Search Results



Your search for Alice Goodman matches 648 pages

Showing 201 - 250


Expert Point of View: Winald Gerritsen, MD, PhD

“This is a really great study with excellent translational research,” said formal discussant Winald Gerritsen, MD, PhD, Professor of Immunotherapy at Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. “I consider it practice-changing for Merkel cell carcinoma. The company is going for...

skin cancer

Anti–PD-1 Inhibitor Gains Foothold in Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Immunotherapy marches on! One of the latest frontiers for checkpoint inhibitors is the treatment of Merkel cell carcinoma, a rare but aggressive type of cancer. First-line therapy with pembrolizumab (Keytruda)—an anti–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor—achieved an objective response...

Expert Point of View: Stuart A. Grossman, MD, and Deborah Schrag, MD

Formal discussant of this trial Stuart A. Grossman, MD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, commented that the trial did not include a best standard-of-care arm. The pivotal trial defined optimal radiotherapy as 60 Gy over 6 weeks, but this...

cns cancers

Chemoradiotherapy Improves Survival in Patients Over Age 65 With Glioblastoma: A New Standard Option?

The combination of short-course radiotherapy and temozolomide followed by maintenance with temozolomide significantly improved survival compared with short-course radiotherapy alone in newly diagnosed elderly patients with glioblastoma, according to the results of a global cooperative group trial...

Expert Point of View: Harold J. Burstein, MD, and Ian Smith, MD

“There is a tremendous interest in longer aromatase inhibitor therapy. The Oxford Overview data, presented at ASCO, show the substantial risk of recurrence in years 5 to 15, despite an initial 5 years of adjuvant endocrine treatment. “Women with lower-risk breast cancer will be less inclined to...

breast cancer

Additional 5 Years of Letrozole May Benefit Some Postmenopausal Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Five years of aromatase inhibitor as upfront therapy or after tamoxifen is the current standard of care for postmenopausal women with early hormone receptor–positive breast cancer. A new trial suggests that extending aromatase inhibitor therapy with letrozole for an additional 5 years may improve...

Expert Point of View: Louis M. Weiner, MD

“These gene fusions that drive malignant processes in certain cancers are good targets for cancer therapy. These targets can be potentially disabled [by targeted therapy],” said Louis M. Weiner, MD, Director of the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center in Washington, DC, who moderated a ...

solid tumors

Gene Rearrangements: Attractive Targets in a Variety of Cancers

Entrectinib, a potent investigational tyrosine kinase inhibitor, exhibited promising clinical activity in a pooled analysis of two phase I trials of patients with solid metastatic tumors that harbored any of five specific genetic rearrangements involving NTRK1, NTRK2, NTRK3, ROS1, or ALK....

Expert Point of View: Mayer Fishman, MD, PhD

“This was a difficult study to conduct. It required 13 centers in 8 countries over 3 years to recruit these patients—that’s about 1 patient per site per year,” said Mayer Fishman, MD, PhD, of Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Florida. “It’s an important study, because these patients are typically...

kidney cancer

Crizotinib Active in Orphan Kidney Malignancy

Crizotinib (Xalkori) achieved overall and durable responses in advanced inoperable papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 characterized by somatic MET mutations, according to an investigator-initiated trial conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC).1 “To...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
hematologic malignancies

Highlights From the 2016 AACR Annual Meeting

This year’s Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) featured outstanding research in the field of cancer, as well as an inspiring talk by Vice President Joe Biden (see the May 10 issue of The ASCO Post). Here are some summaries of studies that warrant attention; they...

gynecologic cancers
multiple myeloma
skin cancer
pancreatic cancer
lung cancer
prostate cancer
breast cancer
survivorship

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2016 Guidelines

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology® (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. The NCCN Guidelines® are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2016 were...

