Association of Early Palliative Care With Patient-Reported Outcomes and End-of-Life Care

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hoerger et al found that patients with a higher proportion of early palliative care visits addressing behavioral coping strategies had improvement in depression symptoms and quality of life. In addition, those with a high proportion of visits ...

Radioembolization vs Sorafenib in Asia-Pacific Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In an investigator-initiated phase III SIRveNIB trial in Asia-Pacific patients reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al found no difference in overall survival with selective internal radiation therapy, or radioembolization, vs sorafenib (Nexavar) in patients with unresectable...

Many AYA Cancer Survivors Have More Social Connections Than Peers With No History of Cancer

Survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer often have stronger social networks than their peers with no cancer history, according to St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital researchers, who hope to translate that support into better health outcomes for the nation’s...

FDA Accepts Pembrolizumab sBLA for Treatment of Advanced Cervical Cancer

On March 13, Merck announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for pembrolizumab (Keytruda), the company’s anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) therapy. The application ...

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Nedaplatin vs Cisplatin in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Tang et al, a Chinese phase III noninferiority trial has shown similar progression-free survival with nedaplatin- vs cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage II to IVB nasopharyngeal carcinoma, with nedaplatin being associated with fewer severe...

Survival With Brachytherapy-Based Radiotherapy or Radical Prostatectomy in High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ennis et al found no significant survival differences between patients receiving brachytherapy-based radiotherapy vs radical prostatectomy in men with high-risk localized prostate cancer. Study Details The...

issues in oncology
symptom management

Study of Patient-Reported Symptom Burden in First Year After Cancer Diagnosis

In a Canadian retrospective population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bubis et al found that patients with cancer reported higher symptom scores at 1 month after diagnosis and identified several factors associated with higher symptom scores. Study Details The study...

Patients With AML Have Reduced Risk of Early Mortality at NCI-Designated Cancer Centers

Researchers at the University of California (UC), Davis, have shown that patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received their care at a National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer center in California had a dramatically reduced risk of early mortality. Using data from the California Cancer...

Study Finds Patients Using an iPad App to Self-Order Tests Doubled Colon Cancer Screening Rates

According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States and the second leading cause of death from cancer. Projections by the ACS show that, this year, about 50,630 people will die from the disease. However, studies...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines May Lead to Delayed Diagnosis in Nonwhite Women

The current guidelines for mammographic breast cancer screening, which are based on data from primarily white populations, may lead to delayed diagnosis in nonwhite women, according to a report published by Stapleton et al in JAMA Surgery. A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)...

Novel PET Imaging Agent Targets Copper in Tumors, Allowing Early Detection of Prostate Cancer Recurrence

An Italian study featured in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates that a novel nuclear medicine imaging agent targeting copper accumulation in tumors can detect prostate cancer recurrence early in patients with biochemical relapse (ie, rising prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level). Copper...

Effect of Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy in Node-Positive Breast Cancer

In an analysis of data from the Breast International Group (BIG) 02-98 trial reported in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, Zeidan et al found that postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) vs no PMRT was associated with significantly reduced risk of locoregional...

Dasatinib for Pediatric Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Chronic Phase

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gore et al, a phase II trial has shown high response rates with dasatinib treatment in pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Findings in the trial supported the...

TAT 2018: Epigenetics Therapy Shows Promise in Patients With Lymphoma

New compounds targeting epigenetics have shown early activity in patients with lymphoma, according to data presented at the TAT (Targeted Anticancer Therapies) International Congress 2018 in Paris. The meeting, which focused on phase I research, featured early clinical studies with BET inhibitors...

TAT 2018: EXPRESS Study Explores the Genomic Landscape of Patients Achieving an 'Exceptional' Response to Targeted Therapy

The level of genomic alterations in genes associated with the oncogenesis of specific solid tumor types is being investigated in patients that have demonstrated an exceptional response to currently approved targeted therapies, researchers announced at the International Congress on Targeted...

PIK3CA Mutation and Prognosis in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zardavas et al found that the prognostic effect of PIK3CA mutation in early breast cancer was reduced after adjustment for other prognostic factors. Study Details The study involved analysis of individual patient data from a pooled...

Neoadjuvant Therapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a phase III trial (BrighTNess) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Loibl et al found that the addition of the PARP inhibitor veliparib to carboplatin and paclitaxel in neoadjuvant therapy did not increase pathologic complete response rate in women with triple-negative breast cancer. Study Details ...

