Targeting Chemotherapy With Genetic Testing in Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Researchers have found that women with advanced triple-negative breast cancer with a BRCA mutation were twice as likely to benefit from carboplatin as docetaxel—the current standard of care for these patients. These findings were published by Tutt et al in Nature Medicine. The trial is set...

FDA to Conduct Priority Review of Cemiplimab as a Potential Treatment for Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On April 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for priority review the biologics license application (BLA) for cemiplimab for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or patients with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who...

Risk of Gastrointestinal Cancers in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis

In a meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Yamada et al found that patients with cystic fibrosis are at increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers vs the general population. Improved management of cystic fibrosis has led to increased life expectancy and increased incidence of...

Web-Based Writing Intervention for Body Image–Related Distress in Women With Breast Cancer

In an Australian trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sherman et al found that use of a structured online writing exercise (My Changed Body) was associated with reduced body image distress and improved body appreciation among breast cancer survivors. Study Details My Changed...

FDA Approves Dabrafenib/Trametinib Combination for BRAF-Positive Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist), administered together, for the treatment of unresectable, metastatic, BRAF V600E mutation–positive anaplastic thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer accounts for about 1% to 2% of all...

Disparities Found in Lung Cancer Care, Survival in United States vs England

Despite steady declines in death rates in recent years, lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer deaths in wealthy countries. In a study published by Andreano et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Yale researchers collaborated with investigators in Europe to examine lung cancer care and ...

Canadian Study Explores the Economic Burden of Workplace Sun Exposure and Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

A study by Mofidi et al in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene has estimated the total and per-case costs of newly diagnosed nonmelanoma skin cancers in Canada in 2011 caused by workplace sun exposure. Using a range of secondary sources, including official government records and...

breast cancer
survivorship

Hormone Therapy and Diabetes Risk in Survivors of Breast Cancer

In an Israeli case-cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hamood et al found that hormone therapy in breast cancer survivors was associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes. The study involved a cohort of 2,246 women from the Leumit health-care fund diagnosed with...

Long-Term Quality-of-Life Results Compared for Two Radiotherapy Strategies After Breast-Conserving Surgery

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Schäfer et al, little difference in quality of life was observed over long-term follow-up between women receiving accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI) with interstitial brachytherapy vs whole-breast irradiation (WBI) after breast-conserving...

IL-15 Superagonist Plus Nivolumab in Advanced NSCLC

In a phase Ib trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wrangle et al found evidence of activity of the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and the interleukin (IL)-15 superagonist ALT-803 in patients with previously treated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ALT-803 targets the shared...

Prediction of Late Distant Recurrence in Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer After 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dowsett et al have developed a clinicopathologic tool for predicting risk of late distant recurrence in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer treated with 5 years of endocrine therapy. Study Details In the study, a prognostic score for...

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to BN-Brachyury for the Treatment of Chordoma

On May 2, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted orphan drug designation to the cancer vaccine BN-Brachyury for the treatment of chordoma. Chordoma is a rare type of cancer that develops along the spine, with presentation occurring at one of three main sites: sacrum, mobile spine, or...

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review for Pembrolizumab Plus Pemetrexed and Platinum Chemotherapy in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

On April 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for review a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) based on results of the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial. The application seeks approval for pembrolizumab in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) ...

Men With Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer History May Have Reduced Risk of Death From Melanoma

Skin cancer survivors know firsthand that the disease is most treatable when detected early, so they’re more likely to be vigilant about skin exams—and new research shows that such vigilance pays off. After studying more than 900 cases of melanoma reported through the Health...

lung cancer
prostate cancer

By 2030, Prostate and Lung Cancers Are Expected to Be the Most Common Cancer Types Among HIV-Infected Adults

While effective antiretroviral therapy, which suppresses HIV replication and improves immune function, has resulted in increased longevity for people living with HIV and reduced the risk of certain cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, other cancers are expected to become more ...

FDA Expands Tisagenlecleucel Approval to Include Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

On May 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) suspension for intravenous infusion for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma—including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), high-grade B-cell lymphoma, and...

New Breath and Urine Tests May Detect Early Breast Cancer More Accurately

A new method for early, more accurate breast cancer screening has been developed by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Soroka University Medical Center using commercially available technology. Their findings were published by Herman-Saffar et al in Computers in Biology and...

