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breast cancer

FDA Approves Neratinib for Extended Adjuvant Treatment of Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved neratinib (Nerlynx) for the extended adjuvant treatment of adult patients with early-stage HER2-overexpressed/amplified breast cancer, to follow adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin)-based therapy. ExteNET Trial Approval was based on the ExteNET...

breast cancer

Anthracycline-Free Adjuvant Treatment in Early TOP2A-Normal Breast Cancer

The Danish phase III DBCG 07-READ trial has shown no difference in disease-free survival with adjuvant docetaxel/cyclophosphamide vs epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and docetaxel in patients with early TOP2A-normal breast cancer. These trial results were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology...

breast cancer

Priority Review Granted for Abemaciclib in the Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

On July 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for abemaciclib, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, and gave the NDA a Priority Review designation. The NDA includes Eli Lilly and Company’s submission of abemaciclib for two indications: ...

breast cancer

MammaPrint Test Addressed in ASCO Breast Cancer Guideline Update

New recommendations on the use of the MammaPrint genomic test issued on July 10 will help guide decisions on adjuvant systemic therapy for women with early breast cancer. The recommendations update the ASCO 2016 clinical practice guideline on the use of biomarkers in these patients. The...

breast cancer

Effect of Patient-Reported Symptoms on Adherence to Preventive Treatment for Breast Cancer

In an analysis of the UK cohort of the International Breast Cancer Intervention Study (IBIS-I) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smith et al found similar effects of predefined symptoms on nonadherence in both tamoxifen and placebo recipients. IBIS-I randomized women at high risk of...

Breast Cancer

Neoadjuvant Studies of Endocrine Approaches in Breast Cancer Mandated Before Embarking on Large Adjuvant Studies

Largely based on studies demonstrating that letrozole can suppress plasma estradiol levels to a greater extent than anastrozole,1 the adjuvant activity of these endocrine agents were compared in 4,136 patients with node-positive breast cancer in the FACE trial. As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO ...

Breast Cancer

No Efficacy Difference Between Adjuvant Letrozole and Anastrozole in Postmenopausal Women With Early Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ian E. Smith, MD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, and colleagues, final results of the phase III FACE trial showed no difference in disease-free or overall survival for adjuvant letrozole vs anastrozole in...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD

STUDY DISCUSSANT Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, of Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, entitled her remarks, “Target Practice in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer,” referring to the fact that there is currently no validated target in this aggressive...

Breast Cancer

Potent PARP Inhibitor Moves Ahead in BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

TALAZOPARIB, a novel inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), showed encouraging efficacy in breast cancer patients with BRCA1/2 mutations in the phase II ABRAZO trial, presented at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting by Nicholas C. Turner, MD, of the Royal Marsden Hospital and The Institute of...

breast cancer

Fat Grafting and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Postmastectomy Breast Reconstruction

The use of fat grafting as a tool for breast reconstruction following a mastectomy may improve breast satisfaction, psychosocial well-being, and sexual well-being in patients, according to a study published by Bennett et al in JAMA Surgery. Fat grafting as an adjunct to breast reconstruction...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD

Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, of the Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy at Johns Hopkins University, commented on the promise of anti–programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) agents in triple-negative breast cancer. She noted that “an emerging theme...

Breast Cancer

Pembrolizumab Moving Forward in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer, checkpoint inhibition is making inroads in both early- and late-stage disease, and the line of treatment and expression of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) could be important in determining outcomes, according to studies reported at the...

Breast Cancer

Scalp Cooling to Prevent Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia: Is It Now Ready for Prime Time?

In oncology, sometimes we forget about the small, everyday things that can significantly impact a patient’s life. When patients are explained the side effects of chemotherapy and chemotherapy-induced alopecia, most women will cry or become visibly upset. When a woman loses her hair, it represents...

Breast Cancer

Two Studies Show Scalp Cooling Reduces Hair Loss in Women Receiving Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

An interim analysis of the SCALP trial, reported in JAMA by Julie Nangia, MD, of Baylor College of Medicine, and colleagues, showed that use of a scalp-cooling device significantly reduced hair loss in women receiving chemotherapy for stage I or II breast cancer compared with no scalp cooling.1 The ...

breast cancer

Interventionist-Guided Weight Loss Program for African American Breast Cancer Survivors

As reported by Stolley et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a community-based interventionist-guided weight loss program for African American breast cancer survivors (Moving Forward) proved successful in achieving weight loss goals compared with a self-guided weight loss program. African...

breast cancer

Study Estimates Risks of Breast and Ovarian Cancers in BRCA1/2-Mutation Carriers

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA, Kuchenbaecker et al derived estimates of cumulative risks for breast, ovarian, and contralateral breast cancers among women carrying BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. Study Details The study involved data from 6,036 BRCA1 and 3,820 BRCA2 carriers recruited...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Harold Burstein, MD, Carey Anders, MD, and William Sikov, MD

Several breast cancer experts weighed in on the findings of the APHINITY trial. At an ASCO press briefing, Harold Burstein, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and breast cancer specialist at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, pointed out that investigators estimated a ...

