breast cancer
issues in oncology

Cardiac Monitoring in Patients With Breast Cancer

Although heart failure is an uncommon complication of breast cancer treatment, the risk may be higher in patients treated with certain types of chemotherapy and lower in younger patients, according to a study published by Henry et al in the JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. Researchers studied...

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib and Cetuximab in BRAF V600E–Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for encorafenib (Braftovi) in combination with binimetinib (Mektovi) and cetuximab (Erbitux) for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600E–mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), as detected by...

Prognostic Model for Treatment Outcomes in BRAF V600–Mutated Metastatic Melanoma

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hauschild et al identified baseline lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), performance status, disease burden, and gene signature as potential determinants of treatment outcomes in BRAF V600–mutant metastatic melanoma treated with BRAF and/or MEK inhibitors. Study ...

Apatinib and Oral Etoposide in Platinum-Resistant/Refractory Ovarian Cancer

In a Chinese single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Lan et al found a high response rate with oral apatinib plus oral etoposide in patients with platinum-resistant or refractory ovarian cancer. Study Details The study included 35 patients with progression within 6 months...

Cory Wiegert Named New CEO of CancerLinQ LLC

Cory Wiegert has been named Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of CancerLinQ LLC, a wholly owned nonprofit subsidiary of ASCO. Mr. Wiegert, a proven expert in building and successfully launching innovative technology solutions, began his new role today (August 13, 2018), overseeing the continued...

ESR1 Fusions and Metastasis in Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer, but resistance to therapy is common, and eventual development of metastatic disease is a leading cause of death. In research published by Lei et al in Cell Reports, researchers from Baylor College of...

Assay Uses Big Data to Predict Responses to Immunotherapy

In the age of big data, cancer researchers are discovering new ways to monitor the effectiveness of immunotherapy treatments. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy developed a new way to use bioinformatics as a gathering tool to determine how ...

FDA Grants 510(k) Clearance to SRT-100+ Superficial Radiation Therapy for Treating Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer and Keloids

Sensus Healthcare, Inc, a medical device company specializing in the noninvasive treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancers and keloids with image-guided superficial radiation therapy, announced that it has received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market its new...

CNS Activity of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in T790M-Positive Advanced NSCLC

In a planned subgroup analysis of the phase III AURA3 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wu et al found that the third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib (Tagrisso) produced higher central nervous system (CNS) response rates vs platinum plus pemetrexed (Alimta)...

Circulating Tumor Cells and Late Recurrence in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Sparano et al found that a single circulating tumor cell (CTC) assessment was predictive of late recurrence in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The study involved patients from a phase III trial of doxorubicin and...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

ASCO Statement: Step Therapy Creates Barriers to Care for Medicare Advantage Beneficiaries With Cancer

Monica M. Bertagnolli, MD, FACS, FASCO, ASCO President, released the following statement today: “ASCO strongly opposes the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) decision to allow Medicare Advantage plans to employ step therapy across physician-administered and self-administered...

ASCO and Friends Submit Recommendations to FDA Aimed at Reducing Barriers to Clinical Trial Participation

ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research (Friends) have submitted recommended language to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for five guidance documents on ways to broaden eligibility criteria for cancer clinical trials. The recommendations are part of an ASCO...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Guidelines for Pediatric CAR T-Cell Therapy Developed

Almost 1 year after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and...

Utilization of Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy in Breast Cancer

Researchers at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Northwell Health’s Department of Radiation Medicine have identified methods to increase use of the radiation therapy hypofractionation in patients with breast cancer. These findings, published by Gilbo et al...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Lung Cancer Screening Guidelines May Be Inadequate for High-Risk Minorities

Data from a lung cancer screening program at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) provides evidence that national lung cancer screening guidelines, which were developed based on the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) in 2011 and recommend screening based on age and smoking history, may be...

Osimertinib Resistance Mechanisms in EGFR T790M–Positive NSCLC

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Oxnard et al found early resistance and a number of competing resistance mechanisms in acquired osimertinib (Tagrisso) resistance associated with loss of the T790M mutation conferring resistance to prior EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in...

