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FDA and EMA Accept Regulatory Submissions for Review of Talazoparib for Patients With Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Breast Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted for filing and granted Priority Review designation a new drug application for talazoparib. The submission is based on results from the EMBRACA trial, which evaluated talazoparib vs chemotherapy in patients with germline BRCA-mutated,...

Eating a High-Quality Diet Could Decrease Cancer Survivors’ Risk of Death by 65%

Cancer survivors who consumed a balanced, nutrient-dense diet had a 65% lower risk of dying from cancer than survivors who ate a poor-quality diet, according to findings published by Deshmukh et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum. The study suggests that more than focusing on any particular food group,...

lung cancer
multiple myeloma

Studies of Daratumumab in Combination With Anti–PD-L1 Agents Stopped

On May 26, Genmab A/S announced that following a planned review, the Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) has recommended that the phase Ib/II study (CALLISTO/LUC2001) of daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) vs ...

AMA Releases New Physician Guide on Caring for the Caregiver

Every day in their treatment rooms, physicians encounter individuals who are making profound sacrifices to help a loved one who is seriously ill, often at the expense of their own well-being. To help physicians understand the day-to-day challenges and risk of burnout faced by informal caregivers,...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Study Finds Breast Cancer Survivors Are Not Getting Recommended Number of Mammograms Postsurgery

Breast cancer survivors are not getting the recommended level of screening postsurgery, according to a study by Ruddy et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The study was led by Kathryn Ruddy, MD, MPH, Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Department of...

FDA Expands Approval of Pembrolizumab to Include New Lymphoma Indication

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma or those who have relapsed after two or more prior lines of therapy. KEYNOTE-170...

FDA Approves Bevacizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Ovarian Cancer Following Initial Surgery

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved bevacizumab (Avastin) in combination with chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) followed by bevacizumab as a single agent for the treatment of women with advanced (stage III or IV) ovarian cancer following initial surgical resection....

Barbara L. McAneny, MD, Inaugurated as 173rd President of the AMA

Barbara L. McAneny, MD, an oncologist from Albuquerque, has been sworn in as the 173rd President of the American Medical Association (AMA). She will focus her tenure on the AMA’s three strategic arcs: attacking the dysfunction in health care by removing obstacles and barriers that interfere...

ESMO Emphasizes Importance of Cancer on the Global Health Agenda at the 71st World Health Assembly

At the 71st World Health Assembly in Geneva, the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) delivered two statements positioning cancer as a priority on the global agenda of the World Health Organization (WHO). Presenting its recommendations for action to the international community,...

leukemia
lymphoma

iLLUMINATE Trial of Ibrutinib Plus Obinutuzumab for First-Line Therapy of CLL/SLL Meets Primary Endpoint

The phase III iLLUMINATE (PCYC-1130) trial recently met its primary endpoint of improvement in progression-free survival. The study evaluated ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in combination with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic...

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Previously Treated Recurrent or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing Cervical Cancer

On June 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer and disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) [Combined Positive Score...

Cancer Prevention Report Shows Consensus Among Global Experts on 10 Steps to Reduce Risk

An internationally released comprehensive analysis of research on lifestyle factors and cancer prevention confirms the critical links between cancer diagnoses and diet, physical activity, and weight. Independent experts from across the globe reviewed decades of scientific evidence to develop the...

AUA 2018: Finasteride Reduces Risk of Prostate Cancer and Is Safe, Long-Term Results Show

Twenty-five years after it opened for enrollment, the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) has delivered a final verdict: finasteride, a common hormone-blocking drug, reduces men's risk of getting prostate cancer without increasing their risk of dying from the disease. Initial study...

Surveillance Intensity Not Associated With Earlier Detection of Recurrence or Improved Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A national retrospective study led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found no association between intensity of posttreatment surveillance and detection of recurrence or overall survival (OS) in patients with stage I, II, or III colorectal cancer. Published by...

lung cancer
symptom management
cns cancers

Quick Takes From Original Research Presented at the 2018 NCCN Annual Conference

THE QUANTITY of original research presented at the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) Annual Conference has been growing, and at the 2018 meeting, 121 researchers presented their work. The ASCO Post captured some of the findings for this report.  Blood Markers Correlate With Anti–PD-1...

issues in oncology
geriatric oncology

Expert Point of View: Joshua A. Jones, MD, MA

“AS A SOCIETY, we often think about the value of cancer treatments in terms of survival, but for older patients, we need to look beyond that. Geriatric assessments are clearly an effective tool to help us treat the whole patient. It’s a conversation starter that informs and empowers both patients...

issues in oncology
geriatric oncology

Geriatric Assessment Improves Communication Between Oncologists and Older Patients

A FEDERALLY FUNDED randomized study demonstrated that use of geriatric assessment in the routine care of older adults with advanced cancer significantly improved doctor-patient communication about age-related concerns as well as patient satisfaction with the communication. The study was presented...

