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breast cancer

Eric S. Winer, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Debate on a Research Tool

Eric S. Winer, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, addresses the much-discussed controversy over whether all women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer should undergo next-generation sequencing.

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results From the PADMA Trial

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses phase IV study findings evaluating palbociclib plus endocrine treatment vs a chemotherapy-based treatment strategy in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (Abstract OT3-05-04).

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses 11-year followup results that showed a significantly lower breast cancer incidence among women with a greater than 5% weight loss (Abstract GS5-07).

breast cancer

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, on Tackling Breast Cancer Diversity

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Trust, discusses the challenges of treating metastatic breast cancer and how liquid biopsies can serve as a guide to genetic phenotypes.

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Stage II–III Breast Cancer and CTCs

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, discusses findings that suggest circulating tumor cells 5 years after diagnosis are prognostic for late recurrence in operable stage II–III breast cancer (Abstract GS6-03).

breast cancer

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, on DCIS: Results of the CALGB 40903 Trial

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on primary endocrine therapy for estrogen receptor–positive ductal carcinoma in situ (Abstract GS5-05).

breast cancer

Lynn J. Howie, MD, on ER+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: An FDA Treatment Analysis

Lynn J. Howie, MD, of the U. S. Food & Drug Administration, discusses a pooled analysis of outcomes of older women with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer treated with a CDK4/6 inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy (Abstract GS5-06).

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Older Women With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer May Receive Similar Benefit From CDK4/6 Inhibitors as Younger Women

Older women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors achieved progression-free survival at a rate similar to that of younger women, according to data presented by Singh et al at the 2017 San...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Postmenopausal Women Who Lose Weight May Have Reduced Breast Cancer Risk

Postmenopausal women who lose weight may have a significantly reduced chance of developing breast cancer, according to data presented by Chlebowski et al at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS5-07). “Breast cancer is among the leading types of cancer and...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Circulating Tumor Cells May Predict Late Recurrence in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Among patients with hormone receptor–positive HER2-negative stage II–III breast cancer without clinical evidence of recurrence, those who had circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in blood 5 years after diagnosis had an increased risk for late recurrence of breast cancer, according to ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Phase III EMBRACA Trial Meets Primary Endpoint

Patients with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations had significantly prolonged progression-free survival when treated with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib, compared with those who received chemotherapy of physician’s choice, according...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combined Residual Risk Score Test and Predicting Breast Cancer Risk in Women Who Tested Negative for Hereditary Mutations

Results from a validation study to better define the risk of breast cancer in women of European ancestry who tested negative for a hereditary cancer mutation with a hereditary cancer risk test (myRisk Hereditary Cancer test) were reported earlier this week in a spotlight presentation at the 2017...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: 2 Years of Extended Anastrozole Therapy Proved as Effective as 5 Years in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who took the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for 2 years after an initial 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy received an equal benefit to those who took the drug for 5 additional years. The trial results suggest that a...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: SOLD Trial Data Support Current Standard 12-Month Adjuvant Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Disease-free survival after 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) and standard chemotherapy was not comparable to disease-free survival after 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab and standard chemotherapy for women with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, supporting the current...

breast cancer

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, on HR+ Early Breast Cancer: Update of the SOFT Trial

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on a comparison of adjuvant tamoxifen plus ovarian function suppression vs tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract GS4-03).

breast cancer

Melinda Telli, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: New Clinical Approaches

Melinda Telli, MD, of the Stanford University School of Medicine, discusses the current status of treatment for advanced TNBC, and new therapeutic strategies now being used for better outcomes.

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, on Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results of a CALGB/NCCTG Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discusses the long-term follow-up of CALGB 40502/NCCTG N063H, a phase III study of weekly paclitaxel compared with weekly nanoparticle albumin bound nab-paclitaxel or ixabepilone with or without bevacizumab as first-line therapy for locally...

breast cancer

Michael Gnant, MD, on Duration of Anastrozole Treatment: Results of the ABCSG-16 Trial

Michael Gnant, MD, of the Medical University of Vienna, discusses phase III study findings on giving an additional 2 vs an additional 5 years of anastrozole after the first 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy (Abstract GS3-01).

breast cancer

Vered Stearns, MD, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, on ER+ Breast Cancer: Controversies in Adjuvant Treatment

Vered Stearns, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss two key topics in adjuvant treatment: endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with ER+ breast cancer and finding the optimal duration of treatment.

breast cancer

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, on HR+ Breast Cancer: Treatment Trial Results

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of the West Cancer Center, discusses phase II study findings evaluating exemestane with or without enzalutamide in patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract GS4-07).

