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hematologic malignancies

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Platelet Transfusion for Patients With Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Charles A. Schiffer, MD, of Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on platelet transfusions in patients with cancer. The updated guideline replaces ...

hematologic malignancies

Anti–T-Lymphocyte Globulin and Chronic GVHD-Free Survival in Unrelated Myeloablative HCT

A double-blind phase III trial has shown no benefit of anti–T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG) vs placebo on chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD)-free survival in patients undergoing human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated myeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The study...

hematologic malignancies

Momelotinib vs Ruxolitinib in Janus Kinase Inhibitor–Naive Myelofibrosis

In the phase III SIMPLIFY-1 noninferiority trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mesa et al found that the selective Janus kinase (JAK) 1 and 2 inhibitor momelotinib was noninferior to ruxolitinib (Jakafi) in spleen response, but not symptom response, in JAK inhibitor–naive...

hematologic malignancies

Survey on Training in Geriatrics/Geriatric Oncology for Hematology-Oncology Fellows

Results from an ASCO-sponsored survey study indicate that despite professed interest in the area, most hematology-oncology fellows have inadequate training in geriatrics/geriatric oncology. These findings were reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Maggiore et al. Study Details The...

hematologic malignancies

Off-the-Shelf, Virus-Specific T Cells for Treating Viral Infections After Transplantation

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tzannou et al found that use of off-the-shelf, broad-coverage, adoptively transferred, virus-specific T cells was feasible and effective in treating viral infections in patients who had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell...

hematologic malignancies

Association of Pretransplant Vitamin D Deficiency and Relapse in Myeloid Malignancies

A German retrospective study has found that pretransplantation vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased risk of relapse in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for myeloid malignancies. These findings were reported by Radujkovic et al in the Journal of Clinical ...

hematologic malignancies

Effect of Azithromycin on Airflow Decline–Free Survival After Allogeneic HSCT for Hematologic Malignancy

The French phase III ALLOZITHRO trial, stopped early due to excessive hematologic relapse in the azithromycin group, showed worse airflow decline–free survival with azithromycin vs placebo after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hematologic malignancy. The study findings were ...

hematologic malignancies

Italian Study of Serotherapy to Prevent GVHD in Pediatric Hematologic Malignancy

In an Italian phase III trial reported by Locatelli et al in The Lancet Oncology, a lower vs higher dose of rabbit anti–T-lymphocyte globulin (ATLG) was associated with a nonsignificantly greater incidence of acute graft-vs-host disease but better event-free and overall survival in children...

hematologic malignancies

Intestinal Microbiota and Relapse After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation

A retrospective study has shown that the presence and abundance of a particular bacterial group in the intestinal microbiota are associated with a significantly lower risk of relapse or disease progression after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. The findings were reported by Peled et...

hematologic malignancies

Myeloablative vs Reduced-Intensity HCT for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott et al found that myeloablative conditioning for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation was associated with a reduced risk of relapse and a nonsignificant overall survival advantage vs reduced-intensity conditioning in...

hematologic malignancies

Study Finds Mutations in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Linked to Poorer Outcome After Stem Cell Transplantation

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lindsley et al found that a number of mutations present in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were associated with poorer clinical outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Study Details The study ...

hematologic malignancies

Increased Morbidity and Mortality in HCT Survivors vs Other Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al found that hematopoietic cell transplantation survivors had higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared with a matched population of patients with cancer not undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation. The study involved...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Study Finds Statin Use Associated With Reduced Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Analysis of data from the Veterans Administration Central Cancer Registry, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sanfilippo et al, showed that statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and multiple myeloma–specific mortality in patients with multiple myeloma....

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Improved Event-Free Survival With Addition of Rituximab to Chemotherapy in B-Lineage Adult ALL

In the phase III GRAALL-2005 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Maury et al found that the addition of rituximab (Rituxan) to standard chemotherapy resulted in improved event-free survival in adult patients with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies

Good Outcome Reported With Unrelated-Donor Cord Blood Transplantation in Patients With Minimal Residual Disease

Survival with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from unrelated cord-blood donors was at least as good as that with HLA-matched unrelated donors and better than that with HLA-mismatched unrelated donors in patients with acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who had pretransplantation...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Is Extramedullary Disease at Diagnosis Prognostic in Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

