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survivorship

Obesity in Cancer Survivors: Identifying Teachable Moments

OBESITY IS associated with poor survival in patients with cancer, but when research is translated into survivorship care, obese and overweight patients can experience better outcomes, according to Karen Basen-Engquist, PhD, MPH, Professor of Behavioral Science and Director of the Center for Energy...

gynecologic cancers

Follow-up Too Short in Ovarian Cancer, Too Long in Other Gynecologic Malignancies

A STANDARDIZED 5-year period of surveillance by a gynecologic oncologist was found to be inadequate for some gynecologic cancers and excessive for others, according to research presented by Robert Dood, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, at the 2018 Society of...

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Oliver Dorigo, MD, PhD

COMMENTING ON THE study by Cybulska et al, invited discussant Oliver Dorigo, MD, PhD, of Stanford University, said several important questions still need answers. “Tumor immune scores differ between metastatic sites, but how do these immune scores predict response to immunotherapy? And how does...

gynecologic cancers

Microenvironment Heterogeneity May Contribute to Lack of Immunotherapy Success in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

INTER- AND INTRAPATIENT heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment may explain the limited success of checkpoint blockade thus far observed in patients with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer, according to Paulina Cybulska, MD, MSc, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York....

issues in oncology
survivorship

Efforts to Make Tobacco Cessation in Cancer Survivors Standard Practice

It is well established that smoking increases the risk for developing cancer, but when it comes to tobacco cessation in the cancer survivor population, should oncologists be stepping in, and what resources should they be using? Graham W. Warren, MD, PhD, posed these questions to the audience at the ...

Expert Point of View: Timothy Gilligan, MD, MSc

“Knowing that exercise after surgery can help women with breast cancer quickly restore their full range of arm motion is an important step forward in their care,” said Timothy Gilligan, MD, MSc, Vice Chair for Education and Associate Professor of Medicine, Case Comprehensive Cancer...

solid tumors
breast cancer
supportive care
issues in oncology
survivorship

Education Plus Exercise Improves Arm Mobility After Lymph Node Dissection in Women With Breast Cancer

In breast cancer survivors after lymph node dissection, a combined education and exercise intervention resulted in patients regaining full range of motion in both arms sooner than those who received education alone, according to follow-up from a phase III clinical trial reported by Electra D....

Expert Point of View: Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, called the results “instructive.” He said the study highlights the need for integrating mental health care into survivorship medical care. “We’re going to have to think about suicide prevention...

issues in oncology
survivorship
head and neck cancer

Elevated Suicide Risk Among Head and Neck Cancer Survivors Demands More Integrated Psychosocial Care

In general, the risk of suicide among cancer survivors is about 50% higher than in the general population, but this risk is especially elevated among survivors of head and neck cancer, according to research presented by Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, BDS, MPH, CHES, of the Department of...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

Expert Point of View: Timothy Gilligan, MD, MSc

“IN THE PAST, patients were often told to rest and reduce their physical activity during treatment, but we now know that exercise is both safe and beneficial,” said Timothy Gilligan, MD, MSc, moderator of a presscast where these results were presented prior to the Cancer Survivorship Symposium....

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

Four Years Posttreatment, Exercise Improves Physical Activity Levels, Reduces Fatigue in Patients With Breast and Colon Cancers

IN PATIENTS WITH breast and colon cancers, a physical exercise intervention conducted during adjuvant chemotherapy improved total physical activity levels 4 years after treatment, with a trend toward less fatigue, according to a follow-up study from the randomized multicenter PACT study, presented...

survivorship

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Julia Rowland, PhD

“THE GOOD NEWS is cancer survivors are living longer. The bad news is they’re living long enough to experience the late consequences of curative treatment,” said Julia Rowland, PhD, formerly of the National Cancer Institute and now with Smith Center for Healing and the Arts, Washington, DC, at the ...

colorectal cancer
survivorship

Long-Term Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Increased Among Colorectal Cancer Survivors

COMPARED TO the general population, the risk of cardiovascular disease among colorectal cancer survivors was significantly increased more than 10 years after their cancer diagnosis, according to research presented by David Baraghoshi, MSTAT candidate, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the...

breast cancer

Precision Medicine: Hope or Hype?

ALTHOUGH PRECISION medicine may be a recent discovery in some fields, it is an old story in the field of breast cancer, and one that has been exceptionally important in terms of managing the disease, according to George Sledge, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine and Medical Oncologist at the...

breast cancer

Exercise Counteracts Fatigue, Pain in Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

A SUPERVISED and individualized exercise program can reduce fatigue and pain while improving cardiovascular health and quality of life in women being treated for advanced breast cancer, according to research presented by Eduardo Oliveira, PhD, Professor of Exercise Physiology and Exercise Cancer...

breast cancer

Disease Progression and Deterioration of Health-Related Quality of Life in Advanced Breast Cancer

IN PATIENTS WITH estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, better quality of life may be prolonged by delaying the progression of the disease, according to an ongoing quality-of-life assessment from the PALOMA-2 study, presented by Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of...

