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ESMO 2018: HOBOE-2: Zoledronic Acid in Premenopausal Hormone Receptor–Positive Early Breast Cancer

Adjuvant treatment with zoledronic acid, plus hormonal therapy with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, significantly increases disease-free survival compared to tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, according to results reported by Perrone et al...

2018 ASTRO: SPPORT Trial: ADT With or Without Pelvic Lymph Node Radiation in Prostate Cancer

The first report of a large international clinical trial shows that, for men who show signs of prostate cancer after surgical removal of their prostates, extending radiation therapy to the pelvic lymph nodes combined with adding short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to standard treatment...

2018 ASTRO: IROCK: Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for RCC in Patients With One Kidney

Treatment of renal cell carcinoma with stereotactic radiation therapy is as safe and effective for patients with one kidney as it is for those with two, according to an analysis of an international data set presented by Correa et al at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Society for...

2018 ASTRO: SABR-COMET: Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy for Oligometastatic Tumors

In the first randomized, phase II clinical trial of its kind, researchers have shown that an aggressive form of high-precision radiation therapy can increase survival in patients with oligometastatic tumors. These findings were presented by Palma et al in the plenary session at the 60th Annual ...

IASLC Issues Statement on Lung Cancer Screening With Low-Dose Computed Tomography

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) recently issued a statement on lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (CT) based on the results of the Dutch-Belgian NELSON lung cancer screening trial presented at the IASLC 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer...

2018 ASTRO: Overall Survival With Local Consolidative Therapy in Oligometastatic NSCLC

Adding radiation therapy or surgery to systemic therapy for patients with stage IV lung cancer whose cancer has spread to a limited number of sites can significantly extend overall survival, according to new results from a multicenter, randomized, controlled phase II study. The findings were...

2018 ASTRO: Liquid Biopsy in HPV-Associated Oral Cancer Surveillance

A highly sensitive blood test that detects minute traces of cancer-specific DNA has been shown to accurately determine whether patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) are free from cancer following radiation therapy. Findings were presented by...

2018 ASTRO: Radiation After Breast-Conserving Surgery in 'Good-Risk' DCIS

A subset of patients with low-risk breast cancer is highly unlikely to see cancer return following breast conservation surgery, but can lower that risk even further with radiation therapy, finds a new long-term clinical trial report. These 12-year follow-up data from the only prospective,...

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, on Localized Prostate Cancer: Radiation Therapy Guidelines

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, summarizes a session he moderated that included discussion of an ASTRO, ASCO, and AUA guideline; indications and dose fractionation; treatment volumes; and the use of IGRT and IMRT (Panel 03).

prostate cancer

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, on Prostate Cancer in African American Men: Results of a Meta-analysis

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, of the University of Michigan, discusses a large-scale gene-expression analysis and meta-analysis of RTOG trials on androgen receptor activity and radiotherapeutic sensitivity in African American men with prostate cancer (Abstract 4).

issues in oncology

Michael Soike, MD, on Brain Metastases: Radiosurgery vs Radiotherapy

Michael Soike, MD, of Wake Forest University Medical Center, discusses results from a large multicenter study that suggests salvage stereotactic radiosurgery leads to improved overall survival compared with whole-brain radiotherapy for patients with progressive brain metastases (Presentation 296 in ...

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Prospective Trials Update

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discusses a session on data from several long-term studies on localized disease, including optimal sequencing of radiation and androgen-deprivation therapy; the efficacy and toxicity of SBRT; conventional vs hypofractionated radiation therapy;...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

David Raben, MD, on NSCLC: Results From the PACIFIC Trial

David Raben, MD, of the University of Colorado, discusses overall survival with durvalumab vs placebo after chemoradiotherapy in stage III non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA10).

prostate cancer

Alan Pollack, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the SPPORT Trial

Alan Pollack, MD, of the University of Miami, discusses study findings on short-term androgen-deprivation therapy with or without pelvic lymph node treatment added to prostate bed–only salvage radiotherapy (Abstract LBA5).

solid tumors

David Palma, MD, PhD, on Oligometastatic Tumors: Results From the SABR-COMET Trial

David Palma, MD, PhD, of the London Health Sciences Centre, discusses study findings on improvement in survival following stereotactic ablative radiation for oligometastatic tumors (Presentation 5 in PL 01).

head and neck cancer
symptom management

Thomas Galloway, MD, on Oropharyngeal Cancer: Improving Outcomes and Reducing Toxicity

Thomas Galloway, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, summarizes a session on head and neck cancer that included findings on reducing oral mucositis, improving quality of life with deintensified chemoradiotherapy, and the costs of dose de-escalation (Scientific Session 31).