Gene-Expression Profiling Score for Predicting High- vs Low-Risk of Follicular Lymphoma Progression

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Huet et al have developed a 23-gene expression profile that predicts risk of follicular lymphoma progression. Study Details In a training cohort consisting of a subgroup of patients from the PRIMA trial (in which rituximab [Rituxan] maintenance was evaluated...

multiple myeloma
symptom management

Analysis of Carfilzomib-Related Cardiotoxicity

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in Leukemia & Lymphoma, Shah et al identified the risk of cardiotoxicity among patients, most with multiple myeloma, receiving carfilzomib (Kyprolis) in clinical trials. Study Details The study included data from 4,164 patients who received...

Pretreatment Cancer-Associated Weight Loss and Prognosis

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Gannavarapu et al found that substantial unintentional weight loss prior to treatment is common among patients with cancer across stages of disease and is associated with poorer outcome. Study Details The retrospective cohort study included ...

Adjuvant Vemurafenib in Resected BRAF V600–Mutant Melanoma

In the international phase III BRIM8 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Maio et al found inconclusive evidence of benefit of adjuvant vemurafenib treatment in patients with BRAF V600–mutant melanoma.   Study Details In the double-blind trial, 498 patients with fully resected...

Multimodal Treatment in Patients With Gleason Score 9–10 Prostate Cancer

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have discovered that a combination of high doses of radiotherapy and hormonal therapy provides the best chance of decreasing the mortality rate in men with aggressive prostate cancer. The findings, published by Kishan et al in JAMA, also...

solid tumors
lymphoma

FDA Approves sBLA Updating Nivolumab Dosing Schedule Across Indications

On March 6, Bristol-Myers Squibb announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) updating the nivolumab (Opdivo) dosing schedule to include 480 mg infused every 4 weeks for a majority of approved indications. This approval will ...

Circulating Tumor DNA and Pseudoprogression in Metastatic Melanoma Treated with Anti–PD-1 Antibodies

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Lee et al found that measurement of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can help distinguish between pseudoprogression (radiologic progression prior to response) and true progression in patients with metastatic melanoma receiving anti­–programmed cell death ...

Upfront Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy vs Aromatase Inhibitors After Tamoxifen in Hormone Receptor–Positive Early Breast Cancer

An Italian phase III trial (FATA-GIM3) has shown no difference in disease-free survival with 5 years of upfront adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy vs 2 years of tamoxifen followed by 3 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy in women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer. The...

Novel PI3Kδ Inhibitor in Relapsed or Refractory Hematologic Malignancies

In a phase I trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Burris et al determined the phase II dose of the next-generation PI3Kδ inhibitor umbralisib and found evidence of the agent’s activity in relapsed or refractory hematologic malignancies. Umbralisib exhibits improved PI3K isoform...

FDA Authorizes Direct-to-Consumer Test That Reports Three Mutations in the BRCA1/BRCA2 Breast Cancer Genes

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized the Personal Genome Service Genetic Health Risk (GHR) Report for BRCA1/BRCA2 (Selected Variants). It is the first direct-to-consumer (DTC) test to report on three specific BRCA1/BRCA2 breast cancer gene mutations that are most common in...

Multitargeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Shows Activity in Small Cell Carcinoma of the Ovary

An multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat leukemia has shown promise against a rare and aggressive type of ovarian cancer—small cell carcinoma of the ovary hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT)—that strikes young women and girls, according to a study led by the Translational...

Dexamethasone-Sparing Antiemetic Regimen in Patients Receiving Highly Emetogenic Chemotherapy

In a Japanese phase III noninferiority trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ito et al found that dexamethasone could be spared on days 2 and 3 in an antiemetic regimen including the neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonist aprepitant and palonosetron in patients receiving highly...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Zachariae et al found that an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention improved insomnia among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 255 patients from a national sample of Danish breast...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Cognitive Decline Prevalent Among Elderly Patients With Hematologic Cancers

A sizable percentage of elderly patients with blood-related cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma are apt to show signs of diminished cognitive functioning—a decline that may impact their survival—a new study by investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and...

Study Finds Colorectal Cancer Screenings Vary Widely Throughout the United States

A study examining prevalence estimates of colorectal cancer screening at the county level in the United States has found that the country is far behind reaching the goal of screening 80% of adults aged 50 and older for colorectal cancer by 2018, which is supported by the National Colorectal Cancer...

Genomic Analyses Highlight Need for Precision Therapies That Target Pediatric Cancers

Researchers have determined that children and adults with cancer often have different mutated genes driving their disease, which suggests they would likely benefit from different therapies. The finding, from a collaborative study led by St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and published by...

