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Your search for Matthew Stenger matches 3649 pages

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Survival With Surgery vs Radiotherapy in Gleason Score 9–10 Prostate Cancer

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Tilki et al found that patients with Gleason score 9–10 prostate cancer treated with multimodality therapy known as MaxRP (radical prostatectomy [RP] plus adjuvant external-beam radiotherapy [EBRT] with or without androgen-deprivation therapy...

palliative care
issues in oncology

Factors Affecting Use of Outpatient Specialty Palliative Care Clinics Among Patients With Advanced Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Yu et al identified factors affecting use of outpatient specialty palliative care (OSPC) among patients with advanced cancer in the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Hillman Cancer Center Network (UPMC-HCCN). Study Details The...

Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation and Cancer Risk

In a trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Manson et al, marine n-3 (omega-3) fatty acid supplementation was found to have no benefit in reducing the risk for invasive cancer vs placebo over 5 years of follow-up. Higher intake of n-3 fatty acids has been associated with a reduced ...

Adding Genomic Factors to MSKCC Risk Model in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Voss et al found that adding the mutation status of prognostic genes to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) risk model improved the prognostic performance of the model in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. The study involved...

Radiotherapy With Cisplatin or Cetuximab in Low-Risk, HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

In the phase III De-ESCALaTE trial reported in The Lancet, Mehanna et al found no difference in severe toxicity with cisplatin vs cetuximab (Erbitux) plus radiotherapy in low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer. Cetuximab was associated with poorer recurrence and survival...

Bladder-Sparing Treatment Regimens for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

In a phase II trial (NRG/RTOG 0712) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Coen et al found that bladder-sparing treatment with twice-daily radiation plus fluorouracil/cisplatin (FCT) or once-daily radiation plus gemcitabine (GD) produced similar distant metastasis-free survival in patients...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Cardiovascular Toxicities Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Treatment

In a pharmacovigilance study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Salem et al found that immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause “severe and disabling inflammatory cardiovascular immune-related adverse events” that need to be considered in patient care and clinical trial design. Study...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Discontinuation of Follow-up Care Among Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study using linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Quyyumi et al found that 21% of women with early-stage breast cancer discontinued follow-up care within 5 years after diagnosis. Study Details The study involved...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

MRD-Guided Azacitidine Treatment in Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a German phase II trial (RELAZA2) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Platzbecker et al found that minimal residual disease (MRD)–guided treatment with azacitidine was successful in preventing hematologic relapse in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia...

Multigene Classifier Test for Thyroid Nodules With Indeterminate Cytology

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Steward et al found that the use of a multigene genomic classifier test (ThyroSeq v3) could reduce the need for diagnostic surgery in a substantial proportion of patients with thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology. The blinded prospective cohort...

ELOQUENT-3: Addition of Elotuzumab to Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Dimopoulos et al, the phase II ELOQUENT-3 trial has shown that the addition of elotuzumab (Empliciti) to pomalidomide (Pomalyst) and dexamethasone significantly prolonged progression-free survival in patients with relapsed and/or refractory...

Risk of Chronic Health Conditions in Survivors of Childhood Cancer Diagnosed From 1970 to 1999

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study cohort published in The Lancet Oncology, Gibson et al found that more recently treated survivors of childhood cancer had reduced risk of chronic health conditions compared to those diagnosed early in the study period. The study involved data...

Ultrasonography Findings and Risk of Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Internal Medicine, Smith-Bindman et al found that the appearance of ovarian masses on ultrasonography was highly associated with risk of ovarian cancer in a large unselected population of women undergoing pelvic ultrasonography. Study Details The study was a nested...

cns cancers
immunotherapy

Addition of Interleukin-2 to Dinutuximab Beta in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

In an international phase III trial (HR-NBL1/SIOPEN) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ladenstein et al found that the addition of interleukin (IL)-2 to dinutuximab beta did not improve event-free survival in children and young people with high-risk neuroblastoma. Study Details The current report...

