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prostate cancer

Paul L. Nguyen, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Abstract Roundup

Paul L. Nguyen, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes a session he chaired on prostate cancer, which included discussion of daily vs weekly image-guided radiotherapy; a biomarker to predict biochemical failure and metastasis; a comparison of abiraterone or enzalutamide activity; and the impact of 18F-fluciclovine PET/CT on clinical management choices for men with biochemically recurrent disease (Abstracts 4, 5, 164, 165).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Fatima Karzai, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Treatment Study Results

Fatima Karzai, MD, of the National Institutes of Health, discusses phase II findings on olaparib and durvalumab in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in an unselected population (Abstract 163).

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, MBBS, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the STAMPEDE Trial

Nicholas D. James, MBBS, PhD, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, discusses study findings on the addition of docetaxel to first-line hormone therapy in prostate cancer, an analysis focusing on cost-effectiveness and long-term and quality-adjusted survival (Abstract 162).

prostate cancer

Maha Hussain, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Maha Hussain, MD, of Northwestern University, discusses phase III findings on enzalutamide in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 3).

prostate cancer

Robert G. Bristow, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Keynote Lecture

Robert G. Bristow, MD, PhD, of Manchester Cancer Research Centre, discusses germline and somatic mutations; new ways to generate biomarkers that may describe tumor complexity; and how, in the future, this information may help triage patients with aggressive prostate tumors to intensified treatments.

prostate cancer

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Antiandrogenic Therapy in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III PROSPER trial in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were presented by Hussain et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 3). The results show that the use of enzalutamide (Xtandi) plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT)...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Abiraterone Acetate in Combination With Prednisone for High-Risk Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On February 7, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) tablets in combination with prednisone for metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer. The FDA initially approved abiraterone acetate with prednisone in 2011 for patients with...

prostate cancer

Differentiating Cancerous Prostate Tissue From Benign Tissue

Using nuclear medicine, German researchers may have found a way to accurately differentiate cancerous tissue from healthy tissue in prostate cancer patients. The research is highlighted in findings published by Rahbar et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. These new findings demonstrate that...

prostate cancer

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Chemotherapy Added to Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Improves Quality of Life

A new analysis of the ongoing STAMPEDE clinical trial found that adding docetaxel to hormone therapy for advanced prostate cancer improves quality of life and lowers the need for subsequent therapy. Docetaxel was also found to be cost-effective. These findings will be presented by James et al at...

prostate cancer

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Apalutamide Delays Prostate Cancer Metastases by More Than 2 Years

Findings from the phase III placebo-controlled SPARTAN trial suggest that apalutamide is an effective treatment for men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who are at high risk for developing metastatic disease and for whom no approved treatments exist. Men who received...

prostate cancer

Obese Men May Have Higher Risk for Biochemical Recurrence Following Radical Prostatectomy

Among men with prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy, those who were obese had a higher risk of biochemical recurrence, according to data presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Special Conference on Obesity and Cancer: Mechanisms Underlying Etiology and...

prostate cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Addition of Combination Treatment to ADT in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Castration-Naive Prostate Cancer

As reported by Chi et al in The Lancet Oncology, the addition of abiraterone and prednisone to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in the phase III LATITUDE trial was associated with improved patient-reported outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed metastatic castration-naive prostate cancer. The...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

James L. Gulley, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Expanding Immunotherapy Options

James L. Gulley, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses combined treatment approaches showing early evidence of clinical activity: agents such as vaccines or PARP inhibitors that can initiate an immune response, paired with agents such as checkpoint inhibitors that can facilitate the activity of tumor-directed immune cells.

Prostate Cancer

Internationally Renowned Prostate Cancer Expert Gerald E. Hanks, MD, Dies

FROM WILHELM RÖNTGEN’S groundbreaking discovery of x-rays in 1895, the history of radiotherapy has been rich with colorful paradigm-changing researchers and physicians who over the past century have transformed the field into one of the pillars of cancer treatment. One such trailblazer who...

