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colorectal cancer

Remnant Liver Ischemia and Cancer-Specific Survival After Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

In a single-center experience reported by Yamashita et al in JAMA Surgery, postoperative remnant liver ischemia of grade ≥ 2 was associated with worse cancer-specific survival after resection of colorectal liver metastases. Study Details The retrospective analysis included 202 patients who...

colorectal cancer

Labetuzumab Govitecan in Heavily Pretreated Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported by Dotan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the antibody-drug conjugate labetuzumab govitecan showed antitumor activity in a phase I/II trial in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer who had received prior irinotecan therapy. The agent comprises...

colorectal cancer

Association of Systemic Inflammation and Sarcopenia With Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

Results from the C SCANS (Colorectal Cancer: Sarcopenia, Cancer, and Near-Term Survival) study indicate that prediagnosis systemic inflammation and at-diagnosis sarcopenia are associated with an increased mortality risk in patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer. The findings were reported in ...

colorectal cancer

Nodal Stage Migration and Prognosis in Anal Cancer

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sekhar et al found that the increasing proportion of lymph node–positive disease associated with enhanced detection techniques has led to nodal stage migration in anal cancer, which may reduce prognostic discrimination on the basis of lymph node...

colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer Mortality Rates in Adults Aged 20 to 54 Years From 1970 to 2014

In a research letter to JAMA, Siegel et al reported that overall colorectal cancer mortality rates have declined in the United States between 1970 and 2014 in patients aged 20 to 54 years but increased in white persons in this age group between 2004 and 2014. Study Details In the study,...

colorectal cancer

Nivolumab in Advanced DNA Mismatch Repair–Deficient or Microsatellite Instability–High Colorectal Cancer

The phase II CheckMate 142 trial has shown that nivolumab (Opdivo) produces durable responses in recurrent or metastatic DNA mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR)/microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) colorectal cancer. These study findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Overman...

colorectal cancer

Effect of Salvage Surgery on Survival in Recurrence After Treatment of Rectal Cancer

In a large single-center analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ikoma et al found that salvage surgery was associated with prolonged survival in patients with lung-only and liver-only recurrence but not in those with locoregional-only recurrence after preoperative chemotherapy and...

colorectal cancer

First-Line Cetuximab vs Bevacizumab Plus Chemotherapy in KRAS Wild-Type Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A phase III trial has shown no significant difference in overall survival with first-line cetuximab (Erbitux) vs bevacizumab (Avastin) plus chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic KRAS wild-type colorectal cancer. These study findings were reported by Venook et al in JAMA. The trial...

colorectal cancer

Effect of Postdiagnosis Aspirin and Other NSAIDs on Survival in Colorectal Cancer

As reported by Hua et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term survivors of colorectal cancer with KRAS wild-type tumors had improved survival with regular use of any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) post diagnosis. The study involved data from 2,149 patients aged 18 to 74...

colorectal cancer

Non–V600 BRAF Mutations in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported by Jones et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, BRAF mutations occurring outside of codon 600 are found in a small proportion of cases of metastatic colorectal cancer and are associated with improved clinical outcome. Study Details The retrospective cohort study involved 9,643...

colorectal cancer

Surveillance and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Patients With Intermediate-Risk Adenomas

A UK retrospective study showed that colonoscopic surveillance was associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer among patients with removal of intermediate-risk adenomas. The study was reported in The Lancet Oncology by Atkin et al. Study Details The study involved routine lower...

colorectal cancer

Tumor CD274 (PD-L1) Expression and Survival With Aspirin Use in Colorectal Cancer

According to a study reported by Hamada et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, postdiagnosis aspirin use was associated with improved survival vs nonuse among patients with colorectal cancer who have lower, but not higher, tumor levels of CD274 (programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; PD-L1). Study...

colorectal cancer

Perioperative Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pump Chemotherapy After Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

A propensity score analysis in a prospectively maintained database at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) has shown that use of perioperative hepatic arterial infusion pump chemotherapy after complete resection of colorectal liver metastases is associated with a marked improvement in...

colorectal cancer

Nomogram for Early Mortality in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Renfro et al have derived a nomogram for predicting early mortality in metastatic colorectal cancer using data from more than 20,000 patients in the ARCAD (Aide et Recherche en Cancérologie Digestive) database. Study Details The analysis...

colorectal cancer

Long-Term Outcome With Combined-Modality vs Systemic Treatment for Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

The long-term follow-up of a phase II trial reported by Ruers et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed a 42% reduced risk of death among patients with colorectal liver metastases receiving aggressive local treatment plus systemic therapy vs systemic therapy alone. Study Details ...

colorectal cancer

Long-Term Outcome With Combined-Modality vs Systemic Treatment for Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

The long-term follow-up of a phase II trial reported by Ruers et al in Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed a 42% reduced risk of death among patients with colorectal liver metastases receiving aggressive local treatment plus systemic therapy vs systemic therapy alone. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