Expert Point of View: Padmanee Sharma, MD, PhD

“When we treat our patients, overall survival is the gold standard. We are all waiting for phase III overall survival data from CheckMate 067,” said formal discussant Padmanee Sharma, MD, PhD, Professor; Scientific Director of the Immunotherapy Platform; and Co-Director of the Parker Institute for ...

skin cancer

Durable Benefit With Immunotherapy Combination in Advanced Melanoma

With the recent explosion in immunotherapies for advanced melanoma and other tumors, all eyes are on how best to sequence or combine these therapies. Initial reports of overall survival from the phase II randomized CheckMate 069 trial suggest that the combination of ipilimumab (Yervoy, an...

skin cancer

Pembrolizumab Survival Benefit Proves Durable in Patients With Advanced Melanoma

With new immunotherapies available for the treatment of advanced melanoma, an important question is how best to combine and sequence them. Long-term follow-up from the KEYNOTE-001 trial suggests that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) can improve survival in newly diagnosed patients and in those treated...

Expert Point of View: Mark Pegram, MD & Martine Piccart, MD, PhD

Formal discussant of the ado-trastuzumab emtansine plus pertuzumab trial, Mark Pegram, MD, Director of the Breast Cancer Program at Stanford Women’s Cancer Center and Co-Director of Stanford’s Molecular Therapeutics Program, Stanford, California, said that I-SPY 2 has several strengths. They...

breast cancer

Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine Plus Pertuzumab: Promising Neoadjuvant Results for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer From the I-SPY 2 Trial

The combination of ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) plus pertuzumab (Perjeta) is a worthy combination to pursue in phase III studies as neoadjuvant therapy for HER2-positive invasive breast cancer, according to findings in the I-SPY 2 trial presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American...

Expert Point of View: Lillian L. Siu, MD, FASCO

“This is an important study,” said formal discussant Lillian L. Siu, MD, FASCO, Professor, University of Toronto Cancer Care Ontario Research Chair and medical oncologist at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Drug Development Program in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. “No new drugs have been approved by the ...

head and neck cancer

Nivolumab: New Standard of Care for Progressive Head and Neck Cancer After Platinum Therapy

Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck that progresses after platinum-based therapy has a dismal prognosis, and there is no effective standard of care. No treatment has improved survival for this patient population, but that may be about to change. Nivolumab (Opdivo), an anti–PD-1 (programmed ...

issues in oncology

Making the Moonshot Initiative a Reality

Excitement was high on the last day of the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) in anticipation of Vice President Joseph R. Biden’s remarks related to the Moonshot Initiative to accelerate progress in cancer research. The Secret Service made elaborate...

Expert Point of View: Jedd D. Wolchok, MD, PhD

“We are at a fortunate time to have multiple routes to ‘lifetime’ (T-cell) memory (including ipilimumab [Yervoy] and nivolumab [Opdivo]),” said Jedd D. Wolchok, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, who was the formal discussant of the CA909-003 trial at the American...

skin cancer

One-Third of Patients With Advanced Melanoma Survive at Least 5 Years After Nivolumab Treatment

The news is good from the longest follow-up survival study of patients with advanced melanoma who were treated with the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) agent nivolumab (Opdivo).1 Thirty-four percent of patients who received the drug in a phase I trial (CA909-003) were alive 5 years...

Expert Point of View: Carlos Arteaga, MD

Carlos Arteaga, MD, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee, said, “Breast-conserving therapy is the right thing to do. This study will not change current practice guidelines. Mastectomy is generally reserved for larger tumors and those with multifocal disease. The study just...

breast cancer

Study Shows Breast-Conserving Therapy Beats Mastectomy, but Questions Remain

Breast-conserving therapy (lumpectomy plus radiation therapy) appears to improve 10-year overall survival for women with early breast cancer compared with mastectomy, according to a very large population-based study from the Netherlands.1 However, the study raises more questions than it answers,...

breast cancer

Role of Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine in Metastatic Breast Cancer Solidified

Ado-trastuzumab emtansine (formerly T-DM1; Kadcyla) improved overall survival compared with treatment of physician’s choice of therapy for patients with pretreated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, according to the phase III TH3RESA trial.1 Patients enrolled in the trial had previously been...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionation Is Ready for Prime Time in Prostate Cancer, but Will It Be Adopted?

