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Your search for Alice Goodman matches 773 pages

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bladder cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY achieved robust improvements in disease-free survival and metastasis-free survival compared with surveillance in the phase III POUT study of patients with upper tract urothelial cancer.1 Further, there was an early trend toward improved overall survival with adjuvant...

prostate cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Philip Kantoff, MD

  PHILIP KANTOFF, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, was the formal discussant of both trials. “At first glance, these are two positive trials,” Dr. Kantoff said. Although he praised the results, he said that overall survival is the best demonstration of clinical benefit, and ...

prostate cancer

Apalutamide, Enzalutamide Improve Metastasis-Free Survival in Nonmetastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer

IN TWO SEPARATE TRIALS presented at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, apalutamide and enzalutamide (Xtandi), respectively, reduced the risk of metastasis and prolonged metastasis-free survival in men with high-risk nonmetastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer. In the SPARTAN trial,1,2...

kidney cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Sumanta K. Pal, MD

ASCO EXPERT Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, Duarte, California, commented, “IMmotion 151 is a positive trial and represents an important breakthrough. We have debated combination treatment strategies for advanced kidney cancer. This study looks at the combination of a programmed cell death...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

THE TYROSINE KINASE inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) has been the mainstay of treatment for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma for about a decade. The IMmotion151 study reported at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium found that the combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitor...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Amir T. Fathi, MD

“As of now, there is no standard of care for a maintenance strategy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML),” said Amir T. Fathi, MD, Director of the Leukemia Program at Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Boston. “Maintenance therapy is being...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Data Favoring Maintenance Therapy in Older Patients With AML Accumulate

The use of maintenance therapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is theoretically sensible, but its clinical value remains uncertain. The phase III HOVON97 randomized study demonstrated that maintenance therapy with the hypomethylating agent azacitidine may improve disease-free...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Robert Brodsky, MD

“THE RESULTS of these two trials are more similar than different. I think the best conclusion would be that we now have two trials with consistent results and can probably, in most cases, replace low–molecular-weight heparin with direct oral anticoagulants,” said Dr. Raskob, lead investigator of...

hematologic malignancies
symptom management

Use of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Preventing VTE in Patients With Cancer

THE FIRST TWO randomized trials to directly compare direct oral anticoagulants vs low–molecular-weight heparin for management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer suggest that direct oral anticoagulants may become the new standard of care.1,2 Direct oral anticoagulants appear to...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, FASCO

“The simple questions are whether ovarian function suppression adds clinical benefit in premenopausal women, and is ovarian function suppression better with an aromatase inhibitor or tamoxifen,” said formal discussant of these trials, Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, FASCO, Professor of Medicine at...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Ovarian Function Suppression During and After Chemotherapy Valid for Some Patients With Early Breast Cancer

Temporary ovarian suppression during chemotherapy as a means of preserving ovarian function and fertility in young women with early breast cancer is controversial. An eagerly awaited meta-analysis including individual patient data from five randomized controlled trials found that the use of...

solid tumors
breast cancer

SABCS Highlights Focus on Predicting Residual Tumor Burden, Therapy-Related Arm Morbidity, Lifestyle and Cancer Risk

We have covered many of the important presentations from the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in the pages of The ASCO Post and in our online Evening News. Here are summaries of additional noteworthy studies presented at the meeting. We hope you will find them of interest. Predicting...

breast cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: C. Kent Osborne, MD, and Joseph Sparano, MD

“ONCOLOGISTS WANT to find drugs that will delay the use of chemotherapy, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors provide that. These agents work better than chemotherapy and with less toxicity,” said press conference moderator C. Kent Osborne, MD, Director of the Duncan Cancer Center at...

breast cancer

CDK 4/6 Inhibitors May Be Effective but More Toxic in Older Women

OLDER WOMEN with breast cancer derive benefit from treatment with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors as part of initial endocrine-based therapy for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, metastatic breast cancer, according to a retrospective pooled subgroup analysis of women aged 70 or ...

Expert Point of View: Robert Brodsky, MD and Henry Fung, MD, FACP, FRCPE

“Several new drugs that have been approved for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are changing the landscape of this disease. CLL is associated with a long survival, so we will need longer follow-up to see how deep the responses are,” said Robert Brodsky, MD, Director of...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
immunotherapy

Venetoclax Plus Rituximab Outperforms Standard Bendamustine Plus Rituximab in CLL

  Venetoclax (Venclexta) plus rituximab (Rituxan)—a non–chemotherapy-containing regimen—was superior to standard-of-care bendamustine plus rituximab for patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to a final analysis of the phase III MURANO study reported at...

Expert Point of View: Renier J. Brentjens, MD, PhD

“The JULIET study, along with ZUMA-1, shows striking responses that are remarkably similar, even though there are differences in the signaling domains of both chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell products [tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) and axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta)],” said Renier J....

