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breast cancer

Can Some Patients With Early Breast Cancer Avoid Surgery?

RESEARCHERS AT The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center are testing the possibility of safely eliminating surgery in patients with breast cancer who are “exceptional responders” to neoadjuvant therapy, according to Henry M. Kuerer, MD, PhD, a breast cancer surgeon who described this...

solid tumors
issues in oncology
symptom management

NCCN Debuts Three New Sets of Guidelines

THE NATIONAL Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) debuted three sets of completely new guidelines for treating patients with uveal melanoma, for treating patients who have cancer and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and for managing immune-related toxicities.  Cancer in People Living With...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Minimal Residual Disease in Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Mutation Matters

A RECENT article in The New England Journal of Medicine explored the nuances of minimal/measurable residual disease testing after induction treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)1 and David P. Steensma, MD, and Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical...

cns cancers

A Clinician’s Guide to Treating Patients With Glioblastoma

Glioblastoma, a grade 4 astrocytoma, is the most common and most aggressive form of primary brain tumors in adults. The most recent guidance on molecular profiling, diagnostic and prognostic factors, and treatments for newly diagnosed and recurrent diseases was described in the Journal of Oncology ...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Fine-Tuning Treatment in Myeloma and Leukemia

It is a difficult task to include every notable presentation from the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. In addition to our more comprehensive coverage of the news from that meeting over the past several issues, below are summaries of additional key...

Expert Point of View: C. Kent Osborne, MD

C. Kent Osborne, MD, Director of the Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and moderator of a press conference where the EMBRACA findings were presented, shared his thoughts on the study. While a few months’ improvement in the risk of disease progression may seem...

breast cancer

Talazoparib Reduces Risk of Disease Progression in BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

In patients with BRCA-positive advanced breast cancer, talazoparib reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 46% vs chemotherapy, according to the phase III EMBRACA trial presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 “We are very pleased that the EMBRACA trial—the largest...

breast cancer

2018 Treatment Algorithm for Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

How should clinicians position anti-HER2 agents and also incorporate endocrine therapies in the treatment of metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer? At the 2018 Miami Breast Cancer Conference, this question was explored by Sunil Verma, MD, Medical Director of the Tom Baker Cancer Center and...

hepatobiliary cancer

Future Looks Brighter for Treatment of Cholangiocarcinoma

THE INCIDENCE of cholangiocarcinoma is rising, and effective therapies are urgently needed. Several classes of experimental molecularly targeted agents might meet this challenge, according to Robin Kate Kelley, MD, Associate Professor of Medical Oncology and leader of the clinical trials program in ...

pancreatic cancer

Emerging Thoughts About the Immune Landscape in Pancreatic Cancer

LONG-TERM SURVIVORS of pancreatic cancer display evidence of enhanced tumor-specific T-cell responses that are associated with unique neoepitope quality but not quantity, according to Steven D. Leach, MD, Director of the Norris Cotton Cancer Center and the Preston T. and Virginia R. Kelsey...

breast cancer

How Will ctDNA Assays Aid in Managing Breast Cancer?

CIRCULATING TUMOR DNA (ctDNA) assays are now commercially available for use in lung cancer and melanoma, where they can identify the presence of specific mutations that drive treatment selection. In breast cancer, ctDNA remains more of a research tool, but this is poised to change.  At the 2018...

breast cancer

Potent Anti-HER2 Agents on the Horizon

THANKS TO the efficacy of five approved anti-HER2 agents, patients with HER2-positive breast cancer have overall survival numbers that are as good as, or better than, their HER2-negative counterparts. With the next generation of anti-HER2 therapies in clinical trials, these outcomes may become even ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Solid Organ Transplantation and Lymphoma

Survival of patients with Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas is increasing, and with that comes the need, in some cases, for solid organ transplantation, often because of treatment-related toxicity. The factors involved in organ transplant among lymphoma survivors were discussed by Philip J....

solid tumors
colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Triplet Therapy Poses a Triple Threat to BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Cancers