Separate phase III trials presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium demonstrated that modest hypofractionated radiotherapy is noninferior to conventional radiotherapy for men with intermediate- and low-risk prostate cancer and should be considered a new standard of care.1,2 However, it...

bladder cancer

Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Bladder Cancer: Hint of Benefit That Needs Confirmation

Adjuvant sequential chemotherapy plus radiation therapy and adjuvant radiation therapy alone significantly improved local tumor control compared with adjuvant chemotherapy alone in locally advanced bladder cancer but the improvement in disease-free survival (3-year disease-free survival of 68% vs...

kidney cancer

Genomic, Molecular Differences in Tumor Biology May Explain Inferior Survival in African Americans With Kidney Cancer

African Americans who develop metastatic renal cell carcinoma have had worse survival historically than whites. With the advent of targeted therapy, the hope is that the gap in survival would be narrowed. However, a new study has shown that survival for African Americans with metastatic renal cell...

prostate cancer

Active Holistic Surveillance May Prevent Unnecessary Biopsies in Low- and Low/Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

The use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has led to a dramatic rise in the number of men diagnosed with low-grade prostate cancer. Active surveillance is recommended to manage patients with favorable-risk, low-grade prostate cancer, with the goal of avoiding overtreatment of these...

prostate cancer

New Technology to Characterize Circulating Tumor Cells Suggests Better Treatment Decision-Making in Prostate Cancer

An early study showed that an experimental blood test (ie, “liquid biopsy”) that characterizes the phenotype and genomic characteristics of circulating tumor cells appears to have utility in personalizing treatment decisions for individual men with advanced prostate cancer.1 The assay—developed and ...

breast cancer

Tamoxifen or Anastrozole for Ductal Carcinoma in Situ?

Ductal carcinoma in situ is a relatively benign form of breast cancer (stage 0), yet up to 10% of women with ductal carcinoma in situ will have a recurrence within 10 years. At present, there is no way to identify which women will recur, so standard treatment is lumpectomy plus radiation therapy....

solid tumors

Atezolizumab in Urothelial Cancer: Ushering in a New Standard of Care

Atezolizumab achieved excellent results in a cohort of patients with platinum-resistant urothelial cancer enrolled in a large phase II trial known as IMvigor 210.1 Overall response rates were greatly improved over those with historical controls, and responses were durable. Although expression of...

solid tumors

Improved Outcomes in Patients With Germ Cell Testicular Tumors in the Modern Era

Although patients with poor-risk metastatic testicular germ cell tumors continue to have less favorable outcomes, the bar has been raised by contemporary treatment. There is still room for improvement in managing metastatic testicular germ cell tumors, especially in poor-risk patients, but if...

kidney cancer

Two Contenders for Second-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Options for second-line therapy of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma are expanding. Updates from the CheckMate 025 and METEOR ­trials presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium solidify the value of both nivolumab (Opdivo, an immune checkpoint inhibitor) and cabozantinib...

issues in oncology
hematologic malignancies

Blood Test Can Predict High-Risk Cancers in Patients Treated With CAR-T

Dramatic advances have been made in using genetically engineered chimeric antigen receptor–modified T cells (CAR-T) with anti-CD19 specificity to treat highly refractory hematologic malignancies. The highest complete remission rates have been achieved in patients with relapsed or refractory acute...

breast cancer

Immunotherapy for Breast Cancer: Early Lackluster Study Results yet Promise Remains

Immunotherapy is at the forefront of exciting new approaches to cancer, with excellent and long-lasting responses in metastatic melanoma and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and several immunotherapy agents now approved for those malignancies by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The...

breast cancer

Prophylactic Beta-Blocker Preserves Left-Ventricular Function in Patients Receiving Trastuzumab

The beta-blocker bisoprolol was able to prevent trastuzumab (Herceptin)-associated declines in left-ventricular ejection fraction, whereas the effect of the angiotensin-converting–enzyme (ACE) inhibitor perindopril was less robust. Use of bisoprolol reduced dose interruptions for trastuzumab due to ...

breast cancer

Surgical Margin Width Not Related to Breast Cancer Recurrence

The width of the surgical margin doesn’t matter, as long as the margin is negative, according to a large study of breast-conserving surgery in patients with invasive breast cancer. The risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence was similar for wide negative margins (2–4 mm) or narrow negative...

