lung cancer

ESMO 2017: ALEX and ALUR Trials: Alectinib Shows CNS Benefit in ALK-Positive NSCLC

Data from two separate phase III studies presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid show the particular central nervous system (CNS) activity of alectinib (Alecensa) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer involving a mutation of the...

gastrointestinal cancer

Cytoreductive Surgery With Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy

In a single-center experience reported in JAMA Surgery, Eng et al found that an increased intraoperative fluid rate was associated with increased perioperative morbidity in patients with peritoneal cancer undergoing cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Study...

head and neck cancer

Cabozantinib Salvage Therapy in Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor–Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

A phase II study has shown that cabozantinib (Cometriq) produces responses in patients with tyrosine kinase inhibitor–refractory differentiated thyroid cancer. The findings were reported by Cabanillas et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. MET plays a role in vascular endothelial growth...

lung cancer

ESMO 2017: Phase III IFCT-0302 Trial Assesses Minimal vs CT Scan–Based Follow-up for Completely Resected NSCLC

The optimal follow-up protocol for patients with completely resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains elusive after results of the IFCT-0302 trial, presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid, did not show a difference in overall survival...

breast cancer

ESMO 2017: MINDACT Study in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Shows Even Small Tumors Can Be Aggressive

Even small tumors in the breast can be aggressive, according to a study in patients with early-stage breast cancer presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid (Abstract 150O_PR). Researchers found that 24% of small tumors were aggressive, and patients...

issues in oncology

ESMO 2017: Overuse of Tumor Marker Tests in Primary and Secondary Care

The vast majority of tumor marker tests in primary and secondary care are not necessary, according to a study presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid (Abstract 1410P_PR). The tests assisted with a cancer diagnosis in just 2% of patients....

leukemia

Guadecitabine in Treatment-Naive Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The results of a phase II trial have shown high activity of guadecitabine, a next-generation hypomethylating drug, in treatment-naive older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Kantarjian et al. Guadecitabine has a longer half-life and exposure...

lung cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Everolimus vs Placebo in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Pavel et al, no significant difference in deterioration of health-related quality of life was observed with everolimus (Afinitor) vs placebo in the phase III RADIANT-4 trial, which included patients with advanced nonfunctional well-differentiated...

lung cancer

Association of Supplemental Vitamin B Use and Lung Cancer in VITAL Cohort

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brasky et al found that the use of individual source supplemental vitamins B6 and B12 was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer among men in the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) cohort. Several B vitamins, including B6, B9 (folate),...

hematologic malignancies

Immunologic Biomarkers and Survival in Third-Generation CAR T-Cell Therapy

A phase I/IIa study investigating the safety and effectiveness of a third-generation CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in patients with lymphoma or leukemia has found that the treatment led to a complete response in 6 of the 15 patients in the study and that overall...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Gut Microbes May Promote Immune Responses Against Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cancer-related cause of death worldwide, accounting for 774,000 deaths in 2015, according to the World Health Organization. Now, a study presented at the third CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science Into Survival, ...

Douglas R. Lowy, MD, and John T. Schiller, PhD, to Receive 2017 Lasker Award

Two scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) will receive the 2017 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award for their significant research leading to the development of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. The award is the country’s most prestigious biomedical research prize,...

cns cancers

Zika Virus Shows Oncolytic Activity Against Glioblastoma Stem Cells in Preclinical Trial

Although Zika virus causes devastating damage to the brains of developing fetuses, it someday may prove to be an effective treatment for glioblastoma. New research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine showed that...

survivorship

Financial Burden Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Findings from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Nipp et al, indicate that childhood cancer survivors are more likely than unaffected siblings to spend a higher percentage of income on out-of-pocket medical costs, potentially leading to reduced use...

issues in oncology

CMS Grants Disaster Exceptions/Exemptions for Medicare-Certified Providers Affected by Hurricane Harvey

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is granting exceptions under certain Medicare quality reporting and value-based purchasing programs without having to submit an extraordinary circumstances exception request if they are located in one of the Texas counties or...

skin cancer

Immune-Related Toxicity and Time to Treatment Failure With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Shoushtari et al, a single-center experience has shown a very high rate of clinically significant immune-related adverse events with nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) for advanced melanoma. Their findings suggest that the full course of four doses of...

cns cancers

Addition of EGFR-Targeting Vaccine to Temozolomide in EGFRvIII-Expressing Glioblastoma

The phase III ACT IV study has shown no survival benefit of adding rindopepimut, a vaccine targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) deletion mutation EGFRvIII, to temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed EGFRvIII-positive glioblastoma. These findings were reported by Weller et al...

