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lung cancer

Retreatment With Checkpoint Inhibitors May Be Feasible for Some Patients With NSCLC

INCREASING NUMBERS of patients are being treated with checkpoint inhibitors, and about one-quarter to one-third will develop immune-related adverse events. One question on the minds of oncologists is can these patients be safely re-treated once their adverse events resolve?  One of the first...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: John Heymach, MD

"TO PUT THESE RESULTS into context, currently we have three approved epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors for EGFR-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): gefitinib (Iressa), erlotinib (Tarceva), and afatinib (Gilotrif). Not many studies have compared these drugs ...

lung cancer

Dacomitinib Outperforms Gefitinib in EGFR-Positive NSCLC

DACOMITINIB, a second-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, outperformed gefitinib (Iressa) as first-line treatment for EGFR-positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the phase III ARCHER 1050 study.1 Dacomitinib improved...

kidney cancer

Expert Point of View: Hans Hammers, MD, PhD

THE COMBINATION of checkpoint inhibitors and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors is attractive in renal cell carcinoma, said formal discussant of this trial, Hans Hammers, MD, PhD, of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.  “Twenty-one percent of patients...

kidney cancer

Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Moves Forward in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

THE COMBINATION of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus bevacizumab (Avastin) showed promising results as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to a phase II trial called IMmotion 150. Based on these results, the phase III IMmotion 151 trial is comparing...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: Nitin Jain, MD, and Susan O'Brien, MD

Formal discussant of the GENUINE trial, Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, noted that the majority of responses to ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in high-risk patients are partial responses. “These patients [have disease progression] even in the context of...

leukemia

Ublituximab/Ibrutinib Beneficial in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The addition of ublituximab (a glycoengineered anti-CD20 antibody) to ibrutinib (Imbruvica) improved response rates, depth of response, and led to quicker resolution of ibrutinib-associated lymphocytosis in patients with high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in the phase III GENUINE trial,...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: John V. Heymach, MD, PhD

“This is a watershed moment in the treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Often studies show only incremental improvements with a new treatment. This is different. Alectinib [Alecensa] shows a dramatic increase in efficacy that is also accompanied ...

lung cancer

Alectinib vs Crizotinib in First-Line Treatment of ALK-Positive NSCLC

In 2011, crizotinib (Xalkori) became the first effective targeted therapy for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Now data from a phase III trial show that alectinib (Alecensa), a second-generation ALK inhibitor, outperformed crizotinib, the current...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: Susan O'Brien, MD

Commenting on the studies of CAR T cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) thus far, Susan O’Brien, MD, of the University of California at Irvine, said: “Some people are disappointed in the results, but the problem is there was too much hype to begin with. The first article on CAR T published...

leukemia

Newer Approaches With CAR T Cells Explored in CLL

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a hot area of research and development in hematologic malignancies and, more recently, some solid tumors. Results have been particularly good in acute lymphocytic leukemia, and one or more CAR T-cell products may be getting close to approval by the ...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Allison Kurian, MD, MSc

Formal discussant of this paper, Allison Kurian, MD, MSc, of Stanford University School of Medicine, said: “I think these results are practice-changing. Toxicity and quality of life were better with olaparib [Lynparza].” Dr. Kurian noted that the study did not report correlative biomarkers for...

breast cancer

Olaparib Improves Progression-Free Survival in BRCA-Associated Breast Cancer

The PARP INHIBITOR olaparib (Lynparza) improved progression-free survival in women with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer that was either hormone receptor–positive or triple-negative in patients who had a germline BRCA mutation.1,2 These results of the international, randomized, open-label,...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Sumanta Pal, MD

LATITUDE Trial ASCO expert Sumanta Pal, MD, of the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center in Duarte, California, commented on the LATITUDE trial at a press conference. “In 2014, docetaxel added to hormonal therapy showed an improved survival benefit in two trials—CHAARTED and STAMPEDE. It was no ...

prostate cancer

Two Studies Show Abiraterone Plus Prednisolone/Prednisone Added to Standard Hormone Therapy Improves Survival in Advanced Prostate Cancer

The addition of abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) plus prednisolone/prednisone to standard androgen-deprivation therapy improves survival in men starting treatment for locally advanced or metastatic, hormone--naive prostate cancer, according to the results of two potentially practice-changing studies...

symptom management

Expert Point of View: Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH

Formal discussant of the trial, Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Center in Toronto, Canada, commented on this trial assessing patient-reported outcomes for symptom monitoring. “This abstract is relevant to all of us, regardless of what cancers we treat or where we...

symptom management

Online Self-Reporting of Symptoms Improves Quality of Life, Extends Survival

When patients with metastatic cancer used a Web-based tool to self-report symptoms proactively during treatment, they lived 5 months longer than did patients assigned to usual care. In addition, they had improved quality of life and fewer emergency room visits and hospitalizations compared with...