Prostate Cancer

Pomegranates and Other Polyphenols: New Evidence to Share With Prostate Cancer Patients

The ASCO Post’s Integrative Oncology series is intended to facilitate the availability of evidence-based information on integrative and complementary therapies commonly used by patients with cancer. In this installment, Channing Paller, MD, explores the role of pomegranate- and grape-based...

prostate cancer

CTC Number May Be Marker of Improved Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Heller et al identified two circulating tumor cell (CTC) markers that had high discriminatory ability for improved survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Study Details The study used individual patient data from 5...

prostate cancer

PSA at 7 Months and Prognosis in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer Treated With ADT With or Without Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Harshman et al found that a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at 7 months after the start of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was significantly associated with longer overall survival in metastatic...

prostate cancer

PARP1 and Androgen Receptor Inhibition in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial (NCI 9012) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hussain et al found no benefit of adding PARP1 inhibition with veliparib to abiraterone (Zytiga) plus prednisone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. ETS fusion status was not predictive of...

prostate cancer

Bipolar Androgen Therapy After Progression on Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Teply et al found that bipolar androgen therapy can induce prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and resensitization to enzalutamide (Xtandi) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on...

prostate cancer

Surveillance vs Metastasis-Directed Therapy in Recurrent Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer

In a Belgian phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ost et al found that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-free survival was prolonged with metastasis-directed therapy vs surveillance in recurrent oligometastatic prostate cancer. Study Details Sixty-two patients with...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Lower Dose of Cabazitaxel in Prostate Cancer

On September 14, 2017, the microtubule inhibitor cabazitaxel (Jevtana) was approved at the lower dose of 20 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with prednisone for treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing regimen.1,2...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Racial Disparities in Treatment of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Bickell et al found underuse of treatment for clinically significant prostate cancer was infrequent among white and black patients at two New York City hospitals, but black men accounted for nearly all such underuse of treatment. As noted by...

prostate cancer

Novel Clinical-Genomic Risk Group Classification for Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Spratt et al have developed an integrated clinical-genomic risk classifier for predicting distant metastasis in patients with localized prostate cancer. The classifier uses National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN) risk categories and risk...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Urban American Indian and Alaskan Natives May Have Lower Survival Rates Following Invasive Prostate and Breast Cancers

Compared with the non-Hispanic white (NHW) population, the urban American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) community was more likely to have lower survival rates following invasive prostate and breast cancer, according to a new study by Emerson et al in Cancer Research. “It’s been...

Prostate Cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Immediate vs Delayed ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a health-related quality-of-life study among patients in the phase III TOAD trial, immediate vs delayed androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with early worsening of androgen-deprivation therapy–related symptoms but few other comparative adverse effects on functioning or quality of...

Prostate Cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary ...

Prostate Cancer

Adverse Pathologic Findings in Low-Volume Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Hiten D. Patel, MD, MPH, of The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and colleagues found that among men undergoing elective radical prostatectomy, those with low-volume intermediate-risk...

Prostate Cancer

Comparison of Circulating Tumor DNA and Metastatic Tissue Biopsy in Identifying Mutations in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wyatt et al found high agreement between driver mutations in plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and metastatic tissue biopsy in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Martin Gleave, MD, and Alexander Wyatt, DPhil, of Vancouver...

prostate cancer

TMPRSS2-ERG Genetic Fusion May Be Associated With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Establishing the way in which a genetic alteration called a TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion forms in a prostate cancer, rather than the presence of the gene fusion itself, could help identify patients with prostate cancer with a low risk of spreading, which might determine the best course of treatment for...

prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Variant and Response to Nonsteroidal CYP17A1 Inhibition in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Almassi et al, extragonadal androgen ablation with the nonsteroidal CYP17A1 inhibitor ketoconazole improved outcome in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer according to the number of inherited HSD3B1 (1245C) alleles. HSD3B1 (1245C) is associated...

prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Genotype and Outcomes With ADT After Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hearn et al found that the presence of the HSD3B1 (1245C) allele was associated with more rapid development of metastases in patients receiving androgen-deprivation therapy for biochemical recurrence after primary radiation therapy for localized prostate...

prostate cancer

Combination Therapy for Docetaxel-Pretreated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The phase III AFFINITY trial has shown no survival benefit with the addition of the antisense oligonucleotide custirsen to cabazitaxel (Jevtana)/prednisone in patients with metastatic prostate cancer previously treated with docetaxel. These findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Beer et...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Stéphane Oudard, MD

DURING A DISCUSSION of Dr. Vale’s poster, Stéphane Oudard, MD, Professor of Oncology and Chief of the Oncology Clinical and Translational Research Unit at Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris, France, said that although newer treatments have improved survival, there are still many challenges in...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Cora Sternberg, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of the STAMPEDE trial, Cora Sternberg, MD, Chief of the Department of Medical Oncology, San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, Rome, commended the study design. “This multiarm, multistage design is very innovative. The investigators plan up to 10 trials over 20 years. The first results...

