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leukemia

Early Studies Examine Response of CML-Initiating Cells to Ezh2 Inhibition

Although targeted drugs like imatinib (Gleevec) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), patients generally must take them for the rest of their lives and may cease benefiting from them over time. New research conducted by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Adolescent Girls With Leukemia May Not Be Screened for Pregnancy Before Beginning Chemotherapy

A new study indicates that adolescent females with acute leukemia have low rates of pregnancy screening prior to receiving chemotherapy that can cause birth defects. These findings were published by Rao et al in Cancer. Although many chemotherapy drugs can cause birth defects, there are no...

Leukemia

Venetoclax Produces High Response Rate in Relapsed or Refractory CLL With 17p Deletion

In a pivotal phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stephan Stilgenbauer, MD, of Ulm University, Germany, and colleagues found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (ABT-199) produced a high response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with the 17p ...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Is Extramedullary Disease at Diagnosis Prognostic in Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

The presence of extramedullary disease at acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis was not an independent prognostic factor for worse survival, based on an analysis of data from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group–American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ECOG-ACRIN) reported by Ganzel...

leukemia

FDA Approves Blinatumomab for Use in Pediatric Patients With Ph-Negative Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) to include new data supporting the treatment of pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute...

leukemia

Study Finds Minimal Residual Disease Assessment Improves Prediction of Outcome in CLL Responders

Assessment of minimal residual disease was associated with improved prediction of outcome in responders, as well as complete responders, in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who respond to treatment. Kovacs et al reported these findings, which are based on an analysis of two phase...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Roundup of Selected Abstracts in Multiple Myeloma, Acute and Chronic Leukemia, and Advanced Lymphoma

In June 2016, the European Hematology Association Congress convened in Copenhagen, Denmark. The educational and scientific program highlighted state-of-the-art clinical practice and the latest findings in hematology research. The ASCO Post brings its readers brief summaries of some of the important ...

leukemia

FDA Approves Ofatumumab in Combination With Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide for Relapsed CLL

Genmab A/S announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a supplemental Biologics License Application for the use of ofatumumab (Arzerra) in combination with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide for the treatment of patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia...

Leukemia

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on chronic lymphocytic leukemia. These studies are investigating multiple combination chemotherapies; regimens for relapsed and/or refractory disease; the role of inhibitors;...

Leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Improves Outcomes vs Standard Therapy in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues found that treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin resulted in a greater complete remission rate and improved ...

Leukemia

Pediatric Regimen Yields Improved Survival for Adults With ALL

Arisk-stratified analysis of the Nordic Society for Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO) protocol ALL2008 showed almost identical outcomes in adults and children aged 1 to 45 years with Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Nina Toft, MD, of the Herlev University Hospital...

Leukemia

New Upfront Treatment Algorithm Emerges for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

According to Susan M. O’Brien, MD, an expert in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), novel agents and new data on patient subsets have led to a new upfront treatment algorithm for this malignancy. Speaking at the 2016 Pan Pacific Lymphoma Conference in Koloa, Hawaii, Dr. O’Brien...

Leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Shows Clear Benefit in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In patients with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin produced significantly more complete remissions and was a better bridge to transplant than treatment by physician’s choice, according to the final results of a phase III trial...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Study Finds Venetoclax Monotherapy Safe and Clinically Active in AML

A phase II study has found venetoclax (Venclexta) to be clinically active in patients with high-risk relapsed/refractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or those unfit for intensive chemotherapy, with an overall response rate of 19% and a tolerable safety profile. The study results, which were...

Leukemia

Juno Therapeutics to Resume JCAR015 Phase II ROCKET Trial After FDA Clinical Hold

Juno Therapeutics, Inc., announced on July 12, 2016, that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has removed the clinical hold on the phase II clinical trial of JCAR015 (known as the ROCKET trial; clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT02535364) in adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell...

leukemia

Study Evaluates Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease Burden and Complications in Patients Receiving Bone Marrow Transplants

A University of Colorado Cancer Center study compared outcomes of leukemia patients receiving bone marrow transplants from 2009 to 2014, finding that 3 years post transplant, the incidence of severe chronic graft-vs-host disease was significantly higher in patients who had received transplants from ...

Survivorship
Leukemia
Lymphoma

My Commitment to Helping Other Survivors of Childhood Cancers

When I was diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) at the age of 2 in 1974, not much was known about the cancer or the side effects of its treatment. Too young to understand what was happening to me, the burden fell to my parents and older sibling to protect and care for me. For more than...