issues in oncology

Vinai Gondi, MD, on Treating Brain Metastases, Preserving Cognitive Function

Vinai Gondi, MD, of Northwestern Medicine, discusses the early results of a phase III NRG Oncology trial that suggests a practice change in treating brain metastases: avoiding the hippocampus when delivering whole-brain radiotherapy (Abstract LBA9).

lung cancer

Daniel R. Gomez, MD, on NSCLC: Findings From a Phase II Treatment Trial

Daniel R. Gomez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the final results of a phase II study on local consolidative therapy, which improved overall survival compared with maintenance therapy and observation in oligometastatic non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA3).

head and neck cancer

Bhisham Chera, MD, on Oropharyngeal Cancer: Expert Perspective on Surveillance

Bhisham Chera, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discusses using human papillomavirus found in plasma circulating tumor DNA to monitor cancer recurrence in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer (Abstract LBA6).  

2018 ASTRO: FAST Trial Finds Long-Term Side Effects Similar for Once-Weekly and Conventional Breast Radiation Therapies

In a 10-year study of women who received radiation therapy to treat early-stage breast cancer, those receiving fewer, larger individual radiation doses experienced similarly low rates of late-onset side effects as those undergoing conventional radiation therapy. Findings from the...

2018 ASTRO: Impact of MGMT Gene Expression on Overall Survival in Patients With Anaplastic Glioma

A phase III trial revealed that elevated MGMT gene expression is independently associated with worse overall survival for patients with anaplastic grade III gliomas. These findings were presented by Fleming et al at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and...

2018 ASTRO: Combined Radiation and Cisplatin in HPV-Related Head and Neck Cancer

A phase III trial has determined that cisplatin chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy showed high amounts of activity in human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer. Findings from NRG-RTOG 1016 were presented by Trotti et al the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Society for...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASTRO: Radiation Therapy Outcomes in African American Patients With Prostate Cancer

A new analysis of genetic data from a large prospective registry and clinical data from several randomized trials indicates that African American patients may have comparatively higher cure rates when treated with radiation therapy than Caucasian patients. The study, which is the first report...

colorectal cancer
sarcoma

FDA Approves Levoleucovorin for Treatment in Osteosarcoma, Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved levoleucovorin (Khapzory) injection, a folate analog, for three indications: rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in patients with osteosarcoma; diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosage of folic acid...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy
symptom management

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy Toxicities: Expert Perspective

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses managing toxicities of immunotherapy, including neurotoxicity, and treating beyond acute adverse events.

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, on Advanced Melanoma: Research Highlights

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses two high-impact studies in stage III melanoma treatment: an update of the COMBI-AD trial examining dabrafenib and trametinib; and neoadjuvant ipilimumab and nivolumab therapy.

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: First-Line Immunotherapy for Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) improved survival in patients with head and neck cancer that has recurred or metastasized in the KEYNOTE-048 trial, according to late-breaking results from the study reported by Burtness et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (Abstract...

ESMO 2018: Cetuximab vs Cisplatin in Patients With HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy

Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive throat cancer responded better to chemoradiotherapy than to cetuximab (Erbitux) with radiotherapy, according to late-breaking research reported by Mehanna et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (Abstract LBA9_PR)....

Many Patients With Early-Stage Follicular Lymphoma May Not Receive Guideline-Recommended Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy for early-stage follicular lymphoma “is underused,” Joanna C. Yang, MD, MPH, and Joachim Yahalom, MD, declared in a recent editorial in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.1 This underuse of radiation therapy can result in overtreatment with systemic therapies or overconfidence in...

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia–Led Collaboration Launches First Childhood Disease Research Portal

The Gabriella Miller Kids First Data Resource Center, a collaborative effort supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund, announced the launch of its new Data Resource Portal to help accelerate the discovery of precision-based treatments for pediatric disorders, thanks to a...

Gastric Cancer Foundation Introduces Online Clinical Trials Navigator

The Gastric Cancer Foundation launched its new website this month and introduced an online clinical trials navigator to help patients more easily identify clinical trials matched with their specific diagnosis, stage, and treatment history. A special grant from Stupid Strong Charitable Foundation, a ...

Biden Cancer Initiative Supports Lynch Syndrome Research

In 2016, AliveAndKickn launched the HEROIC Registry, a patient-driven registry to collect real world and genomic data on patients with Lynch syndrome globally. Recently, AliveAndKickn started a collaboration with the University of California, San Francisco, to launch The HEROIC Mosaic Research...

Friends of Cancer Research Launches Tumor Mutational Burden Harmonization Project

The Friends of Cancer Research (Friends) recently announced the launch of phase II of its tumor mutational burden Harmonization Project, as the research team finalizes data collected from phase I in silico analysis. “Recent data show a role for [tumor mutational burden] in identifying patients...

