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prostate cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Estimated Medicare Cost for Prostate Cancer Care in Older Men

Although national guidelines recommend against prostate cancer screening in men age 70 and older, researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center estimate that screening for and treating prostate cancer in men in this age group costs Medicare more than ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous non–small cell lung...

Origins and Genetics Associated With Mixed-Phenotype Acute Leukemia

Investigators have unraveled the origins and identified mutations associated with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia. The study, published by Alexander et al in Nature, potentially lays the foundation for more effective treatment of patients with this high-risk cancer. Mixed-phenotype acute...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The results of the pivotal phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study—which evaluated avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) compared with sunitinib (Sutent) as initial therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma—were recently announced. As part of a planned...

issues in oncology

Are E-Cigarettes a Dangerous Alternative to Traditional Cigarettes?

Several studies published earlier this year present preliminary but compelling evidence that electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, which deliver nicotine through aerosols without burning tobacco, may pose serious health consequences to users, including cardiovascular disease and...

legislation
pain management

New Laws Limiting Opioid Prescriptions Create Undue Barriers for Patients With Cancer and Cancer Survivors

Among other policy responses to the growing opioid epidemic, many states have enacted legislation that limits the duration or amount of opioid prescriptions issued by physicians. Although, it is clear we need strong measures to mitigate widespread overuse and misuse of opioids. These...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy
hematologic malignancies
leukemia

CAR T-Cell Therapy for CLL

A pair of new studies from researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania are shedding light on why patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) respond or do not respond to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Although CAR T-cell therapy is...

ASH Honors Ross L. Levine, MD, With 2018 William Dameshek Prize

The American Society of Hematology (ASH) will present the 2018 William Dameshek Prize to Ross L. Levine, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, for his discoveries in the field of leukemia and myeloproliferative neoplasms during the 2018 ASH Annual Meeting ...

issues in oncology

An Invitation to Be Quiet No Longer

My male colleagues sometimes broach the topic of #MeToo or sexual harassment in medicine by saying how uncomfortable it makes them. Ah, yes. How uncomfortable the sexual harassment I  have faced for years makes you. I casually bring up microaggressions—subtle verbal or nonverbal slights against...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Treatment of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer With BRCA1/2 Mutations: More to Learn From Ongoing Trials

The treatment of triple-negative breast cancer remains a clinical challenge with no single validated target, though numerous pathways are druggable and are being investigated. In the subset of BRCA-mutated triple-negative breast cancer, the approval of the first poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)...

Study Links BAP1 Protein to Tumor Suppression in Several Cancers

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centerhave shown how BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) serves as a tumor suppressor gene in kidney, eye and bile duct cancers; mesothelioma; and other malignancies by regulating a form of cell death called...

Risk of Second HPV-Associated Cancer Among Survivors of HPV-Associated Cancers

A retrospective study led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) School of Public Health found that survivors of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers have a high incidence of developing second ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Pitfall in PSMA PET Imaging Method

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging has become a popular method for determining the stage of a patient’s prostate cancer. However, researchers have identified a pitfall in this imaging technique and are cautioning medical professionals to be...

FDA Takes New Steps to Address Youth E-Cigarette Use

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has announced a series of critical and historic enforcement actions related to the sale and marketing of e-cigarettes to children. In the largest coordinated enforcement effort in the its history, the agency issued more than 1,300 warning...

New Recommendations for Cabozantinib Tablets in Updated NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines

Recently, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) updated its Clinical Practice Guidelines to include new recommendations for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets. With the updates, cabozantinib is recommended by the NCCN for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma regardless...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survey Shows Increased Public Awareness of Lung Cancer Over Past Decade

Survey results released by the Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) show that general awareness about lung cancer has improved significantly over the past decade, with 94% of the public reporting familiarity with lung cancer. Despite this change in overall perspective, findings also indicate that lung cancer ...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Mismatch Repair Mutations and Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer

A group of men with especially aggressive prostate cancer may respond unusually well to immunotherapy, according to a study published by Rodrigues et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The research offers the possibility of effective treatment, with clinical trials already underway. An...

FDA Approves Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for the Treatment of Hairy Cell Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who have received at least two prior systemic therapies, including treatment with...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

AACR Releases Annual Cancer Progress Report

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has released its annual Cancer Progress Report highlighting how federally funded research discoveries are fueling the development of new and even more effective ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, and treat cancer. Key advances outlined...

