leukemia
issues in oncology
cost of care

Cost-Effectiveness Models for Tisagenlecleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric B-Cell ALL

As reported by Lin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, cost-effectiveness modeling of treatment with the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in relapsed or refractory pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) showed that price reduction...

Recurrence and Cosmetic Outcomes With Treatments for Primary Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in Annals of Internal Medicine, Drucker et al found differences in recurrence rates and patient-reported cosmetic outcomes among various treatments for mostly low-risk primary basal cell carcinoma of the skin. Study Details The study involved data ...

NCI Breast Cancer Working Group Report on Appropriate Endpoints for Clinical Trials in Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Seidman et al, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Breast Cancer Steering Committee Working Group has issued a report on meaningful and appropriate endpoints for clinical trials in metastatic breast cancer. With the goal of providing...

FDA Approves Once-Weekly Carfilzomib in Combination With Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a supplemental new drug application (sNDA) to expand the prescribing information for carfilzomib (Kyprolis) to include a once-weekly dosing option in combination with dexamethasone (once-weekly Kd70) for patients with relapsed or...

WCLC 2018: Oncogene-Driven Patient-Caregiver Communities Creating New Paradigm for NSCLC Research

A recent review of patient-caregiver communities focused on non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with genomic alterations showed that these groups are improving outcomes by supporting patients and caregivers, increasing awareness and education, and accelerating research. Patient advocate Janet...

WCLC 2018: Study Analyzes Use of Thoracic Radiotherapy for Limited-Stage SCLC

A study has demonstrated that using involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT) and irradiating postchemotherapy residual primary tumor volume for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) did not result in increased recurrence of the cancer. Xiao Hu, MD, PhD, of the Department of Thoracic Radiotherapy,...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Patient-Partnered Genomics Study Identifies Immunotherapy as a Potential Treatment for Angiosarcomas

Angiosarcoma of the head, face, neck, or scalp is a rare cancer associated with high rates of local recurrence, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis. Because angiosarcoma is so rare, it is difficult to conduct large-scale research in the cancer. To address this issue, the Broad Institute of MIT...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Cancer Vaccine Shows Clinical Benefit in Phase I Study of Patients With HER2-Positive Cancers

A preclinical study showing that a vaccination with a recombinant adenovirus expressing a truncated ErbB-2 antigen can cure advanced established murine breast cancer as well as extensive established metastatic lung cancer led to the launch of a small phase I study investigating a therapeutic cancer ...

FDA Approves Cemiplimab-rwlc for Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On September 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or locally advanced cutaneous SCC who are not candidates for curative surgery or...

James Allison, PhD, and Tasuku Honjo, MD, PhD, Win 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

James Allison, PhD, Chair of Immunology and Executive Director of the Immunotherapy Platform at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Tasuku Honjo, MD, PhD, Distinguished Professor at the Kyoto University Institute for Advanced Study and Professor of Immunology...

WCLC 2018: SWOG Study Shows Survival Benefit in Study Population of Women With NSCLC Compared to Males, Regardless of Smoking History

Women diagnosed with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) live longer than their male counterparts, according to the results of a SWOG study presented by Kathy Albain, MD, the Huizenga Family Endowed Chair in Oncology Research at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, at the...

WCLC 2018: Comprehensive Genomic Profiling Aids in Identifying Personalized Therapeutic Options

Study findings demonstrated that comprehensive genetic profiling is a useful tool in directing patient care, identifying targeted therapies, and enrolling patients in clinical trials. Kimberly Rohan, MS, APN, AOCNP®, a nurse practitioner at the Edward Cancer Center in Naperville, Illinois,...

WCLC 2018: Poziotinib in Stage IV NSCLC With Genetic Mutations

Findings presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) showed poziotinib demonstrates clinical activity among patients with stage IV NSCLC with genetic mutations that have previously not responded to treatment....

FDA Approves Dacomitinib for Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On September 27, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dacomitinib tablets (Vizimpro) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Health Resource Utilization and CNS Metastases in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Chooback et al found that central nervous system (CNS)  metastases are frequent in patients with EGFR-mutant advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are associated with increased health resource...

Pazopanib in Treatment of von Hippel-Lindau Disease

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jonasch et al found evidence of activity of pazopanib in the treatment of patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Study Details The study involved 31 eligible adult patients with clinical manifestations of von Hippel-Lindau...