Nivolumab in Previously Treated Unresectable Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Morris et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in previously treated unresectable metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. This malignancy is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, with the rationale for...

colorectal cancer

Optimal Time to Assess Response After Chemoradiotherapy in Anal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a post hoc analysis of the UK ACT II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Glynne-Jones et al found that the best time to assess for complete response to chemoradiotherapy in patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma is at approximately 26 weeks from the start of treatment. In the ACT II...

colorectal cancer

ASCP/CAP/AMP/ASCO Guideline on Molecular Biomarkers for Evaluation of Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonia Sepulveda, MD, PhD, of Columbia University, and colleagues, a joint guideline on the use of molecular biomarkers for evaluation of colorectal cancer has been developed by an expert panel from the American Society for Clinical Pathology...

colorectal cancer
lung cancer

Potential Suboptimal Use of Guideline-Endorsed Genomic Testing in Non–Small Cell Lung and Colorectal Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Gray et al found that many medical oncologists did not use genomic testing endorsed by guidelines in place in 2012 and 2013 in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colorectal cancer. The study involved a survey of U.S....

colorectal cancer

Novel Antibody May Reduce Debilitating Symptoms in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hickish et al found that treatment with MABp1, an antibody that targets interleukin 1α and exhibits antitumor activity, was associated with improvement in the composite outcome of stabilizing/improving lean body mass and debilitating...

colorectal cancer

Germline Cancer Susceptibility Mutations in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pearlman et al found that 16% of patients with early-onset colorectal cancer had germline cancer susceptibility mutations, with a wide array of such mutations being identified. The study involved 450 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age < 50...

colorectal cancer

T-Cell Transfer Therapy Targets Mutant KRAS in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a case report in The New England Journal of Medicine, Tran et al at the National Cancer Institute describe response to adoptive transfer of ex vivo expanded tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes containing T cells targeting personalized cancer neoepitopes in a patient with lung metastases from...

colorectal cancer

Effect of Isolated Peritoneal and Nonperitoneal Metastasis and Metastatic Sites on Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Overall survival was poorer with isolated peritoneal metastasis in colorectal cancer vs other isolated sites of metastasis in patients receiving first-line systemic therapy but similar to that in patients with peritoneal plus another metastatic site and in patients with at least two nonperitoneal...

colorectal cancer

Massachusetts Health Insurance Expansion Associated With Increased Resection and Reduced Emergent Resection for Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Loehrer et al found that the 2006 Massachusetts health-care reform has resulted in increased rates of resection and reduced emergent resection for colorectal cancer. The study used the Hospital Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient...

colorectal cancer

Does Adding Adjuvant Bevacizumab to Capecitabine Benefit Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

Kerr et al found that adding adjuvant bevacizumab (Avastin) to capecitabine did not improve disease-free survival in unselected patients with stage III or high-risk stage II colorectal cancer. The results of the phase III QUASAR 2 trial were reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the...

colorectal cancer

Joint Presence of Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity Seems to Be Associated With Poorer Survival in Early-Stage Colorectal Cancer

In a study in Kaiser Permanante patients reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that the joint presence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in those with early-stage colorectal cancer was associated with poorer overall and colorectal cancer–specific...

colorectal cancer

NCI Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment Tool Estimates Current Risk of Advanced Neoplasia

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Imperiale et al found that the National Cancer Institute (NCI) colorectal cancer risk assessment tool was able to estimate the current risk for advanced colorectal neoplasia. Study Details The study involved 4,457 persons aged...

colorectal cancer

Better Overall Survival Reported With FOLFIRI Plus Cetuximab vs Plus Bevacizumab in RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the German phase III FIRE-3 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stintzing et al found that first-line FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan) plus cetuximab (Erbitux) was associated with improved overall survival vs FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab (Avastin) in an...

colorectal cancer

Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Crohn’s-Like Lymphoid Reaction May Be Prognostic Indicators for Colorectal Cancer

Intratumoral tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte level and prominent peritumoral Crohn’s-like lymphoid reaction appear to be independent prognostic factors for survival in colorectal cancer, according to a study reported by Rozek et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The findings...

colorectal cancer

No Improvement in Outcome Reported With Longer Wait Between Radiochemotherapy and Surgery in Rectal Cancer

Pathologic complete response rate was not improved by increasing the interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery from 7 to 11 weeks in patients with rectal cancer, according to the French phase III GRECCAR-6 trial reported by Lefevre et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In...

colorectal cancer

Gene-Expression Signature Assay Identifies High-Risk Stage II Colon Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Niedzwiecki et al found that the ColDx gene-expression signature assay identified high-risk stage II colon cancer among patients in the phase III Alliance C9581 trial. This assay has been shown to be independently prognostic for...

colorectal cancer

USPSTF Issues New Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued new recommendations for colorectal cancer screening. In brief, the USPSTF recommends colorectal cancer screening starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years (grade A recommendation = “The USPSTF...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bains et al showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific survival. Study Details In the population-based retrospective cohort study,...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Adding Adjuvant Oxaliplatin to Fluoropyrimidine of Benefit in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colon Cancer