MGUS and Multiple Myeloma in 9/11 Firefighters

A study by Landgren et al in JAMA Oncology has found that New York City firefighters exposed to the 9/11 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site face an increased risk for developing monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), a myeloma precursor disease. The study was conducted...

Proportion of Cancer Cell Nuclei With High Chromatin Entropy and Outcome in Gynecologic Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Nielsen et al found significant associations between higher proportions of cancer cell nuclei with high chromatin entropy (associated with genomic instability) and poorer outcomes in gynecologic cancers. Study Details In the...

Adverse Financial Impact of Breast Cancer for Black vs White Women

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wheeler et al found that black women experience significantly worse financial impact from breast cancer compared with white women, which may contribute to barriers to treatment compliance and worse outcomes. Study Details The...

Diagnosis-to-Treatment Interval and Outcome in Newly Diagnosed DLBCL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Maurer et al found that a shorter interval between diagnosis and treatment was associated with adverse prognostic features and that a longer interval was associated with greater event-free survival in the first-line treatment of diffuse large ...

Characteristics of FDA-Designated Breakthrough and Nonbreakthrough Cancer Drugs

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hwang et al found little difference in the efficacy and safety of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-designated breakthrough vs nonbreakthrough cancer drugs and found that breakthrough drugs were not more likely to represent a novel...

Infection-Associated Late Mortality in Childhood Cancer Survivors Undergoing Splenectomy or Splenic Radiation

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Weil et al found that splenectomy and splenic radiation significantly increased the risk of infection-related late mortality among 5-year survivors of childhood cancer. Study Details The study...

Addition of Everolimus to Fulvestrant in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative, Aromatase Inhibitor–Resistant Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase II PrE0102 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kornblum et al, the addition of everolimus to fulvestrant (Faslodex) improved progression-free survival in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer resistant to...

Positive Results From QUADRA Trial of Niraparib in Ovarian Cancer

Tesaro recently announced results from the QUADRA study, which was designed to assess the clinical benefit of niraparib (Zejula) treatment in heavily pretreated patients with ovarian cancer. Results successfully achieved the prespecified primary endpoint and demonstrated niraparib monotherapy...

Results From the ARCTIC Trial in Third-Line Treatment of NSCLC

AstraZeneca and MedImmune have announced high-level results from the phase III ARCTIC trial in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have received at least two prior treatments. This randomized, open-label, multicenter trial assessed the efficacy...

FDA Approves Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib for Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma With BRAF V600E or V600K Mutations

On April 30, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) in combination for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (as detected by an FDA-approved test) and involvement of...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Update Regarding Tazemetostat Clinical Program

On April 23, Epizyme, Inc, announced that U.S.-based enrollment of new patients into tazemetostat clinical trials is temporarily on hold. Following a safety report of a pediatric patient who developed a secondary lymphoma, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a partial clinical hold...

Results From Phase III RANGE Study of Ramucirumab in Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

Eli Lilly and Company recently announced additional results from its global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III RANGE trial evaluating ramucirumab (Cyramza) in combination with docetaxel in patients with locally advanced or unresectable or metastatic urothelial carcinoma whose...

Many Economic Evaluations of Oncotype DX May Have Misleading Conclusions

Research from the Yale School of Public Health has found that the majority of published papers analyzing the cost-effectiveness of a widely used test for breast cancer used a study design that can increase bias. These findings were published by Wang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

Survival Analysis for Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Observation After Pathologic Complete Response and Resection in Rectal Cancer

In a propensity-score matching analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Polanco et al found that adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with a survival benefit vs observation among patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent resection after pathologic complete response following neoadjuvant ...

Concordance of Non–Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Among Brother Pairs

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jansson et al identified an increased risk of non–low-risk prostate cancer among men with prostate cancer who had with brothers diagnosed with non–low-risk disease. Study Details The study involved 4,262 pairs of...

Results From AREN0533: Treating Higher-Risk Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

In a report from the Children’s Oncology Group AREN0533 study published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dix et al found improved survival outcomes with a modified approach to treatment of favorable-histology Wilms tumor with lung metastases. Study Details The National Wilms Tumor Study...

