Search Results



Your search for Jo Cavallo matches 808 pages

Showing 1 - 50


breast cancer

Whole-Genome Sequencing Reveals Breast Cancers With Mismatch-Repair Deficiencies

Cancers caused by mismatch repair (MMR)-deficiency involve gene mutations that affect the ability of the cell to repair the mistakes that may occur during the DNA replication process. MMR-deficient tumors have 10 to 100 times more mutations than tumors with intact MMR pathways. A study...

hematologic malignancies

Immunologic Biomarkers and Survival in Third-Generation CAR T-Cell Therapy

A phase I/IIa study investigating the safety and effectiveness of a third-generation CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in patients with lymphoma or leukemia has found that the treatment led to a complete response in 6 of the 15 patients in the study and that overall...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Gut Microbes May Promote Immune Responses Against Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cancer-related cause of death worldwide, accounting for 774,000 deaths in 2015, according to the World Health Organization. Now, a study presented at the third CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science Into Survival, ...

head and neck cancer

Cancer Has Robbed Me of a Life I Loved

I always knew cancer was a real possibility for me. Both my mother and father died of the disease—my mother of lung cancer and my father of bone cancer—so when I started having chronic throat and chest infections, I was diligent about seeking immediate medical attention and felt relieved each time ...

thyroid cancer
survivorship

Bridging the Survivorship Care Gap for Young Adult Survivors of Thyroid Cancer

Although thyroid cancer is among the five most common carcinomas diagnosed in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) between the ages of 15 and 39—thyroid cancer is more common in young women than young men and is the most common cancer diagnosed in females between the ages of 15 and 29 and the second ...

issues in oncology

Initiating the Topic of Weight and Health With Patients With Obesity

Rates of obesity have been steadily rising over the past 3 decades in both adults and children. Today, more than one-third of American adults and about 17% of children and adolescents, ages 6 to 19, have obesity.1 Cancer rates have risen in tandem with obesity rates, making obesity the second...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Testing Alpha-Emitting Radiolabeled Immunotherapy to Treat—and Potentially Cure—Multiple Myeloma

Despite a flurry of treatment advances in multiple myeloma over the past decade that have increased overall survival from just 2 to 3 years in the 1990s to between 5 and 7 years today—with some data suggesting an extended life expectancy of between 7 and 10 years1—the cancer remains stubbornly...

prostate cancer

On My Way to Hospice Care, Immunotherapy Saved My Life

Two years ago, I was on my way to hospice care after numerous treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy failed to stop the progression of my stage IV castration-resistant prostate cancer. A last-minute call from my oncologist about a phase I trial of combination...

ASCO Publishes Resources for Cancer Care Providers and Patients Affected by Hurricane Harvey

In the aftermath of the devastation caused by Hurricane Harvey throughout the state of Texas, which has resulted in more than 30,000 people being displaced from their homes, ASCO has published a list of resources and information for oncology providers and patients with cancer affected by the...

issues in oncology

Adipose Tissue and Cancer Risk

Although obesity and its associated metabolic dysregulation are established risk factors for many cancers, the biologic mechanisms underlying this relationship are not well understood. Now, the results from a systematic literature review by Himbert et al of human clinical studies exploring the...

issues in oncology

Concurrent Treatment With OX40 Agonist Antibody and PD-1 Blockade

Although the potential for immunotherapy to improve outcomes for patients with cancer, particularly through a combination of agents targeting immune inhibitory pathways, is becoming increasingly evident, how to optimally combine the many new immunotherapy agents being developed remains a major...

head and neck cancer

Medical Costs and HPV Vaccination in Oropharyngeal Cancer

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers, including oropharyngeal, vulvar, cervical, vaginal, penile, anal, and rectal cancers, have increased in recent years, with oropharyngeal cancer the most common HPV-related cancer—from 2008 ...

issues in oncology

Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients With Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism

Because unprovoked venous thromboembolism may be the first sign of occult cancer, or cancer of an unknown primary origin, screening is often considered in patients with the condition to detect underlying cancer at an early, curable stage. However, extensive screening tests may yield false-positive...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

On My Way to Hospice Care, Immunotherapy Saved My Life

Two years ago, I was on my way to hospice care after numerous treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy failed to stop the progression of my stage IV castration-resistant prostate cancer. A last-minute call from my oncologist about a phase I combination trial of the...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Unraveling the Complexities of Cellular Immunotherapy and Its Potential to Cure Some Cancers

This past fall, the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle opened an all-encompassing 9,222-square foot outpatient cellular immunotherapy clinic, specifically designed to serve patients participating in the center’s novel immunotherapy clinical trials, which mainly focus on chimeric...

prostate cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ASCO Tackles the Issue of the High Cost of Cancer Drugs

In July, ASCO issued a comprehensive set of recommendations to remedy the problem of escalating drug pricing on cancer therapies.1 ASCO’s position statement comes at a time when new cancer drugs are routinely priced at $100,000 a year or more—imatinib (Gleevec) costs up to $146,000 a year2—causing...

breast cancer

I Live My Life in 3- to 6-Month Increments

I first noticed a lump in my left breast in 2001 while taking a shower and shrugged it off. After all, men don’t get breast cancer. To assuage my wife’s concern that I at least have the lump examined, I consented to see our family physician, who agreed that men don’t get breast cancer because, he...

