SPOP-Mutant Prostate Cancer Subtype, High PSA, and Prognosis

Conventional wisdom suggests that a high level of the protein prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men with prostate cancer means a poor prognosis. However, this may not always be the case in men with a particular subtype of prostate cancer, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and...

Study Examines Right-Sided vs Left-Sided Colon Cancer Survival Rates

Patients with colorectal cancer tumors on the right side may have poorer 5-year survival rates than those whose tumors are located on the left side. However, a new large-scale retrospective study is the first to demonstrate a potential improvement of these outcomes. Study results show that nearly...

Psychosocial Effects of Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Among Women With Nonhereditary Breast Cancer

In a prospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Parker et al found that among women with nonhereditary breast cancer electing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM), fear and worry over breast cancer may be dominant at the time of surgical decisions without sufficient...

Adding Cisplatin to First-Line Treatment of Elderly Patients With Advanced NSCLC

A joint analysis of parallel phase III trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gridelli et al found no overall survival benefit of adding cisplatin to first-line treatment of elderly patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without an EGFR mutation. Study...

FDA Approves Iobenguane I-131 for Rare Adrenal Gland Tumors

On July 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved iobenguane I-131 (Azedra) injection for adult and pediatric patients (12 years and older) with iobenguane scan–positive, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (PPGL) who require systemic...

Indocyanine Green in Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Merkel Cell Carcinoma

High rates of regional lymph node involvement and metastases are not uncommon in Merkel cell carcinoma. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Guidelines recommend sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for staging purposes in this malignancy. In a study by Knanckstedt et al in ...

FDA Grants Fast Track Designation to Galinpepimut-S in Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Fast Track designation to galinpepimut-S for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Galinpepimut-S is licensed from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and targets the Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) protein, which is present in an array of tumor types....

Quality of Life With Niraparib Maintenance vs Placebo in Patients With Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Oza et al found that quality of life (QOL) based on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) was not worsened with niraparib (Zejula) maintenance vs placebo in the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial in women with recurrent ovarian cancer who were in response to...

Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine in HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer

As reported by Li and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the HER2-targeted antibody-drug conjugate ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) showed activity in advanced HER2-mutant lung adenocarcinoma. Study Details The current report involves a cohort of patients with HER2-mutant lung...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer

Following a Healthy Diet and Avoiding Alcohol May Reduce Overall Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has estimated that in developed countries, about 35% of breast cancers and 45% of colorectal cancers could be prevented with a better adherence to nutritional recommendations. A large prospective study evaluating...

FDA Approves Magnetic Device System for Guiding Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsies in Patients With Breast Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a magnetic device system for guiding lymph node biopsies in patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy. The Magtrace and Sentimag Magnetic Localization System uses magnetic detection during sentinel lymph node biopsy procedures to ...

Ability of Assay to Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced Gastric Cancer

Researchers from Samsung Medical Center and Guardant Health, Inc have demonstrated the feasibility of determining a measure analogous to tumor mutation burden, a promising biomarker that may predict patient response to certain immunotherapies, utilizing the Guardant360 assay, a...

Surgeon Attitudes Toward the Omission of Axillary Dissection in Early Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Morrow and colleagues found that surgeon acceptance of more limited surgery in early breast cancer was more likely among high-volume surgeons and those preferring a surgical margin of “no ink on tumor.” As noted by the authors, the American College ...

Biomarker-Integrated Risk Model for Lung Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by the Integrative Analysis of Lung Cancer Etiology and Risk (INTEGRAL) Consortium for Early Detection of Lung Cancer, incorporating biomarkers into a lung cancer risk prediction model may improve performance compared with risk based on age and smoking exposure alone....

New Study Calls for Continued Aggressive Treatment for Breast Cancer in Women Under 40

A new study from the Stanford Cancer Institute found that young women who are treated with chemotherapy for breast cancer but have residual tumor in either the breast or lymph nodes have higher chances of recurrence compared to those with no evidence of any residual invasive...

Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy vs Open Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy in Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Coughlin et al found similar functional outcomes at 2 years with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with newly diagnosed clinically localized prostate cancer. Study Details In ...