Triplet therapy that inhibits the BRAF, MEK, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathways appears promising in BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer, a malignancy that typically does not respond to BRAF inhibition alone. Early results from the BEACON CRC study showed a 48% response rate and an...

gastrointestinal cancer
colorectal cancer

Studies Explore Colon Tumor Sidedness, Lung Radiation Dose in Esophageal Cancer, Pembrolizumab in Liver Cancer, and More

Along with full coverage of key presentations from the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, The ASCO Post brings our readers this additional news roundup.  Side Matters in Colon Cancer One of the studies included in the global IDEA trial, which compared 3 vs 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy in ...

breast cancer

Selected Abstracts From the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

EACH YEAR, The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, Director of the Breast Oncology Program at Taussig Cancer Institute and Co-Director of the Cleveland Clinic Comprehensive Breast Cancer Program, to give his picks for the most important research presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer...

multiple myeloma

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Andrzej Jakubowiak, MD, PhD

INTERVIEWED BY The ASCO Post, Andrzej Jakubowiak, MD, PhD, Director of the Multiple Myeloma Program at the University of Chicago Medical Center, commented on the “controversial findings” of EMN02/HO95. “This European study has opened the gate toward showing the benefit of a second transplant,...

multiple myeloma

European Study Shows Double Transplant Improves Survival in Myeloma

FOR NEWLY DIAGNOSED patients with multiple myeloma considered to be at high risk of disease progression, double autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) significantly prolongs progression-free and overall survival, vs single transplant, according to the phase III EMN02/HO95 study. The findings...

hepatobiliary cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Jordi Bruix, MD, PhD, and Flavio G. Rocha, MD

THE STUDY’S invited discussant, Jordi Bruix, MD, PhD, of the University of Barcelona, Spain, said one of the benefits of the TACTICS study was to evaluate the use of the new unTACEable-based endpoint, which he favors. “The endpoint used in the trial is a good attempt to do something new that may...

hepatobiliary cancer

In Unresectable Liver Cancer, Progression-Free Survival Doubled When Sorafenib Added to TACE

SORAFENIB (Nexavar) added to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) doubled the median progression-free survival over TACE alone in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, Japanese investigators reported at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 The results of the randomized,...

colorectal cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Wafik S. El-Deiry, MD, PhD, FACP

WAFIK S. EL-DEIRY, MD, PhD, FACP, Deputy Cancer Center Director for Translational Research, and Co-Leader of the Molecular Therapeutics Program at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, shared his thoughts on these findings with The ASCO Post. In essence, Dr. El-Deiry suggested the comparison does ...

colorectal cancer

Small Study Evaluates Treatment Sequencing in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

THE OPTIMAL treatment sequence for two approved agents in metastatic colorectal cancer may be regorafenib (Stivarga) before cetuximab (Erbitux), according to results from the small randomized Japanese REVERCE trial presented at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 Giving regorafenib...

colorectal cancer

Investigational Genomic Tool Identifies Consensus Molecular Subtype of Colon Tumor and May Predict Risk of Recurrence

AN INVESTIGATIONAL TOOL called ColotypeR classifies colon cancers by molecular subtype and creates a subtype-specific risk of recurrence, according to research. Developers of the tool say it will be able to guide treatment decisions. Colon cancer is highly heterogeneous in prognosis and response to ...

pancreatic cancer

Small Study Evaluates Novel Immunotherapeutic in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

IN PATIENTS WITH metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, 1-year survival reached 43% following treatment with a novel immunotherapy—PEGylated human IL-10 (AM0010, pegilodecakin)—plus chemotherapy, in a small study reported at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 “We saw a very high disease...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Matthew J. Ellis, MB, PhD

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, PhD, Director of the Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, commented on the POETIC trial for The ASCO Post. “This is a wonderful study that validates a point that our research team has also made over the years—that Ki67 is much more...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Perioperative Aromatase Inhibitors: No Effect on Recurrence, but Ki67 Level Important

