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breast cancer
solid tumors

FDA Clears Expanded Indication of Scalp-Cooling System

Paxman’s advanced scalp-cooling system has now been cleared by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use during treatment of patients with solid tumors. The system is now indicated to reduce the likelihood of chemotherapy-induced alopecia in cancer patients with solid tumors such as...

breast cancer
survivorship

Low-Fat Dietary Intervention and Overall Survival After Breast Cancer Diagnosis

In an analysis from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Chlebowski et al found that overall survival after the diagnosis of incident breast cancer was improved in women in the reduced-fat dietary intervention group vs control group, reflecting reduced...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Study Finds Breast Cancer Survivors Are Not Getting Recommended Number of Mammograms Postsurgery

Breast cancer survivors are not getting the recommended level of screening postsurgery, according to a study by Ruddy et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The study was led by Kathryn Ruddy, MD, MPH, Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Department of...

breast cancer
lung cancer

Characteristics and Screening of Brain Metastases in Breast Cancer and NSCLC

In a research letter published in JAMA Oncology, Cagney et al found that brain metastases were more advanced and more likely to be symptomatic in patients with breast cancer compared to patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Current guidelines recommend magnetic resonance imaging...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Meredith M. Regan, ScD, on Breast Cancer: Results From the TEXT and SOFT Trials

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Meredith M. Regan, ScD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss study findings on absolute improvements in freedom from distant recurrence with adjuvant endocrine therapies for premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, ...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Susan F. Dent, MD, on Breast Cancer: Analysis of the SANDPIPER Trial

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Susan F. Dent, MD, of The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre, analyze the phase III study findings on taselisib plus fulvestrant vs fulvestrant in patients with estrogen receptor–positive, PIK3CA-mutant, locally advanced or metastatic ...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Findings on an Antibody-Drug Conjugate

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discuss the efficacy of sacituzumab govitecan for treatment-refractory hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (Abstract 1004).

breast cancer

Michael Gnant, MD, on Breast Cancer: Results From the ABCSG-18 Trial

Michael Gnant, MD, of the Medical University of Vienna, discusses study findings on adjuvant denosumab in early breast cancer––a disease-free survival analysis of postmenopausal patients.

breast cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, and Lisa A. Carey, MD, on Breast Cancer: Commentary on the TAILORx Trial

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, and Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discuss the impact of new phase III findings on chemoendocrine treatment vs endocrine treatment alone in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative,...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the GeparNuevo Trial

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses phase II study findings on the addition of durvalumab to a taxane-anthracycline–containing chemotherapy in triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 104).

breast cancer

Rebecca A. Dent, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the LOTUS Trial

Rebecca A. Dent, MD, of the National Cancer Centre Singapore, discusses phase II study findings on first-line ipatasertib plus paclitaxel for locally advanced/metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 1008).

breast cancer

Helena Margaret Earl, MBBS, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer: Results From the Persephone Trial

Helena Margaret Earl, MBBS, PhD, of the University of Cambridge, discusses phase III study findings on 6 vs 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer (Abstract 506).

breast cancer

Sherry Shen, MD, on Breast Cancer and Obesity: Results of the SWOG S0927 Study

Sherry Shen, MD, of Columbia University Medical Center, discusses findings on the use of omega-3 fatty acid for obese breast cancer patients with aromatase inhibitor–related arthralgia (Abstract 10000).

breast cancer

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the PAKT Trial

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discusses phase II study findings on AZD5363 plus paclitaxel vs placebo plus paclitaxel as first-line therapy for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 1007).