I’m Not Dying of Cancer: I’m Living With Cancer

I’m a psychiatrist, so I don’t say this lightly: receiving a diagnosis of stage IV gastric adenocarcinoma made me insane. I had remembered the horrible deaths due to abdominal cancer I had seen during my medical training and was terrified that would be my fate as well. I knew from looking at the...

Big Data and Breast Cancer: Moving the Field Forward Through Comprehensive Analysis

To gain further insight into, among other things, optimizing big data and the latest on hormonal breast cancer treatment, The ASCO Post recently spoke with pioneering oncologist Christopher C. Benz, MD, a breast cancer specialist and Director of the Cancer & Developmental Therapeutics Program, ...

Has the Promise of Precision Medicine Been Oversold?

Recently, the term “personalized medicine” in oncology care has been overtaken by the more contemporary concept of “precision medicine.” According to the National Research Council of the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, the newer terminology shifts the focus to improving...

Overcoming Long-Term Health and Economic Impact of Cancer on Young Adult Survivors

A pair of studies showcased the potentially devastating long-term health and financial consequences cancer has on adult survivors of childhood cancer compared with other adults, as well as survival disparities based on health insurance status.1,2 Despite increasing survival rates among the more...

AMA Awards Research Grants to Honor Women in Medicine

Each September, the American Medical Association (AMA) recognizes influential female physician leaders in honor of Women in Medicine Month. To showcase the accomplishments of these leaders, the AMA Women Physicians Section (WPS) and the AMA Foundation announced the winners of the 2018 Joan F....

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: Updates From the STAMPEDE Trial

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses study findings on treating metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, including results on radiotherapy and abiraterone (Abstract LBA5_PR).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Targeted Treatment Update

Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses two important studies in non–small cell lung cancer: FLAURA, which looked at the first-line activity of osimertinib and the mechanisms of resistance; and ALESIA, which examined crizotinib dosing.  

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Lung Cancer: Research Highlights

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes the top-line lung cancer results reported at this year’s ESMO Congress, including the role of targeted treatment for early stage NSCLC, combining immunotherapy for surgically resectable disease, and immunotherapy for...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Challenging Established Front-Line Treatment

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses data from the global, phase III JAVELIN trial that compared axitinib plus avelumab vs sunitinib, which could lead to a new standard of care in renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA6_PR).

ESMO 2018: Survival Results From STAMPEDE: Local Radiotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer With Low Disease Burden

Radiotherapy to the prostate improved overall survival in men newly diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer who have a low metastatic disease burden, but not in those with higher burden of disease, according to results from a preplanned analysis of a large comparison study reported by Parker et...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A combination of the immune checkpoint blocker avelumab (Bavencio) plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study, according to results...

ESMO 2018: SOLO-1: Olaparib Maintenance Extends Progression-Free Survival in BRCA1/2-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Two-year maintenance therapy with olaparib (Lynparza), a poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, led to a substantial improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) in newly diagnosed patients with advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA1/2 mutation, results from the phase III SOLO-1 trial...

New Vice-Chairs for SU2C Scientific Advisory Committee Announced

Three new Vice-Chairs of the Scientific Advisory Committee of Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) were announced by the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), the Scientific Partner of SU2C. They are Nobel Laureate Elizabeth H. Blackburn, PhD, of the University of California San Francisco;...

Subha Madhavan, PhD, Named Chief Data Scientist at Georgetown University Medical Center

Georgetown University Medical Center has named Subha Madhavan, PhD, as its Chief Data Scientist and Director of its Office for Health Data Science and Informatics. Dr. Madhavan, Associate Professor in the Department of Oncology, also serves as Director of the Innovation Center for Biomedical...

Cancer Moonshot Awards Grant to Roswell Park

Through a grant provided by the Cancer Moonshot, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center will be able to support and advance various new cancer research projects, including the development of a Data Management and Resource-Sharing Center to serve the Immuno-Oncology Translational Network (IOTN)....

genomics/genetics

Arul Chinnaiyan, MD, PhD, Granted NCI Award to Investigate Cancer Genomics

Arul Chinnaiyan, MD, PhD, of the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, has received an Outstanding Investigator Award from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) that provides $6.5 million in funding over 7 years. The grant will fund research to create new bioinformatics resources and identify...

genomics/genetics

NIH Grants Funding to Collaboration for Genomic Research Program

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently awarded inaugural funding to the genetic testing firm Color, in partnership with the Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard, and the Laboratory for Molecular Medicine at Partners HealthCare, to establish one of three ...

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