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kidney cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Cabozantinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On October 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to be sufficiently complete to permit a substantive review. The FDA granted...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Race, Socioeconomic Factors Are Influential in NSCLC Survival Rates

New research found race and specific socioeconomic factors to have a significant influence on disparities in the survival rates of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Yanyan Lou, MD, PhD, of the Mayo Clinic, presented these findings at the International Association for the Study of...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Lorlatinib in ALK-Positive and ROS1-Positive Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

At the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Yokohama, Japan, Pfizer announced full results from the phase II clinical trial of the investigational, next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor lorlatinib. The agent exhibited clinically...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: CheckMate-032: Nivolumab Alone or With Ipilimumab in Recurrent SCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

At the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer in Yokohama, Japan, Bristol-Myers Squibb announced data evaluating nivolumab (Opdivo) and nivolumab plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) in previously treated small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients whose...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Brigatinib in ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Data from the phase II ALTA clinical trial evaluating brigatinib (Alunbrig) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have disease progression on crizotinib were presented at the International...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Early Palliative Care Provides No Quality-of-Life Benefits for Patients With Recently Diagnosed Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Early specialist palliative care for patients that were recently diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma does not impact quality-of-life measures, according to research presented by Fraser Brims, MBcHB, MRCP, MD, FRACP, of Curtin University in Australia, at the International Association...

lung cancer

IASLC 2017: Combination of Lurbinectedin and Doxorubicin in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer

The final efficacy and safety data obtained from a phase I/II trial combining lurbinectedin (PM1183) with doxorubicin in relapsed small cell lung cancer were presented during a Research Perspectives oral session at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World...

health-care policy

Amended Health Insurance Rule Threatens Key Component of Standard Cancer Treatment

On October 12, ASCO President Bruce E. Johnson, MD, FASCO, issued the following statement: The Trump administration's move to expand the rights of employers to opt out of the requirement for contraceptive coverage would have unexpected and deleterious consequences for patients of childbearing age...

FDA Clears 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging Device

On October 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the first 7-Tesla (7T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) device, more than doubling the static magnetic field strength available for use in the United States. The Magnetom Terra is the first 7T MRI system cleared for clinical use in...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Abemaciclib as Initial Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

On October 12, Eli Lilly and Company announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review designation to its New Drug Application (NDA) for abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor. MONARCH 3 The NDA was based upon the positive interim...

gynecologic cancers

sNDA Submitted for Rucaparib as Maintenace Treatment for Patients With Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

On October 9, Clovis Oncology announced that the company submitted a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for rucaparib (Rubraca) as maintenance treatment of patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer...

lung cancer

Results From the Phase III JUNIPER Trial Evaluating Abemaciclib in KRAS-Mutated, Advanced NSCLC

On October 10, Eli Lilly and Company announced that its phase III JUNIPER study evaluating abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4 and CDK6 inhibitor, as monotherapy in KRAS-mutated, advanced non–small lung cancer (NSCLC) did not meet its primary endpoint of overall...

gynecologic cancers

Role of the E7 Gene in High-Risk HPV

National Cancer Institute (NCI) researchers have found that for the most common high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV) to cause cervical cancer, an important viral gene may need to have a precise DNA sequence. The findings, published by Mirabello et al in Cell, contribute to a better...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation for First-Line Treatment of EGFR Mutation–Positive NSCLC

On October 9, AstraZeneca announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for osimertinib (Tagrisso) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation–positive non–small cell lung ...

breast cancer

Relationship Between Targeted HER2 Therapy and Breast Reconstruction

Trastuzumab (Herceptin) therapy for breast cancers that express the HER2 protein does not increase the risk of complications at the surgical site in women who undergo immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy, according to findings published by Shammas et al in the Journal of the American...

issues in oncology

Cancers Associated With Overweight and Obesity Make Up 40% of Cancers Diagnosed in the United States

Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk of 13 types of cancer—and these cancers account for about 40% of all cancers diagnosed in the United States in 2014—according to the latest Vital Signs report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Overall, the...

lymphoma

Brentuximab Vedotin Granted FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Front-Line Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

On October 2, Seattle Genetics, Inc, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) in combination with chemotherapy for the front-line treatment of patients with advanced classical Hodgkin lymphoma. The positive ...

issues in oncology
breast cancer

Treating Breast Cancer During Pregnancy Calls for Careful Timing of Therapies and Sensitive Discussions With Patients

Breast cancer during pregnancy is relatively uncommon; however, it poses a significant clinical challenge to the patient and her multidisciplinary care team. To shed light on this difficult issue, The ASCO Post spoke with Carey K. Anders, MD, a medical oncologist and researcher at the University...