In a French retrospective study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Tougeron et al found that the addition of adjuvant oxaliplatin to fluoropyrimidine treatment improved disease-free survival in patients with stage III deficient mismatch repair colon cancer. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

Study of SEER Data Identifies Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Survival in Patients With Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Holowatyj et al found that survival was significantly poorer in black vs white patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer between the ages of 20 and 49 years. Study Details The...

colorectal cancer

Little Apparent Activity of Cetuximab in Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer With KRAS G13D Mutation

Cetuximab (Erbitux) exhibited little apparent activity in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer harboring the KRAS G13D mutation, according to the findings of the phase II Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group ICECREAM study, which were reported by Segelov et al in the Journal of Clinical...

colorectal cancer

Trastuzumab/Lapatinib Active in Refractory, KRAS Codon 12/13 Wild-Type, HER2-Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Dual HER2 inhibition with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and lapatinib (Tykerb) was active in patients with refractory, KRAS codon 12/13 wild-type, HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer, according to an Italian phase II trial reported by Sartore-Bianchi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

Increased Rate of Nonoperative Management of Rectal Adenocarcinoma

A National Cancer Database analysis reported by Ellis et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicates a doubling in the use of chemoradiation only in patients with nonmetastatic rectal cancer over recent years. However, current evidence is insufficient to support such nonoperative management....

colorectal cancer

Next-Generation Sequencing Assay May Permit Accurate Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency in Colorectal Cancer

Use of a custom next-generation sequencing assay may accurately predict mismatch repair deficiency on the basis of mutational load in colorectal cancer, according to a report by Stadler et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved data from 224 patients with...

colorectal cancer

Japanese Trial Shows Reduced Risk of Subsequent Colorectal Adenomas and Polyps With Low-Dose Metformin

Treatment with low-dose metformin reduced the risk of metachronous colorectal adenomas and polyps over 12 months in nondiabetic patients who had undergone endoscopic polypectomy, according to a report by Higurashi et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the double-blind phase III trial,...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Poorer Outcome With BRAF and KRAS Mutations in Microsatellite-Stable but Not Microsatellite-Unstable Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the PETACC-8 trial reported by Taieb et al in JAMA Oncology, BRAF V600 and KRAS mutations were associated with shorter disease-free and overall survival in patients with microsatellite-stable colon cancer—but not in those with tumors with microsatellite instability—in...

colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Prospective U.S. Cohorts Shows Reduced Risk of GI Tract Cancers With Regular Aspirin Use

In a long-term follow up of two large U.S. prospective cohorts reported in JAMA Oncology, Cao et al found that regular use of aspirin was associated with a reduced risk of gastrointestinal (GI) tract cancers. In 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended the use of aspirin in...

colorectal cancer

High Expression of Epiregulin or Amphiregulin Predicts Benefit of Panitumumab in RAS Wild-Type Advanced Colorectal Cancer

In the UK phase III PICCOLO trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Seligmann et al found that high expression of either of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands epiregulin or amphiregulin was associated with a progression-free survival benefit with panitumumab (Vectibix)/irinotecan vs...

colorectal cancer

Selective Internal Radiotherapy Does Not Improve Any-Site but Prolongs Liver-Specific Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the phase III SIRFLOX trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, van Hazel et al found that adding selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90 resin microspheres to FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) with or without bevacizumab (Avastin) did not improve any-site...

colorectal cancer

Factors Associated With Early Mortality in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Therapy for Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the ACCENT (Adjuvant Colon Cancer Endpoints) database reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cheung et al found that factors associated with early mortality in patients in trials of adjuvant systemic therapy included age, performance status, tumor grade, stage, and ratio of ...

colorectal cancer

Transcription Factor CDX2 May Be Prognostic Biomarker in Stage II and III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Dalerba et al found that absence of the transcription factor CDX2, although prognostic for poor outcome in stage II and III colon cancer vs cancers with CDX2 expression, identified a subgroup of high-risk patients who appeared to benefit...

colorectal cancer

Dutch Trial Indicates 6-Year Surveillance Interval Is Sufficient for Many Individuals With Familial Colorectal Cancer

In a Dutch trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Simone D. ­Hennink, MD, of Leiden University Medical Center in Leiden, the Netherlands, and colleagues found that a 6-year colonoscopic surveillance interval is sufficient for many individuals with familial colorectal cancer.1 However,...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Pilot Study Indicates Little Activity of Vemurafenib in Metastatic BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In a phase II pilot study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues found little clinical activity of vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in patients with metastatic BRAF-mutated colorectal cancer.1 The BRAF V600E...

colorectal cancer

Bevacizumab plus Chemotherapy after Progression of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer on First-line Therapy Including Bevacizumab 

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. Indication On January 23, 2013, bevacizumab (Avastin) was...

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