Fertility Preservation Resources for AYAs With Cancer

The websites listed here provide educational resources for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer and health-care providers on cancer-related fertility risks and treatment options, as well as financial assistance programs for fertility preservation services. Alliance for Fertility...

issues in oncology
survivorship

How to Help Young Patients Preserve Their Fertility

GUEST EDITOR Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology explores the unique physical, psychosocial, social, emotional, sexual, and financial challenges adolescents and young adults with cancer face. The column is guest edited by Brandon Hayes-Lattin, MD, FACP, Professor of Medicine and Medical Director...

issues in oncology
solid tumors

FDA’s First Site-Agnostic Drug Approval Marks a Paradigm Shift in Regulatory Criteria

IN MAY, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with solid tumors that have the microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) biomarker, which disrupts the ability of cells to repair DNA. The...

gastrointestinal cancer

Classifying Gastric Cancers by Subtype May Provide Tailored Treatment Options

Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide. In 2014, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project discovered there are four molecular subtypes of gastric cancer: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), microsatellite instability (MSI), genomically stable (GS), and...

health-care policy

Insurance Approval Rates for Enrollment in Oncology Clinical Trials Increased Under Affordable Care Act

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 was the first federal law to mandate that group health insurance plans and state-licensed insurance issuers provide coverage of standard-of-care costs for patients enrolled in approved clinical trials, effective on January 1, 2014. Under...

multiple myeloma
survivorship

Living With Cancer Survivorship Guilt

Although I was officially diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1997, the first sign of the cancer was evident 2 years earlier, when a single lesion (a plasmacytoma) was found in a bone in my lower back. The bone was replaced with two thin stainless steel rods, and after a course of radiation therapy, ...

supportive care
palliative care

Ensuring Advance Directives Are Followed and Lawsuits Are Avoided

Thaddeus Mason Pope, JD, PhD, has focused his legal career on improving medical care decision-making and protecting patients’ rights at the end of life. His specific areas of legal expertise include patients’ rights, informed consent, and end-of-life medicine. Dr. Pope is the coauthor of The Right ...

supportive care
palliative care

Advance Care Planning: Ensuring Patients’ End-of-Life Wishes Are Honored

When Amy Berman, BSN, LHD (aged 58), stood in front of the mirror to perform a routine breast self-exam and saw redness and dimpling on her right breast, she feared they were the telltale signs of inflammatory breast cancer. “I have never self-diagnosed myself before, but I had recently read an...

Impact of Health Insurance and Sociodemographic Status on Survival for AYAs With Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, cancer is the leading cause of disease-related death among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) between the ages of 15 and 39. And although cancer survival among this age group is more than 80%, AYAs have not experienced the same improvements in relative...

gynecologic cancers

Current Performance Measures for Cervical Cancer Screening

Health-care systems use performance measures for cervical cancer screening based on guidelines from such organizations as the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists to monitor the appropriateness of cervical cancer screening. According to the performance measure in the Healthcare...

prostate cancer

I Reject the Notion I’m on a Cancer Journey

I was diagnosed with stage IV prostate cancer in 2002. I had no idea the disease and its treatment would cause me to gain more than 50 pounds and nearly cripple me with pain. I had a transurethral resection of the prostate following my diagnosis and have had multiple testosterone-suppression...

issues in oncology

Overcoming Sexism in Academic Medicine

The troubling results from a survey1 investigating the sexual harassment and discrimination experiences of academic medical faculty show that such incidents continue to happen with unexpected frequency despite increasing awareness of the problem. The study by Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, and...

palliative care
supportive care

Understanding the Cultural Differences Among Ethnic Minorities in Palliative and End-of-Life Care

GUEST EDITOR Addressing the evolving needs of cancer survivors at various stages of their illness and care, Palliative Care in Oncology is guest edited by Jamie H. Von Roenn, MD. Dr. Von Roenn is ASCO’s Vice President of Education, Science, and Professional Development.   Because cultural origins...

solid tumors

Detecting Cancer With Intraoperative Multimodal Optical System

To maximize cancer cell detection during cancer surgery, Jermyn et al designed a validation study to determine the accuracy of using an in situ intraoperative, label-free, optical system. They found the system was able to detect cancer cells in patients with brain tumors with a high degree of...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Many Health Benefits Linked to Having Health Insurance

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about 28 million people younger than age 65 are uninsured, compared with more than 48 million in 2010, before the implementation of the Affordable Care Act. A review of current evidence concerning the relationship between health insurance...

