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breast cancer

Debu Tripathy, MD, on HR+, HER2– Breast Cancer: Results From the MONALEESA-7 Trial

Debu Tripathy, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings on first-line ribociclib vs placebo with goserelin and tamoxifen or a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

breast cancer

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer and Bisphosphonate Treatment: Results From the SUCCESS A Trial

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, of Ulm University, discusses study findings that showed extended adjuvant bisphosphonate treatment over 5 years in early breast cancer does not improve disease-free and overall survival when compared with 2 years of treatment (Abstract GS1-06).

issues in oncology

SABCS 40th Anniversary Award Lecture: Richard Pazdur, MD, on Cancer Drug Development

Richard Pazdur, MD, of the U.S. Food & Drug Administration’s Oncology Center of Excellence, discusses the rapid changes in evaluating and approving new and effective agents, incorporating the view of patients in the process, and modernizing clinical trial design with broader eligibility...

breast cancer

Keynote Lecture: Silvia C. Formenti, MD, on Converting Tumors Into in Situ Vaccines With Radiation Therapy

Silvia C. Formenti, MD, of Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses the high therapeutic potential of combining radiotherapy with immunotherapy and findings that show radiation dose and fractionation seem particularly relevant to the success of abscopal responses. The science has now matured to clinical...

cns cancers

FDA Grants Bevacizumab Full Approval in Recurrent Glioblastoma

On December 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted full approval of bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of adults with recurrent glioblastoma that has progressed following prior therapy. Bevacizumab was previously granted provisional approval in this setting under the FDA's ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Increasing the Dose Intensity of Chemotherapy May Lower the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence and Death

Increasing the dose intensity of chemotherapy—by either shortening the intervals between the cycles or by sequential administration instead of concurrent administration of the drugs—reduced the risk of early-stage breast cancer recurrence and death compared with standard chemotherapy...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Adjuvant Trastuzumab Did Not Improve Outcomes for Patients With HER2-Low Breast Cancer

Adding trastuzumab (Herceptin) to standard adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve invasive disease–free survival for patients with early-stage breast cancer found to have low levels of HER2, defined as immunohistochemistry (IHC) 1–positive or IHC 2-positive and/or in situ hybridization...

gastroesophageal cancer

Oral Microbiota Indicates Possible Link Between Periodontal Disease and Esophageal Cancer

An analysis of bacteria present in the mouth showed that some types of bacteria that lead to periodontal disease were associated with higher risk of esophageal cancer, according to a study published by Peters et al in Cancer Research. Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the...

lymphoma

Patients With HIV-Associated Lymphoma Can Safely Continue Antiretroviral Therapy During Chemotherapy

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) can safely undergo chemotherapy to treat associated lymphomas at the same time, researchers from the AIDS Malignancy Consortium have found. These findings were published by Tan et al in...

colorectal cancer

FDA Approves New Oral Solution for Colonoscopy Preparation

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc approval to market a combination sodium picosulfate, magnesium oxide, and anhydrous citric acid oral solution (Clenpiq) for cleansing the colon in adults undergoing a colonoscopy. With availability planned in...

colorectal cancer

Study Suggests Measurable Impact of an ACS Colorectal Cancer Screening Program

A new study suggests that an American Cancer Society (ACS) program has been effective in promoting improvements in colorectal cancer screening rates in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs). The study data, published by Riehman et al in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, shows the...

gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves Biosimilar for the Treatment of Certain Breast and Stomach Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved trastuzumab-dkst (Ogivri) as a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin) for the treatment of patients with breast or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors overexpress the HER2 gene. The drug is the first...

solid tumors

FDA Announces Approval, CMS Proposes Coverage of First Breakthrough-Designated Test to Detect Extensive Number of Cancer Biomarkers