WCLC 2018: Smoking Cessation Services Widely Accepted During Lung Cancer Screening

A recent study found that smoking cessation services offered at the time of lung cancer screening had a high acceptance rate by current smokers. William Evans, MD, FRCPC, Professor Emeritus, McMaster University Department of Oncology, and clinical advisor, Smoking Cessation, Cancer Care Ontario,...

WCLC 2018: Outdoor Air Pollution Exposure and Lung Cancer in Female Never-Smokers

Findings from a recent study demonstrate that female patients with lung cancer who have never smoked have significantly greater exposure rates to outdoor air pollution than female patients with lung cancer who have a history of smoking. Renelle L. Myers, MD, FRCPC, of the British Columbia Cancer...

WCLC 2018: IMpower132: Atezolizumab Plus Carboplatin and Pemetrexed in Stage IV Nonsquamous NSCLC

Findings from the IMpower132 trial demonstrate that the use of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor atezolizumab in combination with carboplatin plus pemetrexed as first-line therapy and pemetrexed as maintenance therapy improved progression-free survival in patients with stage IV...

High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous SCT vs Standard Chemotherapy in Localized High-Risk Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Whelan et al, combined trials (EURO-EWING99 and Ewing-2008) have shown evidence of improved outcomes with high-dose therapy with busulfan and melphalan (BuMel) and autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) vs standard chemotherapy with vincristine,...

First-Line EGFR Inhibitor Plus FOLFOX4 in RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the Chinese phase III TAILOR trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Qin et al found that adding the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab to FOLFOX4 (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) improved progression-free survival in patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer. Study...

Overall Survival With Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib vs Vemurafenib in Advanced BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Dummer et al, the phase III COLUMBUS trial has shown a significant improvement in overall survival with the combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib and the MEK inhibitor binimetinib vs vemurafenib in patients with advanced BRAF V600–mutant melanoma. ...

WCLC 2018: NELSON Study: CT Screening for Early Lung Cancer Reduces Lung Cancer Mortality

Findings from the NELSON study demonstrate that the use of computed tomography (CT) screening among asymptomatic men at high risk for lung cancer led to a 26% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 9%–41%) reduction in lung cancer deaths at 10 years of study follow-up (at 86% compliance). In the...

WCLC 2018: Nintedanib Plus Pemetrexed/Cisplatin Does Not Improve PFS or OS in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma of Epithelioid Subtype

Findings from a recent study demonstrate that the triple angiokinase inhibitor nintedanib combined with standard-of-care pemetrexed (Alimta)/cisplatin does not impact progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma with...

WCLC 2018: IMpower133: Atezolizumab May Improve Outcomes for SCLC When Added to Carboplatin and Etoposide

Findings from the IMpower 133 trial demonstrate that adding the anti­–programmed cell death ligand 1 antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to standard first-line therapy with carboplatin and etoposide prolonged overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with...

WCLC 2018: ALTA-1L Trial: Brigatinib vs Crizotinib in Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.03) and in the The New England Journal of Medicine by Camidge et al, an interim analysis of the phase III ALTA-1L trial has shown improved progression-free...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Duvelisib for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory CLL, SLL, and Follicular Lymphoma

On September 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to duvelisib (Copiktra) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) after at least two prior therapies. In addition, duvelisib...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2018: PACIFIC Trial: Overall Survival With Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported at the current International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.01) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Antonia et al, the phase III PACIFIC trial has shown significantly improved overall survival—a...

issues in oncology
pain management

2018 Quality Care: New Approach Successfully Reduces Opioid Use After Urologic Oncology Surgery

In a study conducted by Stanford Health Care, researchers achieved a 46% reduction in opioid use among 443 patients with cancer who underwent a range of urologic surgeries without increasing their pain or anxiety. They achieved this reduction through a two-pillared approach: (1) maximizing the use...

breast cancer
cost of care

2018 Quality Care: Few Women With Breast Cancer Discuss Costs With Physicians Before Beginning Treatment

Findings from a new study reveal that while many women with breast cancer experience significant financial burden and most prefer to discuss the cost of their cancer care before beginning treatment, few are having conversations about treatment costs with their cancer care teams. These findings will ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

2018 Quality Care: Nationwide Survey Reveals Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer Face Major Financial Stress Due to Treatment Costs

A new nationwide analysis of more than 1,000 people living with metastatic breast cancer from 41 states reveals significant cancer-related financial burden known as financial toxicity, particularly for uninsured patients. The study will be presented by Wheeler et al at the upcoming 2018 ASCO...

