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colorectal cancer

Study Finds Gut Microbes May Promote Immune Responses Against Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cancer-related cause of death worldwide, accounting for 774,000 deaths in 2015, according to the World Health Organization. Now, a study presented at the third CRI-CIMT-EATI-AACR International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference: Translating Science Into Survival, ...

colorectal cancer

Racial Differences in Risk of Interval Colorectal Cancer

A population-based cohort study by Fedewa et al investigating whether the risk for interval colorectal cancer—defined as cancer that develops after a negative colonoscopy result but before the next recommended screening—varies by race or ethnicity has found that black patients face a...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Sharp Rise in Colon and Rectal Cancers in Young Adults

Although the overall incidence rate of colorectal cancer in the United States has been declining rapidly since the mid-1980s, the decrease has been in older adults. During this same period, incidence rates have been increasing sharply for adults younger than age 50, finds a study by the American...

colorectal cancer

Postmenopausal Normal-Weight Women With Poor Metabolic Health May Have Higher Risk for Colorectal Cancer

Few studies have explored the association between metabolic phenotype and colorectal cancer incidence in normal-weight individuals. Now, a study comparing the risk of colorectal cancer in normal-weight postmenopausal women with a metabolically unhealthy phenotype vs those with a metabolically...

colorectal cancer

Does Colonoscopy Screening in Older Adults Prevent Colorectal Cancer?

A large population-based observational study by García-Albéniz et al evaluating the effectiveness and safety of screening colonoscopy for the prevention of colorectal cancer in people aged 70 to 74 and 75 to 79 has found the test reaped only a modest benefit in preventing colorectal...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Fecal Immunochemical Test Effective for Annual Colon Cancer Screening

Although the fecal immunochemical test is a common method for colorectal cancer screening, its acceptability and performance over several rounds of annual testing are largely unknown. Now, a large retrospective cohort study by Jensen et al assessing the fecal immunochemical...

colorectal cancer

Genetics, Mathematics, and Colorectal Cancer 

Two recent study reports in colorectal cancer explored new data on genetic precursors to the disease and outcome predictors once treatment is initiated. New Genetic Links to Colorectal Cancer Are Identified Investigators from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, and colleagues in China,...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
prostate cancer

Ongoing NCI-Funded Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Advanced Cancer

This issue of The ASCO Post launches a Clinical Trials Resource Guide to increase awareness of NCI-funded phase I, II, and III clinical studies for your patients with advanced cancer. All of the studies are listed on the National Institutes of Health website at ClinicalTrials.gov. The clinical...

colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology
survivorship

Nothing Prepared Me for Cancer

Fourteen years ago, when I was just 29, I was feeling weak and fatigued and had severe pain in my abdomen. I’d had these symptoms for about a year, but none of the several doctors I saw or any of the tests they performed could find the source of my problems. I even had one nurse practitioner tell...

colorectal cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Colon or Rectal Cancer

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies of people with colon or rectal cancer in the newly diagnosed and metastatic settings. The studies include phase I, Ib, II, observational, and interventional trials investigating new drug...

colorectal cancer

Long-Term Use of Aspirin and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs May Be Associated With Reduced Colorectal Cancer Risk

A large population-based control study of the use of low-dose aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and colorectal cancer risk has found that taking 75 mg to 150 mg of aspirin for 5 years or longer was associated with a 27% reduced risk of colorectal cancer. In addition, 5 or more...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Higher Coffee Intake Associated With Significantly Reduced Cancer Recurrence and Increased Survival in Patients With Late-Stage Colon Cancer

A large observational study investigating the effect of coffee consumption on advanced-stage colon cancer and survival has found that patients who drank four or more cups of coffee a day were 42% less likely to experience a recurrence than non-coffee drinkers and were 33% less likely to die from...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Clinical Scoring System May Help Identify Appropriate Colorectal Cancer Screening Methods

Researchers investigating a risk index for colorectal cancer and advanced precancerous polyps among average-risk people have found that patients classified as low risk had fewer advanced adenomas than patients classified as high risk. Their findings suggest that those at low risk for colorectal...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds One-Third of Colorectal Cancers Diagnosed Before Age 35 Are Hereditary