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Breast Cancer: Results of the TAILORx Trial

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of Montefiore Medical Center, discusses phase III study results on chemoendocrine treatment vs endocrine treatment alone in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, node-negative breast cancer and an intermediate prognosis 21-gene recurrence score (Abstract LBA1).

breast cancer

Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, MD, on Breast Cancer Staging: New and Important Changes

Gabriel N. Hortobagyi, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the 8th edition of the TNM staging system, which includes prognostic stage groups based on clinical and pathologic factors combined with grade and hormone and HER2 status.

breast cancer
survivorship

Hormone Therapy and Diabetes Risk in Survivors of Breast Cancer

In an Israeli case-cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hamood et al found that hormone therapy in breast cancer survivors was associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes. The study involved a cohort of 2,246 women from the Leumit health-care fund diagnosed with...

breast cancer

Anthony D. Elias, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Treatment Update

Anthony D. Elias, MD, of the University of Colorado Cancer Center, reviews promising experimental treatments, as well as PARP inhibitor therapy in TNBC, including the implications of newly approved olaparib for gBRCA-mutant breast cancer.

breast cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, on Hormone-Sensitive Breast Cancer: Treatment Update

William J. Gradishar, MD, of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses recent evidence on the efficacy, safety, and utility of HER2-targeted treatments in the adjuvant setting for early-stage and advanced breast cancers.

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines May Lead to Delayed Diagnosis in Nonwhite Women

The current guidelines for mammographic breast cancer screening, which are based on data from primarily white populations, may lead to delayed diagnosis in nonwhite women, according to a report published by Stapleton et al in JAMA Surgery. A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Zachariae et al found that an Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention improved insomnia among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 255 patients from a national sample of Danish breast...

breast cancer
survivorship

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, on Breast Cancer and Arm Mobility: Clinical Trial Results

Electra D. Paskett, PhD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses study findings on whether exercise helps women with breast cancer regain arm mobility after lymph node surgery (Abstract 123).

breast cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercise Speeds Improvement in Arm Mobility After Surgery for Breast Cancer

New findings from a clinical trial of women with breast cancer suggest that guided exercise with a physical therapist after lymph node dissection helps women regain their range of arm motion more quickly. These findings will be presented by Paskett et al at the upcoming 2018 Cancer Survivorship...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercising During Chemotherapy for Breast or Colon Cancer Has Long-Term Benefits

A follow-up study to a randomized clinical trial reveals that exercising during adjuvant chemotherapy helps people engage in more physical activity years later. Four years later, people with breast or colon cancer who had participated in an 18-week exercise program while receiving chemotherapy...

breast cancer
survivorship

Effects of Group Psychosocial Intervention on Body Image and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Esplen et al found that a group psychosocial intervention was effective in improving body image concerns and breast cancer–related quality of life among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 194 breast cancer survivors...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer

Two Genetic Mutations Implicated in Breast Cancer Emerge From Study of Lynch Syndrome

Researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) and GeneDx, a genetic testing company, have identified two new genetic mutations associated with breast cancer: MSH6 and PMS2. The researchers’ study—published by Roberts et al in Genetics in Medicine—suggests that...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
cost of care

Population-Based Screening for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Genetic Mutations Appears Cost-Effective

The cost-effectiveness of population-based panel testing for the known high- and moderate-penetrance ovarian and breast cancer mutations, including BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51C, RAD51D, BRIP1, and PALB2, was not known. Now, a study evaluating the cost-effectiveness of screening the general population for...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

Increasing use of a potentially life-saving treatment for metastatic cancer is leaving too many vulnerable patients behind, according to a new study from Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital published by Kann et al in JNCCN – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

breast cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Study Finds Increased Risk in Common Cancers in Female Night Shift Workers

In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work with circadian disruption or chronodisruption as a probable human carcinogen. Now, a meta-analysis investigating whether long-term shift work increases the risks of common cancers in women has found that, overall, night...

breast cancer

Dual HER2 Inhibition Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Metastatic Breast Cancer

The phase III ALTERNATIVE trial has shown progression-free survival benefit with the addition of lapatinib (Tykerb) to trastuzumab (Herceptin) and an aromatase inhibitor among postmenopausal women with HER2-positive, hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer. These findings were...

breast cancer

Long-Term Outcomes With Neoadjuvant vs Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

A meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group indicates that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with a higher local recurrence risk vs the same chemotherapy given postoperatively after breast-conserving therapy. Study Details...