breast cancer

FDA Clears Mammography Device With Option for Patient-Assisted Compression

On September 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the first 2D digital mammography system that allows patients to increase or decrease the amount of compression applied to their own breast before the mammogram x-ray is taken. “Regular mammograms are an important tool in...

palliative care

Assessment of Embedding Palliative Care Nurse Practitioners in Oncology Clinics

In a study reported by Walling et al in the Journal of Oncology Practice, the embedding of a palliative care nurse practitioner in an oncology clinic resulted in improved hospice referral, advance care planning documentation, and referral for psychosocial support. Study Details The study compared ...

multiple myeloma

Overall Survival With Carfilzomib vs Bortezomib in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Dimopoulos et al in The Lancet Oncology, a prespecified interim analysis of the phase III ENDEAVOR trial has shown a significant overall survival benefit for carfilzomib (Kyprolis) vs bortezomib (Velcade) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Carfilzomib was...

leukemia

FDA Approves Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg) for the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) whose tumors express the CD33 antigen. The drug was also approved for the treatment of patients aged 2 years and older with...

breast cancer

Genetic Variant May Significantly Lower Risk of Breast Cancer in Women With History of Preeclampsia

Researchers have demonstrated that women with a history of preeclampsia have as much as a 90% decrease in breast cancer risk if they carry a specific common gene variant. Further studies are now underway to determine the mechanism of this protection in an effort to develop new breast cancer...

colorectal cancer

Labetuzumab Govitecan in Heavily Pretreated Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported by Dotan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate labetuzumab govitecan showed antitumor activity in a phase I/II trial in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer who had received prior irinotecan therapy. The agent comprises...

pancreatic cancer

Adding Adjuvant Erlotinib to Gemcitabine After R0 Resection of Pancreatic Cancer

The German phase III CONKO-005 trial has shown no significant benefit of adding adjuvant erlotinib (Tarceva) to gemcitabine after R0 resection in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The findings were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sinn et al. Study Details In the...

multiple myeloma

FDA Statement Regarding Safety Concerns Related to Investigational Use of Pembrolizumab in Multiple Myeloma

On August 31, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research Director Janet Woodcock, MD, issued the following statement: “Clinical trials play a critically important role in bringing to market innovative new therapies for patients facing life-threatening...

ASCO Publishes Resources for Cancer Care Providers and Patients Affected by Hurricane Harvey

In the aftermath of the devastation caused by Hurricane Harvey throughout the state of Texas, which has resulted in more than 30,000 people being displaced from their homes, ASCO has published a list of resources and information for oncology providers and patients with cancer affected by the...

prostate cancer

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Be Associated With Higher Risk of Heart Failure in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

Men with localized prostate cancer who received androgen-deprivation therapy were at significantly higher risk of heart failure than men who did not receive this therapy, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published by Haque et al in the British Journal of Cancer. In the past,...

skin cancer

Artificial Intelligence May Help With Earlier Detection of Skin Cancer

New technology being developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo and the Sunnybrook Research Institute is using artificial intelligence (AI) to help detect melanoma at earlier stages. The technology employs machine-learning software to analyze images of skin lesions and provide...

bladder cancer

Durvalumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Updated results of a phase I/II study of durvalumab (Imfinzi) in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma were reported by Powles et al in JAMA Oncology. Data from the ongoing study supported the recent approval of durvalumab as second-line treatment in this setting on the basis of...

prostate cancer

Postdiagnosis Statin Use and Mortality in Prostate Cancer

As reported by Larsen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a Danish retrospective study has shown reduced cancer-specific and all-cause mortality with postdiagnosis statin use in patients with prostate cancer. Study Details The study involved nationwide Danish registry data from 31,790...

skin cancer

Pembrolizumab vs Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma: Final Overall Survival Analysis of KEYNOTE-006

The final overall survival analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-006 trial showed maintained superiority of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) vs ipilimumab (Yervoy) in advanced melanoma. The results were reported by Schachter et al in The Lancet. An interim analysis showed improved progression-free and overall...

issues in oncology

Adipose Tissue and Cancer Risk

Although obesity and its associated metabolic dysregulation are established risk factors for many cancers, the biologic mechanisms underlying this relationship are not well understood. Now, the results from a systematic literature review by Himbert et al of human clinical studies exploring the...

leukemia

FDA Approves First CAR T-Cell Therapy for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With B-Cell Precursor ALL

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued what it has called a “historic action,” making the first gene therapy available in the United States. The FDA approved tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) for certain pediatric and young adult patients with a form of acute lymphoblastic...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to DS-8201 for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

On August 29, Daiichi Sankyo announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to DS-8201, an investigational HER2-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer...