On November 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FoundationOne CDx (F1CDx), the first breakthrough-designated, next-generation sequencing–based in vitro diagnostic test that can detect genetic mutations in 324 genes and 2 genomic signatures in any solid tumor type. The ...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ASCO Applauds New Report on Making Medicines Affordable

Today, ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, released the following statement: “A report released today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine underscores the imperative our nation faces to address the affordability of drugs for medical conditions that have...

issues in oncology

More Than One-Third of PAs in Oncology Experience Burnout, Despite High Rate of Career Satisfaction

A new physician assistant (PA)-based study finds that despite personal satisfaction in the oncology specialty, high rates of burnout—over one-third of PAs (34.8%)—are common. These findings reveal important factors that could help to decrease burnout and improve the oncology workforce...

sarcoma

NCCN Introduces New Guidelines for Patients With AIDS-Related Kaposi Sarcoma

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) has created a new resource for patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who develop acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma. This newly released NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Urban American Indian and Alaskan Natives May Have Lower Survival Rates Following Invasive Prostate and Breast Cancers

Compared with the non-Hispanic white (NHW) population, the urban American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) community was more likely to have lower survival rates following invasive prostate and breast cancer, according to a new study by Emerson et al in Cancer Research. “It’s been...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Update on Phase III JAVELIN Gastric 300 Trial of Avelumab in Pretreated Advanced Gastric Cancer

On November 28, Merck KGaA and Pfizer announced that the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 300 trial did not meet its primary endpoint of superior overall survival with single-agent avelumab (Bavencio) compared with physician's choice of chemotherapy. The trial investigated avelumab as a third-line...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Many Cancer Survivors Live With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

A recent study showed approximately one-fifth of patients with cancer experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) several months after diagnosis, and many of these patients continued to live with PTSD years later. Published by Chan et al in Cancer, the findings highlight the need for early...

leukemia

Patients With CLL May Be Willing to Trade Treatment Efficacy for Reduced Side Effects

When choosing their preferred treatment, patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) place the highest value on treatments that deliver the longest progression-free survival, but they are willing to swap some drug efficacy for a reduced risk of serious adverse events, according to a study...

breast cancer
cost of care

Climbing Costs for Treating Breast Cancer Poised to Strain Medicare in the Near Future

With cancer care costs projected to increase 32% from 2010 to 2020, researchers are working to determine the main drivers of costs for treating breast cancer. In a study led by Ami Vyas, PhD, MS, MBA, of the University of Rhode Island, published in the November issue of JNCCN–Journal of the...

lung cancer

Global Lung Cancer Awareness Month Coalition Announces Goals

The Lung Cancer Awareness Month Coalition (LCAMC), a group of more than 20 research and advocacy organizations from around the world focused on thoracic cancers, announced the launch of the 2017 Lung Cancer Awareness Month in early November with a panel event at the National Press Club in...

hematologic malignancies
breast cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma

FDA Approvals in November 2017: Novel Drugs, New Indications

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) approved a number of novel drugs and new indications in November 2017. Several of them are listed here.  Fulvestrant/Abemaciclib Combination in Breast Cancer  ON NOVEMBER 15 , the FDA approved fulvestrant (Faslodex) in combination with abemaciclib...

cns cancers

Gene Therapy Shows Early Efficacy Against Recurrent Brain Cancer

MORE THAN A QUARTER of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma treated with the retroviral vector Toca 511 and the prodrug of the chemotherapy fluorouracil (5-FU), Toca FC, were alive more than 3 years after treatment, according to data from a subset of patients in a phase I clinical trial, Toca ...

Luigi Naldini, MD, PhD, and Marina Cavazzana, MD, PhD, to Present 2017 ASH Ernest Beutler Lecture

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEMATOLOGY (ASH) will honor Luigi Naldini, MD, PhD, of the San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy in Milan, and Marina Cavazzana, MD, PhD, of Paris Descartes University, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, and Imagine Institute of Genetic Diseases, AP-HP, Inserm in...