Phase III Trial of Minimally Invasive vs Open Abdominal Radical Hysterectomy in Early Cervical Cancer

In a phase III trial (Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer [LACC]) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ramirez et al found that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with poorer disease-free and overall survival vs open abdominal radical hysterectomy in women with...

leukemia

Causes of Inferior Outcomes in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)— those between the ages of 15 and 39— diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Julie A. Wolfson, MD, MSHS, Assistant Professor and ...

head and neck cancer

DNA Vaccine Leads to Immune Responses in HPV-Related Head and Neck Cancer in Small Study

A therapeutic vaccine may boost antibodies and T cells, helping them infiltrate human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer tumors. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania tested the immunotherapy in two groups of patients with advanced head and...

head and neck cancer

Pazopanib Plus Cetuximab in Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Douglas Adkins, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, and colleagues, the addition of the angiogenesis inhibitor pazopanib (Votrient) to cetuximab (Erbitux) in a phase Ib and expansion cohort study showed activity in...

lung cancer

Nivolumab for Third-Line Treatment of Metastatic Small Cell Lung Cancer

ON AUGUST 16, 2018, nivolumab (Opdivo) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other line of therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data APPROVAL WAS BASED on...

solid tumors

Iobenguane I-131 for Advanced Pheochromocytoma or Paraganglioma

ON JULY 30, 2018, the radiotherapeutic agent iobenguane I-131 (Azedra) was approved for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients (aged ≥ 12 years) with iobenguane scan–positive, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma who require systemic anticancer...

skin cancer

Cemiplimab-rwlc for Metastatic or Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On September 28, 2018, cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) was approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who are not candidates for curative surgery or curative radiation.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma

Duvelisib vs Ofatumumab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

As reported in Blood by Ian W. Flinn, MD, PhD, Director of the Lymphoma Research Program at Sarah Cannon Research Institute, and colleagues, the phase III DUO trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ/γ inhibitor duvelisib...

lung cancer

Dacomitinib for Metastatic EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

On September 27, 2018, dacomitinib (Vizimpro) received approval for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution mutations, as detected by a test approved by the...

hematologic malignancies

Ibrutinib Plus Rituximab in Adult Patients With Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On August 27, 2018, ibrutinib (Imbruvica) was approved...

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy vs Upfront Debulking Surgery in Advanced Tubo-Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Vergote et al, a pooled analysis of individual patient data in long-term follow-ups of the phase III EORTC 55971 and CHORUS trials indicated that overall survival is similar with neoadjuvant therapy vs upfront debulking surgery in advanced tubo-ovarian cancer....

Multimodality Therapy and Lateral Local Recurrence in Rectal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ogura et al found that lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) reduced the risk of lateral local recurrence in patients with lateral nodes ≥ 7 mm undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation or radiation and total mesorectal excision in clinical...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Adverse Mental Health Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a systematic review of the literature reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Carreira et al found that most evidence strongly supports increased risk of anxiety, depression, neurocognitive dysfunction, and other forms of psychological issues in survivors of breast...

Lorlatinib Shows Overall and Intracranial Activity in ALK-Positive NSCLC

In a global phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Solomon et al found that lorlatinib (Lorbrena) showed high overall and intracranial activity in patients with advanced ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were treatment-naive or who had received crizotinib (Xalkori)...

Sequential vs Combination Fluoropyrimidine, Irinotecan, and Bevacizumab in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a German phase III noninferiority trial (XELAVIRI) reported by Modest et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, noninferiority of first-line sequential vs combination fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, and bevacizumab (Avastin) was not demonstrated in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Benefit of...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Financial Toxicity Experienced by Adults With Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Knight et al found that 26% of patients with cancer acknowledged ‘financial toxicity’—treatment-related financial harm—with respect to cancer care, and that this toxicity was associated with consequences such as...

Effect of Donor Clonal Hematopoiesis of Indeterminate Potential in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Frick et al found that allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from donors with clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) appears safe and not associated with poorer survival when donors are older, related...

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With vs Without Anthracyclines Plus Dual HER2 Inhibitors in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the Dutch Breast Cancer Research Group’s phase III TRAIN-2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, van Ramshorst et al found no difference in pathologic complete response rate with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with vs without an anthracycline plus dual HER2 blockade in women with HER2-positive...

Risk Factors for Late Recurrence After Resection for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a Chinese retrospective study reported in JAMA Surgery, Xu et al found that risk of late recurrence (> 2 years) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative liver resection was associated with male sex, presence of cirrhosis, and aggressive characteristics of the initial HCC. The study...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Outcomes in Melanoma With Active Brain Metastases After Treatment With Pembrolizumab

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kluger et al, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in brain metastases in patients with melanoma enrolled in a phase II study. The study included 23 patients with melanoma with one or more asymptomatic untreated 5- to 20-mm brain metastasis...