Updated analysis from the United Kingdom’s POETIC trial found no evidence that perioperative aromatase inhibitor therapy slows or prevents time to recurrence of breast cancer. However, the study did show that tumor Ki67 levels after 2 weeks of perioperative aromatase inhibitor therapy are...

solid tumors
breast cancer

SABCS Highlights Focus on Predicting Residual Tumor Burden, Therapy-Related Arm Morbidity, Lifestyle and Cancer Risk

We have covered many of the important presentations from the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in the pages of The ASCO Post and in our online Evening News. Here are summaries of additional noteworthy studies presented at the meeting. We hope you will find them of interest. Predicting...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Brian M. Wolpin, MD, MPH

Invited discussant Brian M. Wolpin, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, said the results of the LAPACT trial will be useful as an aid to patient counseling as well as in designing and interpreting future studies. However, he added, they are not “practice-changing,” as nanoparticle...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

LAPACT Trial Confirms Efficacy of Nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine as Induction Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Patients newly diagnosed with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who received induction therapy with nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane) and gemcitabine achieved a time to treatment failure and median progression-free survival that exceeded the protocol-specified target by more...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Douglas Corley, MD, PhD and Nancy Baxter, MD

In a discussion of the study, Douglas Corley, MD, PhD, of the Division of Research at Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco Medical Center, California, said it remains unclear whether blood tests can improve the early detection of cancer, though such an approach would be welcomed. “We are getting closer ...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Use of Circulating Tumor Cells to Detect Colorectal Cancer and Adenomas

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood had an accuracy of up to 88% in detecting colorectal cancer and 84% in identifying adenomas, in a study from Taiwan presented at the 2018 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium by Wen-Sy Tsai, MD, of Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taipei.1 “The study ...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Jordi Bruix, MD, PhD and Flavio G. Rocha, MD

Discussant Jordi Bruix, MD, PhD, Head of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Group at the University of Barcelona in Spain, said the results of the CELESTIAL trial show that cabozantinib (Cabometyx) provides a clinically meaningful survival benefit to patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma ...

solid tumors

Cabozantinib Improves Survival in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma derived a survival benefit from cabozantinib (Cabometyx), in the phase III CELESTIAL trial.1 “Cabozantinib represents a new treatment option for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma after prior systemic anticancer...

breast cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Eric P. Winer, MD, FASCO; Heikki Joensuu, MD; and Julie Gralow, MD, FASCO

IN INTERVIEWS with The ASCO Post and in discussions held during the meeting, several breast cancer experts weighed in on the findings of GeparSepto and CALGB 40502.  Eric P. Winer, MD, FASCO, Chief of the Division of Women’s Cancers and the Thompson Senior Investigator in Breast Cancer Research at ...

breast cancer

Updates of Key Studies Differ on Relative Benefit of Nab-Paclitaxel in Breast Cancer

TWO IMPORTANT STUDIES, both updates of earlier findings and presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, provided different findings as to the relative benefit of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane), vs solvent-based paclitaxel in breast cancer.  “The two studies...

breast cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Julie Gralow, MD, FASCO

JULIE GRALOW, MD, FASCO, Director of Breast Medical Oncology for the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance and Professor of Medical Oncology at the University of Washington School of Medicine, commented on the findings of the SUCCESS A trial in an interview with The ASCO Post.  The Oxford meta-analysis...

breast cancer

Adjuvant Zoledronic Acid in Early Breast Cancer: Is 5 Years Better?