Leukemia

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase I/II Study Title: A Phase I-II Randomized Trial of a Combination of ­Nintedanib/Placebo in Combination With Induction Chemotherapy for Patients With Refractory or First-Relapse AML Study Type: Phase I/II/interventional/parallel assignment Study Sponsor and Collaborators: Yale University,...

Leukemia

Genomic Classification and Outcome in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Elli Papaemmanuil, PhD, of the Cancer Genome Project, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, and colleagues have identified 11 genomic subgroups in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with distinct diagnostic features and clinical outcomes. AML...

leukemia
lymphoma

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, on ALL/Lymphoma: Upfront and Salvage Treatments in Older Patients

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, discusses the challenges of treating older patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoma, and the positive results with newer regimens using blinatumomab and inotuzumab.

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Selected Hematology Abstracts From the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting

Here are several abstracts selected from the proceedings of the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting, focusing on clinical trials on therapeutics in different types of leukemia, multiple myeloma, follicular lymphoma, and central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. For full details of these study abstracts, visit...

leukemia

Juno Therapeutics to Resume JCAR015 Phase II ROCKET Trial After FDA Clinical Hold

Juno Therapeutics, Inc, announced on July 12, 2016, that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has removed the clinical hold on the phase II clinical trial of JCAR015 (known as the ROCKET trial) in adult patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Under the ...

leukemia

Shorter Remission Telomere Length Associated With Prolonged Neutropenia After Pediatric AML Treatment

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gerbing et al found that prolonged posttreatment neutropenia was associated with shorter chromosomal telomere length in pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details The study included 53 patients ...

Leukemia

Increased Risk for Cardiovascular Events Seen in Patients With CML Taking Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors have dramatically increased survival for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), continuous administration of these drugs may elicit long-term toxicity, including cardiovascular adverse events. To investigate the incidence of vascular events in patients...

leukemia

Relapse of Leukemia After Bone Marrow Transplantation: Cytomegalovirus Infection Has No Protective Effect

Recent studies on a small number of patients with leukemia treated with bone marrow transplantation have suggested that the presence of the common cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients or their donors may protect against relapse or even death after the transplant. A large international study published...

Leukemia

CAR T-Cell Dose Refinement May Reduce Cytokine-Release Syndrome in Patients With Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been effective in adults and children with advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but along with efficacy, the treatment can stimulate cytokine-­release syndrome, which can be deadly if it goes unrecognized and untreated. Adjusting the dose...

Geriatric Oncology
Supportive Care
Leukemia

Assessment of Fitness, Function, and Quality of Life Essential in Treatment of Older Patients With CLL

Significant progress has been made in the past 2 decades in the care of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Recently, the therapeutic armamentarium has expanded for such patients with the introduction of new targeted agents. CLL is predominantly a disease of the elderly, with a...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Genomic Classification and Outcome in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Papaemmanuil et al have identified 11 genomic subgroups in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with distinct diagnostic features and clinical outcomes. AML Subgroups The study included analysis of driver mutations in 111 cancer genes and...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Study Finds Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Improves Outcomes vs Standard Therapy in Relapsed/Refractory ALL

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kantarjian et al found that treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin resulted in a greater complete remission rate and improved overall survival vs standard therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Increased Risk for Cardiovascular Events Seen in Patients With CML Taking Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors have dramatically increased survival for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), continuous administration of these drugs may elicit long-term toxicity, including cardiovascular adverse events. To investigate the incidence of vascular events in patients...

leukemia
lymphoma

Sagar Lonial, MD, and Andrew Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on MCL, DLBCL, CLL: How Much Rituximab Is Enough?

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine, and Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss newly reported findings on rituximab maintenance therapy in hematologic malignancies (Abstracts 7503, 7504, and 7505).