Long-Term Pooled Safety Data for Palbociclib Combined With Endocrine Therapy in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In an analysis of pooled safety data from the PALOMA trials of palbociclib (Ibrance) plus endocrine therapy in hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Diéras et al found no evidence of specific cumulative...

lymphoma
skin cancer

FDA Approves Mogamulizumab-kpkc for Two Rare Types of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved mogamulizumab-kpkc (Poteligeo) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome after at least one prior systemic therapy. This approval provides a new...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

FDA Warns of Increased Risk of Cancer Relapse With Long-Term Use of Azithromycin After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning that the antibiotic azithromycin should not be given on a long-term basis to prevent the inflammatory lung condition bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in patients with cancers of the blood or lymph nodes who undergo a donor stem cell...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Research Finds Failings in Some Apps Used for the Diagnosis of Skin Cancer

In the scramble to bring successful apps for the diagnosis of skin cancer to market, there is a concern that a lack of testing is risking public safety, according to research led by the University of Birmingham. The research, outlined at the British Association of Dermatologists Annual...

Information Valued by Patients in Selecting a Hospital for Cancer Surgery

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Yang et al found that most patients who had undergone surgery for cancer reported that hospital reputation would have been important to them in choosing a hospital for surgery and that they would have used a listing of best hospitals for...

Study Identifies Specific Genes Associated With Increased Risk for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Studies show that triple-negative breast cancer is associated with advanced-stage disease and higher-grade tumors at the time of diagnosis, and carries an increased risk of recurrence and poorer 5-year survival rates relative to other breast cancers. This type of breast cancer accounts for...

BRAF V600E and Disease-Specific Mortality in Men With Papillary Thyroid Cancer

In a large-scale retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al found that male sex is a predictor of poorer disease-specific survival in BRAF V600E papillary thyroid cancer. The study involved 2,638 patients (male = 623, female = 2,015) from 11 centers in 6...

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Quizartinib for Relapsed/Refractory FLT3-ITD AML

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to quizartinib, an investigational FLT3 inhibitor, for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed/refractory FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Breakthrough Therapy designation is designed to...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Screening for Financial Issues in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Adult survivors of childhood cancer should be screened for financial problems that might cause them to delay or skip medical care or to suffer psychological distress. The recommendation from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital researchers followed an analysis that found 65% of...

careHPV Test Receives WHO Prequalification Status for Cervical Cancer Screening

The careHPV Test, a molecular diagnostic for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) designed to screen women in low-resource settings, has been added to the World Health Organization (WHO) list of prequalified in vitro diagnostics (IVDs). HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer, so ...

Sunitinib vs Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an interim analysis of the French phase III noninferiority Carmena trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Méjean et al found that sunitinib alone was not inferior in overall survival vs nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients with intermediate- or poor-risk...

TGFβ Polymorphism and Radiation-Induced Fibrosis in Breast Cancer

In an analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Grossberg et al found that a single nucleotide polymorphism (C−509T) in the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene was associated with higher risk of radiation-induced fibrosis in women with early breast cancer. Study Details The...

Immunosuppressants and Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Organ Transplant Recipients

Research published by Jung et al in OncoImmunology showed organ transplant recipients may reduce their risk of developing secondary skin cancer by changing their immunosuppressant medication. University of Queensland (UQ) researchers have studied the impact of such medications on the immune...

Phase III ASTRAL-1 Study of Guadecitabine in Patients With Treatment-Naive AML Ineligible to Receive Intensive Induction Chemotherapy

Results were recently announced from the ASTRAL-1 study evaluating the efficacy and safety of guadecitabine in adults with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not eligible for intensive induction chemotherapy. The study did not meet its co-primary endpoints: complete...

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Endometrial Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for lenvatinib (Lenvima) in combination with pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the potential treatment of patients with advanced and/or metastatic non–microsatellite instability high (MSI-H)/proficient...

Adjuvant Bevacizumab in High-Risk HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In an article in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Miller et al reported final results of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group phase III E5103 trial, initiated in 2007, which showed no benefit of adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-negative, node-positive or...

Treatment Intensification for Childhood B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia With IKZF1 Deletion

In an analysis of Asian trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yeoh et al found evidence that treatment intensification improved outcomes in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with IKZF1 deletion (del). The analysis compared outcomes in the Malaysia-Singapore ALL...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
global cancer care

Lung Cancer Mortality Among Women Projected to Increase by 43% Worldwide by 2030

According to a report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, cancer is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an estimated incidence of 14 million new cases of the disease and 8.2 million cancer deaths in 2012. A study analyzing breast and female lung...

