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prostate cancer

ESMO 2017: Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer May Benefit From Addition of Docetaxel or Abiraterone/Prednisolone to Long-Term Hormone Therapy

Patients with high-risk prostate cancer starting long-term hormone therapy may benefit from two new treatments, according to late-breaking results from the STAMPEDE trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (LBA31_PR). Long-term hormone therapy...

prostate cancer

Alzheimer’s Disease Risk in Medicare Patients Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Baik et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Medicare patients who received androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer do not appear to be at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease and may have an extremely small increased risk for dementia. Study Details The study...

prostate cancer

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Prostate Cancer Treatment Findings: Expert Perspective

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of the San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, summarizes a session on the STAMPEDE and LATITUDE trials, as well as a third trial on docetaxel with androgen suppression for localized prostate cancer patients who relapsed after radical prostatectomy and/or radiotherapy (Abstracts LBA31, 783O, 784O).

Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Prostate Cancer

THE INFORMATION contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on patients with prostate cancer. These studies highlight noninvasive imaging, gene therapy, allogeneic bone marrow transplant, selective androgen receptor modulators, Vitamin D3...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Foundation Announces 2017 Young Investigator Awards Recipients

The Prostate Cancer Foundation has announced its 2017 Young Investigator (YI) Awards, which support early-career scientists who are focused on accelerating the delivery of life-extending and life-saving therapies for patients living with prostate cancer. The YI Awards provide 3 years of funding—a...

Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer

Maha Hussain, MD, FACP, FASCO, Credits Collaboration for Her Contributions to Genitourinary Cancer

Internationally recognized genitourinary oncologist Maha Hussain, MD, FACP, FASCO, was born and reared in Baghdad, Iraq. “I came from a family that stressed the value of higher education and especially medicine. I have three uncles who are physicians, and my father encouraged my three siblings and...

Prostate Cancer

Nicholas G. Nickols, MD, PhD, Awarded Grant to Identify Drivers of Prostate Cancer Metastasis

Nicholas G. Nickols, MD, PhD, an attending physician at the West Los Angeles Veteran Affairs Medical Center and Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine, has been awarded the prestigious 2017 VALOR Young Investigator Award by the Prostate Cancer Foundation....

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Kidney Cancer

Journal of Clinical Oncology Literature Update

Staying up-to-date in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The topics range from therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer...

Prostate Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up in PIVOT Trial Shows No Significant Benefit of Surgery vs Observation for Overall or Prostate Cancer Mortality

After 19.5 years of follow-up in the PIVOT trial, radical prostatectomy was not associated with significantly improved all-cause or prostate cancer mortality vs observation among men with localized prostate cancer.1 The long-term follow-up was reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of PIVOT Argues for Immediate Treatment of Men With Unfavorable-Risk and Possibly High-Volume, Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

The updated results of the PIVOT1 study—reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Wilt et al and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post (page 20)—did not show a statistically significant difference between treatment and observation for the initial management approach to men with newly...

Prostate Cancer

On My Way to Hospice Care, Immunotherapy Saved My Life

Two years ago, I was on my way to hospice care after numerous treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy failed to stop the progression of my stage IV castration-resistant prostate cancer. A last-minute call from my oncologist about a phase I trial of combination...

prostate cancer

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Be Associated With Higher Risk of Heart Failure in Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

Men with localized prostate cancer who received androgen-deprivation therapy were at significantly higher risk of heart failure than men who did not receive this therapy, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published by Haque et al in the British Journal of Cancer. In the past,...

prostate cancer

Postdiagnosis Statin Use and Mortality in Prostate Cancer

As reported by Larsen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a Danish retrospective study has shown reduced cancer-specific and all-cause mortality with postdiagnosis statin use in patients with prostate cancer. Study Details The study involved nationwide Danish registry data from 31,790...

prostate cancer

Metastasis-Free Survival as Surrogate for Overall Survival in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Xie et al found that metastasis-free survival was a strong surrogate for overall survival in patients with localized prostate cancer, potentially providing a metric that could accelerate assessment of new adjuvant therapy approaches. ...

prostate cancer

Reduced-Dose Cabazitaxel After Docetaxel in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the phase III PROSELICA trial reported by Eisenberger et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a cabazitaxel (Jevtana) dose of 20 mg/m2 (C20) was noninferior for overall survival vs the currently recommended dose of 25 mg/m2 (C25) after docetaxel treatment in metastatic castration-resistant...

Prostate Cancer

Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: An Old Form of Radiation Treatment That Is Still One of the Most Effective

BRACHYTHERAPY HAS a long track record in treating cancer, dating back to the first reported use of an implanted radioactive source in 1901, and brachytherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer dates back to 1914, when Pasteu and Degrais used a radium source inserted through a urethral catheter. ...

Prostate Cancer

ASCO/Cancer Care Ontario Joint Guideline Update: Brachytherapy for Patients With Prostate Cancer

AS REPORTED by Joseph Chin, MD, of London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO and Clinical Care Ontario (CCO) have issued a joint update to the prior CCO guideline on use of brachytherapy in patients with prostate cancer.1,2 The update ...

