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lymphoma

FDA Approves Obinutuzumab for Previously Untreated Advanced Follicular Lymphoma

On November 16, Genentech announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved obinutuzumab (Gazyva) in combination with chemotherapy, followed by obinutuzumab alone in those who responded, for people with previously untreated advanced follicular lymphoma (stage II bulky, III, or...

survivorship

Predictive Model for Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke in Childhood Cancer Survivors

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al have developed a model that distinguishes risk groups for ischemic heart disease and stroke in 5-year survivors of childhood cancer. Study Details The study included data from 13,060 participants in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study...

kidney cancer

FDA Expands Approval of Sunitinib Malate for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sunitinib malate (Sutent) for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients who are at a high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. “This is the first adjuvant treatment approved for patients with renal cell...

issues in oncology

FDA Announces Comprehensive Regenerative Medicine Policy Framework

On November 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced a comprehensive policy framework for the development and oversight of regenerative medicine products, including novel cellular therapies. The framework—outlined in a suite of four guidance documents—builds upon the...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Differences in Insurance Coverage Associated With Nearly Half of Black-White Survival Disparity in Colorectal Cancer

Health insurance coverage differences account for nearly one-half of the black-white survival disparity in colorectal cancer patients, according to a new study published by Sineshaw et al in Gastroenterology. The findings reinforce the importance of equitable health insurance coverage to mitigate...

ESMO Publishes Precision Medicine Glossary

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has published its ESMO Precision Medicine Glossary in Annals of Oncology. The glossary’s 43 definitions are set to pave the way for consistent communication on precision medicine between oncologists, researchers, and patients by standardizing...

health-care policy
issues in oncology
legislation

Hospital Groups File Lawsuit to Stop Significant Payment Cuts for 340B Hospitals

The American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), and America’s Essential Hospitals have filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia to prevent significant...

leukemia

Comparison of First-Line Treatments in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the phase III BFORE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Cortes et al, the SRC/ABL kinase inhibitor bosutinib (Bosulif) improved response rates vs imatinib in first-line treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) ...

issues in oncology

Representation of Minorities and Women in Oncology Clinical Trials From 2003 to 2016

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Duma et al found that African American, Hispanic, older, and female patients were underrepresented in oncology clinical trials during the period of 2003 to 2016. Study Details The study involved analysis of enrollment data from all cancer...

lung cancer

ASCO Endorses ASTRO Guideline on Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Early-Stage NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncologyby Bryan J. Schneider, MD, of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the recently released American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) evidence-based guideline on stereotactic body radiotherapy in early-stage...

breast cancer

Are African American Women With Type 2 Diabetes at Increased Risk for ER-Negative Breast Cancer?

A prospective study by Palmer et al assessing the relationship of type 2 diabetes and the incidence of estrogen receptor–negative and estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer among African American women has found statistically significant evidence of an increased risk of estrogen...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Fulvestrant in Combination With Abemaciclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new indication for fulvestrant (Faslodex), expanding the drug's approved use to include combined therapy with abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, for the treatment of hormone receptor–positive,...

solid tumors

FDA Authorizes MSK-IMPACT Tumor Profiling Assay

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center’s MSK-IMPACT tumor profiling assay, an in vitro diagnostic test that can identify more biomarkers that may be found in various cancers than any test previously reviewed by the...

colorectal cancer

Ventana MMR IHC Panel for Patients Diagnosed With Colorectal Cancer Receives FDA Clearance

On November 14, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) granted clearance to the Ventana MMR IHC Panel, which provides clinicians with a comprehensive group of immunohistochemistry (IHC) tests for patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer. The tests detect proteins associated with the DNA...

lymphoma

Long-Term Results of First-Line Regimens in Advanced Symptomatic Follicular Lymphoma

Long-term results of the Italian phase III FOLL05 trial, reported by Luminari et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicate superior progression-free survival with R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan] plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) and R-FM (rituximab plus fludarabine ...

gastrointestinal cancer

Adding Targeted Agent to Chemotherapy in Second-Line Treatment of Advanced Gastric Cancer

In the Asian phase III GOLD trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bang et al found that the addition of olaparib (Lynparza) to paclitaxel did not significantly improve overall survival among patients with previously treated advanced gastric cancer, including those with...

prostate cancer

TMPRSS2-ERG Genetic Fusion May Be Associated With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Establishing the way in which a genetic alteration called a TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion forms in a prostate cancer, rather than the presence of the gene fusion itself, could help identify patients with prostate cancer with a low risk of spreading, which might determine the best course of treatment for...

lung cancer

Chronic Stress Hormones May Promote Resistance to EGFR Inhibitors in Patients With Lung Cancer

Elevated levels of chronic stress hormones, such as those produced by psychological distress, may promote resistance to drugs commonly used to treat lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Retrospective analysis of...