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to SRF231 for Treatment of Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug designation to SRF231 for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. SRF231 is a fully human antibody that inhibits the activity of CD47, a protein overexpressed on many types of cancer cells, which prevents them from being...

Two Phase III Trials of KX2-391 in Actinic Keratosis Achieve Primary Endpoints

Two phase III studies—KX-AK-003 and KX-AK-004—achieved their primary endpoint of 100% clearance of actinic keratosis lesions at day 57 within the face or scalp treatment areas, with each study achieving statistical significance (P < .0001). Statistical significance (P < .001) ...

Response to Ibrutinib in Symptomatic Untreated Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Treon et al found that ibrutinib monotherapy was highly active in patients with previously untreated Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia, with better response in patients without CXCR4 mutation. Ibrutinib has been shown to be active in ...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D and Cancer Risk

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Scragg et al found that monthly high-dose vitamin D supplementation, without calcium, was not associated with a reduced risk of developing cancer. Study Details The current analysis is a post hoc analysis of the Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) study, which...

‘Super-Resolution’ MRI May Help Plan Radiotherapy Treatment in Lung Cancer

Physicists from The Institute of Cancer Research, London, and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust combined standard two-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of the chests of healthy volunteers to create 'super-resolution' videos, showing the lungs expanding and contracting. The...

Dabrafenib/Trametinib Combination Receives CHMP Recommendation for the Adjuvant Treatment of BRAF V600 Mutation–Positive Melanoma

The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has adopted a positive opinion recommending approval of dabrafenib (Tafinlar) in combination with trametinib (Mekinist) for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients with stage III melanoma...

KEYNOTE-048: Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The phase III KEYNOTE-048 trial, which is investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), met a primary endpoint of overall survival (OS) as monotherapy in patients whose tumors expressed programmed cell death ...

Use of Analgesics and Ovarian Cancer–Specific Survival

In a prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Merritt et al found evidence that recent use of aspirin or nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) after diagnosis appears to improve ovarian cancer–specific survival.   Study Details The study involved...

No Benefit of Adding Abiraterone to Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Increasing PSA

The PLATO trial failed to show benefit of adding abiraterone (Zytiga)/prednisone to ongoing enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs abiraterone/prednisone in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer exhibiting rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) during enzalutamide treatment. Results of the...

Forum of International Respiratory Societies Issues Statement on World Lung Cancer Day

On World Lung Cancer Day (August 1), the members of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) commemorate, celebrate, and support those impacted by lung cancer. FIRS continues to support the grassroots efforts of the lung cancer community to raise awareness about lung cancer and its...

breast cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

European Commission Approves Trastuzumab Biosimilar

The European Commission (EC) has approved Trazimera, a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin), for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor (HER2)–overexpressing breast cancer and HER2-overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. This approval...

New Tool for Assessing Frailty May Aid in Predicting Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

A new frailty index may aid in predicting overall survival for patients newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma, according to a study published by Mian et al in JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics. This tool is important because frailty is a critical factor in treatment decision-making for ...

ALTA-1L Trial of Brigatinib vs Crizotinib in ALK-Positive Advanced NSCLC Meets Primary Endpoint

The global, randomized, phase III ALTA-1L (ALK in Lung Cancer Trial of AP26113 in 1st Line) trial met its primary endpoint at the first prespecified interim analysis, with brigatinib (Alunbrig) demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in progression-free...

Childbearing Potential in Women With Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Weibull et al found that childbearing potential in young women treated for Hodgkin lymphoma in more recent years is similar to that in the general population. Study Details The study included 449 women aged 18 to 40 years identified ...

CPX-351 Liposome in Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a pivotal phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lancet et al found that cytarabine and daunorubicin liposome (CPX-351, Vyxeos) significantly improved overall survival vs standard cytarabine plus daunorubicin (7+3 regimen) in older patients with newly diagnosed secondary...

FDA Approves Lusutrombopag for Thrombocytopenia in Adults With Chronic Liver Disease

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lusutrombopag (Mulpleta) for thrombocytopenia in adults with chronic liver disease who are scheduled to undergo a medical or dental procedure. L-PLUS 1 and L-PLUS 2 Approval was based on two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled...

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