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breast cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Abemaciclib as Initial Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

On October 12, Eli Lilly and Company announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review designation to its New Drug Application (NDA) for abemaciclib (Verzenio), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor. MONARCH 3 The NDA was based upon the positive interim...

breast cancer

Relationship Between Targeted HER2 Therapy and Breast Reconstruction

Trastuzumab (Herceptin) therapy for breast cancers that express the HER2 protein does not increase the risk of complications at the surgical site in women who undergo immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy, according to findings published by Shammas et al in the Journal of the American...

breast cancer

Study Finds 'Standard Care' Treatments in Breast Cancer Clinical Trials Not Always Standard

Historically, randomized controlled trials have served as the state-of-the-art method for determining the efficacy and safety of new, innovative treatment regimens for patients with cancer and other diseases. It is imperative that such trials are carefully designed to ensure that they are...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Pertuzumab for Adjuvant Treatment of HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

On September 29, Roche announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the company’s supplemental Biologics License Application and granted Priority Review for pertuzumab (Perjeta), in combination with trastuzumab (Herceptin) and chemotherapy, for adjuvant treatment of...

breast cancer

ASTRO 2017: Shorter Course of Radiation Treatment Safe for Breast Cancer Patients Under 50

A higher-dose, shorter form of radiation is safe, effective, and no more damaging to the breast tissue or skin of breast cancer patients under age 50 than it is in older patients. This is the finding of a study led by researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at New York University (NYU)...

breast cancer

ASTRO 2017: Accelerated Breast Radiation Therapy Following Mastectomy Can Shorten Treatment Time While Maintaining Tumor Control

Radiation therapy following mastectomy for intermediate-stage, high-risk breast cancer can be shortened from 5 to 3 weeks while maintaining tumor control rates in the breast and surrounding region that are equivalent to conventional treatment, according to research presented by Sun et al at the...

breast cancer

ASTRO 2017: Patients With Breast Cancer Find Radiation Therapy Experience Better Than Expected

A new survey finds breast cancer patients’ actual radiation therapy experiences largely exceeded their expectations. The survey, which addressed the fears and misconceptions regarding radiation therapy for breast cancer, found that more than three-fourths of the breast cancer patients...

breast cancer

Shulian Wang, MD, and Benjamin Movsas, MD, on Breast Cancer: Radiation Therapy After Mastectomy

Shulian Wang, MD, of the National Cancer Center in Beijing, and Benjamin Movsas, MD, of the Henry Ford Health System, discuss study results on the use of hypofractionated radiation therapy after mastectomy for the treatment of high-risk breast cancer (Abstract PL01).

breast cancer

ESMO 2017: MONARCH 3: Abemaciclib as Initial Therapy Improves Outcome in Endocrine-Sensitive Advanced Breast Cancer

The results of the MONARCH 3 trial, presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract 236O_PR), showed that adding the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib to endocrine therapy improved progression-free survival compared to endocrine...

breast cancer

ESMO 2017: Adding Taselisib to Neoadjuvant Letrozole Improves Outcomes in Early Breast Cancer

Adding taselisib to letrozole before surgery significantly improved outcomes for patients with early breast cancer that was both estrogen receptor–positive and HER2-negative, according to results of the LORELEI trial, presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress ...

breast cancer

Judy E. Garber, MD, MPH, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: An Update

Judy E. Garber, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, offers expert perspectives on the role of PARP inhibitors in treating triple-negative breast cancer.

breast cancer

Marleen Kok, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the TONIC Trial

Marleen Kok, MD, PhD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses findings from an adaptive phase II noncomparative trial of nivolumab after induction treatment in triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract LBA14).

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective on CDK4 Inhibitors

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, summarizes a session she chaired in which the rationale to target CDK4, data on efficacy of the inhibitors, and triple combination therapy with PI3K were discussed.

breast cancer

ESMO 2017: MINDACT Study in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Shows Even Small Tumors Can Be Aggressive

Even small tumors in the breast can be aggressive, according to a study in patients with early-stage breast cancer presented at the 2017 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress in Madrid (Abstract 150O_PR). Researchers found that 24% of small tumors were aggressive, and patients...

breast cancer

FDA Clears Mammography Device With Option for Patient-Assisted Compression

On September 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared the first 2D digital mammography system that allows patients to increase or decrease the amount of compression applied to their own breast before the mammogram x-ray is taken. “Regular mammograms are an important tool in...

breast cancer

Genetic Variant May Significantly Lower Risk of Breast Cancer in Women With History of Preeclampsia

Researchers have demonstrated that women with a history of preeclampsia have as much as a 90% decrease in breast cancer risk if they carry a specific common gene variant. Further studies are now underway to determine the mechanism of this protection in an effort to develop new breast cancer...

breast cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to DS-8201 for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

On August 29, Daiichi Sankyo announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to DS-8201, an investigational HER2-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Fulvestrant as Monotherapy for Expanded Use in Breast Cancer

