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prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Variant and Response to Nonsteroidal CYP17A1 Inhibition in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Almassi et al, extragonadal androgen ablation with the nonsteroidal CYP17A1 inhibitor ketoconazole improved outcome in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer according to the number of inherited HSD3B1 (1245C) alleles. HSD3B1 (1245C) is associated...

prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Genotype and Outcomes With ADT After Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hearn et al found that the presence of the HSD3B1 (1245C) allele was associated with more rapid development of metastases in patients receiving androgen-deprivation therapy for biochemical recurrence after primary radiation therapy for localized prostate...

prostate cancer

Combination Therapy for Docetaxel-Pretreated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The phase III AFFINITY trial has shown no survival benefit with the addition of the antisense oligonucleotide custirsen to cabazitaxel (Jevtana)/prednisone in patients with metastatic prostate cancer previously treated with docetaxel. These findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Beer et...

prostate cancer

Comorbidity and Prostate Cancer–Specific and Other-Cause Mortality

A Swedish population-based observational study has shown that comorbidity is a significant factor in other-cause but not prostate cancer–specific mortality after adjustment for patient, tumor, and treatment factors among men with prostate cancer. The findings were reported in the Journal of...

prostate cancer

Alzheimer’s Disease Risk in Medicare Patients Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Baik et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Medicare patients who received androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer do not appear to be at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease and may have an extremely small increased risk for dementia. Study Details The study...

prostate cancer

Postdiagnosis Statin Use and Mortality in Prostate Cancer

As reported by Larsen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a Danish retrospective study has shown reduced cancer-specific and all-cause mortality with postdiagnosis statin use in patients with prostate cancer. Study Details The study involved nationwide Danish registry data from 31,790...

prostate cancer

Metastasis-Free Survival as Surrogate for Overall Survival in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Xie et al found that metastasis-free survival was a strong surrogate for overall survival in patients with localized prostate cancer, potentially providing a metric that could accelerate assessment of new adjuvant therapy approaches. ...

prostate cancer

Reduced-Dose Cabazitaxel After Docetaxel in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the phase III PROSELICA trial reported by Eisenberger et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a cabazitaxel (Jevtana) dose of 20 mg/m2 (C20) was noninferior for overall survival vs the currently recommended dose of 25 mg/m2 (C25) after docetaxel treatment in metastatic castration-resistant...

prostate cancer

First-Line Cabazitaxel vs Docetaxel in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The phase III FIRSTANA trial has shown no difference in overall survival with two dose regimens of cabazitaxel (Jevtana) vs docetaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Results were reported by Oudard et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

prostate cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Immediate vs Delayed ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a health-related quality-of-life study among patients in the phase III TOAD trial, immediate vs delayed androgen-deprivation therapy was associated with early worsening of androgen-deprivation therapy–related symptoms but few other comparative adverse effects on functioning or quality of...

prostate cancer

Adverse Pathologic Findings in Low-Volume Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Patel et al found that among men undergoing elective radical prostatectomy, those with low-volume intermediate-risk disease had significantly higher rates of adverse pathologic findings compared than did those with very low-risk and low-risk...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Circulating Tumor DNA and Metastatic Tissue Biopsy in Identifying Mutations in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wyatt et al found high agreement between driver mutations in plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and metastatic tissue biopsy in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Mutations Identified in ctDNA In the study, targeted...

prostate cancer

Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer

A systematic review and meta-analysis has found no association between vasectomy and high-grade, advanced, or fatal prostate cancer but a weak association with any prostate cancer. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Bhindi et al. Study Details The analysis involved 53 studies,...

prostate cancer

Surgery vs Observation in Localized Prostate Cancer: Long-Term Follow-up of PIVOT Trial

After 19.5 years of follow-up in the PIVOT trial, radical prostatectomy was not associated with significantly improved all-cause or prostate cancer mortality vs observation among men with localized prostate cancer. The long-term follow-up data were reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by ...

prostate cancer

T2:ERG and PCA3 RNA Urinary Testing for Detecting Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Combined testing for urinary PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) RNA may increase accuracy in identifying the risk for aggressive early prostate cancer, according to a study reported in JAMA Oncology by Sanda et al in the EDRN-PCA3 Study Group. Study Details The study involved 516 development cohort...

prostate cancer

LATITUDE Trial: Adding Abiraterone and Prednisone to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in a Plenary Session at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Fizazi et al, the phase III LATITUDE trial has shown that the addition of abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) and prednisone to androgen-deprivation therapy resulted in marked improvements in...

