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head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Young Jun Kim, MD, PhD

YOUNG JUN KIM, MD, PhD, Co-Leader of the Translational Research and Interventional Oncology Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, in Nashville, called the research “very important work.”  “This is very close to clinical relevance because no special test is required right now,” said...

head and neck cancer

Intratumor Heterogeneity of Head and Neck Cancers May Have Therapeutic Implications

A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY of The Cancer Genome Atlas may have therapy-specific implications for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, according to data presented at the 2018 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers Symposium.1 This first analysis of the relationship between intratumor...

head and neck cancer

Panitumumab-Based Contrast Agent May Enhance Head and Neck Cancer Surgery

AN OPTICAL CONTRAST agent composed of panitumumab (Vectibix), a humanized anti–epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody, conjugated to the near-infrared fluorescent dye IRDye800, may aid in the real-time detection and surgical resection of squamous cell carcinoma, according to...

head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Young Jun Kim, MD, PhD

YOUNG JUN KIM, MD, PhD, Co-Leader of the Translational Research and Interventional Oncology Research Program at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville, was more guarded in his interpretation of the data, particularly focusing on the lack of clinical improvement in the combination cohort that ...

head and neck cancer

Phase II Study Shows Durvalumab Active in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

IN A POPULATION of heavily pretreated patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer and low or negative programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, durvalumab (Imfinzi) monotherapy demonstrated an overall response rate of 9.2%, consistent with that of single-agent programmed...

head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Francis P. Worden, MD

THE MODERATOR of the session, Francis P. Worden, MD, a medical oncologist at the University of Michigan Health System Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, called the study thought-provoking despite its retrospective nature.  “The data from this study are thought provoking,” said Dr. Worden....

head and neck cancer

Delays in Radiation Therapy After Surgery for Head and Neck Cancer Linked to Decreased Survival

DELAYS IN RADIATION THERAPY after surgery for head and neck cancer were associated with decreased survival in a large population of U.S. patients, according to data presented at the 2018 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers Symposium and reported online recently in JAMA Otolaryngology Head & ...

Expert Point of View: Malcolm K. Brenner, MD, PhD

Discussant for the abstract, Malcolm K. Brenner, MD, PhD, of Baylor College of Medicine Texas Children’s Hospital, underscored the need to make chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy both safer and more effective. He also noted that overcoming antigen loss with multiple CARs is the next...

leukemia

Trivalent CAR T-Cell Design May Enhance Antitumor Efficacy in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A novel approach to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy seems to effectively target acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells with varying antigen profiles and may help to overcome antigen escape, seen with CD19-targeted therapy. According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical...

Expert Point of View: Ravindra Uppaluri, MD, PhD

Discussant of the abstract, Ravindra Uppaluri, MD, PhD, Chief of the Division of Otolaryngology in the Department of Surgery at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Director of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, said this research underscores the complex biology...

solid tumors

Testing for PD-L1 Amplification May Help Predict Response to Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Solid Tumors

Analysis of more than 100,000 patients with cancer for gene CD274 (programmed cell death ligand 1 [PD-L1]) amplification may have implications for treatment with immune checkpoint blockade. Although shown to be rare in solid tumors, copy number alterations in PD-L1 genes were present in more than...

Expert Point of View: Ezra Cohen, MD, PhD

Discussant for the abstract, Ezra Cohen, MD, PhD, of the University of California, San Diego, pointed out that although this subgroup may be responsive to checkpoint inhibition, it may not necessarily be anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) therapy. “There are emerging data suggesting...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Targetable Immune Biology Found in Some Patients With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

Although immunotherapy has improved outcomes across a growing number of cancers, its success in unselected cases of prostate cancer has been limited. According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, however, investigators have identified a group of patients with ...

Expert Point of View: Francis P. Worden, MD

The moderator of the session, Francis P. Worden, MD, a medical oncologist at the University of Michigan Health System Comprehensive Cancer Center, in Ann Arbor, highlighted the number of poorly differentiated carcinomas, which is higher than reported in other previous, large studies. “In previous...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer

Cabozantinib Therapy Shows Activity in Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Cabozantinib (Cometriq) has demonstrated significant activity in the first-line setting for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma, according to data from a single-site phase II trial presented at the 2018 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers Symposium.1 Treatment with...

kidney cancer

Expression of Endogenous Retroviruses May Explain Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy in Renal Cell Cancer

RESULTS OF a new study suggest that expression of endogenous retroviruses may be associated with activation of immune checkpoint pathways in renal cell cancer.1 According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, abnormal expression of endogenous retroviruses may...

solid tumors

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Deborah J.L. Wong, MD, PhD

DISCUSSANT FOR THIS abstract, Deborah J.L. Wong, MD, PhD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, highlighted the preclinical rationale, as well as in vitro and in vivo data, supporting the potential benefit of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in...