issues in oncology
pain management

2018 Quality Care: Opioid Deaths Are 10 Times Less Likely to Occur in Patients With Cancer Compared to the General Population

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in 2016, over 42,000 Americans died from opioid overdose, making the epidemic a top public health concern. Although opioids are commonly used for cancer-associated pain, the risks for overdose in patients with cancer were unknown. A...

issues in oncology
cost of care

2018 Quality Care: Older Patients With Advanced Cancer Experiencing Financial Difficulties Have Worse Quality of Life and Mental Health

Older patients with advanced cancer experiencing financial toxicity due to the cost of their treatment have higher rates of severe anxiety and depression and poorer quality of life than patients who do not experience financial hardship. In addition, for those patients having financial difficulty,...

New Benchmarking Tool for Measuring Implementation of Integrated Practice Units

New research by Wind et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network explores a new approach for benchmarking cancer centers based on how successfully their organizational structures allow them to implement integrated practice units (IPUs). These IPUs are defined ...

FDA Grants Rare Pediatric Disease Designation to CLR 131 in Treatment of Osteosarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Rare Pediatric Disease designation to CLR 131 for the treatment of osteosarcoma. CLR 131 has received Rare Pediatric Disease designation in four pediatric cancers: neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, and now...

ASCO Endorses CAP Guideline on HPV Testing in Head and Neck Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Carole Fakhry, MD, MPH, of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the 2018 College of American Pathologists (CAP) guideline on human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in head and neck carcinoma. The endorsement was based on...

Breast Pathologic Complete Response and Pathologic Node Positivity After Neoadjuvant Therapy

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in JAMA Surgery, Barron et al found low pathologic nodal positivity rates among patients with clinically node-negative (cN0), HER2-positive disease or triple-negative breast cancer with breast pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Estimated Medicare Cost for Prostate Cancer Care in Older Men

Although national guidelines recommend against prostate cancer screening in men age 70 and older, researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center estimate that screening for and treating prostate cancer in men in this age group costs Medicare more than ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Hyperprogressive Disease in Advanced NSCLC Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors

In a French study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ferrara et al found that hyperprogressive disease appeared to be more common with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor treatment than single-agent chemotherapy among previously treated patients with...

ASCO Endorses AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline on Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Justin E. Bekelman, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the 2017 American Urological Association (AUA), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Urologic...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sequential vs Concurrent Neoadjuvant Therapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Buzdar et al, the phase III ACOSOG Z1041 (Alliance) trial showed no difference in disease-free or overall survival with sequential vs concurrent neoadjuvant anthracycline and trastuzumab in patients with operable HER2-positive breast cancer. An earlier report from...

Origins and Genetics Associated With Mixed-Phenotype Acute Leukemia

Investigators have unraveled the origins and identified mutations associated with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia. The study, published by Alexander et al in Nature, potentially lays the foundation for more effective treatment of patients with this high-risk cancer. Mixed-phenotype acute...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The results of the pivotal phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study—which evaluated avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) compared with sunitinib (Sutent) as initial therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma—were recently announced. As part of a planned...

Outcomes Associated With Mutation Persistence After HSCT for Myelodysplastic Syndrome

In a single-institution study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Duncavage et al found that mutation clearance after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was associated with better outcomes in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. Study Details The study...

Use of Patient-Reported Outcomes Version of CTCAE in Rectal Cancer Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Basch et al established the feasibility of using the National Cancer Institute patient-reported outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) in the setting of a multicenter clinical trial in locally advanced...

Study Links BAP1 Protein to Tumor Suppression in Several Cancers

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centerhave shown how BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) serves as a tumor suppressor gene in kidney, eye and bile duct cancers; mesothelioma; and other malignancies by regulating a form of cell death called...

Risk of Second HPV-Associated Cancer Among Survivors of HPV-Associated Cancers

A retrospective study led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health found that survivors of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers have a high incidence of developing second ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Pitfall in PSMA PET Imaging Method

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging has become a popular method for determining the stage of a patient’s prostate cancer. However, researchers have identified a pitfall in this imaging technique and are cautioning medical professionals to be...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Uncommon Lethal Complications of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Wang et al identified frequency and types of fatal toxic effects in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Study Details The study involved analysis of fatal immune checkpoint inhibitor–associated toxic...

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