Complementary Therapy for Cancer and Refusal of Conventional Treatment

People who received complementary therapy for curable cancers were more likely to refuse at least one component of their conventional cancer treatment, and were more likely to die as a result, according to researchers from Yale Cancer Center and the Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness...

IMpower 132: Atezolizumab in Combination With Pemetrexed and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

The phase III IMpower132 study met its co-primary endpoint of progression-free survival and demonstrated that the combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin plus pemetrexed [Alimta]) reduced the risk of disease worsening or death compared to chemotherapy...

Quality-of-Life and Patient-Centered Outcomes With Olaparib Maintenance in Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III SOLO2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Friedlander et al found that olaparib maintenance therapy did not worsen health-related quality of life vs placebo in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer and a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. In the study, maintenance...

health-care policy
cost of care

Cost Differences in Chemotherapy Administration by Site

Critics of health-care consolidation have cited higher costs of chemotherapy administration as an example of how mergers drive up costs. A new study by Kalidindi et al in The American Journal of Managed Care found that although drug administration costs in hospitals are higher,...

cns cancers
issues in oncology

Pediatric CT Scans and Subsequent Malignancy Risk

A new study by Meulepas et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that computed tomography (CT) scans may increase the risk of brain tumors. The use of CT scans has increased dramatically over the past 2 decades. CT scans greatly improve diagnostic capabilities,...

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Combination as First-Line Treatment for Advanced or Metastatic HCC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin) as a first-line treatment for people with advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver...

Second Allogeneic HCT vs Donor Lymphocyte Infusion in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Relapse

In a retrospective registry study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kharfan-Dabaja et al found no overall survival difference with second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) vs donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse. The study involved 418...

Less Toxicity With Pelvic IMRT vs Standard RT in Cervical and Endometrial Cancers

In the phase III NRG Oncology-RTOG 1203 study, patient-reported gastrointestinal (GI) and urinary toxicities were reduced with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) vs standard radiotherapy (RT) in women with cervical or endometrial cancer. The findings were reported by Klopp et al in the...

breast cancer
symptom management

C-Reactive Protein and Radiotherapy Skin Toxicity in Patients With Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hu et al found that higher postradiotherapy levels of the inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were associated with an increased risk of early grade 4+ skin toxicity in patients with breast cancer. Study Details...

Risk of Cancer After Treatment of Testicular Germ Cell Cancer

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Groot et al found that the risk of subsequent malignant neoplasms was increased in the long-term follow up of patients receiving cisplatin or radiotherapy for testicular germ cell cancer. Risk vs General Population The study involved...

Delayed Skin Effects of Anti–PD-1 Therapy

Patients with cancer receiving anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) therapies who develop lesions, eczema, psoriasis, or other forms of autoimmune diseases affecting the skin may experience those adverse reactions on a delay—sometimes even after treatment has...

FDA Accepts BLA, Grants Priority Review for Sacituzumab Govitecan in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted a biologics license application (BLA) for filing and granted Priority Review for sacituzumab govitecan for the treatment of patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer who previously received at least two prior therapies for...

FDA Approves Filgrastim Biosimilar Filgrastim-aafi

On July 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved filgrastim-aafi (Nivestym), a biosimilar to filgrastim (Neupogen), for all eligible indications of the reference product. “The FDA approval of filgrastim-aafi marks an important step in helping expand access to critical...

FDA Approves Ivosidenib for IDH1-Mutated AML

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ivosidenib (Tibsovo) tablets for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation. This is the first drug in its class (isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 [IDH1]...

By Sending Tests by Mail, Researchers Boost Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates Among Medicaid Patients

Mailing colorectal cancer screening tests to patients insured by Medicaid increased screening rates for this population, reported researchers at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. In collaboration with the Mecklenburg County Health Department in...

gynecologic cancer
health-care policy

Study Evaluates Effects of Affordable Care Act on Young Women With Gynecologic Cancer

The gains in insurance coverage with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) have already translated into improved health for young women with gynecologic cancers, who are getting diagnosed at earlier stages of their disease because of ACA benefits. That’s the conclusion of a new ...