Leukemia

Seattle Children’s Reports Promising Early Results With Immunotherapy in Relapsed ALL

Seattle Children’s announced that 39 of 42 patients treated in a phase I clinical trial using genetically reprogrammed T cells to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have achieved complete remission, showing no detectable leukemia cells. Phase II of this trial, known as...

leukemia
cost of care

ASCO 2016: Patients With Cancer With ACA Policies Swiftly Reach Out-of-Pocket Caps

Duke Cancer Institute researchers have found that a hypothetical leukemia patient buying the life-extending drug therapy for his condition would reach his annual out-of-pocket maximum in a month on most of the bronze policies and half of the silver policies offered through the Affordable Care Act...

leukemia

First-Line Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide, and Rituximab vs Bendamustine/Rituximab in Advanced CLL

In a European phase III noninferiority trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Eichhorst et al found that progression-free survival was better with standard first-line fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab vs bendamustine/rituximab in fit patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

5-Year Results of DASISION Trial of Dasatinib vs Imatinib in CML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Cortes et al, the final 5-year results of the DASISION trial support the safety and efficacy of dasatinib (Sprycel) as first-line treatment in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. Initial results in the trial led to...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

International Prognostic Index for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The International Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia–International Prognostic Index (CLL-IPI) working group has developed an IPI for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia based on a meta-analysis of individual patient data, as reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details The meta-analysis...

Leukemia

Venetoclax for Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia With 17p Deletion

On April 11, 2016, venetoclax ­(Venclexta) was approved for treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test, who have received at least one prior therapy.1,2 The accelerated approval was based...

Supportive Care
Leukemia

Recent Reports on Treatment for Leukemias, Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome, and Graft-vs-Host Disease

In this installment of Hematology Expert Review, I will summarize five studies from the recent literature addressing important questions about leukemias and their treatment, anticoagulant therapy with the new agent defibrotide (Defitelio), and the use of antilymphocyte globulin to prevent chronic...

Cost of Care
Leukemia

The Arrival of Generic Imatinib Into the U.S. Market: An Educational Event

Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec), a Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is approved therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the United States. Imatinib is a miraculous drug that results in a normal functional lifespan in most patients with CML who can afford and comply with the treatment and who ...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Venetoclax Produces High Response Rate in Relapsed or Refractory CLL With 17p Deletion

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stilgenbauer et al found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (Venclexta) produced a high response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with the 17p deletion (del [17p]). The study supported the recent...

leukemia

Risk Factors for Acute Pancreatitis in Children/Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al found that Native American ancestry, older age, higher cumulative dose of asparaginase, and a rare variant of the CPA2 gene increased risk for pancreatitis in children/young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study...

leukemia

Benefit of Dexamethasone and High-Dose Methotrexate in Children/Young Adults With High-Risk B-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

As reported by Larsen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, final data from the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0232 trial indicate that the event-free survival benefit of high-dose methotrexate was maintained in children/young adults with high-risk B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia....

leukemia

FDA Grants sBLA for Blinatumomab in Pediatric Patients With Ph–Negative Relapsed/Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

Amgen announced on May 3 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for priority review the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) to include new data supporting the treatment of pediatric and adolescent patients with Philadelphia...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Donor Epstein-Barr Virus Status Affects Risk for Graft-vs-Host Disease but Not Survival in Acute Leukemia After HSCT

Positive donor Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) serostatus increases the risk for graft-vs-host disease but does not affect relapse-free or overall survival among patients with acute leukemia receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), according to a study from the Acute...

Leukemia

Potential Biomarker for Carfilzomib Activity in CLL

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is active in B-cell neoplasms but exhibits heterogeneous activity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) samples. As reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Lamothe and colleagues examined the mechanism by which carfilzomib induces CLL cell death. In studies using CLL patient...

Leukemia

City of Hope Awarded NCI Research Grant for Potential Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug

A City of Hope research team led by Steven T. Rosen, MD, City of Hope’s Provost and Chief Scientific Officer, has been awarded a $2.3 million Research Project Grant (R01) from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to fund studies associated with a phase I/II clinical trial in relapsed/refractory...

leukemia

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia With 17p Deletion

On April 11, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved venetoclax (Venclexta) for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion, as detected by an FDA-approved test, who have received at least one prior therapy. Venetoclax is the first...

Lymphoma
Leukemia

Selected Abstracts From 2015 ASH Annual Meeting: Part 4

Here is the final installment of selected abstracts from the proceedings of the 2015 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition, focusing on Hodgkin lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. For other selected abstracts...

leukemia

Jeffrey Jones, MD, MPH, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Optimizing Treatment With New Agents

Jeffrey Jones, MD, MPH, of the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the use of small molecule inhibitors in developing an individualized treatment plan for patients with CLL.

leukemia

Jerald Radich, MD, on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Managing Advanced-Phase Disease

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses ways to prevent advanced-phase chronic myeloid leukemia through adherence to prescribed treatment and routine monitoring of disease burden.

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