolute increase in risk being small. Study Details The study assessed the association between the...

breast cancer

BELLE-3 Trial: Combination Therapy in Resistant Advanced Breast Cancer

The phase III BELLE-3 trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival but a worse safety profile with the addition of the pan-phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

breast cancer

Eric S. Winer, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Debate on a Research Tool

Eric S. Winer, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, addresses the much-discussed controversy over whether all women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer should undergo next-generation sequencing.

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: the PADMA Trial

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses a study evaluating palbociclib plus endocrine treatment vs a chemotherapy-based treatment strategy in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (Abstract OT3-05-04).

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses 11-year followup results that showed a significantly lower breast cancer incidence among women with a greater than 5% weight loss (Abstract GS5-07).

breast cancer

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, on Tackling Breast Cancer Diversity

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Trust, discusses the challenges of treating metastatic breast cancer and how liquid biopsies can serve as a guide to genetic phenotypes.

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Stage II–III Breast Cancer and CTCs

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, discusses findings that suggest circulating tumor cells 5 years after diagnosis are prognostic for late recurrence in operable stage II–III breast cancer (Abstract GS6-03).

breast cancer

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, on DCIS: Results of the CALGB 40903 Trial

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on primary endocrine therapy for estrogen receptor–positive ductal carcinoma in situ (Abstract GS5-05).

breast cancer

Lynn J. Howie, MD, on ER+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: An FDA Treatment Analysis

Lynn J. Howie, MD, of the U. S. Food & Drug Administration, discusses a pooled analysis of outcomes of older women with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer treated with a CDK4/6 inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy (Abstract GS5-06).

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Older Women With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer May Receive Similar Benefit From CDK4/6 Inhibitors as Younger Women

Older women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors achieved progression-free survival at a rate similar to that of younger women, according to data presented by Singh et al at the 2017 San...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Postmenopausal Women Who Lose Weight May Have Reduced Breast Cancer Risk

Postmenopausal women who lose weight may have a significantly reduced chance of developing breast cancer, according to data presented by Chlebowski et al at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS5-07). “Breast cancer is among the leading types of cancer and...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Circulating Tumor Cells May Predict Late Recurrence in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Among patients with hormone receptor–positive HER2-negative stage II–III breast cancer without clinical evidence of recurrence, those who had circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in blood 5 years after diagnosis had an increased risk for late recurrence of breast cancer, according to ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Phase III EMBRACA Trial Meets Primary Endpoint

Patients with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations had significantly prolonged progression-free survival when treated with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib, compared with those who received chemotherapy of physician’s choice, according...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Certain Breast and Stomach Cancers

On December 1, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved trastuzumab-dkst (Ogivri) as a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin) for the treatment of patients with breast or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors overexpress the HER2 gene. The...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The randomized phase II LOTUS trial has shown improved progression-free survival with the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to paclitaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. These results were reported by Sung-Bae Kim, MD, of the University of Ulsan...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Partial-Breast and Reduced-Dose Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery

The UK IMPORT LOW phase III trial has shown noninferiority in local relapse for partial-breast and reduced-dose vs standard whole-breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in early breast cancer. These study results were reported by Charlotte E. Coles, PhD, of the University of...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Genomic Characteristics and Immune Infiltration in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Thomas Karn, PhD, of Goethe-University Frankfurt, and colleagues found that triple-negative breast cancers with high immune gene expression levels were characterized by lower clonal heterogeneity, reduced copy number alterations, and lower somatic mutation,...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combined Residual Risk Score Test and Predicting Breast Cancer Risk in Women Who Tested Negative for Hereditary Mutations

Results from a validation study to better define the risk of breast cancer in women of European ancestry who tested negative for a hereditary cancer mutation with a hereditary cancer risk test (myRisk Hereditary Cancer test) were reported earlier this week in a spotlight presentation at the 2017...

Breast Cancer

NCCN Awards Nine Grants for Quality Improvement in Breast Cancer Care

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) Oncology Research Program in collaboration with Pfizer Global Medical Grants announced they have awarded funding to nine projects that use clinical care pathways to implement quality-improvement initiatives along the continuum of care for...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: 2 Years of Extended Anastrozole Therapy Proved as Effective as 5 Years in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who took the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for 2 years after an initial 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy received an equal benefit to those who took the drug for 5 additional years. The trial results suggest that a...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: SOLD Trial Data Support Current Standard 12-Month Adjuvant Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Disease-free survival after 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) and standard chemotherapy was not comparable to disease-free survival after 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab and standard chemotherapy for women with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, supporting the current...

breast cancer

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, on HR+ Early Breast Cancer: Update of the SOFT Trial

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on a comparison of adjuvant tamoxifen plus ovarian function suppression vs tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract GS4-03).

breast cancer

Melinda Telli, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: New Clinical Approaches

Melinda Telli, MD, of the Stanford University School of Medicine, discusses the current status of treatment for advanced TNBC, and new therapeutic strategies now being used for better outcomes.

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, on Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results of a CALGB/NCCTG Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discusses the long-term follow-up of CALGB 40502/NCCTG N063H, a phase III study of weekly paclitaxel compared with weekly nanoparticle albumin bound nab-paclitaxel or ixabepilone with or without bevacizumab as first-line therapy for locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer (Abstract GS3-06).

breast cancer

Michael Gnant, MD, on Duration of Anastrozole Treatment: Results of the ABCSG-16 Trial

Michael Gnant, MD, of the Medical University of Vienna, discusses phase III study findings on giving an additional 2 vs an additional 5 years of anastrozole after the first 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy (Abstract GS3-01).

breast cancer

Vered Stearns, MD, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, on ER+ Breast Cancer: Controversies in Adjuvant Treatment

Vered Stearns, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss two key topics in adjuvant treatment: endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with ER+ breast cancer and finding the optimal duration of treatment.

Genomics/Genetics
Solid Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer

National Cancer Institute Awards $12 Million for Breast Cancer Genetics Study

A large study headed by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California and two other institutions received $12 million in funding to examine why African American women seem to have more aggressive breast tumors and higher mortality rates from breast cancer than...

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