Presurgical CT Imaging of CD117-Positive Kidney Tumors

A research team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has discovered a way to use computed tomography (CT) imaging to assess kidney tumors that test positive for the biomarker CD117 and accurately determine—before surgery—whether the tumor is benign or malignant. Their findings...

6th Annual Rally for Medical Research Hill Day Advocates for Continued Growth in Federal Funding for the NIH

Nearly 350 organizations—including medical societies and oncology treatments centers—are advocating for robust, sustained, and predictable annual funding increases for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) during the 6th annual Rally for Medical Research Hill Day, taking place...

Bleeding in Patients Treated With Anticoagulants and Potential Cancers

Bleeding in patients treated with anticoagulants may indicate an increased probability of cancer, according to late-breaking results from the COMPASS trial presented at the 2018 European Society of Cardiology Congress. Principal investigator John Eikelboom, MD, of the Population Health Research...

Lasker Foundation Announces 2018 Lasker Awards for Basic and Clinical Medical Research and Special Achievement

The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation today announced the winners of its 2018 Lasker Awards: C. David Allis, PhD, of Rockefeller University and Michael Grunstein, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, will receive the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research...

Somatic Mutations in ER-Positive Breast Cancer and Prognosis

Recent research and genomic studies have revealed a number of genes that accumulate somatic mutations and alterations in estrogen receptor (ER)–positive breast cancer. However, while a few alterations are quite common and relatively well-understood, many genes are mutated in less than 5% of...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Small Study Shows Chemotherapy May Lead to Early Menopause in Young Women With Lung Cancer

A new study suggests chemotherapy may cause acute amenorrhea, leading to early menopause in women with lung cancer. The study is the first to comment on amenorrhea rates in women younger than 50, concluding that women with lung cancer who desire future fertility should be educated about risks and...

Georgetown Launches Open Access Brain Cancer Biomedical Database

THE GEORGETOWN Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center has developed and released a cache of brain cancer biomedical data and made them freely available to researchers worldwide. The database, referred to as REMBRANDT (Repository for Molecular Brain Neoplasia Data), contains information on 671 adult...

breast cancer

Male Breast Cancer: An Understudied Malignancy

Male breast cancer is a rare and understudied malignancy when compared with female breast cancer, with conflicting literature on survival outcomes in men and women. The ASCO Post spoke recently with breast cancer expert Sharon Giordano, MD, MPH, FASCO, Professor at The University of Texas MD...

issues in oncology
palliative care

Expanding the Use of Provider Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment for Patients With Advanced Cancer

Patients with advanced cancer often get more aggressive treatment than they want because too few oncologists elicit their end-of-life treatment preferences.1,2 In response to this problem, leading associations, including ASCO3,4 and the Institute of Medicine,5 have called for more advance care...

Brian C. Capell, MD, PhD, Receives Award for Skin Cancer Research

BRIAN C. CAPELL, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Dermatology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has received a Damon Runyon Clinical Investigator Award. He plans to use the $450,000 research grant to study epigenetic targets in the skin to develop more effective...

2019 Pershing Square Sohn Cancer Research Prize Is Opening for Applications on October 1, 2018

THE PERSHING Square Sohn Cancer Research Alliance will open for applications for its 2019 Pershing Square Sohn Prize for Young Investigators in Cancer Research on October 1, 2018. At least six New York City area–based scientists will each be awarded $200,000 per year for up to 3 years. Applicants...

Ana María López, MD, MPH, Becomes Chief of Cancer Services at Sidney Kimmel

ANA MARÍA LÓPEZ, MD, MPH, has joined the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center (Sidney Kimmel), Jefferson Health, as Vice Chair of Medical Oncology and Chief of Cancer Services. Dr. López brings her expertise in breast and gynecologic cancers, integrative medicine, telehealth, and cancer disparities with...

Chemotherapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Where Should It Be Given?

USING THE National Cancer Database, Bhatt et al1 recently reported that of the 61,775 adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), those who received chemotherapy from 2003 to 2011 lived longer than those who, in those same years, did not; the study is reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post....

Three Immunotherapy Researchers Receive 2018 Albany Medical Center Prize

THREE SCIENTISTS whose work in immuno-oncology has led to a revolutionary way to treat cancer have been announced as the recipients of the 2018 Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research. The awardees were chosen to receive the 2018 Albany Prize for their research in...

hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
bladder cancer

Recent Drug Approvals and Revisions in Prescribing Information

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) issued the following approvals and prescribing information revisions in August 2018. Lenvatinib Approved for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma THE FDA approved lenvatinib (Lenvima) for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves First Nonchemotherapy Combination Regimen for Patients With Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

ON AUGUST 27, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and rituximab (Rituxan) for patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia. The recent approval expands the label for ibrutinib in Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia beyond its current...