kidney cancer

Tivozanib Approved in the European Union for the Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On August 28, AVEO Oncology announced that the European Commission (EC) has approved tivozanib (Fotivda) for the treatment of adult patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma in the European Union plus Norway and Iceland. Tivozanib is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with...

multiple myeloma

Phase III ALCYONE Study of Daratumumab in Front-Line Treatment of Multiple Myeloma

On August 24, positive topline results were announced from the phase III ALCYONE study of daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with bortezomib (Velcade), melphalan, and prednisone (VMP) vs VMP alone as front-line treatment for newly diagnosed patients who are not considered candidates for...

palliative care

Integration of Oncology and Palliative Care in a Solid Tumor Inpatient Service

In a retrospective study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Riedel et al found that integration of oncology and palliative care in a solid tumor inpatient service resulted in improvements in quality-of-care metrics during the first year of implementation. Study Details The study...

solid tumors

Individualized Adaptive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Liver Tumors

In a single-center phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Feng et al found that individualized adaptive stereotactic body radiotherapy achieved high rates of local tumor control with low complication rates in patients with liver tumors and preexisting liver dysfunction. Study Details The study ...

colorectal cancer

Association of Systemic Inflammation and Sarcopenia With Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

Results from the C SCANS (Colorectal Cancer: Sarcopenia, Cancer, and Near-Term Survival) study indicate that prediagnosis systemic inflammation and at-diagnosis sarcopenia are associated with an increased mortality risk in patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer. The findings were reported in ...

lymphoma

FDA Accepts sBLA, Grants Priority Review for Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma

On August 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for obinutuzumab (Gazyva) in combination with chemotherapy followed by obinutuzumab alone for patients with previously untreated follicular lymphoma....

prostate cancer

Metastasis-Free Survival as Surrogate for Overall Survival in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Xie et al found that metastasis-free survival was a strong surrogate for overall survival in patients with localized prostate cancer, potentially providing a metric that could accelerate assessment of new adjuvant therapy approaches. ...

2018 Pershing Square Sohn Cancer Research Prize Opens for Applications on October 2, 2017

The Pershing Square Sohn Cancer Research Alliance (PSSCRA) will begin accepting applications for its 2018 Pershing Square Sohn Prize for Young Investigators on October 2, 2017. At least six New York City area–based scientists will each be awarded $200,000 per year—for up...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Fulvestrant as Monotherapy for Expanded Use in Breast Cancer

On August 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fulvestrant (Faslodex) at 500 mg as monotherapy for expanded use in women with hormone receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–negative advanced breast cancer who have gone through menopause...

issues in oncology

Concurrent Treatment With OX40 Agonist Antibody and PD-1 Blockade

Although the potential for immunotherapy to improve outcomes for patients with cancer, particularly through a combination of agents targeting immune inhibitory pathways, is becoming increasingly evident, how to optimally combine the many new immunotherapy agents being developed remains a major...

issues in oncology
survivorship

HPV Vaccination Rates Especially Low Among Childhood Cancer Survivors

The rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States is increasing, but remains lower than ideal. A new study suggests that survivors of childhood cancer receive the HPV vaccine at an even lower rate than their peers without cancer—24% vs 40%, respectively. Nearly...

palliative care

Palliative Care May Substantially Decrease Health-Care Utilization in Patients With Advanced Cancer

A new population-based study shows that palliative care substantially decreased health-care utilization among Medicare beneficiaries with advanced cancer, resulting in less intensive care being delivered at the end of life. This included lower rates of hospitalization, fewer invasive procedures,...

lymphoma

Obinutuzumab vs Rituximab Plus CHOP in Previously Untreated Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

The phase III GOYA trial has shown no progression-free survival advantage with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) vs rituximab (Rituxan) plus CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) in previously untreated patients with advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The results were...

gastroesophageal cancer

Women More Likely Than Men to Experience Response After Induction Chemoradiotherapy and Esophagogastrectomy for Esophageal Cancer

Female patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery are more likely to have a favorable response to the treatment than male patients are, and women are less likely to experience cancer recurrence, according to a study published by...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer

Loss of Heterozygosity in BRCA Gene May Influence Survival in Breast and Ovarian Cancers

Researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found a relationship between the genetics of tumors with germline BRCA1/2 mutations—and whether the tumor retains the normal copy of the BRCA1/2 gene—and risk for primary resistance to a common...

bladder cancer

Treatment of Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: AUA/ASCO/ASTRO/SUO Guideline

As reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Chang et al, for the first time for any type of malignancy, the American Urological Association (AUA), ASCO, American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) have formulated an evidence-based guideline on...

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