On August 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fulvestrant (Faslodex) at 500 mg as monotherapy for expanded use in women with hormone receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–negative advanced breast cancer who have gone through menopause...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

Loss of Heterozygosity in BRCA Gene May Influence Survival in Breast and Ovarian Cancers

Researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found a relationship between the genetics of tumors with germline BRCA1/2 mutations—and whether the tumor retains the normal copy of the BRCA1/2 gene—and risk for primary resistance to a common...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Comparison of Screening Recommendations for Mammography

When to initiate screening for breast cancer, how often to screen, and how long to screen are questions that continue to spark emotional debates. A new study compares the number of deaths that might be prevented as a result of three of the most widely discussed recommendations for screening...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Perioperative Anti-inflammatory, Antistress Drugs May Reduce Postsurgical Metastatic Disease Recurrence

Most cancer-related deaths are the result of postsurgical metastatic recurrence. A new Tel Aviv University (TAU) study published by Shaashua et al in Clinical Cancer Research found a specific drug regimen administered prior to and after surgery significantly reduces the risk of postsurgical cancer...

breast cancer

Fulvestrant Receives EC Approval as First-Line Therapy for Advanced Breast Cancer

On July 26, the European Commission (EC) approved fulvestrant (Falsodex) for the treatment of estrogen receptor–positive, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women not previously treated with endocrine therapy. The EC approval is based on pivotal data from the...

breast cancer
solid tumors

CDK4/6 Inhibitors Have a Manageable Toxicity Profile, Are Generally Well Tolerated in Patients With Breast Cancer

A class of oral drugs for treating breast cancer known as cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors are generally well-tolerated, with a manageable toxicity profile for most patients. This is the conclusion of a comprehensive review of toxicities and drug interactions related to this class of...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Radiation Reduces Risk of Secondary Tumors in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers conducted a first-of-its-kind study comparing the long-term benefits of radiation therapy in women with breast cancer in the neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings. Their study, published by Poleszczuk et al in Breast Cancer Research, found that patients who have...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Neratinib for Extended Adjuvant Treatment of Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved neratinib (Nerlynx) for the extended adjuvant treatment of adult patients with early-stage HER2-overexpressed/amplified breast cancer, to follow adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin)-based therapy. ExteNET Trial Approval was based on the ExteNET...

breast cancer

Priority Review Granted for Abemaciclib in the Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

On July 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for abemaciclib, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, and gave the NDA a Priority Review designation. The NDA includes Eli Lilly and Company’s submission of abemaciclib for two indications: ...

breast cancer

MammaPrint Test Addressed in ASCO Breast Cancer Guideline Update

New recommendations on the use of the MammaPrint genomic test issued on July 10 will help guide decisions on adjuvant systemic therapy for women with early breast cancer. The recommendations update the ASCO 2016 clinical practice guideline on the use of biomarkers in these patients. The...

breast cancer

Fat Grafting and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Postmastectomy Breast Reconstruction

The use of fat grafting as a tool for breast reconstruction following a mastectomy may improve breast satisfaction, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being in patients, according to a study published by Bennett et al in JAMA Surgery. Fat grafting as an adjunct to breast reconstruction...

breast cancer

NCCN Guidelines® Compliance for Chest CT May Reduce False Positives and Decrease Health-Care Spending in Breast Cancer

According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data, more than 260,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States in 2016, most of whom were diagnosed with early-stage (stage I or II) disease. For this demographic, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network®...

breast cancer
prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Imaging Metastatic Breast and Prostate Cancer Using Dual-Agent PET/MRI With Time of Flight

Simultaneous injections of the radiopharmaceuticals fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) and fluorine-18 sodium fluoride (F-18 NaF) followed by quantitative scanning significantly improved image quality and detection of bone metastases at a lower dose, according to research presented at...

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Richard S. Finn, MD, on Breast Cancer: Findings From the PALOMA-1/TRIO 18 Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Richard S. Finn, MD, of UCLA Medical Center, discuss phase II overall survival findings on palbociclib in combination with letrozole vs letrozole alone for front-line treatment of ER+/HER2– advanced breast cancer. (Abstract 1001)

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Early HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Results of the PlanB Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of Brustzentrum der Universität München, discuss study findings on adjuvant 4xEC→4x doc vs 6x docetaxel/cyclophosphamide in patients with high clinical risk and intermediate-to-high genomic risk HER2-negative, early ...

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: I-SPY 2 Trial: Combination of Pembrolizumab Plus Standard Neoadjuvant Therapy in High-Risk Breast Cancer

At the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, results were presented from the phase II I-SPY 2 trial investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with standard therapy (paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide) as a neoadjuvant treatment for patients with locally advanced triple-negative ...