issues in oncology

Cancer and Obesity: Not Such a Linear Relationship

Obesity has been established as a strong risk factor for the development of cancer. African Americans and Hispanics are particularly at risk, and their access to health care is often poor. How do racial and ethnic disparities in the development of obesity as well as access to care intersect to...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Combined Therapies Increase Adverse Events in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In patients with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer, the combination of targeted agents and hormone therapy is associated with a significantly increased risk of severe adverse events, according to research presented by Matteo Lambertini, MD, European Society for Medical Oncology...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Managing Neurotoxicity in Advanced Breast Cancer

Neurotoxicity in advanced breast cancer is not limited to chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, according to Matti Aapro, MD, of IMO Clinique de Genolier, Switzerland. Surgery, radiation therapy, and medical therapy can all have detrimental effects on either the central or peripheral nervous ...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Addressing Disparities in Use of Lung Cancer Screening With Community Outreach

African Americans and members of other communities of lower socioeconomic status have higher burdens of lung cancer mortality. Therefore, targeting underserved patient populations with lung cancer screening is of the utmost importance, according to Christopher Lathan, MD, MS, MPH, a medical...

solid tumors
breast cancer
issues in oncology
health-care policy

Health-Care Access Unlikely to Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Outcomes

Even with equivalent access to care, black patients with breast cancer may fare worse than white patients with breast cancer, according to Lawrence H. Kushi, ScD, Director of Scientific Policy at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research in Oakland. “Accounting for...

issues in oncology

Experts Address Cancer Health Disparities in Facebook Live Session at AACR Meeting

Although it has long been known that certain cancer types disproportionately affect individuals from underserved and underrepresented populations, the sources of these disparities are still not entirely clear. In a “Facebook Live” session at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

gynecologic cancers

Update on Nonimmunotherapy Advances in Endometrial, Cervical, and Ovarian Cancers

AT THE 12TH ANNUAL New Orleans Summer Cancer Meeting, Thomas Herzog, MD, Deputy Director of the University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute and Professor of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, delivered an update on nonimmunotherapy advances in...

gynecologic cancers

Targeted Treatments and Health-Related Quality of Life in Ovarian Cancer

Novel targeted treatment strategies and new trial endpoints in recurrent, platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer were highlighted in a gynecologic cancer session at the Best of ASCO New Orleans. At the meeting, Karen McLean, MD, PhD, of the University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, presented...

hematologic malignancies

Update on Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Includes New Data in HIV-Infected and Follicular Lymphoma Patients

New hematology research, presented at the Best of ASCO New Orleans meeting, may help to guide the use of stem cell transplant in hematologic malignancies. At the meeting, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and Tycel Phillips, MD, of the...

multiple myeloma

Cutting-Edge Induction Strategies and Novel Approach to Reducing Skeletal-Related Events Explored in Multiple Myeloma

THE ADDITION of daratumumab (Darzalex) to a triplet induction regimen led to good responses in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, but not without toxicities. And in the treatment of myeloma bone disease, denosumab (Xgeva) in place of zoledronic acid preserved renal function and may be associated...

lung cancer

Updates of Key Trials in Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-024 and AvaALL

IMMUNOTHERAPY AND ANTIANGIOGENESIS were highlighted in a session on metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at the Best of ASCO New Orleans meeting. Matthew Gubens, MD, MS, presented the selected abstracts from the ASCO Annual Meeting.1 Dr. Gubens is Associate Professor of Thoracic Medical...

breast cancer

Advances in the Treatment of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

WITHIN THE SPECTRUM of breast cancer subtypes, triple-negative disease is “particularly troubling,” but better scientific understanding of this malignancy is leading to advances in its treatment, according to breast cancer expert Nancy Davidson, MD.  Triple-negative breast cancer does not express...

head and neck cancer
survivorship

Optimizing Quality of Life in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

Head and neck cancer can take away a patient’s “right to feel human,” and its impact on physical appearance, physical functioning, and general quality of life can be devastating, according to Merry Sebelik, MD, Associate Professor of Head and Neck Surgery at Emory University in Atlanta. At a...

head and neck cancer

Proton Therapy Associated With Fewer Sequelae in the Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer

Radiation oncology is vital to the management of patients with cancer of the head and neck, and for certain patients, proton therapy may offer significant benefit over intensity-modulated radiation therapy, according to Walter J. Curran, MD, Executive Director of the Winship Cancer Institute of...

head and neck cancer

Targeted Therapy in the Age of Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer

The impact of targeted therapies in head and neck cancer has been limited, but we can strategize to integrate the development of targeted and immunotherapeutic agents, according to Christine H. Chung, MD, Senior Member and Chair in the Department of Head and Neck-Endocrine Oncology at Moffitt...

head and neck cancer

New Horizons in Immunotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Immunotherapy is a new treatment paradigm in recurrent metastatic head and neck cancer, according to Nabil F. Saba, MD. At a symposium hosted by the Winship Cancer Institute and Emory University—Updates in the Management of Head and Neck Cancer—Dr. Saba discussed current research and new...

head and neck cancer

Better Vision Function May Be Related to Better Quality of Life in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Better vision function seems to be related to better quality of life after treatment for head and neck cancer, particularly among patients who have had surgery, according to Hsiao-Lan Wang, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor in the College of Nursing at the University of South Florida. Head and neck...