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Update on CAR T-Cell ‘Breakthrough’ Therapy in Lymphoma

Primary analysis of the JULIET trial adds to mounting evidence that chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is effective for the treatment of lymphoma in patients with no other good treatment options. A single infusion of CAR T cells (CTL019) achieved durable remissions in almost 40% of...

Expert Point of View: Jennifer Amengual, MD

“Patients diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma who are more than 60 years old have unacceptably low progression-free survival rates compared with younger patients. Dr. Evens and colleagues were interested in improving outcomes for this group of patients,” said Jennifer Amengual, MD, Assistant Professor ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Best Outcomes to Date in Older Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma

  Older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma typically do not fare as well as younger patients on standard regimens. A phase II study reported the best outcomes to date in older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who were treated with sequential brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) before and after a regimen of...

Expert Point of View: Virginia Kaklamani, MD

“This study provides proof of concept in the advanced HER2-positive, trastuzu-mab-resistant setting. The presence of tumor--infiltrating lymphocytes was predictive of response. We don’t know if the addition of chemotherapy would help the tumor microenvironment,” said press conference moderator...

solid tumors
breast cancer
immunotherapy

Proof-of-Principle Study of Combination Checkpoint Inhibitor Plus Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

  The combination of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) plus trastuzumab (Herceptin) may turn out to be a good treatment option for patients with trastuzumab-resistant advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, according to the results of an early study presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium...

breast cancer

Dose-Dense Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer: A ‘Win-Win’ Treatment Approach

INCREASING THE DOSE density of chemotherapy lowers the risk of recurrence and breast cancer death by about 15% in women with early breast cancer, according to a large, meticulously conducted meta-analysis by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group (EBCTCG).1 The trials included in...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Marisa Weiss, MD; Carlos Arteaga, MD; and Kathryn Ruddy, MD

COMMENTING ON THIS STUDY, Marisa Weiss, MD, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Breastcancer.org, said: “It is great to see a compliance rate of 80% at 2 years. When you talk to a patient about extending adjuvant therapy for 2 years instead of 5 extra years, it may be this will encourage...

breast cancer

Extended Endocrine Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer: 2 Years as Effective as 5 Years

An additional 5 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy after 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy failed to improve disease-free survival compared with an additional 2 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer, according to the results ...

lymphoma

Front-Line Brentuximab Plus AVD vs Standard ABVD in Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

FRONT-LINE TREATMENT of advanced Hodgkin lymphoma with brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) plus doxorubicin/ vinblastine/dacarbazine (A+AVD) achieved superior outcomes compared with the standard four-drug regimen of doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine (ABVD). The substitution of brentuximab...

leukemia

Phase II Data for Venetoclax/Ibrutinib Combination in Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

THE COMBINATION of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) plus venetoclax (Venclexta) achieved favorable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to initial results of the phase II CLARITY trial presented at the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ...

lymphoma

Updated Follow-up of ZUMA-1 Confirms Benefit of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Aggressive B-Cell Lymphoma

POSITIVE DATA about chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in lymphoma continue to accrue. Long-term follow-up of the pivotal ZUMA-1 trial shows that patients with refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) continue to have durable responses to the CD19-directed CAR T-cell therapy...

solid tumors

Future Directions for CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy burst upon the scene as an innovative approach to the treatment of hematologic malignancies, mainly for patients who have exhausted all other treatment options. Recently two CAR T-cell products were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

Expert Point of View: Michael Boyer, MBBS, PhD

Formal discussant of this trial, Michael Boyer, MBBS, PhD, a medical oncologist at Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia, was enthusiastic about these results, with the caveat that overall survival data are needed. “Unresectable stage III non–small cell lung...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Durvalumab Therapy Improves Outcomes in Patients With Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

The PACIFIC study showed that the addition of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) following chemoradiotherapy for patients with unresectable stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) dramatically improved progression-free survival compared with placebo....

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

CAR T-Cell Therapy Makes Further Inroads in Lymphoma and Myeloma

With the recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals of two chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell products, this novel approach seems to be moving into the mainstream. The approvals were tisagenlecleucel (also known as CTL019; Kymriah) for the treatment of pediatric B-cell acute...

Expert Point of View: Hope S. Rugo, MD

The Formal discussant of this presentation, Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, said, “Tailoring treatment to biology results in incremental improvements in outcome.” She continued: “This analysis gives us excellent data on the natural history of mostly hormone...

solid tumors
breast cancer

About One in Four Women With Small Breast Tumors May Benefit From Chemotherapy

A large subset analysis of the MINDACT trial suggests that oncologists may be undertreating women with small (< 1 cm) node-negative breast tumors, which are clinically considered to be low risk but can be genomically high risk. About one in four women with small node-negative breast tumors <...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Unraveling PD-L1 Assays in NSCLC: Are They Interchangeable?