breast cancer

FDA Clears Stereotactic Radiotherapy System for Use in Treating Breast Cancer

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared a new noninvasive stereotactic radiotherapy system intended for use in treating cancer in breast tissue. “With [this] clearance, patients will have access to a treatment option that provides greater accuracy in delivering...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Pertuzumab for Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On December 20, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to pertuzumab (Perjeta) for use in combination with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and chemotherapy as adjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer at high risk of recurrence. APHINITY...

breast cancer

Hormonal Contraception and Breast Cancer Risk

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mørch et al, a Danish study has shown that the risk of breast cancer is increased in hormonal contraception users vs nonusers, with the absolute increase in risk being small. Study Details The study assessed the association between the...

breast cancer

BELLE-3 Trial: Combination Therapy in Resistant Advanced Breast Cancer

The phase III BELLE-3 trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival but a worse safety profile with the addition of the pan-phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

breast cancer

Eric S. Winer, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Debate on a Research Tool

Eric S. Winer, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, addresses the much-discussed controversy over whether all women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer should undergo next-generation sequencing.

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: the PADMA Trial

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses a study evaluating palbociclib plus endocrine treatment vs a chemotherapy-based treatment strategy in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (Abstract OT3-05-04).

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses 11-year followup results that showed a significantly lower breast cancer incidence among women with a greater than 5% weight loss (Abstract GS5-07).

breast cancer

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, on Tackling Breast Cancer Diversity

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Trust, discusses the challenges of treating metastatic breast cancer and how liquid biopsies can serve as a guide to genetic phenotypes.

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Stage II–III Breast Cancer and CTCs

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, discusses findings that suggest circulating tumor cells 5 years after diagnosis are prognostic for late recurrence in operable stage II–III breast cancer (Abstract GS6-03).

breast cancer

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, on DCIS: Results of the CALGB 40903 Trial

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on primary endocrine therapy for estrogen receptor–positive ductal carcinoma in situ (Abstract GS5-05).

breast cancer

Lynn J. Howie, MD, on ER+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: An FDA Treatment Analysis

Lynn J. Howie, MD, of the U. S. Food & Drug Administration, discusses a pooled analysis of outcomes of older women with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer treated with a CDK4/6 inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy (Abstract GS5-06).

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Older Women With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer May Receive Similar Benefit From CDK4/6 Inhibitors as Younger Women

Older women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors achieved progression-free survival at a rate similar to that of younger women, according to data presented by Singh et al at the 2017 San...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Postmenopausal Women Who Lose Weight May Have Reduced Breast Cancer Risk

Postmenopausal women who lose weight may have a significantly reduced chance of developing breast cancer, according to data presented by Chlebowski et al at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS5-07). “Breast cancer is among the leading types of cancer and...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Circulating Tumor Cells May Predict Late Recurrence in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Among patients with hormone receptor–positive HER2-negative stage II–III breast cancer without clinical evidence of recurrence, those who had circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in blood 5 years after diagnosis had an increased risk for late recurrence of breast cancer, according to ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Phase III EMBRACA Trial Meets Primary Endpoint

Patients with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations had significantly prolonged progression-free survival when treated with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib, compared with those who received chemotherapy of physician’s choice, according...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combined Residual Risk Score Test and Predicting Breast Cancer Risk in Women Who Tested Negative for Hereditary Mutations

Results from a validation study to better define the risk of breast cancer in women of European ancestry who tested negative for a hereditary cancer mutation with a hereditary cancer risk test (myRisk Hereditary Cancer test) were reported earlier this week in a spotlight presentation at the 2017...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: 2 Years of Extended Anastrozole Therapy Proved as Effective as 5 Years in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who took the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for 2 years after an initial 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy received an equal benefit to those who took the drug for 5 additional years. The trial results suggest that a...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: SOLD Trial Data Support Current Standard 12-Month Adjuvant Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Disease-free survival after 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) and standard chemotherapy was not comparable to disease-free survival after 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab and standard chemotherapy for women with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, supporting the current...

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