The presence of extramedullary disease at acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis was not an independent prognostic factor for worse survival, based on an analysis of data from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group–American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ECOG-ACRIN) reported by Ganzel...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Higher Baseline Metabolic Tumor Volume May Predict Poorer Outcome in Patients With High Tumor Burden Follicular Lymphoma

In a pooled analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Meignan et al found that higher baseline total metabolic tumor volume measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron-emission tomography–computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) was associated with poorer outcome in patients...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

High Cumulative Burden of Cardiovascular Morbidity in Young Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma

In an analysis from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bhakta et al found a high cumulative burden of cardiovascular morbidity among pediatric, adolescent, and young adult survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma. Study Details The study involved data from 670 survivors of...

hematologic malignancies

Ipilimumab Appears Active in Relapsed Hematologic Cancer After Allogeneic HSCT

In a phase I/Ib study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Davids et al found that ipilimumab (Yervoy; at a dose of 10 mg/kg) produced responses, including complete responses, in patients with relapsed hematologic cancer after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)....

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

CNS-IPI for CNS Relapse in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Schmitz et al have developed and validated a risk score for CNS relapse—the Central Nervous System International Prognostic Index (CNS-IPI)—in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan]...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Analysis Indicates Continued Risk of Relapse Independent of Treatment Modality in Limited-Stage DLBCL

In an analysis of data from SWOG studies reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stephens et al found as continued risk of relapse among patients with limited-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) irrespective of whether they received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine,...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Early Results Find Pembrolizumab Active in Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma After Brentuximab Vedotin Failure

Findings in a classical Hodgkin lymphoma cohort in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-013 trial, reported by Armand et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicate that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) is active in patients with disease progressing on or after brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) treatment. Study Details ...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Long-Term Benefit of Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Reported in High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Mateos et al in The Lancet Oncology, long-term follow-up in the phase III QuiRedex trial indicates continued benefit of lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone vs observation in preventing disease progression in patients with high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk of Multiple Myeloma Mortality in African Americans

Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for death from multiple myeloma in African Americans, according to a study reported by Sonderman et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Multiple myeloma incidence and mortality rates have been reported to be twice as high among...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Adding Obinutuzumab to Bendamustine Improves Progression-Free Survival in Rituximab-Refractory NHL

In the phase III GADOLIN trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sehn et al found that adding the anti-CD20 antibody obinutuzumab (Gazyva) to bendamustine (Bendeka, Treanda) increased progression-free survival in patients with rituximab-refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Outcomes in...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Genomic Classification and Outcome in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Papaemmanuil et al have identified 11 genomic subgroups in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with distinct diagnostic features and clinical outcomes. AML Subgroups The study included analysis of driver mutations in 111 cancer genes and...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Study Finds Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Improves Outcomes vs Standard Therapy in Relapsed/Refractory ALL

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kantarjian et al found that treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin resulted in a greater complete remission rate and improved overall survival vs standard therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory...

hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

Four-Biomarker Panel Identified for Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yu et al identified a four-biomarker panel that was predictive of chronic graft-vs-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Discovery Cohort In the study, a quantitative proteomics approach was used to compare...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Enzastaurin Fails to Improve Outcomes in Patients With High-Risk DLBCL in Remission After Chemotherapy

Crump et al found no disease-free survival benefit of maintenance therapy with the selective protein kinase Cb (PKCb) inhibitor enzastaurin in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who were in complete remission and at high risk of relapse after first-line chemotherapy, according to a ...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

5-Year Results of DASISION Trial of Dasatinib vs Imatinib in CML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Cortes et al, the final 5-year results of the DASISION trial support the safety and efficacy of dasatinib (Sprycel) as first-line treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. Initial results in the trial led to...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

International Prognostic Index for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The International Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia–International Prognostic Index (CLL-IPI) working group has developed an IPI for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia based on a meta-analysis of individual patient data, as reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details The meta-analysis...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Venetoclax Produces High Response Rate in Relapsed or Refractory CLL With 17p Deletion

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stilgenbauer et al found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (Venclexta) produced a high response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with the 17p deletion (del [17p]). The study supported the recent...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Donor Epstein-Barr Virus Status Affects Risk for Graft-vs-Host Disease but Not Survival in Acute Leukemia After HSCT

Positive donor Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) serostatus increases the risk for graft-vs-host disease but does not affect relapse-free or overall survival among patients with acute leukemia receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), according to a study from the Acute...

hematologic malignancies
myelodysplastic syndromes

Prognostic Scoring System for Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Myelodysplastic Syndrome