gynecologic cancers

Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was active in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced cervical cancer enrolled in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 trial. The findings were reported by Frenel et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details In the advanced...

issues in oncology

Survival as Quality Metric in Cancer Care

In a National Cancer Data Base study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Shulman et al found little difference in risk-adjusted cancer mortality rates among individual hospitals, suggesting survival may not be an ideal quality metric at the individual hospital level. However, survival was ...

survivorship

Novel Psychosocial Intervention for Fear of Cancer Recurrence

An Australian trial has shown that a novel theoretically/empirically based intervention (ConquerFear) reduced the fear of cancer recurrence compared with relaxation therapy among patients treated for curable cancers. These results were reported by Butow et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

Donald Coffey, PhD, Prostate Cancer Expert, Dies at 85

Donald Coffey, PhD, a distinguished Johns Hopkins professor and prostate cancer expert, who was the former Director of the Brady Urological Research Laboratory and Deputy Director of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, died on November 9 at the age of 85. Long Career at Johns Hopkins In his...

leukemia

FDA Grants Regular Approval of Dasatinib for Pediatric Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive CML in Chronic Phase

On November 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for dasatinib (Sprycel) tablets to include the treatment of children with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CP).This approval for dasatinib in pediatric patients...

gynecologic cancers

Study Finds HPV Screening May Be More Sensitive Than Pap Test for Detecting Cervical Cancer

The main goal of cervical screening programs is to detect and treat precancer before the cancer develops. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is more sensitive than cytology for detecting precancer. However, reports of rare HPV-negative, cytology-positive cancers are motivating the continued use of...

lymphoma

Association of Event-Free Survival at 24 Months With Overall Survival in Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Maurer et al found that event-free survival at 24 months (EFS24) was associated with prolonged subsequent overall survival among patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Study Details The study involved patients with systemic PTCL...

solid tumors

Combination Therapy for Advanced Lung and Thymus Carcinoids

A European phase II trial has shown activity of long-acting pasireotide, everolimus (Afinitor), or their combination in patients with advanced lung and thymus carcinoids. These study findings were reported by Ferolla et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the study, 124 patients from 36...

lymphoma

FDA Approves Brentuximab Vedotin for Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) for the treatment of adult patients with primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pcALCL) or CD30-expressing mycosis fungoides who have received prior systemic therapy. ALCANZA...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Letermovir for Prophylaxis of Cytomegalovirus Infection and Disease in Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant Patients

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved letermovir (Prevymis) once-daily tablets for oral use and injection for intravenous infusion. Letermovir is indicated for prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic...

gynecologic cancers

ARIEL3 Investigators Clarify the Effects of Rucaparib on the Liver

PRIMARY RESULTS from the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III study ARIEL3—presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress and published recently in The Lancet1—demonstrated that maintenance treatment with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor rucaparib ...

breast cancer

Predisposition to Breast Cancer due to Mutations Other Than BRCA1/BRCA2 in Ashkenazi Jewish Women

A cohort study in Ashkenazi Jewish women with breast cancer identified mutations other than BRCA1 and BRCA2 founder alleles that were associated with cancer risk. These results were reported by Walsh et al in JAMA Oncology. Among Ashkenazi Jewish women, three mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2...

breast cancer

Ovarian Function Recovery During Anastrozole Therapy in Postmenopausal Patients With Breast Cancer

In the phase III DATA trial reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute by Vivianne C.G. Tjan-Heijnen, MD, PhD, of the Maastricht University Medical Centre, the Netherlands, and colleagues, 12% of women with breast cancer who had chemotherapy-induced ovarian function failure...

breast cancer

10-Year Follow-up on Adjuvant Therapy in Postmenopausal Early Breast Cancer

The 10-year follow-up of the phase III TEAM trial has shown that exemestane alone and sequential tamoxifen/exemestane provide similar outcomes as adjuvant endocrine therapy in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology ...

breast cancer

BRCA1/2 Status in Response to Therapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

An analysis of the GeparSixto trial in triple-negative breast cancer showed that adding carboplatin to neoadjuvant therapy improved pathologic complete response rate in patients without BRCA1/2 mutation and that response rates were higher overall in those with mutations, without additive effects...

Paul Neiman, MD, PhD, Founding Member of Fred Hutch, Dies at 78

PAUL NEIMAN, MD, PhD, a founding member of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch), transplant physician, and cancer biologist, died on October 11 of complications from pancreatic cancer. He was 78.  Dr. Neiman was also one of the founders and leaders of the Basic Sciences Division,...

Life With Death in the Room

It began, as so many do, with what a doctor often calls “a small spot,” a vague description that makes a potentially fatal disease sound like something that, with a slight bit of attention, can be ridded, like erasing a misplaced comma. In 2015, during a routine mammogram, doctors found one “small ...