FDA Grants Fast Track Designation to Pamrevlumab in Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

On March 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for the anti–connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) antibody pamrevlumab for the treatment of patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. This follows review of the phase II clinical...

Use of Charity Assistance to Pay for Novel Oral Anticancer Agents

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Olszewski et al found that 36% of patients receiving novel oral anticancer agents in a Rhode Island academic research center received charity assistance to pay for treatment, including 47% of patients aged ≥ 65 years. Study Details The...

Chemoradiotherapy vs Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radical Surgery in Locally Advanced Squamous Cervical Cancer

In an Indian single-center phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gupta et al found that cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy improved disease-free survival vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical surgery in women with locally advanced squamous cervical cancer. Study Details...

Denosumab vs Zoledronic Acid in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma With Bone Disease

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Raje et al found that denosumab was noninferior to zoledronic acid in preventing skeletal-related events (SREs) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with bone disease. Study Details In the double-blind trial, 1,718 patients with at...

Adjuvant Chemotherapy for ER-Negative and ER-Positive Isolated Locoregional Recurrence of Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Wapnir et al, the final analysis of the phase III CALOR trial showed benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in estrogen receptor (ER)–negative but not ER-positive isolated locoregional recurrence of breast cancer. Study Details In this open-label ...

Body Mass Index and Outcomes With Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy, or Chemotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, McQuade et al found that obesity was associated with improved outcomes in treatment of metastatic melanoma with targeted therapy or immunotherapy—but not chemotherapy—with a survival benefit appearing to be restricted to obese male patients....

Nut Consumption in Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer

People with stage III colon cancer who regularly eat nuts are at significantly lower risk of cancer recurrence and mortality than those who don’t, according to findings published by Fadelu et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Findings The study followed 826 participants in the CALGB...

GC4419 Receives FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for the Reduction of Severe Oral Mucositis

On February 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to GC4419, a highly selective and potent small molecule dismutase mimetic, for the reduction of the duration, incidence, and severity of severe oral mucositis induced by radiation therapy with...

FDA Accepts BLA for Calaspargase Pegol in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

On February 28, Shire announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the company’s biologics license application (BLA) for calaspargase pegol (Cal-PEG; SHP663). The investigational-stage compound is being reviewed as a component of a multiagent chemotherapeutic regimen...

issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Rehospitalization Patterns After Gastrointestinal Cancer Hospitalizations

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Manzano et al found that unplanned rehospitalization within 30 days after gastrointestinal (GI) cancer hospitalization was more likely after medical vs surgical index hospitalizations among older patients. Some risk factors for...

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Regional Hyperthermia in Localized High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Issels et al, long-term follow-up of the phase III EORTC 62961-ESHO 95 trial has shown improved outcomes with the addition of regional hyperthermia to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with high-risk soft-tissue sarcoma. Study Details In the open-label trial,...

Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy vs Radiotherapy in High-Risk Endometrial Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by de Boer et al, the phase III PORTEC-3 trial has shown no significant improvement in 5-year overall survival with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone in women with high-risk endometrial cancer. Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, however, was associated...

New NCCN Guidelines Aim to Encourage More People Living With HIV and Cancer to Receive Appropriate Cancer Treatment

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN) has released new NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) intended to help make sure people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are diagnosed with cancer receive safe, necessary treatment. According to ...

Experiences With Radiation Therapy Better Than Expected for Most Patients With Breast Cancer

A new study reveals that many patients with breast cancer have misconceptions and fears about radiation therapy, but their actual experiences with this treatment modality are better than they expected. In the study published by Shaverdian et al in Cancer, most patients agreed that their initial...

FDA Approves Abemaciclib as Initial Therapy for Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

On February 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abemaciclib (Verzenio) in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced...

FDA Grants Orphan Drug Designation to YS-ON-001 for the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer

On February 26, Yisheng Biopharma Co., Ltd. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Orphan Drug designation to its lead immuno-oncology candidate, YS-ON-001, for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.  YS-ON-001 is a clinical-stage immuno-oncology biologic product...

Edoxaban vs Dalteparin in Cancer-Associated Venous Thromboembolism

In the phase III Hokusai VTE Cancer trial reported by Raskob et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, the direct-acting oral factor Xa inhibitor edoxaban proved noninferior to the low–molecular-weight heparin dalteparin in the composite outcome of recurrent venous thromboembolism or...

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