With the availability of at least five checkpoint inhibitors to treat non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other solid tumors, appropriate patient selection for these expensive treatments remains key. The hope is that testing the level of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor ...

gynecologic cancers

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Geraldine M. Jacobson, MD, MPH, MBA

GERALDINE M. JACOBSON, MD, MPH, MBA, ASTRO Secretary/Treasurer, Professor and Chair of Radiation Oncology at the West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, went into more detail about the importance of this study. “The study directly compared brachytherapy/chemotherapy, which we use...

gynecologic cancers

Pelvic Radiation Therapy Preferred Over Brachytherapy Plus Chemotherapy in Treatment of High-Risk Endometrial Cancer

VAGINAL CUFF BRACHYTHERAPY plus chemotherapy failed to show superiority over pelvic radiation therapy for women with high-risk stage I–II endometrial cancer in a phase III trial.1 Furthermore, vaginal cuff brachytherapy plus chemotherapy led to more pelvic and para-aortic nodal recurrences and...

head and neck cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Sandrine Faivre, MD, PhD

Commenting on these study results, formal discussant Sandrine Faivre, MD, PhD, of Bichat-Beaujon University Hospitals Paris Nord Val de Seine, Paris, France, said: “It is a challenge to identify patients who we should allow to remain on immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment. In KEYNOTE-040, the...

head and neck cancer

Pembrolizumab Benefits Patients With Recurrent Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer, Mainly High PD-L1–Expressing Tumors

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) may be a better choice than standard of care for patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, especially those whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in 50% or more of cells, suggest results of the phase III KEYNOTE-040...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

More Data From ESMO 2017

In GEICAM 2006-10, the addition of fulvestrant at 250 mg/d to anastrozole did not improve 5-year disease-free survival over anastrozole alone (91.0% vs 90.8%).  “Immune induction” with chemotherapy or radiotherapy appeared to enhance response to nivolumab in women with metastatic triple-negative...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

International Trials Reveal New Findings in the Management of Breast and Ovarian Cancers

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress, held in Madrid, featured important news including at least seven practice-changing or potentially practice-changing trials, which are covered in recent issues of The ASCO Post. Here we present additional highlights of studies in breast ...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Luis Paz-Ares, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of the ALEX and ALUR trials, Luis Paz-Ares, MD, Professor of Medicine at the Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, said that the ALEX trial is “good news” for patients. “Importantly, 40% had baseline metastases. Disease progression was nicely controlled with alectinib...

lung cancer

Alectinib Yields Favorable Results in Phase&nbsp;III Trials of ALK-Positive NSCLC

RESULTS OF TWO separate phase III trials confirm the activity of alectinib (Alecensa) in the central nervous system (CNS) in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results lend support for alectinib as the better first-line treatment option over...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Stéphane Oudard, MD

DURING A DISCUSSION of Dr. Vale’s poster, Stéphane Oudard, MD, Professor of Oncology and Chief of the Oncology Clinical and Translational Research Unit at Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris, France, said that although newer treatments have improved survival, there are still many challenges in...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Cora Sternberg, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of the STAMPEDE trial, Cora Sternberg, MD, Chief of the Department of Medical Oncology, San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, Rome, commended the study design. “This multiarm, multistage design is very innovative. The investigators plan up to 10 trials over 20 years. The first results...

prostate cancer

Abiraterone or Docetaxel: Which Is Optimal for Hormone-Sensitive High-Risk Prostate Cancer?

ABIRATERONE ACETATE (Zytiga) plus prednisone and docetaxel have moved up from the castrate-resistant metastatic setting to earlier in the course of disease as treatment of high-risk hormone-sensitive prostate cancer in men who are initiating androgen-deprivation therapy, based on level 1 evidence...

bladder cancer

Expert Point of View: Yohann Loriot, MD, PhD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of the RANGE trial at the ESMO 2017 Congress, Yohann Loriot, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy and University of Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, Paris, said that although the study met its primary endpoint, he was not sure the absolute improvement in progression-free survival is...

bladder cancer

Positive Early Data on Second-Line Ramucirumab/Docetaxel in Platinum-Refractory Advanced Urothelial Cancer

RAMUCIRUMAB (CYRAMZA) added to docetaxel improved progression-free survival and almost doubled the overall response rate compared with docetaxel alone in patients with advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer that has progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy. These results of the phase III RANGE...

head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Paul Harari, MD

COMMENTING ON THIS STUDY, ASTRO President Paul Harari, MD, was enthusiastic about the results. Dr. Harari is the Jack Fowler Professor and Chairman of the Department of Human Oncology at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health and Associate Director of the University of...

head and neck cancer

Cutting Radiation Exposure by 50% Appears Safe and Effective in HPV-Positive Head and Neck Cancer

AGGRESSIVE REDUCTION in radiation therapy appears to be a potential win-win situation for patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, according to the results of a phase II trial presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for...

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