A Revolutionary Technology Offers Hope and Ethical Concern

Aldous Huxley’s classic 1932 dystopian novel Brave New World pictures an eerie future where humans are genetically bred, altered to create worthy citizens. Welcome back to the future. First there was the astounding feat of sequencing the entire human genome; now, thanks to a revolutionary...

breast cancer

Higher Risk of Breast Cancer Does Not Motivate Cancer Screening in Many Women

Some women, because of genetic predisposition, personal, or family history, have a higher-than-average lifetime risk of developing breast cancer. For those women, earlier magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended for cancer screening. But according to new findings presented at the American...

colorectal cancer

Association of Tumor HER3 Expression With Treatment Outcome in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Seligmann et al found that higher tumor HER3 messenger RNA expression among patients with RAS wild-type tumors was associated with a better outcome with panitumumab (Vectibix) plus irinotecan vs irinotecan alone among patients with advanced colorectal cancer in ...

supportive care

Predictors of Posthospital Care Transitions in Advanced Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lage and colleagues found that among patients with advanced cancer who had an unplanned hospital admission, those discharged to hospice or post–acute care facilities had a worse symptom burden and physical function and worse survival...

hepatobiliary cancer

Internal Radiotherapy vs Kinase Inhibitor in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

A French phase III trial has shown no significant survival difference between selective internal radiotherapy with yttrium-90 resin microspheres vs sorafenib (Nexavar) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. The findings were reported by Vilgrain et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study...

Gerold Bepler, MD, PhD, Elected to Association of American Cancer Institute’s Board of Directors

GEROLD BEPLER, MD, PhD, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, has been elected to serve a 3-year term on the Association of American Cancer Institutes (AACI) Board of Directors. AACI comprises 97 leading cancer research centers in North America and is...

New Cancer Care Collaboration Brings Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Care to Norwalk Hospital

NORWALK HOSPITAL and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) announced a new cancer care collaboration that will integrate MSK medical and radiation oncologists and care practices with the existing cancer program at the C. Anthony and Jean Whittingham Cancer Center at Norwalk Hospital.  For...

integrative oncology

Barrie Cassileth, PhD: A Pioneer in Integrative Oncology

Integrative oncology is an evolving evidence-based specialty providing whole-person care by combining conventional approved cancer treatments with integrative and complementary therapies that best serve the needs of patients based on their diagnosis, prognosis, treatment history, and individual...

National Cancer Institute Awards Dr. Ruth Etzioni 5-Year Grant to Fill Gaps in Cancer-Recurrence Data

RUTH ETZIONI, PhD, a Biostatistician at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center’s Public Health Sciences Division, has received a 5–year National Institutes of Health grant to advance the science of cancer surveillance by developing, validating, and deploying a scalable and automated approach for...

Two Individuals Recognized With NCCS Ellen L. Stovall Award

THE NATIONAL COALITION FOR CANCER SURVIVORSHIP (NCCS) presented its second annual Ellen L. Stovall Award for Innovation in Patient-Centered Cancer Care recently in Washington, DC. This year’s award recipients were Pat Coyne, MSN, of the Medical University of South Carolina, and Meg Gaines, JD, of...

lung cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Lung Cancer

THE INFORMATION contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on patients with lung cancer. These studies highlight combinations of chemotherapy, mutation-specific treatments, stereotactic body radiation therapy, metastatic control, cancer...

Fox Chase Cancer Center Receives Historic Gift to Establish Pancreatic Cancer Institute

PHILADELPHIA PHILANTHROPIST Concetta “Chet” Greenberg has made a transformational gift to create The Marvin and Concetta Greenberg Pancreatic Cancer Institute at Fox Chase Cancer Center. This multimillion-dollar commitment will significantly accelerate the pace of pancreatic cancer research, and...

UCLA Researchers Awarded $1M Grant to Advance Prostate Cancer Research

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA at Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers Johannes Czernin, MD, and Caius Radu, MD, have been awarded a 2017 Challenge Award from the Prostate Cancer Foundation to fund their preclinical studies and clinical trials testing the efficacy of 177-Lu-PSMA-617, a novel radiation-emitting ...

symptom management

FDA Approves Intravenous Rolapitant for Prevention of Delayed Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

ON OCTOBER 25, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved intravenous (IV) rolapitant (Varubi) in combination with other antiemetic agents in adults for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including...

skin cancer

Balancing Immune-Related Adverse Events With Efficacy of Dual Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Melanoma

MUCH PROGRESS has been made in the past decade in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed metastatic melanoma. In the front-line setting, programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monotherapy (nivolumab [Opdivo] and pembrolizumab [Keytruda]) and combined PD-1 plus cytotoxic...

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