lung cancer
cost of care
genomics/genetics

Expert Point of View: Bruce Johnson, MD, FASCO

“PRECISION MEDICINE is driving the most exciting and powerful advances in cancer care today, particularly in lung cancer. It’s encouraging to see that next-generation genetic testing tools can help physicians and their patients get the crucial genomic information needed to make treatment decisions, ...

lung cancer
cost of care
genomics/genetics

Decision-Analytic Model Finds Upfront, Comprehensive Genetic Testing in Advanced Lung Cancer Is Cost-Efficient

AN ECONOMIC model comparing different types of genetic testing in metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found using next-generation sequencing to test for all known lung cancer–related gene changes at the time of diagnosis was less costly and faster than sequentially testing one or a...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Bruce Johnson, MD, FASCO

“THIS STUDY makes a strong case that our country needs an effective public service campaign about encouraging lung cancer screening,” said ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, during a press briefing before the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting. “Public service campaigns from the 1990s encouraged...

lung cancer

Despite USPSTF Recommendations, Majority of Heavy Smokers Not Screened for Lung Cancer

AN ANALYSIS of 1,800 lung cancer screening sites nationwide found that only 1.9% of more than 7 million eligible current and former heavy smokers were screened for lung cancer in 2016, despite U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and ASCO screening recommendations. Results from this...

head and neck cancer

Expert Point of View: Bruce Johnson, MD, FASCO

ASCO PRESIDENT Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, commented on these study findings during the press briefing.  “This study adds to a growing body of knowledge showing the value of integrating patient-reported outcomes into routine oncology practice for symptom monitoring that a wide variety of our...

head and neck cancer

Mobile and Sensor Technology May Lead to Reduced Symptoms of Head and Neck Cancer and Its Treatment

A RANDOMIZED clinical trial evaluating the use of mobile and sensor technology to remotely monitor symptoms in patients receiving radiation therapy for head and neck cancer found that use of this technology reduced the severity of symptoms related to cancer and its treatment compared with usual...

ASCO Applauds NCI Announcement on Increased Funding for National Clinical Trials Network

ON JUNE 2, ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, released the following statement:  Today at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting, National Cancer Institute (NCI) Director Norman Sharpless, MD, announced $10 million in new funding for the National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN). ASCO applauds Dr....

lymphoma
leukemia

Adherence to Oral Anticancer Treatment: Priorities in Lymphoma and CLL

ADVANCES IN cancer treatment have been nothing short of breathtaking in recent years. Among the most important has been the advent of effective oral therapies, marking a significant change in the way many patients receive treatment and in the oversight required by the cancer care team. As with...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Lisa Carey, MD, and Dawn Hershman, MD, FASCO

LISA CAREY, MD, the Richardson and Marilyn Jacobs Preyer Distinguished Professor in Breast Cancer Research at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, commented as the invited discussant for TAILORx, and Dawn L. Hershman, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology and Leader of the...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Second-Line Venetoclax for CLL or SLL With or Without 17p Deletion

On June 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to venetoclax (Venclexta) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy. MURANO Approval was based ...

issues in oncology
supportive care

Hearing Loss

The ASCO Post is pleased to reproduce installments of the Art of Oncology as published previously in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. These articles focus on the experience of suffering from cancer or of caring for people diagnosed with cancer, and they include narratives, topical essays,...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers

HPV Vaccine Could Have Prevented My Cancer

In the fall of 2015, I was feeling great. At age 37, I had just completed running my fourth half-marathon and regularly hiked trails near my home in Arlington, Texas, to stay fit in-between races. The only symptom that foretold what was in my future was some light watery discharge I was...

When Patients Are Open to Lifestyle Changes: Take Advantage of ‘Unique Window of Opportunity'

Colon cancer survivors who followed guidelines for healthy eating, maintaining a healthy weight, and staying physically active had higher 5-year survival rates than those who did not adhere to those guidelines, according to a study among 992 patients treated with stage III colon cancer.1 The 5-year ...

solid tumors
colorectal cancer

Following Guidelines for Healthy Eating and Physical Activity May Improve Survival in Patients Treated for Colon Cancer

Following guidelines for proper nutrition, maintaining a healthy weight, and staying physically active may improve survival among patients treated for colon cancer, according to the results of a study with nearly 1,000 patients followed for a median of 7 years.1 “The study suggests that if...

solid tumors
breast cancer

The X-Ray Era: 1901–1915

The text and photographs on this page are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology: Tumors & Treatment, A Photographic History, by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS, and Elizabeth A. Burns. The photos below are from the volume titled “The X-Ray Era: 1901–1915.” The photographs...