supportive care

Expert Point of View: Richard L. Schilsky, MD, and Don Dizon, MD

“[THE STREAM, Conquer Fear, and CALM] studies focus on the psychosocial aspects of coping with cancer. One theme that binds them is that oncologists take pride in the fact that we treat people with cancer [with the emphasis on people] and care for them, their caregivers, and their support...

supportive care

Brief Psychological Interventions Positively Affect Cancer Patients’ Well-Being

Three separate brief psychological interventions aimed at helping cancer patients cope with distress have shown improvements in quality of life and well-being across the continuum of cancer care. The interventions were studied—respectively—in newly diagnosed cancer patients, survivors after cancer...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Idelalisib Toxicities Appear to Be Immune-Related

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors represent a highly active class of drug for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Idelalisib (Zydelig), a PI3K-delta inhibitor and the first PI3K inhibitor to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for CLL, has...

leukemia

Venetoclax Achieves Durable and Deep Remissions in CLL

Preliminary study results suggest that venetoclax (Venclexta) plus rituximab (Rituxan) is a highly active combination in relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), achieving durable responses and minimal residual disease negativity in previously treated patients. “The results of our...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Trever Bivona, MD, PhD

“The results of this trial are promising but need to be reproduced in the United States and other countries before clear recommendations can be made. There are adjuvant studies such as ALCHEMIST underway to test this strategy in U.S. patients,” said Trever Bivona, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of...

lung cancer

Adjuvant Gefitinib Delays Recurrence in EGFR-Positive NSCLC

Adjuvant therapy with gefitinib (Iressa), an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted agent, was more successful at preventing recurrence than standard-of-care chemotherapy, in a phase III study of patients with EGFR-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).1 Gefitinib extended...

skin cancer

New Immunotherapy Combinations Gain Ground in Advanced Melanoma, but Results Preliminary

Attention is focused among the cancer community on identifying the optimal immunotherapy combinations, with more than 800 ongoing trials of combination therapy. Two studies presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) reported promising preliminary...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: David L. Porter, MD & Jonathan S. Serody, MD

In a separate interview with The ASCO Post, David L. Porter, MD, Director of Blood and Marrow Transplantation and the Jodi Fisher Horowitz Professor in Leukemia Care Excellence at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, said: “It is encouraging that many patients with acute lymphoblastic...

leukemia

CAR T Cells in Relapsed B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Updated results in 51 adults with relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York showed high complete response rates regardless of pre–CAR T disease burden.1 That said, pretreatment...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH

Commenting on the phase I study of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) presented at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, Aditya Bardia, MD, MPH, Attending Physician at Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, said: “It is very encouraging to...

breast cancer

Atezolizumab Improves Overall Survival in Small Subset of Patients With Triple‑Negative Breast Cancer

Triple-negative breast cancer is an aggressive disease with no approved targeted therapy, and it remains challenging to treat. Early data from a phase I study suggest that the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq) can extend the lives of a subset of women who respond to this checkpoint...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Filipa Lynce, MD

Formal discussant of the MONARCH 1 trial and the MONALEESA-2 biomarker analysis, Filipa Lynce, MD, of Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC, noted that this is the first study to evaluate a cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor in patients with progressive...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib Active in Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the single-arm phase II MONARCH 1 trial, the investigational cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor abemaciclib achieved an objective response in about 20% of heavily pretreated patients with metastatic hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and a disease control rate of...

hematologic malignancies
breast cancer
lung cancer
kidney cancer
sarcoma
bladder cancer
colorectal cancer
multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2017 Guidelines

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2017 Guidelines In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology®, covering 8 tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and...

hepatobiliary cancer

Expert Point of View: Lipika Goyal, MD

Commenting on the BILCAP study, Lipika Goyal, MD, an oncologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, said: “These results are very intriguing. There is no current standard of care for adjuvant therapy of biliary tract cancer. Our high-risk patients [ie, patients with node-positive disease,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Adjuvant Capecitabine for Biliary Tract Cancer Yields Significant Improvement in Overall Survival

There is no standard adjuvant therapy for patients with resectable biliary tract cancer, but that may be about to change based on results of the phase III BILCAP trial.1 Adjuvant capecitabine significantly improved overall survival in the BILCAP trial, and this is the first study to show a benefit...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Ashish Saxena, MD, PhD

After the data were presented, Ashish Saxena, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College and Assistant Attending Physician at the NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, weighed in on the CA209-003 study. “The results of this trial are exciting and give hope to...

lung cancer

Five-Year Survival Quadrupled in Responders to Immunotherapy for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