Donald Coffey, PhD, Cancer Pioneer, Dies at 85

Donald Coffey, PhD, a distinguished Johns Hopkins Professor and prostate cancer expert, who was the former Director of the Brady Urological Research Laboratory and Deputy Director of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, died on November 9, 2017, at the age of 85. In his more than 50 years at...

James R. Downing, MD, to Present the 2017 ASH E. Donnall Thomas Lecture

The American Society of Hematology (ASH) will honor James R. Downing, MD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, with the 2017 E. Donnall Thomas Lecture and Prize for his discoveries related to the hematopathology and molecular biology of childhood leukemia. This lectureship and prize is named...

A Vivid Look Back, a Cogent Look Forward

Cancer memoirs come in a variety of literary styles and voices. Not surprisingly, the most poignant cancer memoirs are by those who are writing, in essence, their final words before departing this earth. The most widely read of that variety has been the beautifully written best seller When Breath...

issues in oncology
pain management

EXPECT QUESTIONS ABOUT THE RISK OF OPIOID ADDICTION

INTENSE MEDIA COVERAGE of the opioid crisis has ranged from the dire statistics of addiction and death to some hopeful stories of treatment and recovery, but what may raise questions and concerns are the reports of people who start with a prescription opioid and then in a few weeks or months are...

pain management

Relieving Pain During an Opioid Epidemic

“WE’VE GOT A CHALLENGING TIME right now, trying to relieve pain during the time of an opioid epidemic,” Judith A. Paice, RN, PhD, acknowledged at the 2017 Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium in Chicago.1 She cited a recent study reporting that up to 40% of cancer survivors are living with pain, and...

NIH Partners With 11 Biopharmaceutical Companies on PACT Collaboration

On October 12, 2017, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and 11 leading biopharmaceutical companies launched the Partnership for Accelerating Cancer Therapies (PACT), a 5-year public-private research collaboration totaling $215 million as part of the Cancer Moonshot. PACT will initially focus...

issues in oncology
supportive care

Helping Oncologists to Become Better Communicators With Their Patients

Timothy Gilligan, MD, FASCO, Co-Chair of ASCO’s Expert Panel on Patient-Physician Communications Guideline and Vice-Chair for Education and Associate Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, spends half of his professional time treating patients with urologic...

solid tumors
lung cancer

New Interdisciplinary Lung Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health

The Perlmutter Cancer Center at New York University (NYU) Langone Health, a National Cancer Institute–designated center, has announced the creation of a new interdisciplinary center bringing together new and existing programs to study, diagnose, treat, and prevent the nation’s leading cancer: lung ...

issues in oncology

Experts Address Cancer Health Disparities in Facebook Live Session at AACR Meeting

Although it has long been known that certain cancer types disproportionately affect individuals from underserved and underrepresented populations, the sources of these disparities are still not entirely clear. In a “Facebook Live” session at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

issues in oncology
hematologic malignancies
solid tumors

Reports From JCO and JOP

Staying up-to-date with peer-reviewed oncology literature is a daunting task. To assist readers, The ASCO Post has summarized a number of studies recently published in the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP) and the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO). Survival as Quality Metric in Cancer Care In a...

Susan G. Komen Launches Crowdfunding Initiative to Support Metastatic Breast Cancer Research

Individuals and organizations looking to contribute to advancements in metastatic breast cancer research can now do so by participating in Susan G. Komen’s inaugural crowdfunding initiative. Through this initiative, donors have the opportunity to contribute directly to the pioneering work of four...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Gene-Expression Assays in Early-Stage Breast Cancer: Who Should Order Them and When?

A deeper understanding of biology has allowed significant advances in the treatment of breast cancer. In the early-stage setting, standard pathology measures can help identify which subset of patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancers are more likely to experience benefit from...