CALM Psychotherapeutic Intervention Reduces Depression in Patients With Advanced Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rodin et al found that a manualized psychotherapeutic intervention (Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully, CALM) was successful in reducing depressive symptoms in patients with advanced cancer. CALM is novel, brief, tailored...

Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen–Targeted Docetaxel Nanoparticle in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Autio et al found that prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)–targeted docetaxel nanoparticle (BIND-014) treatment was active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Study Details In the multicenter trial,...

Meta-Analysis of Patients With Early Kidney Cancer Treated With Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

For patients with early kidney cancer, surgically removing a portion of the kidney instead of the whole organ is often a preferred treatment, because the procedure can effectively remove tumors while preserving kidney function. But when it comes to the best surgical approach—robotic,...

Brain Metastases in ROS1-Positive Lung Cancer and Treatment With Crizotinib

A study published by Patil et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology explores the occurrence and treatment of brain metastases in stage IV ROS1-positive non–small cell lung cancer. ROS1-Positive Disease vs Other Genetic Mutations Importantly, and in contrast with the findings ...

Phase III TOURMALINE-MM3 Trial of Ixazomib as Maintenance Therapy in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Posttransplant

The randomized, phase III TOURMALINE-MM3 study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating single-agent oral ixazomib (Ninlaro) as a maintenance therapy resulted in a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) vs placebo. The trial evaluated the effect of ixazomib as a...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and Fluorouracil in Advanced Anal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a French phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kim et al found that treatment with docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (DCF) was active in patients with metastatic or unresectable locally recurrent anal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details The multicenter study included 66...

palliative care
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
cost of care

Geographic Differences in End-of-Life Cancer Care

When it comes to how much end-of-life care a patient with cancer receives, geography may, indeed, be destiny, according to new research led by Harvard Medical School that found differences in this type of cancer care across different parts of the country. The findings, published by Keating et al...

FDA Expands Ribociclib Indication in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for ribociclib (Kisqali) in combination with an aromatase inhibitor for premenopausal or perimenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer as initial...

Progression-Free Survival as Surrogate for Overall Survival in First-Line Treatment of DLBCL

In an individual patient-level analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shi et al found that progression-free survival could serve as a surrogate endpoint for overall survival in the first-line treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The study involved data from 7,507...

Individual Training to Improve Provider Efficiency and Confidence in EMR Use

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Kadish et al found that individually tailored training improved provider confidence in electronic medical record (EMR) use and offers promise of improving efficiency in use. The study was undertaken at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute after...

Cabozantinib vs Placebo in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Abou-Alfa and colleagues, the second interim analysis of the phase III CELESTIAL trial has shown a significant improvement in overall and progression-free survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs placebo in patients with sorafenib...

FDA Grants Priority Review to sBLA for Pembrolizumab in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted and granted priority review for a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as a second-line treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. This sBLA, which is...

Early Study Shows Elasticity of Cancer Cells May Determine Where Pancreatic Cancer Metastases Form

Pancreatic cancer often metastasizes to the liver or lungs. The prognosis is better for patients with metastases in the lungs. However, the organ that is more likely to be affected depends on the cancer cells’ ability to alter their characteristics and shape—as a research team at the...

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Psychological Distress in Patients With Cancer

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Compen et al found that both face-to-face and internet-based mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) reduced psychological distress compared with usual care in patients with cancer. Study Details In the trial, 245 patients with...

Germline Mutations in Cancer Susceptibility Genes in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Carlo et al found a high prevalence of germline mutations in cancer susceptibility genes in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In this cohort study, conducted between October 2015 and July 2017, 254 of 267 patients with advanced...

Addition of Systemic Therapy to Involved-Field Radiotherapy in Early-Stage Follicular Lymphoma

Results of the phase III Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group 99.03 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by MacManus et al indicate that use of systemic therapy following involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT) increased progression-free survival in patients with stage I or II low-grade...

American Cancer Society Outlines Blueprint for Cancer Control in the 21st Century

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is outlining its vision for cancer control in the decades ahead in a series of articles that began publishing in early July in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. The series of articles forms the basis of a national cancer control plan, with a blueprint...

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