prostate cancer

Clinical Implications of Luminal and Basal Subtyping of Prostate Cancer

As reported by Zhao et al in JAMA Oncology, luminal B prostate cancers carry a worse overall prognosis than luminal A and basal-like cancers, but luminal B tumors respond better to postoperative androgen-deprivation therapy. Study Details In the study, the PAM50 classifier was used to subtype...

prostate cancer

ASCO Provisional Clinical Opinion: Second-Line Hormonal Therapy for Chemotherapy-Naive Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported by Katherine S. Virgo, PhD, MBA, of Emory University, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has issued a provisional clinical opinion on second-line hormonal therapy for chemotherapy-naive castration-resistant prostate cancer. The provisional clinical opinion applies...

prostate cancer

Predicting Metastatic Disease After Radical Prostatectomy

An individual patient-level meta-analysis has shown that the Decipher® (GenomeDx) genomic classifier is capable of distinguishing risk groups for metastatic disease after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. The study was reported by Spratt and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated vs Conventional Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

Hypofractionated radiotherapy was noninferior to standard radiotherapy in biochemical-clinical failure disease-free survival in men with localized prostate cancer, according to a study reported by Catton et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details In the trial, 1,206 patients with...

prostate cancer

Celecoxib or Celecoxib/Zoledronic Acid in Men Initiating Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Mason et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term survival results of the UK-based, multiarm, multistage platform–design STAMPEDE trial showed no survival benefit with the addition of celecoxib or celecoxib plus zoledronic acid in men initiating long-term hormone...

prostate cancer

Testosterone Replacement Therapy and Risk of Prostate Cancer

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Loeb et al found that use of testosterone replacement therapy was not associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and was associated with a lower risk of aggressive cancer among men developing the disease. Study Details The ...

prostate cancer

Antisense Oligonucleotide Custirsen Combined With Docetaxel and Prednisone in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

In the phase III SYNERGY trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chi et al found that the addition of the second-generation antisense oligonucleotide custirsen to docetaxel and prednisone did not improve overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Custirsen...

prostate cancer

European Cohort Study of Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

In a large European cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smith Byrne et al found that vasectomy was not associated with an increased overall risk of prostate cancer or death from prostate cancer but appeared to increase the risk of lower-grade disease. Other studies have...

prostate cancer

Use of Evidence-Based Prostate Cancer Imaging in an Integrated Health-Care System

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Salloum et al found that use of nonindicated imaging for diagnostic staging of low-risk prostate cancer in a nonprofit integrated health-care system remained common but has decreased in frequency. As noted by the authors: “The overuse...

prostate cancer

Low Prostate Cancer–Specific Mortality in Men With Benign Initial Transrectal Ultrasound–Guided Biopsy Sets

In a Danish study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Klemann et al found a low risk of prostate cancer–specific mortality in men with benign initial transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy sets. The risk was particularly low among those with lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Study...

prostate cancer

Adding Antiandrogen Therapy to Radiation Therapy in Recurrent Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Shipley et al in the NRG Oncology Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG), the final analysis of the phase III RTOG 9601 trial showed that the addition of antiandrogen therapy with bicalutamide to radiation therapy significantly improves overall ...

prostate cancer

Benefits of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer

In the UK PROMIS study reported in The Lancet, Ahmed et al found that use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) might reduce the need for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and may improve detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. Study Details In the ...

prostate cancer

Potential Surrogate for All-Cause Mortality Risk in Localized Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Royce et al found that a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir > 0.5 ng/mL may be a dominant risk factor for all-cause mortality after radiation therapy and androgen-deprivation therapy in men with localized unfavorable-risk prostate cancer. Study Details...

prostate cancer

Vascular-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Shows Promise in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a European phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Azzouzi et al found that padeliporfin vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy was associated with a reduced rate of disease progression vs active surveillance in men with low-risk prostate cancer. Study Details In the open-label trial, ...

prostate cancer

Does Androgen-Deprivation Therapy Increase the Risk for Dementia in Patients With Prostate Cancer?

In a UK population–based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Khosrow-Khavar et al found no significant association between the use of androgen-deprivation therapy and the risk for dementia in patients with prostate cancer. The study involved a cohort of 30,903 men with newly...

prostate cancer

Can Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Reduce Distress in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer?