breast cancer

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Roberto Salgado, MD, PhD, on HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results From the PANACEA/KEYNOTE 014 Trial

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Roberto Salgado, MD, PhD, both of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss study findings on pembrolizumab and trastuzumab in patients with trastuzumab-resistant disease (Abstract GS2-06).

breast cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, on Preserving Fertility in Patients With Early Breast Cancer: Pooled Analysis

Matteo Lambertini, MD, of the Institut Jules Bordet, discusses the results of five clinical trials investigating temporary ovarian suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs during chemotherapy as a strategy to preserve ovarian function and fertility in premenopausal early breast...

breast cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy in Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the growing role of immunotherapy in treating breast disease, the evidence of biomarkers that may be associated with response to therapy, and the opportunities to perform robust correlative studies.

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Temporary Ovarian Suppression With Hormone Analog May Preserve Fertility During Breast Cancer Chemotherapy

Meta-analysis of individual patient data from five randomized clinical trials provided a high level of evidence that treatment with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) could safely and effectively protect ovarian function and potentially preserve fertility in premenopausal women...

breast cancer
pain management

SABCS 2017: Acupuncture May Reduce Joint Pain Caused by Aromatase Inhibitor Treatment

Acupuncture significantly reduced joint pain for postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer receiving treatment with an aromatase inhibitor compared with both sham acupuncture and no treatment, according to data from the randomized, phase III SWOG S1200 trial presented by Hershman et al at ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: MONALEESA-7: Ribociclib Improved Progression-Free Survival for Pre- and Perimenopausal Women With HR-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

Adding the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor ribociclib (Kisqali) to standard endocrine therapy with temporary ovarian suppression significantly improved progression-free survival for pre- and perimenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor–positive (HR-positive), HER2-negative...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combination of Pembrolizumab and Trastuzumab Shows Early Promise for Patients With Trastuzumab-Resistant Breast Cancer

A combination of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) and trastuzumab (Herceptin) tested in patients with trastuzumab-resistant advanced HER2-positive breast cancer was well tolerated and had clinical benefit in patients whose tumors were positive for a biomarker for pembrolizumab, according to data presented...

breast cancer

Richard G. Gray, MSc, on Adjusting Adjuvant Chemotherapy Dosing: Results From an EBCTCG Analysis

Richard G. Gray, MSc, of the University of Oxford, discusses an Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group meta-analysis of 21,000 women in 16 randomized trials, which showed that increasing the dose density of adjuvant chemotherapy by shortening intervals between courses or sequentially...

breast cancer

Louis Fehrenbacher, MD, on Invasive Breast Cancer: Results From the NSABP B-47 Trial

Louis Fehrenbacher, MD, of Kaiser Permanente, discusses study findings comparing adjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel—or docetaxel and cyclophosphamide—with or without a year of trastuzumab in women with node-positive or high-risk node-negative...

breast cancer

Debu Tripathy, MD, on HR+, HER2– Breast Cancer: Results From the MONALEESA-7 Trial

Debu Tripathy, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings on first-line ribociclib vs placebo with goserelin and tamoxifen or a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

breast cancer

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer and Bisphosphonate Treatment: Results From the SUCCESS A Trial

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, of Ulm University, discusses study findings that showed extended adjuvant bisphosphonate treatment over 5 years in early breast cancer does not improve disease-free and overall survival when compared with 2 years of treatment (Abstract GS1-06).

breast cancer

Keynote Lecture: Silvia C. Formenti, MD, on Converting Tumors Into in Situ Vaccines With Radiation Therapy

Silvia C. Formenti, MD, of Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses the high therapeutic potential of combining radiotherapy with immunotherapy and findings that show radiation dose and fractionation seem particularly relevant to the success of abscopal responses. The science has now matured to clinical...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Increasing the Dose Intensity of Chemotherapy May Lower the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence and Death

Increasing the dose intensity of chemotherapy—by either shortening the intervals between the cycles or by sequential administration instead of concurrent administration of the drugs—reduced the risk of early-stage breast cancer recurrence and death compared with standard chemotherapy...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Adjuvant Trastuzumab Did Not Improve Outcomes for Patients With HER2-Low Breast Cancer

Adding trastuzumab (Herceptin) to standard adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve invasive disease–free survival for patients with early-stage breast cancer found to have low levels of HER2, defined as immunohistochemistry (IHC) 1–positive or IHC 2-positive and/or in situ hybridization...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Regimens Compared in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The phase III KRISTINE trial has shown that neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (Herceptin) plus pertuzumab (Perjeta) resulted in a higher pathologic complete response rate vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) plus pertuzumab, as well as a higher incidence of severe...