survivorship

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Cancer Survivors

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), tobacco use and exposure accounts for about one-third of all cancer-related deaths in the United States. Moreover, exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke is attributable to more than 7,000 lung cancer–related deaths each year in ...

breast cancer

Cancer Gave Me the Impetus to Lose Weight

Fifteen years ago, my internist advised me to lose weight. But after seeing the yo-yo effects of dieting on friends and colleagues, I knew I would find the process of losing weight and gaining it back frustrating, so I ignored my physician’s advice. It wasn’t until I was diagnosed late this past...

genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

How Watson for Oncology Is Advancing Personalized Patient Care

After undergoing nearly 5 years of intensive medical training, IBM’s Watson for Oncology cognitive computing system is starting to make good on its promise to accelerate personalized care for patients with cancer. The system has been trained by oncologists at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center ...

leukemia

Using a Pediatric Treatment Approach to Improve Outcomes for Young Adults With ALL

Three years ago, early results from the U.S. Intergroup C10403 trial,1 which evaluated the effectiveness of treating adolescent and young adults (AYAs) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) using an intensive pediatric regimen, showed significant improvement in event-free and overall survival...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer

PD-L2 Expression and Clinical Response to Pembrolizumab in Head and Neck Cancer

A study assessing the prevalence and distribution of programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2) in human tumor samples across seven cancer indications, including renal cell carcinoma, bladder, melanoma, non–small cell lung cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, gastric carcinoma, and head and...

survivorship

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center’s ‘Visible Ink’ Writing Program Gives Voice to the Experiences of Cancer Survivors

On April 3, 2017, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in New York celebrated its ninth year of live performances of the cancer experience written by survivors participating in the center’s Visible Ink writing program. The evening’s performances were the culmination of months-long...

breast cancer

Cancer Has Made Me a Better Person

Eight years ago, I was on top of the world. I had moved to Los Angeles, California, in 2007, from my home in Poços de Caldas, Brazil, to pursue my dream of launching a singing career in the United States, and was finally making progress. I had just completed composing songs for my debut album and...

ASCO Announces CancerLinQ Partnerships With the FDA and the NCI

CancerLinQ®, ASCO’s big data initiative to rapidly improve the quality of cancer care, is partnering with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to study the real-world use of newly approved cancer treatments and speed and strengthen the...

survivorship
lung cancer

Precision Medicine and My Own Activism Are Keeping Me Alive

In 2009, I was living my dream. My work as a business development manager for a technology company was thriving; I had a satisfying social life; I was active in sports, especially hiking and biking; and I was involved in social justice causes as a volunteer at San Quentin State Prison, helping...

Former Vice President Joe Biden and Congressman Kevin Yoder Pledge Continued Support to Conquer Cancer

In a nearly hour-long address to more than 4,500 attendees at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) on April 3, former Vice President Joe Biden lambasted President Trump’s proposed $5.8 billion budget cut to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and...

issues in oncology

Tackling the Obesity and Cancer Epidemic

Research is still lacking to support a link between obesity and an increased risk of developing all types of cancer. Nevertheless, a review1 of more than 1,000 epidemiologic studies by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a division of the World Health Organization, examining...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Unique Challenges Facing Young Women With Breast Cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, over 252,700 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in 2017, and about 40,610 women will die of their disease. Between 7% and 10% of those new cases will be diagnosed in women younger than age 40, accounting for more than 40% of all cancer...

issues in oncology

Setting His Presidential Course on Making Precision Medicine a Reality for More Patients

Ensuring that all patients with cancer have access to the potential benefits of precision medicine regardless of where they are treated has been a primary goal of Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, since the concept was first introduced following completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003. Dr....

ASCO CEO Reflects on His First Year in Office and What Is Ahead

June 27, 2017, marks the 1-year anniversary since Clifford A. Hudis, MD, FACP, FASCO, began his tenure as Chief Executive Officer of ASCO. With the launch of the national Cancer Moonshot and the changes in the White House and Congress, it has been a year of tremendous activity drawing on all of...

breast cancer

Study on Women Living With Metastatic Breast Cancer

A study by Mariotto et al investigating the prevalence of women living with metastatic breast cancer in the United States estimates that there are 154,794 women living with the disease. In addition, the median and 5-year relative survival for women initially diagnosed with metastatic breast...

colorectal cancer

Racial Differences in Risk of Interval Colorectal Cancer

A population-based cohort study by Fedewa et al investigating whether the risk for interval colorectal cancer—defined as cancer that develops after a negative colonoscopy result but before the next recommended screening—varies by race or ethnicity has found that black patients face a...

breast cancer
symptom management

Saving My Hair Changed My Perception of Having Cancer

Getting a callback after a routine screening mammogram in 2013 did not set off any alarm bells. Having dense breasts has almost guaranteed receiving the dreaded callback ever since I started getting annual screenings. But when I got a second callback after additional images of a suspicious lesion...

Advertisement



Advertisement


Advertisement