Chambers et al found that a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy intervention did not improve measures of distress or anxiety vs minimally enhanced usual care among men with advanced prostate cancer, according to an Australian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In the study, 189...

prostate cancer

Adulthood BMI Increases Leading to Obesity Seem to Be Linked to an Increased Risk of Fatal Prostate Cancer

In a study of data from men in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Kelly et al found that body mass index (BMI) increases during adulthood that lead to obesity are associated with an increased risk of...

prostate cancer

Potential Link Between Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer and Risk for Dementia

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nead et al found that the use of androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer was associated with an increased risk for dementia. The study involved electronic medical record data from the Stanford University Health System from 1994 to...

prostate cancer

24-Gene Predictor of Response to Postoperative Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer

In a matched retrospective analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhao et al identified and validated a 24-gene predictor of response to postoperative radiotherapy in prostate cancer. The analysis involved data from patients from five published U.S. studies (cohort, case-cohort, and...

prostate cancer

Study Finds PFS Benefit, but No Overall Survival Benefit, for Ipilimumab in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Ipilimumab (Yervoy) was associated with prolonged progression-free survival—but not overall survival—compared with placebo in men with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer without visceral metastases, according to a...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Effects of Finasteride in Patients From the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Unger et al found that use of finasteride vs placebo in the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial was associated with a modestly increased risk of depression and a modestly reduced risk of procedures for benign prostatic...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Study Reports No Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Incidence or Mortality

In an analysis of the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II) study cohort reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jacobs et al found no significant association between vasectomy and overall prostate cancer incidence or mortality. A recent prospective study had shown an association of vasectomy...

prostate cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes After Active Monitoring, Surgery, or Radiotherapy in PSA-Detected Localized Prostate Cancer

Patient-reported outcomes differed among men with localized prostate cancer detected by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing who were randomized to receive active monitoring, surgery, or radiotherapy in the UK ProtecT trial, according to a report by Donovan et al in The New England Journal of...

prostate cancer

Similar 10-Year Survival Reported With Active Monitoring, Surgery, or Radiotherapy for PSA-Detected Localized Prostate Cancer

In a UK trial (ProtecT) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Hamdy et al found no significant differences in prostate cancer–specific or overall mortality among men with localized prostate cancer detected by prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing who underwent active monitoring,...

prostate cancer

PSA Failure Seems to Be Linked to Poorer Survival in Men With Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer and No/Minimal Comorbidity

In an analysis of a clinical trial population reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Giacalone et al found that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure was associated with an increased risk of mortality among men with unfavorable-risk prostate cancer who had no or minimal comorbidity burden. ...

prostate cancer

Continuation of Docetaxel May Improve Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The number of docetaxel cycles completed was associated with improved overall survival among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer receiving docetaxel, prednisone, and lenalidomide (Revlimid; DPL) or docetaxel/prednisone (DP), in the phase III Mainsail trial. de Morrée et...

prostate cancer

Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Incidence Rates Decline, Distant-Stage Disease Rates Unchanged in 2013

Jemal et al described findings indicating a continued decline in the incidence of localized/regional-stage prostate cancer at 2 years after the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in men aged ≥ 50 years in 2011, in a letter ...

prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Allele May Be Associated With Resistance to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy and Poorer Outcome in Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective multicohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hearn et al found that the inherited HSD3B1 (1245C) allele was significantly associated with resistance to androgen-deprivation therapy and poorer outcome in men with prostate cancer. HSD3B1 (1245A>C) has been linked to...

prostate cancer

Combining Radium-223 With Other Therapies May Be of Benefit in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In an international, single-arm phase IIIB trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saad et al found benefit with the addition of abiraterone (Zytiga) or enzalutamide (Xtandi) to radium-223 (Xofigo) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. This early-access program was...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Not Inferior to Conventional Radiotherapy in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a phase III noninferiority trial (NRG Oncology RTOG 0415) reported by Lee et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, W. Robert Lee, MD, MS, Med, of Duke University Medical Center, and colleagues found that hypofractionated radiotherapy was not inferior to conventional hypofractionated...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

No Survival Benefit for Cabozantinib Reported in Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Smith et al found no improvement in overall survival with cabozantinib (Cometriq) vs prednisone in patients with previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, in the phase III COMET-1 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Cabozantinib, which inhibits MET, VEGF...

prostate cancer

Mixed Results With Hypofractionated vs Conventional Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

Investigators of two European phase III trials have reached different conclusions on whether hypofractionated radiotherapy should replace conventional radiotherapy as a new standard of treatment in localized prostate cancer. The CHHiP trial findings favoring hypofractionation were reported by David ...

prostate cancer

Improved Survival Reported With Prostate Radiation Therapy Plus Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The addition of prostate external-beam radiation therapy to androgen-deprivation therapy was associated with prolonged overall survival in men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer, according to a National Cancer Database analysis reported by Rusthoven et al in the Journal of Clinical...

prostate cancer

Tasquinimod Improves Radiographic PFS but Not OS in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sternberg et al found that tasquinimod, an oral therapy targeting components of the tumor microenvironment, increased radiographic progression-free survival but not overall survival vs placebo in men with chemotherapy-naive...

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