2018 ASCO: Lenalidomide Plus Rituximab vs Rituximab Plus Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma

Results from RELEVANCE, a phase III, randomized, open-label, international clinical study conducted in partnership with the Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation (LYSARC), were presented by Fowler et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7005). This study evaluated the investigational...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Biosimilar to Pegfilgrastim to Reduce Risk of Infection During Myelosuppressive Chemotherapy

On June 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pegfilgrastim-jmdb (Fulphila) as the first biosimilar to pegfilgrastim (Neulasta) to decrease the chance of infection as suggested by febrile neutropenia in patients with nonmyeloid cancer who are receiving myelosuppressive...

2018 ASCO: Olaparib in Combination With Abiraterone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Data presented by Clarke et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5003) showed clinical improvement in median radiologic progression-free survival with olaparib (Lynparza) in combination with abiraterone (Yonsa, Zytiga) compared to abiraterone monotherapy, a current standard of care, in...

2018 ASCO: Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Squamous NSCLC: KEYNOTE-407 Study

Results from KEYNOTE-407, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III study evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel or carboplatin/nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) as first-line treatment for metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer...

solid tumors
issues in oncology
survivorship
breast cancer

Tai Chi for the Treatment of Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

Underrecognized and inadequately managed, insomnia is a significant burden for many cancer survivors. Often persistent over several years following diagnosis and treatment, sleep problems negatively affect quality of life and elevate the risk of depression and anxiety. In this installment of The...

Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Survivors, Patients, and Caregivers Asked to Participate in Third Annual Survey

The Colorectal Cancer Alliance has opened its third annual international survey of young-onset colorectal cancer patients, survivors, and caregivers, with the intent of learning about and tracking the medical and psychosocial experiences of this often overlooked group, which comprises 11% of...

ASCO Supports NCI-Designated Cancer Centers’ Goal of Eliminating HPV-Related Cancers

ASCO has endorsed a statement by the 70 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers calling for increased human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and screening to eliminate HPV-related cancers. The full uptake of the vaccine and screening could prevent 12,000 cervical cancers and...

AAMC Study Examines Career Trends Among MD-PhD Program Graduates

There is a projected decline in the physician-scientist workforce, according to a new study published by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). The report, the National MD-PhD Program Outcomes Study, tracks the careers of MD-PhD program graduates over 50 years (1964–2014) and...

St. Baldrick’s Foundation and SU2C Support Pediatric Cancer Research

The collaboration between Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C) and St. Baldrick’s Foundation Pediatric Cancer, launched in 2013, continues to help develop new immunotherapy approaches to high-risk childhood cancers, with the most recent donation of $8 million from the St. Baldrick’s Foundation. In addition,...

supportive care

Inside Look at Widowers Coping With Grief

BOOKMARK Title: The Group: Seven Widowed Fathers Reimagine LifeAuthors: Donald L. Rosenstein, MD, and Justin M. Yopp, PhDPublisher: Oxford University PressPublication Date: January 2018Price: $28.95; hardcover, 192 pages Looking back, the cancer advocacy movement took shape in two waves: the first ...

AACR and Cancer Research UK Form Alliance

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) in collaboration with Cancer Research UK (CRUK) are launching a new international alliance to stimulate discoveries in cancer research. The two organizations share the vision that significant progress against cancer could be facilitated by...

Biospecimen Core Resource Receives NIH Funding to Further Cancer Research

The Biospecimen Core Resource within The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, has received a new $4.5 million federal contract to accept, process, ensure quality, and distribute tumor derivatives for a number of national cancer research projects. The Biospecimen...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

Henry Ford Health System Announces Launch of Pancreatic Cancer Center

The Henry Ford Health System announced the receipt of a $20 million gift (from an individual donor who wishes to remain anonymous) to launch the Henry Ford Pancreatic Cancer Center, which will focus on global collaborations to develop new methods for the early detection of pancreatic cancer. David ...

Adolfo Ferrando, MD, PhD, Joins Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Advisory Board

The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation announced that Adolfo Ferrando, MD, PhD, Professor at the Institute for Cancer Genetics at Columbia University, has joined its scientific advisory board. Dr. Ferrando is also Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology & Cell Biology; Associate Director...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Follicular Lymphoma

Many patients with follicular lymphoma relapse within 2 years of initial therapy, and for a number of these individuals, hematopoietic cell transplantation is a good treatment option. Transplant, however, both autologous and allogeneic, is vastly underutilized in these patients, according to Mehdi ...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Shift in the Treatment Paradigm

For over a decade, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been the standard first-line agents in the management of patients with advanced or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.1-3 Historically, phase III trials of first-line VEGF therapies included...

2018 ASCO: Pomalidomide, Bortezomib, and Low-Dose Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

For patients with multiple myeloma who have been treated with lenalidome (Revlimid) but have relapsed and not responded to other therapy, a three-drug combination can significantly extend the time in which the disease is held in check. The findings of the phase III OPTIMISMM trial were presented by ...

2018 ASCO: KEYNOTE-427 Trial Evaluates Immunotherapy in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Interim results from cohort A of KEYNOTE-427, a phase II trial evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), were presented by McDermott et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4500). Interim data showed an overall response...

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