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shaffer et al have developed a prognostic scoring system for patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome. Study Details The study involved data from 2,133 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome in...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

International Myeloma Working Group Recommendations for Myeloma-Related Renal Impairment

International Myeloma Working Group recommendations for the diagnosis and management of myeloma-related renal impairment were recently reported by Dimopoulos et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Recommendations were based on review of published data through December 2015. Key recommendations...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Italian Study Suggests Benefit of Interim PET Response–Adapted Therapy in High-Risk Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

The phase II portion of the Italian HD0801 study suggests that treatment based on positron-emission tomography (PET) performed early in first-line therapy for advanced Hodgkin lymphoma may improve outcome in patients at risk of first-line treatment failure. Zinzani et al reported their findings in...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology
survivorship

Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Survivors of Some Adult-Onset Cancers

In a study using managed-care organization data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Armenian et al found that survivors of adult-onset multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lung/bronchus cancer, and breast cancer had an increased risk for subsequent cardiovascular disease. Study...

hematologic malignancies

Adding Ibrutinib to Bendamustine/Rituximab Improves Outcome in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

In the phase III HELIOS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Asher Chanan-Khan, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Jacksonville, Florida, and colleagues found that addition of the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to bendamustine (Treanda)/rituximab (Rituxan)...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Carfilzomib Plus Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On January 21, 2016, carfilzomib (Kyprolis) was approved for use...

hematologic malignancies

Antithymocyte Globulin Reduces Need for Immunosuppressants After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation From Unrelated Donors

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Walker et al found that treatment with antithymocyte globulin reduced the need for immunosuppressive therapy in patients with hematologic malignancies receiving hematopoietic cell transplantation from unrelated donors. Study Details In this...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
survivorship

Dutch Study Shows Increased Risk of Second Cancer for Survivors of Hodgkin Lymphoma During Long-Term Follow-up

In a Dutch study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Schaapveld et al found that survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma treated between 1965 and 2000 were at a 4.6-fold greater risk of second cancer vs the general population during long-term follow-up. There was no significant difference in the ...

hematologic malignancies

Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Older Patients With AML in First Remission

In a phase II study (CALGB 100103/Alliance/Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trial Network 0502) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology,1 Steven M. Devine, MD, of The Ohio State University, Columbus, et al found that reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell...

breast cancer
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
sarcoma

Increased Breast Cancer Risk Reported in Childhood Sarcoma and Leukemia Survivors With No History of Chest Radiotherapy

In an analysis of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Henderson et al found that childhood survivors of sarcoma and leukemia with no history of chest radiotherapy were at an increased risk of breast cancer. Increased Risk The study included data from...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Lenalidomide Plus Rituximab Highly Active in  Initial Treatment of Mantle Cell Lymphoma

In a phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Jia Ruan, MD, PhD, and colleagues, first-line treatment with the immunomodulatory agent lenalidomide (Revlimid) and the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab (Rituxan) followed by maintenance lenalidomide and rituximab produced a high...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Two Inherited Genetic Variants Predict Event-Free and Overall Survival in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated With Immunochemotherapy

In a genome-wide association study reported in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hervé Ghesquieres, MD, PhD, of Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France, and colleagues identified two inherited genetic variants that were associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in patients with diffuse large...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Swedish Study Indicates No Pregnancy-Related Increase in Risk of Relapse in Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Weibull et al found that pregnancy did not appear to increase the risk of subsequent relapse in women with Hodgkin lymphoma in remission. Study Details The study included data from Swedish health-care registers and medical records...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Long-Term Trial Finds Similar Survival Rates With Several Chemotherapy Regimens for Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

In the long-term follow-up of the Italian HD2000 trial reported by Merli et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, no significant differences in overall or progression-free survival were observed after 10 years among patients with previously untreated advanced Hodgkin lymphoma receiving ABVD...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Use of Antilymphocyte Globulin Appears to Reduce Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Leukemia

In a European phase III study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kröger et al found that inclusion of antihuman T-lymphocyte immune globulin (ATG) in the myeloablative conditioning regimen in patients with acute myeloid or lymphoid leukemia resulted in a significant reduction in...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Liposomal Vincristine for Adult Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. Indication In August 2012, vinCRIStine sulfate LIPOSOME injection ...

hematologic malignancies
issues in oncology

Pomalidomide in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma 

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. Indication On February 8, 2013, the immunomodulatory agent...

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