breast cancer

Resilience Linked to Less Distress in Lesbian and Bisexual Breast Cancer Survivors

Breast cancer can have a pervasive effect on a woman’s psychological functioning, but sexual minority (ie, lesbian and bisexual) breast cancer survivors are underrepresented in studies of psychological distress, according to Charles Kamen, PhD, a clinical psychologist at the University of Rochester ...

supportive care

Attrition High but Positive Trends Observed in Web-Based Intervention Addressing Caregiver Burden

High attrition but positive trends such as increased “benefit finding” were observed with a Web-based intervention designed to address the psychosocial burden on informal caregivers, according to Allison J. Applebaum, PhD, a licensed clinical psychologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...

breast cancer

Young Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer: Unique Needs and Concerns

Patients with breast cancer who perceive having enough and the right kinds of social support tend to be less stressed, although a paucity of research exists on the social support needs of young women with metastatic breast cancer, according to Amanda Ginter, PhD. Dr. Ginter, Assistant Professor in ...

geriatric oncology

New Constructs for Use in the Identification of Depression in Older Patients With Cancer

Elderly patients with cancer are far less likely to be diagnosed with depression than patients in any other age group for two primary reasons: There is an overlap between cancer symptoms/treatment side effects and the diagnostic criteria for depression, and older adults are more likely to present...

hepatobiliary cancer

Can Antiviral Therapy Prevent Liver Cancer in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis?

Chronic viral hepatitis is a major causative factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, but antiviral therapy might reduce the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma by preventing or eliminating chronic hepatitis infections, according to Adrian M. Di Bisceglie, MD, Professor of Internal Medicine at Saint ...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: David R. Gandara, MD

“With the negative results of this phase III trial and the discontinuation of ganetespib development, is this the end for this once promising drug class in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), or is there still an opportunity for heat shock protein (Hsp) inhibitors to make a meaningful impact?”...

lung cancer

No Improvement in Overall Survival With Addition of Ganetespib to Docetaxel in Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Despite positive results in the phase II GALAXY-1 study, the addition of ganetespib to docetaxel in the phase III GALAXY-2 study did not improve overall survival or progression-free survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to data presented by Rathi Pillai,...

lung cancer

A Decade of Lessons Learned From EGFR-Targeted Therapy

To summarize the lessons learned from the development of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapy, one only has to go back about 10 years, according to Frances A. Shepherd, MD, Scott Taylor Chair in Lung Cancer Research at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Professor of Medicine at ...

Expert Point of View: Michael Boyer, MD

According to Michael Boyer, MD, a medical oncologist at the Chris O’Brien Lifehouse in Sydney, Australia, the development of testing for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been complex. Efforts at harmonization have been made, but most laboratories actually use a single...

lung cancer

Three Assays and Several Laboratory-Developed Tests Highly Concordant Across Platforms in PD-L1 Immunohistochemistry Testing for NSCLC

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression assessed by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues is currently the main predictive biomarker for the benefit of anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and anti–PD-L1 agents in patients with non–small cell lung ...

lung cancer

New Lung Cancer Staging Manual Set to Modify Clinical Practice

A revised tumor classification based on 70,967 evaluable patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 6,189 patients with small cell lung cancer is now available to lung cancer specialists around the world in the form of the 8th edition of the tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM)...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Fiona Blackhall, PhD, FRCP

“There has undoubtedly been extremely rapid progress made in establishing effective therapies for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in less than a decade,” said Fiona Blackhall, PhD, FRCP, Chair of Thoracic Oncology and medical oncologist at the...

lung cancer

ASCEND-4 Study Shows 45% Reduction in Risk of Disease Progression for NSCLC Patients on First-Line Ceritinib

Compared to chemotherapy, the use of first-line ceritinib (Zykadia) resulted in a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in median progression-free survival, with an estimated 45% reduction in disease progression risk, as well as significant improvements in quality of...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Michael Boyer, MBBS, PhD

“This drug [durvalumab] clearly shows activity in the third-line and beyond setting, and the higher the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, the higher the response rate,” noted Michael Boyer, MBBS, PhD, Chief Clinical Officer and Conjoint Chair of Medical Oncology (Thoracic...

lung cancer

Study Finds Durvalumab of Benefit in Advanced and Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Durvalumab was active and led to long-lasting response in a cohort of heavily pretreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor/anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EGFR/ALK) wild-type locally advanced and metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly among patients whose tumors...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Tetsuya Mitsudomi, MD

“Osimertinib (Tagrisso) has good penetration of the blood-brain barrier and showed high efficacy in patients with central nervous system (CNS) disease,” noted Tetsuya Mitsudomi, MD, Professor in the Division of Thoracic Surgery at Kindai University Faculty of Medicine in Osaka-Sayama, Japan....

lung cancer

Osimertinib Significantly Improves Survival for Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

For patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), osimertinib (Tagrisso) demonstrated clinically superior efficacy over pemetrexed (Alimta) plus a platinum agent, with a 70% reduction in the risk of disease progression, according to the...

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