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Mark E. Robson, MD, on HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the OlympiAD Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Mark E. Robson, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss phase III study findings on olaparib monotherapy vs chemotherapy for patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer and a germline BRCA mutation. (Abstract LBA4)

breast cancer

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, on HER2+ Breast Cancer: Results From the APHINITY Trial

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, of the German Breast Group, discusses study findings on a randomized comparison of chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and placebo vs chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. (Abstract LBA500)

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: The APHINITY Trial: Adding a Second HER2 Blocker May Lower Chance of Invasive Breast Cancer for Some Women

A phase III clinical trial of 4,805 women with HER2-positive breast cancer suggests the addition of a second HER2-targeted medicine, pertuzumab (Perjeta), to standard-of-care trastuzumab (Herceptin) after surgery may improve outcomes, although the benefit is modest. The study was presented by von...

breast cancer

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, on HER2+ Breast Cancer: Results From the APHINITY Trial

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, of the German Breast Group, discusses study findings on a randomized comparison of chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and placebo vs chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. (Abstract LBA500)

breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective on the MONARCH 2 Trial

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, gives his views on findings on abemaciclib in combination with fulvestrant in patients with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer who progressed on endocrine therapy. (Abstract 1000)

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: OlympiAD Trial: Olaparib Slows Growth of BRCA-Related Metastatic Breast Cancer

Findings from a phase III clinical trial of about 300 women may introduce poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors as a new type of treatment for breast cancer. Compared to standard chemotherapy, the oral targeted medicine olaparib (Lynparza) reduced the chance of progression of advanced,...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, on Pregnancy in Breast Cancer Patients: Results From a Multicenter Study

Matteo Lambertini, MD, of the Institut Jules Bordet, discusses a long-term follow-up analysis of the safety of pregnancy in patients with a history of estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer. (Abstract LBA10066)

breast cancer
survivorship

ASCO 2017: Pregnancy After Breast Cancer Does Not Increase Chance of Recurrence

Findings from a retrospective study of 1,200 women provide reassurance to breast cancer survivors who are contemplating pregnancy. In the study, women who became pregnant after an early breast cancer diagnosis, including those with estrogen receptor–positive tumors, did not have a higher...

breast cancer
supportive care

ASCO 2017: Conquer Fear Intervention Lowers Young Breast Cancer Survivors’ Fear of Cancer Recurrence

About 50% of all cancer survivors and 70% of young breast cancer survivors report a moderate to high fear of recurrence. The fear can be so distressing that it negatively affects medical follow-up behavior, mood, relationships, work, goal setting, and quality of life. Yet interventions to alleviate ...

breast cancer

Image-Guided Biopsies Accurately Identify Patients With Breast Cancer Who Achieve Pathologic Complete Response Following Neoadjuvant Therapy

In a clinical feasibility trial conducted at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, image-guided biopsies identified select breast cancer patients who achieved pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant systemic therapy consisting of chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. Should the...

breast cancer

Study Finds Hypofractionated Whole-Breast Irradiation Leads Breast Cancer Radiation Therapies in Cost-Effectiveness, Quality of Life

In a study of three radiation therapies for early-stage breast cancer, one treatment option stands out as offering the most value based on factors including health outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and quality of life. The treatment—hypofractionated whole-breast irradiation—also requires...

breast cancer

ASCO and CAP Invite Comment on Focused Update to HER2 Testing Guideline in Breast Cancer

Draft recommendations as part of a focused update to the ASCO/College of American Pathologists (CAP) evidence-based guideline for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) testing in breast cancer are now open for public comment through June 12, 2017. For patients with invasive breast...

breast cancer

Alcohol Consumption May Be Associated With Higher Risk of Breast Cancer in African American Women

Alcohol intake was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in a large study of African American women, indicating that they, like white women, may benefit from limiting their alcohol consumption, according to results of a study published by Williams et al in Cancer Epidemiology,...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Ribociclib/Letrozole Co‑Pack for Postmenopausal Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On May 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the copackaging of ribociclib (Kisqali) and letrozole (Femara) tablets for the treatment of hormone receptor–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal ...

breast cancer

IMPAKT 2017: Few Variations in Somatic Mutations Observed Between Pregnant and Nonpregnant Patients With Breast Cancer

Findings comparing the mutational landscape in pregnant and nonpregnant patients with breast cancer that sought to define whether the disease may have a different biology in pregnant women were reported by Loibl et al at the 2017 IMPAKT Breast Cancer Conference, held in Brussels (Abstract...

breast cancer

IMPAKT 2017: Luminal Androgen Receptor Subtype of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Demonstrates Sensitivity to CDK4/6 Inhibition

Researchers have identified a subtype of triple-negative breast cancer that may be responsive to inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), according to findings presented by Asghar et al at the 2017 IMPAKT Breast Cancer Conference, held in Brussels (Abstract 44P). This study also...

breast cancer

IMPAKT 2017: High Baseline Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Levels Signal Superior Responses in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Baseline levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in pretreatment biopsies from patients with HER2-positive breast cancer are significantly associated with pathologic complete response rates following neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus anti-HER2 agents (trastuzumab [Herceptin], lapatinib...

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