ASH Honors Josef T. Prchal, MD, and Sherrill J. Slichter, MD, With 2017 Henry M. Stratton Medal

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY of Hematology (ASH) will recognize Josef T. Prchal, MD, of the University of Utah, and Sherrill J. Slichter, MD, of Bloodworks Northwest and the University of Washington, with the 2017 Henry M. Stratton Medal for their seminal contributions in the areas of basic and clinical/ ...

ASH Honors Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, With the 2017 William Dameshek Prize

THE AMERICAN Society of Hematology (ASH) will present the 2017 William Dameshek Prize to Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, of Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute for his seminal discoveries in multiple areas of nonmalignant and malignant hematology....

solid tumors
breast cancer

Genomic Profiling With Multidisciplinary Collaboration: Improving Breast Cancer Outcomes Through Timely Chemotherapy Initiation

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Losk and colleagues from Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center report their institution’s implementation of a protocol of surgeon-initiated genomic profiling of estrogen receptor–positive tumors in women with early breast cancer that resulted in ...

Parker Institute, Dana-Farber Collaboration

The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy announced that researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have joined its network. Dana-Farber brings a team of experts who will collaborate with Parker Institute investigators to enhance and expand research projects and clinical trials. Dana-Farber’s...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Tackling the High Cost of Cancer Care

AT THE 2017 ASCO ANNUAL MEETING, the leaders of the newly formed Value in Cancer Care Consortium (vi3c; vi3c.org) met to discuss the group’s plan to study how to improve the affordability of cancer drugs and make them more accessible to patients. The goal of the Value in Cancer Care Consortium is...

Stephanie Lee, MD, MPH, Elected ASH Vice President; Two Councillors Appointed to 4-Year Terms

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEMATOLOGY (ASH) has elected Stephanie Lee, MD, MPH, a member of the Clinical Research Division at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch), as its Vice President. Dr. Lee will begin her 1-year term after the 2017 ASH Annual Meeting & Exposition in December...

genomics/genetics

Role of the E7 Gene in High-Risk HPV

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE (NCI) researchers have found that for the most common high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV) to cause cervical cancer, an important viral gene may need to have a precise DNA sequence. The findings, published by Mirabello et al in Cell,1 contribute to a better...

ACCC Honors Barbara L. McAneny, MD, FASCO, MACP, With Annual Achievement Award

In recognition of her work in value-based care, Barbara McAneny, MD, FASCO, MACP, was honored with the Annual Achievement Award of the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Her work in developing the grant-funded COME HOME oncology medical home initiative demonstrated reduced costs and...

Johns Hopkins Researcher Awarded $300,000 to Investigate Genetics of Lung Cancer

The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) announced they have awarded $300,000 in research funding to a Johns Hopkins University investigator studying the genetics of lung cancer. According to the organizations, Johns ...

Huntsman Cancer Institute Names New Clinical Research Director

Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah has announced David Gaffney, MD, PhD, as Senior Director for Clinical Research. In this position, Dr. Gaffney will oversee Huntsman Cancer Institute’s clinical research efforts, which include more than 200 active clinical cancer trials at...

New Head Named to Fred Hutch Cancer Prevention Program

On October 1, 2017, nutritional epidemiologist Marian Neuhouser, PhD, RD, became head of the Cancer Prevention Program in the Public Health Sciences Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch). She replaces Acting Program Head Johanna Lampe, PhD, RD, Associate Director of...

kidney cancer

ACKC Secures $10 Million for Kidney Cancer Research

Action to Cure Kidney Cancer (ACKC) was instrumental in securing a $10 million line item for the Kidney Cancer Research Program as part of the Department of Defense’s Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP). This represents the largest increase ever in the...

leukemia

Seattle Children’s Opens Trial for Children and Young Adults With Leukemia That Targets CD22 and CD19 Proteins Simultaneously

Seattle Children’s has opened the first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy trial in the U.S. for children and young adults with relapsed or refractory CD19- and CD22-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that will simultaneously attack two targets on cancer cells. With ...

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