Dana-Farber Opens New Facility for Integrative Therapies

DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE has announced the opening of the new Leonard P. Zakim Center for Integrative Therapies and Healthy Living.  Increasing data have indicated that integrative therapies can help alleviate the side effects of cancer therapy. The Zakim Center, as it is commonly referred to,...

AMA Awards Research Grants to Advance the Study of Women in Medicine

THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (AMA) recognizes influential female physician leaders as part of Women in Medicine Month each September. To showcase the accomplishments of these leaders, the AMA Women Physicians Section and the AMA Foundation recently announced the winners of the 2017 Joan F....

colorectal cancer

Immunotherapy for Metastatic Mismatch Repair–Deficient Colorectal Cancer: Game-Changer for Small Group of Patients

PATIENTS WITH DNA mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer display a high level of microsatellite instability (MSI-H)1 and demonstrate poor chemosensitivity and shorter overall survival than patients with mismatch repair–proficient (pMMR) metastatic metastatic colorectal...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Nivolumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who have been previously treated with sorafenib (Nexavar).  CheckMate 040  APPROVAL WAS BASED on a 154-patient subgroup of ...

leukemia

Cord Blood Transplantation Proves Beneficial in High-Risk Patients With Leukemia

Studies show that only about one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia who have detectable amounts of cancer cells in their blood at the time of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation will be alive 3 years later, compared with nearly three-quarters of those patients without minimal...

skin cancer

Blood-Based Biomarker: Predicting Efficacy of Immunotherapy in Patients With Melanoma

IN WHAT APPEARS TO BE the largest blood-based biomarker study of a checkpoint inhibitor, an RNA transcript–based gene classifier was able to predict for melanoma patients’ response to tremelimumab. The study was recently published in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer.1  “Our study, in many...

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Sandro Pignata, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of ARIEL3, Sandro Pignata, MD, of the IRCCS National Cancer Institute, “Fondazione G. Pascale,” Naples, Italy, said: “This is new evidence for maintenance therapy with rucaparib [Rubraca]. These results are extraordinary, particularly in the BRCA mutation patients, but also in...

lymphoma

FDA Approves Copanlisib for Relapsed Follicular Lymphoma

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) has granted accelerated approval to copanlisib (Aliqopa) for the treatment of adults with relapsed follicular lymphoma who have received at least two prior systemic therapies.  Copanlisib is a kinase inhibitor that works by blocking several enzymes that...

Journal of Clinical Oncology Literature Update

STAYING UP-TO-DATE in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.  Sorafenib Dosing and Outcomes in Hepatocellular Cancer  IN A...

palliative care

Integrative Therapies in Palliative Care Project

Palliative care professionals are invited to participate in a unique project sponsored by the National Cancer Institute. Collinge and Associates, Inc, is seeking interdisciplinary professionals to help develop and evaluate a new online continuing education (CE/CME) course on the use of integrative...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Accepts sNDA for Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On September 26, Eisai Inc announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for lenvatinib  (Lenvima) for potential use in the first-line treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. “Patients with...

skin cancer

MSLT-II Completion Lymph Node Dissection Trial: Practice Changing but Not Likely Practice Abandoning

PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT advance in the treatment of newly diagnosed primary melanoma has been the incorporation of sentinel lymph node biopsy as part of initial surgical management. The routine use of sentinel lymph node biopsy, often termed “sentinel lymphadenectomy,” in appropriately...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib Extends Progression-Free Survival in First-Line Therapy for Advanced Breast Cancer

THE VALUE OF cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors in advanced breast cancer became ever more certain with the announcement of interim data from MONARCH 3, which evaluated abemaciclib in combination with endocrine therapy as first-line therapy for hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative...

breast cancer

Study Finds 'Standard Care' Treatments in Breast Cancer Clinical Trials Not Always Standard

Historically, randomized controlled trials have served as the state-of-the-art method for determining the efficacy and safety of new, innovative treatment regimens for patients with cancer and other diseases. It is imperative that such trials are carefully designed to ensure that they are...

lymphoma

European Commission Approves Obinutuzumab for Previously Untreated Advanced Follicular Lymphoma

On September 22, Roche announced that the European Commission has approved obinutuzumab (Gazyvaro in Europe; available in the United States as Gazyva) in combination with chemotherapy, followed by obinutuzumab maintenance in patients achieving a response, as a new treatment for previously untreated ...