Prostate Cancer

International Consensus (or Not) on Management of Advanced Prostate Cancer

ALTHOUGH THE National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) strongly influence the management of advanced prostate cancer, they do not always reflect actual clinical practice. It turns out that in the real world, there are multiple areas ...

Prostate Cancer

Deep Androgen Suppression Plus Abiraterone and Prednisone: Effective Strategy for Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

ANTAGONISM OF THE ANDROGEN AXIS remains a cornerstone of systemic therapy for high-risk localized and metastatic prostate cancer, reflecting the central role of androgen-dependent biologic mechanisms in hormone-naive disease. Despite the use of standard androgen-deprivation therapy, men with...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

On My Way to Hospice Care, Immunotherapy Saved My Life

Two years ago, I was on my way to hospice care after numerous treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy failed to stop the progression of my stage IV castration-resistant prostate cancer. A last-minute call from my oncologist about a phase I combination trial of the...

prostate cancer

First-Line Cabazitaxel vs Docetaxel in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The phase III FIRSTANA trial has shown no difference in overall survival with two dose regimens of cabazitaxel (Jevtana) vs docetaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Results were reported by Oudard et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

prostate cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Immediate vs Delayed ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a health-related quality-of-life study among patients in the phase III TOAD trial, immediate vs delayed androgen-deprivation therapy was associated with early worsening of androgen-deprivation therapy–related symptoms but few other comparative adverse effects on functioning or quality of...

prostate cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary...

prostate cancer

Adverse Pathologic Findings in Low-Volume Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Patel et al found that among men undergoing elective radical prostatectomy, those with low-volume intermediate-risk disease had significantly higher rates of adverse pathologic findings compared than did those with very low-risk and low-risk...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Circulating Tumor DNA and Metastatic Tissue Biopsy in Identifying Mutations in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wyatt et al found high agreement between driver mutations in plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and metastatic tissue biopsy in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Mutations Identified in ctDNA In the study, targeted...

prostate cancer

Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer

A systematic review and meta-analysis has found no association between vasectomy and high-grade, advanced, or fatal prostate cancer but a weak association with any prostate cancer. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Bhindi et al. Study Details The analysis involved 53 studies,...

prostate cancer

Surgery vs Observation in Localized Prostate Cancer: Long-Term Follow-up of PIVOT Trial

After 19.5 years of follow-up in the PIVOT trial, radical prostatectomy was not associated with significantly improved all-cause or prostate cancer mortality vs observation among men with localized prostate cancer. The long-term follow-up data were reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by ...

Prostate Cancer

I Reject the Notion I’m on a Cancer Journey

I was diagnosed with stage IV prostate cancer in 2002. I had no idea the disease and its treatment would cause me to gain more than 50 pounds and nearly cripple me with pain. I had a transurethral resection of the prostate following my diagnosis and have had multiple testosterone-suppression...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Sumanta Pal, MD

LATITUDE Trial ASCO expert Sumanta Pal, MD, of the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center in Duarte, California, commented on the LATITUDE trial at a press conference. “In 2014, docetaxel added to hormonal therapy showed an improved survival benefit in two trials—CHAARTED and STAMPEDE. It was no ...

Prostate Cancer

Two Studies Show Abiraterone Plus Prednisolone/Prednisone Added to Standard Hormone Therapy Improves Survival in Advanced Prostate Cancer

The addition of abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) plus prednisolone/prednisone to standard androgen-deprivation therapy improves survival in men starting treatment for locally advanced or metastatic, hormone--naive prostate cancer, according to the results of two potentially practice-changing studies...

Prostate Cancer

Expect Questions About Shift in Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendation

A draft recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) advises that for men aged 55 to 69, the decision to be screened for prostate cancer should be an individual one, based on the man’s own values and priorities and discussions with a clinician about the potential benefits...

Prostate Cancer

USPSTF Emphasizes Importance of Informed Discussions About PSA Screening for Men Aged 55 to 69 Years

For a man aged 55 to 69 years, the decision to be screened for prostate cancer should be an individual one, based on the man’s own values and priorities and discussions with a clinician about the potential benefits and harms of screening, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) advised in ...

Prostate Cancer

Testosterone Replacement Therapy and the Risk of Prostate Cancer

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stacy Loeb, MD, of New York University, and colleagues found that use of testosterone replacement therapy was not associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and was associated with a lower risk of aggressive cancer among...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Preclinical Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Shown Highly Effective Against Prostate Cancer

Researchers presented a preclinical study at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) that demonstrated the efficacy and optimal dose for targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) to treat prostate cancer before and during surgery (Abstract 7). Targeted...

breast cancer
prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: Imaging Metastatic Breast and Prostate Cancer Using Dual-Agent PET/MRI With Time of Flight

Simultaneous injections of the radiopharmaceuticals fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) and fluorine-18 sodium fluoride (F-18 NaF) followed by quantitative scanning significantly improved image quality and detection of bone metastases at a lower dose, according to research presented at...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2017: PET/CT, Clinical Management, and Disease Detection in Prostate Cancer

An estimated one in seven American men will be affected by prostate cancer in their lifetime. Prostate-specific molecular imaging can help to clinically manage the disease much more efficiently, especially if the cancer returns, according to research revealed at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the...