At 5 years, the overall survival rate was 16% in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with single-agent nivolumab (Opdivo), according to follow-up of a phase Ib dose-ranging study (CA209-003), presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual...

skin cancer

Expert Point of View: Gary K. Schwartz, MD

Gary K. Schwartz, MD, Chief of Hematology/Oncology and Deputy Director of the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, is not sold on using the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) for all patients with...

skin cancer

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Combination Improves Survival Over Ipilimumab Alone in Patients With Melanoma

The race is on to identify combinations of immune checkpoint inhibitors that can improve outcomes over the use of immune checkpoint inhibitor monotherapy. Updated results of the phase III CheckMate 067 trial found the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) improved survival in...

cns cancers

One Physician’s Experience

In a separate interview, George Ansstas, MD, a medical neuro-oncologist at Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University, St. Louis, discussed his experience in treating patients with tumor-treating fields. He has treated about 35 patients with glioblastoma in the first-line setting and 20 with...

cns cancers

Expert Point of View: George Demetri, MD

“I am intrigued by this study. I have no idea by which molecular mechanism this [tumor-treating fields therapy] works, but the data are the data,” said George Demetri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Center, Boston. Dr. Demetri moderated the press conference where these data were discussed. “A panoply...

cns cancers

‘Out-of-the-Box’ Approach Plus Temozolomide Extends Survival in Glioblastoma

Using a novel approach called tumor-treating fields—which involves the delivery of low-intensity electric fields to the brain by a patient-operated device—along with standard-of-care temozolomide therapy improved overall survival and progression-free survival vs temozolomide alone in patients with...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: Susan O'Brien, MD

Susan O’Brien, MD, Associate Director for Clinical Science, Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California Irvine Health, put the venetoclax (Venclexta) monotherapy study in context. “The study by Jones et al is impressive. Patients who fail on a prior kinase...

leukemia

Updated Data on Treatment With Ibrutinib and Venetoclax in Patients With CLL/SLL

Long-term follow-up of treatment with ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in patients with previously untreated and treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL) has shown high response rates that are durable. At 5 years, 89% of patients with treatment-naive and relapsed or...

kidney cancer

Expert Point of View: Eric Jonasch, MD

Eric Jonasch, MD, Professor in the Department of Genitourinary Cancer at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, commented on this phase II study. “This is an important study, since we have, for the first time, randomized, prospective data comparing the combination of a checkpoint antibody with an...

kidney cancer

Combination of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab in PD-L1–Positive Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer

The combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) and bevacizumab (Avastin) appears to be promising in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to results of a phase II trial presented at the 2017 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.1 Despite the failure of the...

solid tumors

Expert Point of View: Prof. Noel Clarke, MBBS, FRCS, ChM

Formal discussant of the 111 trial, Prof. Noel Clarke, MBBS, FRCS, ChM, The Christie Hospital, Manchester, UK, had some concerns, but overall felt that the study could be practice-changing. “In this paper, single-cycle treatment is safe and effective, and two cycles of adjuvant BEP (bleomycin,...

solid tumors

One Cycle of BEP as Good as Two in High-Risk Testicular Cancer

The approach to treatment of high-risk, clinical stage I, nonseminomatous or combined germ cell tumors of the testis is not written in stone. ­Orchiectomy followed by surveillance or chemotherapy with two cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) is a favored approach by most experts. A...

prostate cancer

Progress in Defining Molecular Signature for Aggressive Androgen-Indifferent Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has lagged behind breast cancer in the identification of predictive and prognostic biomarkers, but the field is catching up. Researchers have identified a molecular signature that can distinguish aggressive prostate cancer that is androgen-indifferent and will have a better response ...

skin cancer

Expert Point of View: Suzanne L. Topalian, MD

“Avelumab (Bavencio) is the very first drug approved for Merkel cell carcinoma, an orphan disease that is uncommon in the United States. For that reason, pharmacologic development has been slow. In this case, laboratory evidence provided a rationale for testing checkpoint inhibitors in Merkel cell ...

skin cancer

Avelumab Produces Durable Responses in Merkel Cell Carcinoma, Becomes First Drug Approved for the Rare Disease

Avelumab (Bavencio) achieved durable responses in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma, according to longer-term follow-up of the phase II JAVELIN study, the largest study conducted to date in this relatively rare orphan cancer.1 Results were presented at the 2017 American Association for ...

AACR Introduces New Incoming Officers of the Associate Member Council

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) issued congratulations to Allison S. Betof, MD, PhD, on her election to Chairperson-elect of the Associate Member Council (AMC) of AACR. Dr. Betof assumed office at the AACR Annual Meeting earlier this month and will serve as Chairperson-elect...

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