Lymphoma Physician-Scientist Oliver Press, MD, PhD, Dies at 65

Oliver Press, MD, PhD, a blood cancer physician-scientist who made foundational contributions to the development of targeted cancer therapies, died Friday of complications from glioma. He was 65 years old. Dr. Press was the David and Patricia Giuliani/Oliver Press Endowed Chair for Cancer Research ...

issues in oncology

FDA Conducts Global Operation to Protect Consumers From Potentially Dangerous Prescription Drugs Sold Online

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in partnership with international regulatory and law enforcement agencies, recently took action against more than 500 websites that illegally sell potentially dangerous, unapproved versions of prescription medicines, including opioids, antibiotics, and...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Pertuzumab for Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

On September 29, Roche announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the company’s supplemental Biologics License Application and granted Priority Review for pertuzumab (Perjeta), in combination with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and chemotherapy, for adjuvant treatment of...

issues in oncology
legislation

2nd Annual ASCO Advocacy Summit

issues in oncology

Biden Cancer Initiative: Accelerating Progress in Cancer Research

Earlier this year, at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, former Vice President Joe Biden and Jill Biden, PhD, launched the Biden Cancer Initiative, their new venture to continue the fight to make progress in cancer prevention, detection, treatment, and care. The Biden Cancer Initiative will...

breast cancer

ASTRO 2017: Shorter Course of Radiation Treatment Safe for Breast Cancer Patients Under 50

A higher-dose, shorter form of radiation is safe, effective, and no more damaging to the breast tissue or skin of breast cancer patients under age 50 than it is in older patients. This is the finding of a study led by researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at New York University (NYU)...

lymphoma

Molecular Profiling of Key Survival Proteins in B-Cell Lymphoma Subtypes

Investigators at the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson uncovered potential new proteins that contribute to the development and progression of several types of lymphoma. Their findings were published by Adams et al in Clinical Cancer Research. The researchers focused their attention on...

gastrointestinal cancer

Nivolumab Approved in Japan for Unresectable Advanced or Recurrent Gastric Cancer That Has Progressed After Chemotherapy

On September 22, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer which has progressed after chemotherapy. This approval was based on the phase III ...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Shorter Course of Radiation Therapy Safe for Younger Women With Breast Cancer

A higher-dose, shorter form of radiation is safe, effective, and no more damaging to the breast tissue or skin of women with breast cancer under age 50 than it is in older patients, according to findings led by researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health, and presented at the...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Cancer Has Plagued My Family

My father, who was a physician, taught me at an early age to pay attention to any changes in my body. His advice has stood me in good stead for more than 83 years and probably saved my life more than once. In 1984, just before I turned 50, something was bothering me about my right breast. I could...

Epithelioma Tubule De Nez, Albumen Print Paris, 1872

The text and photograph on this page are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology Tumors & Treatment: A Photographic History, by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS, and Elizabeth A. Burns. The photo below is from the volume titled “The Anesthesia Era: 1845–1875.” The photograph...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pembrolizumab for Advanced Gastric Cancer

On September 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) as ...

issues in oncology

Increasing Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Oncology Workforce

Although significant progress has been made in cancer incidence and mortality in the United States over the past 2 decades—the death rate fell 23% between 1991 and 20121—not everyone is benefiting equally. According to the American Cancer Society, blacks have the highest death rate and shortest...

National Committee for Quality Assurance Recognizes Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson

The Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center of the Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia has announced the receipt of two accolades by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). Jefferson Oncology Medical Associates has been recognized by the NCQA for patient-centered specialty practice (PCSP)...

Endocrine Society Names V. Craig Jordan, OBE, PhD, 2018 Laureate

V. Craig Jordan, OBE, PhD, has been recognized by the Endocrine Society as the 2018 Laureate of the Gerald D. Aurbach Award for Outstanding Translational Research. Dr. Jordan is the Dallas/Fort Worth Living Legend Chair of Cancer Research in the Department of Breast Medical Oncology at The...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Adjuvant Pertuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Value Yet to Be Demonstrated

The ASCO Post issue of June 25, 2017, did an excellent job of summarizing the results and controversy generated by the initial results of the APHINITY trial, reported at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and published simultaneously online in The New England Journal of Medicine.1 With a median follow-up ...

Anthony Back, MD, to Receive Inaugural Walther Cancer Foundation Award

ASCO will honor Anthony Back, MD, with its inaugural Walther Cancer Foundation Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Endowed Award and Lecture. Endowed by the Walther Cancer Foundation,* this award and lecture was established to recognize a distinguished lecturer and leader with multiple,...

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