Prostate Cancer

Ipilimumab vs Placebo in Metastatic Chemotherapy-Naive, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Without Visceral Metastases

In the phase III CA184-095trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tomasz M. Beer, MD, FACP, of the Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, and colleagues found that ipilimumab (Yervoy) did not increase overall survival vs placebo in men with asymptomatic or...

Prostate Cancer

Androgen Blockade and Salvage ­Radiation Therapy in Prostate Cancer: Cautious Optimism Amid Unanswered Questions

The recent report of results of RTOG 9601 by Shipley et al in The New England Journal of Medicine1—reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post—strongly supports the variably used practice of adding “androgen blockade” to salvage radiation therapy in men with a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA)...

Prostate Cancer

Survival Benefit of Adding Antiandrogen Therapy to Radiation in Recurrent Prostate Cancer: Final Results of RTOG 9601

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by W.U. Shipley, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and colleagues in the NRG Oncology Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG), the final analysis of the phase III RTOG 9601 trial shows that the addition of...

prostate cancer

T2:ERG and PCA3 RNA Urinary Testing for Detecting Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Combined testing for urinary PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) RNA may increase accuracy in identifying the risk for aggressive early prostate cancer, according to a study reported in JAMA Oncology by Sanda et al in the EDRN-PCA3 Study Group. Study Details The study involved 516 development cohort...

prostate cancer

Tanya B. Dorff, MD, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Expert Perspectives on STAMPEDE and a Phase IV Trial

Tanya B. Dorff, MD, of the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discuss two key presentations on prostate cancer: findings on adding abiraterone for men with high-risk prostate cancer starting long-term androgen-deprivation therapy, and an after-market study on continuing enzalutamide post PSA progression in men with chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (Abstracts LBA5003, 5004)

prostate cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Expert Perspectives on the LATITUDE Trial

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, and Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, examine the study findings on androgen-deprivation therapy with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or placebos in newly diagnosed high-risk metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer. (Abstract LBA3)

prostate cancer

LATITUDE Trial: Adding Abiraterone and Prednisone to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in a Plenary Session at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Fizazi et al, the phase III LATITUDE trial has shown that the addition of abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) and prednisone to androgen-deprivation therapy resulted in marked improvements in...

prostate cancer

Gerhardt Attard, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From an After-Market Study on Enzalutamide

Gerhardt Attard, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital and The Institute of Cancer Research, discusses trial results on continued enzalutamide post prostate-specific antigen progression in men with chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (Abstract 5004)

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, MBBS, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the STAMPEDE Trial

Nicholas D. James, MBBS, PhD, of Queen Elizabeth Hospital, discusses study findings on adding abiraterone for men with high-risk prostate cancer starting long-term androgen-deprivation therapy (Abstract LBA5003).

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the LATITUDE Trial

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the University Paris-Sud, discusses study findings on androgen-deprivation therapy with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone or placebos in newly diagnosed high-risk metastatic hormone-naive prostate cancer. (Abstract LBA3)

prostate cancer

ASCO 2017: LATITUDE Trial: Addition of Abiraterone to Standard Hormonal Therapy Improves Outcomes in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Adding abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) plus prednisone to standard hormonal therapy for men newly diagnosed with high-risk, metastatic prostate cancer lowers the chance of death by 38%. In a phase III clinical trial of 1,200 men, abiraterone also more than doubled the median time until the cancer...

prostate cancer

ASCO 2017: STAMPEDE Trial: Adding Abiraterone to Standard Treatment Improves Survival in Advanced Prostate Cancer

The STAMPEDE clinical trial of nearly 2,000 men shows that adding abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) to a standard initial treatment regimen for high-risk, advanced prostate cancer lowers the relative risk of death by 37%. The 3-year survival rate was 76% with standard therapy alone vs 83% with standard...

prostate cancer

Clinical Implications of Luminal and Basal Subtyping of Prostate Cancer

As reported by Zhao et al in JAMA Oncology, luminal B prostate cancers carry a worse overall prognosis than luminal A and basal-like cancers, but luminal B tumors respond better to postoperative androgen-deprivation therapy. Study Details In the study, the PAM50 classifier was used to subtype...

Prostate Cancer

What Is Appropriate Treatment of Oligometastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer?

As the subtleties of metastatic prostate cancer become increasingly recognized, treatment should evolve accordingly, said Jessica M. Clement, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Connecticut Health System and Neag Cancer Center, Farmington. Of particular interest to Dr. Clement ...

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