Although the prevalence of genetic risk factors, such as Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis, has been studied in the general population of individuals with colorectal cancer, patients diagnosed as adolescents and young adults are not well represented in colorectal cancer studies. A...

colorectal cancer

Study Identifies Geographic Hot Spots With the Highest Colorectal Cancer Death Rates

Gains have been made in the overall reduction in the death rates of colorectal cancer in the United States. A new study by Siegel et al has identified three distinct geographic hot spots where colorectal cancer death rates remain elevated over other parts of the country. These hot spots were found...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Offers Advice on High-Value Screening in Five Cancers

To provide guidance on high-value cancer care screening strategies, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recently reviewed clinical guidelines issued by various medical organizations for screening strategies in five common cancers for asymptomatic, average-risk adults. The five cancers focused...

colorectal cancer

TAS-102 Significantly Improves Overall Survival in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

A large, phase III international study of the oral agent TAS-102 in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer has found that the therapy improved overall survival by 1.8 months and also delayed disease progression. TAS-102 had few side effects and was also effective in patients...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Fear of Cancer Can Be Either a Facilitator or Deterrent to Getting Colorectal Cancer Screenings

People who worry a lot about cancer are more likely to want to get screened for colon cancer—perhaps due to a desire for reassurance—but having a more visceral negative response to thinking about cancer acted as a deterrent to actually getting screened, according to a British study by...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Racial Disparities in Colon Cancer Survival Linked to Advanced Disease and Comorbidities at Diagnosis

Racial disparities in colon cancer survival rates may be explained by differences in the health of the patients at diagnosis—both in the stage of the cancer and comorbid conditions—rather than by differences in subsequent treatment, a new study has found. Focusing efforts on prevention...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Personalized Genetic Risk Assessment Does Not Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening in an Average-Risk Population

A large prospective, randomized, controlled trial investigating whether individualized genetic and environmental risk assessment of colorectal cancer susceptibility improves adherence to screening in average-risk persons, has found that the information was not enough to persuade nonadherent...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Gut Microbiome Analysis May Provide an Effective Screening Tool for Colorectal Cancer

An analysis of the gut microbiome in patients from three clinical groups representing the multistage progression in colorectal cancer has found that the composition of the gut microbiome differentiates individuals with healthy colons from those with adenomas and carcinomas. Adding gut microbiome...

issues in oncology
colorectal cancer

Multidimensional Analysis Provides More Accurate Prognostic Biomarkers in Colorectal Cancer

Using a multidimensional platform that combined nanofluidic technology for quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis and quantitative fluorescent immunohistochemistry for protein analysis, researchers at the Danbury Hospital Biomedical Research Institute were able to accurately predict...

issues in oncology
colorectal cancer

High Prediagnosis BMI Is a Predictor for Poor Outcome in Colorectal Cancer Patients, Overriding Tumor Marker Linked to Better Prognosis

A large prospective study of patients with invasive colorectal cancer has found that higher body mass index 2 years before diagnosis increased risk of all-cause mortality after diagnosis, even in patients whose tumors harbored a marker that is usually associated with better prognosis. The...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

FDA Panel Endorses Stool-Based DNA Colon Cancer Test

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) committee of genetic experts has determined that Cologuard, a stool-based DNA, noninvasive screening test for colorectal cancer, has demonstrated safety, effectiveness, and a favorable risk-benefit profile. The FDA is now considering the...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Report Shows More Screening Has Led to a 30% Drop in Colon Cancer Rates

Findings from a report by Siegel et al of the American Cancer Society (ACS) show that the rate at which people are diagnosed with colorectal cancer in the United States has dropped by 30% in the last 10 years among people aged 50 years and older. The researchers say the decline in incidence is due...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

New Ultrasensitive Screening Method Can Detect Colon Cancer in Its Early Stages

A new ultrasensitive screening method that detects genetic variations that initiate colon cancer and can help in the detection of the cancer in its early stages could be used for noninvasive colon cancer screening, according to a study by Bettina Scholtka, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department ...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Alternate-day, Low-dose Aspirin May Reduce Colon Cancer Risk

Low-dose aspirin (100 mg) taken every other day may reduce a woman’s risk of developing colon cancer, according to an observational study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine. The findings are based on a large long-term study of 38,876 healthy women enrolled in the Women’s...

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