THE PHASE III SUCCESS A trial, presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, found no benefit for extending the use of intravenous zoledronic acid from 2 years to 5 years.1  “At this time point, our study showed no difference in disease-free survival or overall survival between 5 years ...

breast cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: William Sikov, MD, and Carlos L. Arteaga, MD

BREAST CANCER EXPERTS found the small differences in benefit for 1 year vs 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) in the SOLD trial to be provocative. William Sikov, MD, of Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island’s Breast Health Center and the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown...

breast cancer

Trastuzumab for 9 Weeks Fails to Show Noninferiority in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

ANOTHER TRIAL has validated that 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) remains the standard in HER2-positive breast cancer, but the margin of difference, compared with just 9 weeks of the drug, was slim, based on the findings of the phase III SOLD trial reported at the 2017 San Antonio Breast...

hematologic malignancies

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Neil P. Shah, MD, PhD; Joseph M. Connors, MD; and Kenneth C. Anderson, MD

NEIL P. SHAH, MD, PhD, Leader of the Hematopoietic Malignancies Program at the University of California, San Francisco, Helen Diller Family Cancer Comprehensive Cancer Center, noted that BLU- 285 could fill an “unmet medical need” for a KIT inhibitor that is “both potent and selective.” He pointed ...

hematologic malignancies

Novel Agent Appears Active in Advanced or Aggressive Systemic Mastocytosis

THE INVESTIGATIONAL agent BLU-285 (avapritinib) has shown significant activity in patients with advanced or aggressive forms of systemic mastocytosis, a rare blood disorder that originates in mast cells, according to the findings of a phase I trial reported at the 2017 American Society of...

hematologic malignancies

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Dan Vogl, MD

SESSION MODERATOR Dan Vogl, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, told The ASCO Post that the results with 11-1F4 were “very impressive” adding “everyone is excited” about the investigational amyloid-targeting monoclonal antibodies.  “These drugs don’t ...

hematologic malignancies

Amyloid-Targeting Antibody Elicits Organ Responses in Patients With Amyloidosis

IN PREVIOUSLY treated patients with amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, the chimeric fibril-reactive monoclonal antibody 11-1F4 (CAEL-101) produced organ responses in about two-thirds of patients in a phase Ia/b trial reported at the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting &...

hematologic malignancies

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Dan Vogl, MD

MYELOMA SPECIALIST Dan Vogl, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, told The ASCO Post that the potential use of daratumumab (Darzalex) in amyloid light-chain amyloidosis is “exciting.” The drug could answer an unmet need in relapsed disease and become ...

hematologic malignancies

Daratumumab Shows Efficacy in Amyloid Light-Chain Amyloidosis

DARATUMUMAB (DARZALEX) may be an effective treatment for systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, according to phase II studies reported at the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition.1,2 While the cohorts were small and the arms uncontrolled, the findings...

multiple myeloma

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Ken Shain, MD

KEN SHAIN, MD, Assistant Member of the Department of Malignant Hematology and Tumor Biology, Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Florida, and Scientific Director of the Moffitt Myeloma Working Group, moderated the session where the study was presented and offered comments to The ASCO Post. “Professor...

multiple myeloma

For Patients Treated for Myeloma, Antibiotic Prophylaxis May Reduce Infections and Deaths

IN PATIENTS undergoing treatment of multiple myeloma, the prophylactic use of levofloxacin significantly reduced febrile episodes and deaths, without increasing healthcare-associated infections or carriage of key nosocomial pathogens, in a large multicenter study from the United Kingdom.1 The...

gastrointestinal cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Stephen Leong, MD

STEPHEN LEONG, MD, of the University of Colorado Comprehensive Cancer Center, Aurora, discussed the RAINFALL findings at the symposium, commenting, “The study did meet its primary endpoint of progression-free survival; however, it was disappointing not to see a benefit in overall survival or...

gastrointestinal cancer

Ramucirumab/Chemotherapy in Gastric Cancer: ‘Positive’ Trial but Insufficient Benefit

BASED ON EFFICACY seen in the second-line setting for the treatment of metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, ramucirumab (Cyramza) was evaluated as first-line therapy in the international phase III RAINFALL trial. Although the study met its primary endpoint, with a 25%...

colorectal cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Zsofia Kinga Stadler, MD

DISCUSSANT ZSOFIA KINGA STADLER, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, found the nivolumab (Opdivo)/ipilimumab (Yervoy) combination results very encouraging but was also impressed with the monotherapy arm. Both approaches are significant advances in treatment, she said.  “The treatment of ...

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