leukemia

Self-Reports Overestimate Mercaptopurine Intake in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Mercaptopurine is critical for maintaining remission in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, a study has shown that overreporting of intake is common, and self-reports of intake are not as reliable as electronic reporting.1 About 86% of parents and children overreported the number ...

hematologic malignancies

New Use for CAR-T Cells Post Transplantation

The approach of using genetically engineered chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells has received much attention for treating leukemias, where it has achieved spectacular long-lasting complete remissions in some patients with no other treatment options. CAR-T cells are also being studied in...

leukemia

Venetoclax May Prove to Be Strong Weapon Against Poor-Prognosis Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Venetoclax, the latest entry into the field of treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), is a powerful investigational therapy that promises to fill an important niche: treatment of high-risk relapsed/refractory patients with deletions of 17p. Nearly 80% of patients with relapsed/refractory...

leukemia

Severe Toxicities Seen in Younger Patients Receiving  Front-Line Idelalisib for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Hematologists and patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are excited about new drugs that have dramatically improved outcomes. But all drugs have side effects, and it is important to be aware of potential consequences. Hepatotoxicity turns out to be a major concern in younger CLL...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Idelalisib Improves Progression-Free Survival Over Bendamustine Plus Rituximab in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Idelalisib (Zydelig) combined with bendamustine (Bendeka, Treanda) plus rituximab (Rituxan) was superior to chemotherapy with bendamustine/rituximab plus placebo, reducing the risk of progressive disease and death while improving progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with...

breast cancer

Study Suggests Luminal A Breast Cancer Patients May Not Need Chemotherapy

The ability to classify breast cancer according to biologic subtype has enabled researchers to dig deeper and determine which therapies benefit specific subgroups. Encouraging evidence from an analysis of a Danish trial presented at the 2015 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium suggests that...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Could CAR-T Therapy Be Moving Into Lymphoma?

The use of T cells that are genetically engineered to express chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-T) has made headway as an approach to hematologic malignancies, with the best results achieved in leukemia. At the 2015 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition, a preliminary...

gynecologic cancers

Important Briefs from the ACOG 59th Annual Clinical Meeting

Several presentations at the 59th Annual Clinical Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), held April 30–May 4 in Washington, DC, focused on cancers associated with the reproductive tract and issues important to women’s health. Four noteworthy studies presented at...

gynecologic cancers

2011 ASCO Annual Meeting: 3-Year Screening Interval Safe for Women with HPV-negative and Normal Pap Tests, Data Show

A large, “real-world” study has validated current recommendations from the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), American Cancer Society (ACS), and American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) endorsing a 3-year cervical cancer screening interval for women...

Expert Point of View: Capecitabine Noninferior to 5-FU with Improved Toxicity Profile in Rectal Cancer, Two Studies Demonstrate

Formal discussant of the trial, Robert Glynne-Jones, MD, Mount Vernon Centre for Cancer Treatment, London, said: “It is arduous to perform rectal cancer trials. That is one of reason we are interested in short endpoints.” Regarding the first study, he said that historically, compliance has been...

colorectal cancer

Capecitabine Noninferior to 5-FU with Improved Toxicity Profile in Rectal Cancer, Two Studies Demonstrate

Two separate trials presented during an oral session at the 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting suggest that capecitabine (Xeloda) can replace fluorouracil (5-FU) as part of chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer. Patients randomly assigned to either treatment had comparable outcomes but with less toxicity from...

cns cancers

Plenary Report: Busulfan/Melphalan Improves Survival in High-risk Neuroblastoma Patients, Phase III Study Results Show

Myeloablative therapy with a busulfan (Busulfex, Myleran)/melphalan combination (BuMel) was superior to a regimen of carboplatin/etoposide/melphalan (CEM) in pediatric patients with high-risk neuroblastoma, according to results of the large, phase III HR-NBL1/SIOPEN trial presented at the 2011 ASCO ...

Advertisement



Advertisement


Advertisement