Breast Cancer

Positive Results for APHINITY, but Value of Benefit of Dual HER2 Blockade Questioned

The results of the long-awaited APHINITY trial are in, and although the phase III study met its primary endpoint, it failed to establish dual HER2 blockade as the optimal adjuvant treatment for early HER2-positive breast cancer. After 3 years of follow-up, the addition of pertuzumab (Perjeta) to...

Breast Cancer

Pregnancy After Breast Cancer

Findings from a retrospective study showed that women who became pregnant after an early breast cancer diagnosis, including those with estrogen receptor–positive tumors, did not have a higher chance of cancer recurrence and death than those who did not become pregnant.1 Matteo Lambertini, MD, of...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Richard S. Finn, MD and Ingrid A. Mayer, MD

Richard S. Finn, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, commented on MONARCH 2 and the field of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibition in general in an interview with The ASCO Post. “MONARCH 2 is confirmatory for the role of CDK4/6 inhibition in estrogen...

Breast Cancer

Abemaciclib Plus Fulvestrant Delays Breast Cancer Progression in MONARCH 2

In the treatment of metastatic estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer, a highly significant 45% reduction in progression was achieved with abemaciclib, combined with fulvestrant (Faslodex), in the global phase III MONARCH 2 trial, reported at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting by George W. Sledge, MD,...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Allison Kurian, MD, MSc

Formal discussant of this paper, Allison Kurian, MD, MSc, of Stanford University School of Medicine, said: “I think these results are practice-changing. Toxicity and quality of life were better with olaparib [Lynparza].” Dr. Kurian noted that the study did not report correlative biomarkers for...

Breast Cancer

Olaparib Improves Progression-Free Survival in BRCA-Associated Breast Cancer

The PARP INHIBITOR olaparib (Lynparza) improved progression-free survival in women with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer that was either hormone receptor–positive or triple-negative in patients who had a germline BRCA mutation.1,2 These results of the international, randomized, open-label,...

breast cancer

NCCN Guidelines® Compliance for Chest CT May Reduce False Positives and Decrease Health-Care Spending in Breast Cancer

According to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data, more than 260,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States in 2016, most of whom were diagnosed with early-stage (stage I or II) disease. For this demographic, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network®...

breast cancer

Accelerated vs Standard Epirubicin and Capecitabine vs CMF in Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer

The phase III UK TACT2 trial has shown no efficacy benefit of accelerated vs standard epirubicin and a potential quality-of-life benefit of capecitabine vs CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil) as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by...

Breast Cancer

Cancer Gave Me the Impetus to Lose Weight

Fifteen years ago, my internist advised me to lose weight. But after seeing the yo-yo effects of dieting on friends and colleagues, I knew I would find the process of losing weight and gaining it back frustrating, so I ignored my physician’s advice. It wasn’t until I was diagnosed late this past...

Breast Cancer

Renowned Breast Cancer Researcher, Angela Hartley Brodie, PhD, Dies at 82

Angela Hartley Brodie, PhD, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, and an internationally recognized scientist whose groundbreaking cancer research is considered among the greatest advances in treating breast cancer, passed away on...

Breast Cancer

Growing Use of Molecular Pathology May Help Avoid Overtreatment of Early Breast Cancer

The emerging field of molecular pathology focuses on the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of genes and gene activity within organs and tissues. This information has transformed our thinking about the biologic diversity of breast cancers and has enhanced our treatment...

Breast Cancer

Monica Morrow, MD, Tumbled Gender Barriers to Build a Career in Surgical Oncology

Breast cancer surgeon Monica Morrow, MD, came from a town in the far northeast reaches of suburban Philadelphia. “I guess because there were only two girls in our family, I was the son my father never had, and he reared me that way. When we were playing catch, if I missed the ball and got hit in...

breast cancer

Equivalence Trial of Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Biosimilar CT-P6 vs Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

A phase III equivalence trial has shown comparable pathologic complete response rates with the proposed trastuzumab biosimilar CT-P6 vs reference trastuzumab (Herceptin) in neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive early breast cancer. The study was reported by Stebbing et al in The Lancet Oncology....

breast cancer

Trends in Surgery After Initial Lumpectomy for Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Morrow et al found that the rates of surgery after initial lumpectomy for stage I or II breast cancer have decreased with dissemination of guidelines advocating a minimal negative surgical margin. A 2014 consensus statement of the Society of Surgical Oncology...

breast cancer
prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Imaging Metastatic Breast and Prostate Cancer Using Dual-Agent PET/MRI With Time of Flight

Simultaneous injections of the radiopharmaceuticals fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) and fluorine-18 sodium fluoride (F-18 NaF) followed by quantitative scanning significantly improved image quality and detection of bone metastases at a lower dose, according to research presented at...

breast cancer

Combination of Buparlisib and Fulvestrant in Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase III BELLE-2 trial, the addition of the PI3K inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) improved progression-free survival in postmenopausal hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer—but at the cost of excessive toxicity. Results were reported in...

breast cancer

Adding Abemaciclib to Fulvestrant in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In the phase III MONARCH 2 trial reported at the recent ASCO Annual Meeting and in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sledge et al, the addition of the selective cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor abemaciclib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) improved progression-free survival in hormone...