solid tumors

Combination PARP and PD-1 Inhibition Shows Antitumor Activity in Advanced Malignancies

IN A PHASE I trial of patients with advanced solid tumors, the combination of pamiparib (BGB-290), a selective poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, and tislelizumab (BGB-A317), an agent targeting the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) receptor, was well tolerated while demonstrating...

lymphoma

Responses Reported With CAR T-Cell Therapy in High-Risk NHL

LISOCABTAGENE MARALEUCEL (Liso-cel; JCAR017), a CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with defined composition, has shown “potent and durable” responses in poor-prognosis patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in a phase I trial.1 According ...

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Ravindra Uppaluri, MD, PhD

“This is a large, well-done study,” said Ravindra Uppaluri, MD, PhD, Chief of the Division of Otolaryngology in the Department of Surgery at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Director of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, who underscored the small number of...

solid tumors

Combination Radiotherapy and Immunotherapy Appears Safe and Clinically Active in Advanced Solid Tumors

Results from the first and largest prospective trial to determine the safety of multisite ablative stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in combination with anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) suggest the combination regimen may improve outcomes...

Expert Point of View: Eduardo Bruera, MD, FAAHPM

Eduardo Bruera, MD, FAAHPM, Medical Director, Department of Supportive Care Center, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, in Houston, called the dyadic intervention “highly innovative.” “We all talk about movement, exercise, and the importance of physical activity for our patients,...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Dyadic Yoga Program for Patients With Lung Cancer and Their Caregivers May Optimize Treatment Response

Yoga therapy delivered to patients with lung cancer and their caregivers together appears to be a feasible and beneficial supportive care strategy. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium,1 the dyadic intervention resulted in a clinically and...

supportive care
palliative care

Caring for the Frail, Older Patient With Cancer: Four Practical Approaches

Cancer may be a disease of aging, but data suggest that older patients with cancer are undertreated, especially with respect to chemotherapy. One analysis showed that approximately 40% of patients in their 70s—and 60% of patients in their 80s—do not receive adjuvant therapy after surgery for colon...

Expert Point of View: Eduardo Bruera, MD, FAAHPM

Eduardo Bruera, MD, FAAHPM, Medical Director, Department of Supportive Care Center, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, underscored the study’s potential to influence clinical care decisions. “The emergency department is a ‘hard hat’ area of care where bad things happen and ...

supportive care
palliative care

‘Triple Threat’ Conditions May Predict Mortality in Patients With Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments

Dyspnea, delirium, and poor performance—so-called “triple threat” conditions—are known to predict short survival in palliative care. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium,1 however, the presence of at least two of these symptoms in patients...

supportive care
palliative care

Concurrent Palliative Care: Recommendations From the ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline

Updated in 2016, the ASCO clinical practice guideline on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care provides evidence-based recommendations to oncology clinicians, patients, family and friend caregivers, and palliative care specialists about providing high-quality care for...

supportive care
palliative care
cost of care
issues in oncology

Palliative Care Intervention Reduces Total Health-Care Costs in Patients With Advanced Cancer

A matched case-controlled study among Medicare beneficiaries with metastatic lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers has found that palliative care consultation significantly reduced total health-care costs following intervention. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and...

supportive care
palliative care

Digital Palliative Care Curriculum Improves Knowledge, Skills, and Opioid Prescribing Behavior

A new electronic curriculum delivered via e-mail with push technology may provide an efficient, cost-effective solution to the shortage of palliative care faculty serving the nation’s oncology fellowship programs. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology...

supportive care
palliative care

Early Integrated Palliative Care Improves Patient Coping Strategies, Quality of Life, and Symptoms of Depression

A new study has shed light on how palliative care interventions may improve patient outcomes. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium,1 patients with incurable cancer who received early integrated palliative care had an increased use of active...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Clinical Relevance of Minimal Residual Disease Monitoring Limited in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Although a majority of major cancer centers may test for minimal residual disease (MRD), a recent survey conducted by researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, suggests most oncologists remain uncertain about what to do with the results. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network®...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

New Options for the Management of Hodgkin Lymphoma

With the vast majority of patients cured with primary therapy, classical Hodgkin lymphoma is largely a success story. For the 10% to 20% of patients who either relapse or are refractory to front-line therapy, the disease can still be fatal. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 12th ...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Sequencing Therapy in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Although the indications to initiate treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have not changed, determining the optimal first-line treatment and sequence of therapies once treatment has begun remain challenges for providers. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 12th Annual...