Cost of Cancer Care in Community vs Hospital Settings

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Gordan et al found that costs of care for patients with breast, colorectal, and lung cancers were significantly higher at hospital-based vs community-based clinics, largely reflecting higher costs of chemotherapy and provider visits. Study...

Dysregulation of Immune Pathways in AML Relapse After Allogeneic HSCT

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Christopher et al found that acute myeloid leukemia (AML) relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was accompanied by dysregulation of immune pathways, including downregulation of major histocompatibility...

Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab in Recurrent or Metastatic HNSCC With Low/No PD-L1 Expression

In a randomized phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Siu et al found that the combination of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) plus the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor tremelimumab and durvalumab alone showed evidence ...

PERSIST-5: 5-Year Adjuvant Imatinib in Resected Intermediate- or High-Risk Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

In the phase II PERSIST-5 study reported in JAMA Oncology, Raut et al found that 5 years of adjuvant imatinib therapy was associated with little risk of recurrence in patients with resected intermediate- or high-risk primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). As noted by the investigators, 3...

Patient-Reported Cosmetic Outcomes With Radiotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shaitelman et al, 3-year outcomes of a phase III noninferiority trial indicate that hypofractionated whole-breast irradiation (HF-WBI) followed by a tumor bed boost is not inferior to conventionally fractionated whole-breast irradiation (CF-WBI)...

Molecular and Clinical Heterogeneity in Histologically Diagnosed CNS-PNET

As reported by Hwang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, subsequent molecular profiling of histologically diagnosed central nervous system supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (CNS-PNET) in patients showed molecular and clinical heterogeneity that strongly affected prognosis. The ...

Overall Survival After Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

In a cohort study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Melamed et al found that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with poorer overall survival compared with open radical hysterectomy in women with early-stage cervical cancer. Study Details The study involved...

Prevalence of Lynch Syndrome in Solid Tumors According to Microsatellite Instability Status

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Latham et al found that microsatellite instability (MSI) and/or mismatch repair deficiency (MMR-D) is predictive of Lynch syndrome across a greater than heretofore recognized breadth of the solid tumor spectrum. As noted by the...

leukemia
issues in oncology
symptom management

Effect of Early Cardiotoxicity on Outcomes in Pediatric AML

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Getz et al found that early treatment-related cardiotoxicity may be associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Corticosteroid Use at Start of PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor Therapy Affects Outcomes in NSCLC

IN A STUDY reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kathryn C. Arbour, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues found that baseline treatment with corticosteroids was associated with poorer efficacy of programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1...

leukemia
lymphoma

Venetoclax for CLL or SLL With or Without 17p Deletion After Prior Therapy

On June 8, 2018, venetoclax (Venclexta) was granted regular approval for treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data APPROVAL WAS BASED on ...

Trifluridine/Tipiracil in Heavily Pretreated Metastatic Gastric Cancer

In the phase III TAGS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shitara et al found that trifluridine/tipiracil (Lonsurf) significantly improved overall survival vs placebo in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic gastric cancer. In the double-blind trial, 507 patients with nonresectable...

Surveillance Imaging Modality and Survival After Recurrence in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

Findings in a study reported by Mullen and colleagues for the Children’s Oncology Group in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggest that routine computed tomography (CT) surveillance may not be necessary for recurrence detection in favorable-histology Wilms tumor. The study was a...

Five-Year Risk of Cervical Precancer With p16/Ki67 Dual-Stain or Cytology Triage in HPV-Positive Women

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Clarke et al found that triage with p16/Ki-67 dual-stain testing (DS) was associated with better risk stratification for cervical precancer than Papanicolaou cytology testing over 5 years among human papilloma virus (HPV)–positive women. Study Details...

Activity of Vemurafenib in BRAF V600–Mutant Gliomas

In a multicohort study (VE-BASKET study) in patients with BRAF V600–mutant nonmelanoma cancers in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kaley et al found evidence of activity of vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in gliomas that appeared to vary by glioma subtype.   Study Details In the study, 24...

Incidental Germline Mutations in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors Identified by Cell-Free Circulating Tumor DNA Testing

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Slavin et al determined the prevalence of a set of germline cancer predisposition gene mutations incidentally identified by cell-free circulating tumor DNA (cfDNA) testing in patients with advanced solid tumors. Study Details The study...

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