Hematology Fellows and Junior Faculty Participate in 2018 ASH Clinical Research Training Institute in Latin America

This week, the American Society of Hematology (ASH) announced the names of the 35 hematologists participating in the 2018 ASH Clinical Research Training Institute in Latin America (CRTI-LA) and Advanced CRTI-LA. This education and mentorship program was held April 23–26, prior to the...

lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

ESTRO 37: Positioning for Radiotherapy and Impact on Survival in Patients With Lung or Esophageal Cancers

Very small differences in the way a patient lies during radiotherapy treatment for lung or esophageal cancer can have an impact on survival, according to research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 37 Conference (Abstract OC-0322). These differences of only a...

ESTRO 37: Ultrahypofractionated Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer Is Safe and Effective

Radiotherapy given in high doses over a shorter period of time is safe and effective for patients with prostate cancer, according to research from a phase III trial presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 37 Conference (Abstract OC-0599). The...

ESTRO 37: Handgrip Strength Test May Be a Good Indicator of Survival in Patients With NSCLC

A simple test of handgrip strength may be a good indicator of short- and long-term survival in patients with stage I non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to new findings presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 37 Conference (Abstract PV0041)....

ESTRO 37: Elderly Patients With NSCLC May Be Less Likely to Benefit From Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy

An analysis of elderly patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated in a phase II trial of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy has shown that they were less likely to benefit than younger patients if the two treatments were given at the same time. These findings were presented ...

ESTRO 37: Brachytherapy for Patients With Cervical Cancer Does Not Increase Risk of Ureteral Stricture

A rare but potentially serious complication following radiation treatment for cervical cancer is a narrowing of the tube that takes urine from the kidneys to the bladder (the ureter), which can lead to kidney damage and sometimes life-threatening infections. This is called ureteral stricture and,...

Link Between Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease and Melanoma, Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

Although literature demonstrates a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with various cancers—including squamous cell cancers (SCC) and basal cell cancers (BCC)—there is a paucity of literature to substantiate an association between malignant melanoma and...

Pediatric Centers May Improve Survival for Adolescents and Young Adults With ALL

Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) have a survival advantage if they receive treatment at a pediatric cancer center vs an adult center, according to a study published by Muffly et al in Blood Advances. The findings also suggest that treatment at a center...

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review for Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients With SCLC

On April 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for Priority Review a supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for nivolumab (Opdivo) to treat patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) whose disease has progressed after two or more prior lines of therapy. ...

Long-Term Outcomes of Adjuvant Treatment in High-Risk Prostate Cancer

As reported by Hussain et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term follow-up of the phase III SWOG S9921 trial showed that the addition of adjuvant mitoxantrone and prednisone (MP) to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve survival and increased death from other malignancies in ...

Family History and Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in Young Women

In an update from the WECARE (Women’s Environmental Cancer and Radiation Epidemiology) study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Reiner et al found that women with invasive breast cancer are at increased risk of contralateral breast cancer even in the absence of deleterious...

Identification of Genetic Subtypes of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Schmitz et al identified four subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCLs) with distinct genetic, epigenetic, and clinical characteristics that may be amenable to different therapeutic approaches. Study Details The study involved...

Morbidity in Testicular Cancer Survivors Treated With Standard Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kerns et al found that approximately 20% of testicular cancer survivors treated with cisplatin-based regimens had high cumulative burden of morbidity (CBM) scores and identified factors associated with risk for increased morbidity. Study...

Phase II Study of Sunitinib Schedule in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jonasch et al found evidence that a 2-weeks-on/1-week-off (2/1) schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) might be an option in frontline treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 59 patients with previously...

Cancer Cost Planning and Accounting for Patients Under 65

A new study published by Banegas et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has found that cancer care costs in the United States are higher for people under age 65—and that costs increase with disease stage. Despite the fact that nearly half of new cancer...

CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib for Advanced RCC Granted FDA Fast Track Designation

On April 18, Calithera Biosciences, Inc, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to CB-839 in combination with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for the treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who have received one or two prior lines ...

FDA Grants Fast Track Designation for Balixafortide in Combination With Eribulin as Third-Line Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer

On April 19, Polyphor announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for its novel immuno-oncology candidate balixafortide (POL6326) in combination with eribulin (Halaven) for the treatment of patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who...

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