survivorship
lymphoma

Life After Treatment: Managing Lymphoma Survivors

According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data, patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have 5-year survival rates of 86% and 71%, respectively.1 Although the increased number of survivors is welcome proof of the success of new treatment regimens, it also ...

multiple myeloma

Management of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma in Transplant-Eligible Patients

The treatment paradigm for multiple myeloma has changed dramatically in the past decade with the availability of several efficacious agents in various drug classes. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 13th Annual Congress: Hematologic Malignancies™, Shaji K. Kumar, MD, Professor...

leukemia

Immunotherapeutic Approaches for B-Cell Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

New therapeutic agents for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) have led to dramatic improvement in remission rates, but questions concerning the proper sequencing and combination of these agents remain. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 13th Annual Congress: Hematologic...

leukemia

Blinatumomab ‘Takes a BiTE’ Out of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

An investigational immunotherapy is improving outcomes in difficult-to-treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and showing promise in other cancers, as well. Blinatumomab (Blincyto), the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE), has demonstrated...

multiple myeloma

Immune System Is Shaping the Future of Multiple Myeloma Treatment

From immunomodulatory agents and proteasome inhibitors to steroids, alkylators, and antibodies, recent years have witnessed an explosion of drug approvals for multiple myeloma. The challenge now, said Amrita Krishnan, MD, FACP, is figuring out how to incorporate them all, particularly in the...

lymphoma

Treating Human Immunodeficiency Virus–Related Lymphoma

Alexandra Levine, MD, MACP, is Professor in the Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation at City of Hope, Duarte, California, and has been on the front lines of the AIDS epidemic from the beginning—before the disease even had a name. Dr. Levine spoke with The ASCO Post about ...

lymphoma

Treatment of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Continues to Evolve

Although the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has improved with R-CHOP—the addition of rituximab (Rituxan) to the cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy regimen—one-third of patients still relapse after therapy, and patients with the ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Online Symptom-Management Curriculum May Improve Depression and Fatigue in Breast Cancer Survivors

With thousands of devices to track and manage health and wellness, eHealth tools are beginning to transform modern health care and research, demonstrating quantifiable improvements in patient outcomes. According to the results of a randomized controlled trial (Reimagine), breast cancer survivors...

breast cancer
symptom management
survivorship

Expert Point of View: Ann H. Partridge MD, MPH

Ann H. Partridge MD, MPH, Director of Adult Cancer Survivorship Program at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, praised the “tremendous work” of Dr. Paskett and her colleagues but referred to the findings as “disappointing to say the least.”1 “Developing interventions to prevent or treat lymphedema...

breast cancer
symptom management
survivorship

Search Continues for Effective Way to Prevent Lymphedema in Breast Cancer Survivors

There was no difference in the incidence of lymphedema at 18 months in breast cancer patients randomized to a physical therapy intervention with education materials compared with a control.1 Although poor adherence to the intervention may have been a factor, these results, described as “very...

solid tumors
survivorship

Expert Point of View: Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD

Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD, Director of the Adult Long-Term Follow-up Program at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, highlighted the typical fat distribution of this population while noting the limitations of standard criteria for metabolic syndrome, which include waist circumference....

solid tumors
survivorship

Platinum Study Finds High Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Testicular Cancer Survivors

A multicenter study of North American testicular cancer survivors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy has found a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease.1 According to the results of this trial,...

Expert Point of View: Barry E. Rosenbloom, MD

Moderator of the session, Barry E. Rosenbloom, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine at Tower Hematology Oncology Medical Group in Los Angeles, said that the overview of recent advances in lung cancer clearly depicts oncology’s state of flux. “There are so many different agents that have been...

lung cancer

New Treatments for Lung Cancer in 2016

With drug approvals for immunotherapy in the first- and second-line settings, breakthroughs in targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, and the rapid evolution of therapies that target anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements, 2016 has been an extraordinary year for lung...

cns cancers

Expert Point of View: Steven Piantadosi, MD, PhD

In an interview with The ASCO Post, Steven Piantadosi, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles, expressed enthusiasm for the Oncology Research Information Exchange Network (ORIEN) network of data-sharing. “With...

cns cancers

Bad Year for Brain Tumors, but Still Reasons for Hope

Checkpoint inhibitors and targeted therapies are reshaping the landscape of cancer care across multiple tumor sites, but treatments for brain tumors remain decidedly unchanged. The standard of care for high-grade gliomas in the front-line setting—a combination of surgery and chemoradiation—is the...

solid tumors

Mutanome-Directed Immunotherapy: Finding the Best Treatment Match

Oncologists may be accustomed to looking for commonalities in patients, but highly personalized therapies are now being developed based on mutational analysis of tumors. According to data presented at the Cedars-Sinai annual symposium on New Therapeutics in Oncology: The Road to Personalized...

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