Proteomics May Be Used to Predict Treatment Outcomes in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In triple-negative breast cancer, researchers have so far been unable to identify markers that can classify patients by prognosis or probability of responding to different treatments. In a study published by Zagorac et al in Nature Communications, researchers from the Spanish National Cancer...

solid tumors
lung cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to LOXO-292 for Treatment of Lung and Thyroid Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to LOXO-292, a selective RET inhibitor, for: the treatment of patients with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who require systemic therapy and have had...

Over 130 Buildings and Landmarks in the United States and Canada to Be Illuminated in Support of Stand Up To Cancer's 6th Live Telecast

More than 130 iconic buildings and landmarks across the United States and Canada will be illuminated in a show of support for the 6th biennial Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) “roadblock” telecast airing in both countries on Friday, September 7 (8:00–9:00 PM ...

Oncology Organizations Remember Senator John McCain

U.S. Senator from Arizona John McCain passed away on August 25, 2018. The cause of death was glioblastoma multiforme. A number of medical societies issued statements remembering Senator McCain, a few of which are reprinted below. The ASCO Post shares in remembering Senator McCain for his service to ...

prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer Foundation and Movember Foundation Announce 2018 Winners of Challenge Awards

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) and the Movember Foundation recently announced four new Movember Foundation–PCF Challenge Award teams at some of the world’s leading academic research institutions will receive a total of $3.5 million to support cross-disciplinary pioneering research toward the...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer

Every Day Is a Bonus

I have always been plagued with nagging headaches, so when they intensified in late 2010, I wasn’t too concerned. But when my eyes began involuntarily moving rapidly back and forth as I was writing Christmas cards, I knew the symptoms were a sign of something serious. A magnetic resonance imaging...

prostate cancer

Treating Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Implications of the PROSPER Trial

A MAN in his early 70s sits in our office. His general health is good, and he is feeling well. Yet he is deeply worried. Four years ago, when his prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level rapidly increased after radical prostatectomy and subsequent radiation therapy, he was started on...

Prediction of Survival and Disease Control in HPV-Negative Head and Neck Cancer Using Molecular Markers

A new method may predict the course of human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck cancer after radiochemotherapy. According to findings published by Hess et al in Clinical Cancer Research, five microRNAs (miRNAs) may be able to provide the decisive data. Squamous cell carcinomas of the head ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

A Story of a Mother and Daughter and Cancer

BOOKMARK Title: The Cookie Cure: A Mother-Daughter Memoir of Cookies and CancerAuthors: Susan Stachler With Laura StachlerPublisher: SourcebooksPublication date: February 2018Price: $19.95, paperback, 320 pages Cancer memoirs vary in their voice and message. Some are slapstick humorous attempts to ...

Erratum

In the July 10, 2018, issue of The ASCO Post, the article “KEYNOTE-407: Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Benefits Response, Survival in Squamous NSCLC” contained an error in the regimen for pembrolizumab (Keytruda). The study regimen, which has been corrected in the online version on ASCOPost.com,...

issues in oncology
global cancer care

NCCN and CAOH Develop Guidelines to Improve Cancer Care in the Caribbean

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) is embarking on a new collaboration with the Caribbean Association for Oncology & Hematology (CAOH) to develop a library of NCCN Harmonized Guidelines™ for the Caribbean. The archipelago that extends from the Bahamas in the north to Trinidad...

FDA Grants Priority Review to sBLA for Pembrolizumab in Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted and granted priority review for a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking accelerated approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic...

Genetic Forecasting May Predict Response to Cetuximab in Colorectal Cancer

Blood tests could predict how long it takes until colorectal cancer becomes resistant to treatment based on the same principle used in forecasting the weather, a new study by Khan et al in Cancer Discovery has found. The liquid biopsies could also predict patients that are unlikely to initially...

supportive care
integrative oncology

Coriolus versicolor

The ASCO Post’s Integrative Oncology series is intended to facilitate the availability of evidence-based information on integrative and complementary therapies sometimes used by patients with cancer. Ting Bao, MD, DABMA, MS, and Jyothirmai Gubili, MS, present information on the potential...

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, Named President-Elect of AACI Board of Directors

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, Enterprise Director of the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center (SKCC), Jefferson Health, has been elected Vice President/President-Elect of the Association of American Cancer Institutes’ (AACI) Board of Directors, a 2-year term that will begin September 30. Dr. Knudsen, who has...

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