breast cancer

Extended Intermittent vs Continuous Adjuvant Therapy for Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer

The phase III SOLE trial has shown no disease-free survival benefit with extended intermittent vs continuous adjuvant letrozole in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. These findings were reported by Colleoni et al in The Lancet Oncology. As noted by the investigators, the findings suggest an...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Urban American Indian and Alaskan Natives May Have Lower Survival Rates Following Invasive Prostate and Breast Cancers

Compared with the non-Hispanic white (NHW) population, the urban American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) community was more likely to have lower survival rates following invasive prostate and breast cancer, according to a new study by Emerson et al in Cancer Research. “It’s been...

breast cancer
cost of care

Climbing Costs for Treating Breast Cancer Poised to Strain Medicare in the Near Future

With cancer care costs projected to increase 32% from 2010 to 2020, researchers are working to determine the main drivers of costs for treating breast cancer. In a study led by Ami Vyas, PhD, MS, MBA, of the University of Rhode Island, published in the November issue of JNCCN–Journal of the...

breast cancer

Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence After 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy

In a meta-analysis reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Pan et al for the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group (EBCTCG), it was found that breast cancer recurs at a steady incidence following cessation of adjuvant endocrine therapy after 5 years, with the risk...

breast cancer

Antidepressant for Aromatase Inhibitor–Associated Arthralgia in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

The phase III SWOG S1202 trial has shown benefit of the antidepressant agent duloxetine in reducing aromatase inhibitor–associated joint pain in women with early-stage breast cancer. These results were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Henry et al. Study Details In the...

breast cancer

5-Year Outcomes With Extended Adjuvant Therapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The 5-year analysis of the phase III ExteNET trial has shown that 1 year of neratinib (Nerlynx) after trastuzumab (Herceptin)-based adjuvant therapy significantly improved invasive disease–free survival vs placebo in HER2-positive breast cancer. These findings were reported in The Lancet...

breast cancer

Are African American Women With Type 2 Diabetes at Increased Risk for ER-Negative Breast Cancer?

A prospective study by Palmer et al assessing the relationship of type 2 diabetes and the incidence of estrogen receptor–negative and estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer among African American women has found statistically significant evidence of an increased risk of estrogen...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Fulvestrant in Combination With Abemaciclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new indication for fulvestrant (Faslodex), expanding the drug's approved use to include combined therapy with abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, for the treatment of hormone receptor–positive,...

breast cancer

Higher Risk of Breast Cancer Does Not Motivate Cancer Screening in Many Women

Some women, because of genetic predisposition, personal, or family history, have a higher-than-average lifetime risk of developing breast cancer. For those women, earlier magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended for cancer screening. But according to new findings presented at the American...

breast cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Cardiac Function After Adjuvant Therapy With Trastuzumab in Early Breast Cancer

As reported by Ganz et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term follow-up of patients in the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) Protocol B-31/NRG Oncology trial showed no worsening of cardiac function or quality of life with the addition of adjuvant trastuzumab...

breast cancer

Complications and Patient Satisfaction After Breast Reconstruction in Women Receiving Radiotherapy

In a prospective cohort study reported by Jagsi et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, autologous reconstruction was associated with fewer complications and greater patient satisfaction vs implant approaches in women receiving postmastectomy radiotherapy. Study Details The...

breast cancer

ASCO/CCO Focused Guideline Update on Role of Bone-Modifying Agents in Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported by Catherine Van Poznak, MD, of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO and Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) have collaborated in providing a focused update for the ASCO clinical practice guideline on the role of bone-modifying agents in...

breast cancer

ASHG 2017: Quantifying Breast Cancer Risk Based on Rare Variants and Background Risk

Rare variants combined with background genetic risk factors may account for many unexplained cases of familial breast cancer, and knowing the specific genes involved could inform choice of prevention and treatment strategies, according to findings presented in a plenary session at the American...

breast cancer

Potential Risk Activities and Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema in Patients Undergoing Bilateral Surgery

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Asdourian et al found that several factors considered to pose an increased risk of lymphedema were not significantly associated with the occurrence of lymphedema among women undergoing bilateral breast cancer surgery. Study Details In the...

breast cancer

Extended Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy After Sequential Endocrine Therapy

In the Dutch phase III DATA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology by Tjan-Heinjen et al, a nonsignificant disease-free survival advantage was found for 6 vs 3 years of adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy after 2 to 3 years of tamoxifen in hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer....

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