Breast Cancer

Cancer Has Made Me a Better Person

Eight years ago, I was on top of the world. I had moved to Los Angeles, California, in 2007, from my home in Poços de Caldas, Brazil, to pursue my dream of launching a singing career in the United States, and was finally making progress. I had just completed composing songs for my debut album and...

Breast Cancer

Anthracyclines in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported by Joanne L. Blum, MD, PhD, of Baylor University Medical Center, Texas Oncology, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the efficacy analysis of the combined adjuvant Anthracyclines in Early Breast Cancer (ABC) Trials showed better invasive disease-free survival with taxane ...

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Richard S. Finn, MD, on Breast Cancer: Findings From the PALOMA-1/TRIO 18 Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Richard S. Finn, MD, of UCLA Medical Center, discuss phase II overall survival findings on palbociclib in combination with letrozole vs letrozole alone for front-line treatment of ER+/HER2– advanced breast cancer. (Abstract 1001)

Breast Cancer

Targeting the Androgen Receptor in Breast Cancer

One of the most active areas of research in breast cancer involves the targeting of the androgen receptor. Trials underway for androgen receptor antagonists and modulators, alone and in various combinations of available agents and novel therapies, are yielding encouraging early results. At the 2017 ...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Michael Berry, MD

Michael Berry, MD, a breast surgeon who is Director of the Margaret West Comprehensive Breast Center at The West Cancer Center, Memphis, told the The ASCO Post that these findings “echo what surgeons already know,” which is that lymphedema is a result of multiple insults to the axilla. But one...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Lymphedema Risk: It’s Not Just About the Surgery

In a study from the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, the risk of lymphedema in a population-based breast cancer cohort was related to multimodality therapy and not axillary surgery alone, investigators reported at the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) Annual Meeting.1 “Most patients...

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Early HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Results of the PlanB Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of Brustzentrum der Universität München, discuss study findings on adjuvant 4xEC→4x doc vs 6x docetaxel/cyclophosphamide in patients with high clinical risk and intermediate-to-high genomic risk HER2-negative, early breast cancer. (Abstract 504)

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: I-SPY 2 Trial: Combination of Pembrolizumab Plus Standard Neoadjuvant Therapy in High-Risk Breast Cancer

At the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, results were presented from the phase II I-SPY 2 trial investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with standard therapy (paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide) as a neoadjuvant treatment for patients with locally advanced triple-negative ...

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Mark E. Robson, MD, on HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the OlympiAD Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Mark E. Robson, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss phase III study findings on olaparib monotherapy vs chemotherapy for patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer and a germline BRCA mutation. (Abstract LBA4)

breast cancer

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, on HER2+ Breast Cancer: Results From the APHINITY Trial

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, of the German Breast Group, discusses study findings on a randomized comparison of chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and placebo vs chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. (Abstract LBA500)

breast cancer

OlympiAD Trial: Olaparib in Metastatic Breast Cancer With Germline BRCA Mutation

As reported in the Plenary Session at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robson et al, the phase III OlympiAD trial showed that the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib (Lynparza) prolonged progression-free survival vs standard therapy in...

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: The APHINITY Trial: Adding a Second HER2 Blocker May Lower Chance of Invasive Breast Cancer for Some Women

A phase III clinical trial of 4,805 women with HER2-positive breast cancer suggests the addition of a second HER2-targeted medicine, pertuzumab (Perjeta), to standard-of-care trastuzumab (Herceptin) after surgery may improve outcomes, although the benefit is modest. The study was presented by von...

breast cancer

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, on HER2+ Breast Cancer: Results From the APHINITY Trial

Gunter von Minckwitz, MD, of the German Breast Group, discusses study findings on a randomized comparison of chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and placebo vs chemotherapy, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer. (Abstract LBA500)

breast cancer

Jame Abraham, MD, on Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective on the MONARCH 2 Trial

Jame Abraham, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, gives his views on findings on abemaciclib in combination with fulvestrant in patients with HR+/HER2- advanced breast cancer who progressed on endocrine therapy. (Abstract 1000)

breast cancer

ASCO 2017: OlympiAD Trial: Olaparib Slows Growth of BRCA-Related Metastatic Breast Cancer

Findings from a phase III clinical trial of about 300 women may introduce poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors as a new type of treatment for breast cancer. Compared to standard chemotherapy, the oral targeted medicine olaparib (Lynparza) reduced the chance of progression of advanced,...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, on Pregnancy in Breast Cancer Patients: Results From a Multicenter Study

Matteo Lambertini, MD, of the Institut Jules Bordet, discusses a long-term follow-up analysis of the safety of pregnancy in patients with a history of estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer. (Abstract LBA10066)

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