Prostate Cancer

Abiraterone or Docetaxel: Which Is Optimal for Hormone-Sensitive High-Risk Prostate Cancer?

ABIRATERONE ACETATE (Zytiga) plus prednisone and docetaxel have moved up from the castrate-resistant metastatic setting to earlier in the course of disease as treatment of high-risk hormone-sensitive prostate cancer in men who are initiating androgen-deprivation therapy, based on level 1 evidence...

prostate cancer

Comorbidity and Prostate Cancer–Specific and Other-Cause Mortality

A Swedish population-based observational study has shown that comorbidity is a significant factor in other-cause but not prostate cancer–specific mortality after adjustment for patient, tumor, and treatment factors among men with prostate cancer. The findings were reported in the Journal of...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Association Between Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer

A systematic review and meta-analysis has found no association between vasectomy and high-grade, advanced, or fatal prostate cancer but a weak association with any prostate cancer. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Bimal Bhindi et al. R. Jeffrey Karnes, MD, of the Mayo Clinic,...

prostate cancer

William A. Hall, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From a Study of Three Treatment Modalities

William A. Hall, MD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, discusses trial findings on androgen deprivation and radiation alone, compared with androgen deprivation, radiotherapy, and surgery in men with high-risk, nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Abstract 15).

prostate cancer
kidney cancer

Gerard Morton, MD, on GU Highlights: Expert Perspective

Gerard Morton, MD, of Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre, summarizes a session that included discussion of late toxicities of radiotherapy for locally recurrent prostate cancer; using chemotherapy instead of radiation in early-stage seminoma; radiotherapy vs surgery plus radiotherapy in Gleason score 9–10 prostate cancer; and an analysis of the IROCK study on kidney cancer (Abstracts 1, 1089, 282, 330).

prostate cancer

Tamim Niazi, MDCM, on Prostate Cancer: Results From a Trial on Dose Escalation

Tamim Niazi, MDCM, of McGill University, discusses phase III study findings on hypofractionated, dose-escalation radiation therapy for high-risk adenocarcinoma of the prostate (Abstract 281).

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2017: Immune Response May Be Prognostic for Prostate Cancer Survival, Recurrence, and Response to Radiation Therapy

A new study finds that immune response in prostate cancer may be able to forecast how patients will respond to radiation therapy, as well as their likelihood of disease recurrence and survival outcomes. The analysis of more than 9,000 prostate tumors also found evidence that programmed cell death...

prostate cancer

Juanita Crook, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From an NRG/RTOG Brachytherapy Trial

Juanita Crook, MD, of the University of British Columbia, discusses late toxicity findings on transperineal ultrasound–guided brachytherapy for locally recurrent prostate cancer after external-beam radiation therapy (Abstract 1).

Prostate Cancer

Emotional and Psychological Distress Associated With Prostate Cancer

A cancer diagnosis presents emotional and psychological challenges for patients and caregivers, and prostate cancer has some unique challenges, in part because management is not writ in stone. At several points along the trajectory of illness, men with prostate cancer face decisions that can be...

Thyroid Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Survivorship
Palliative Care

News From JCO and JOP

STAYING UP-TO-DATE in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) and the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP). Future installments...

Prostate Cancer

Weill Cornell Medicine Awarded $11.3 Million Grant for Prostate Cancer Research

Weill Cornell Medicine has been awarded a 5-year, $11.3 million Specialized Programs of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to improve the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer. Established in 1992, SPORE grants serve as the cornerstone of...

prostate cancer

ESMO 2017: Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer May Benefit From Addition of Docetaxel or Abiraterone/Prednisolone to Long-Term Hormone Therapy

Patients with high-risk prostate cancer starting long-term hormone therapy may benefit from two new treatments, according to late-breaking results from the STAMPEDE trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (LBA31_PR). Long-term hormone therapy...

prostate cancer

Alzheimer’s Disease Risk in Medicare Patients Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Baik et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Medicare patients who received androgen-deprivation therapy for prostate cancer do not appear to be at increased risk for Alzheimer’s disease and may have an extremely small increased risk for dementia. Study Details The study...

prostate cancer

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Prostate Cancer Treatment Findings: Expert Perspective

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of the San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, summarizes a session on the STAMPEDE and LATITUDE trials, as well as a third trial on docetaxel with androgen suppression for localized prostate cancer patients who relapsed after radical prostatectomy and/or radiotherapy (Abstracts LBA31, 783O, 784O).

Prostate Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Prostate Cancer

THE INFORMATION contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on patients with prostate cancer. These studies highlight noninvasive imaging, gene therapy, allogeneic bone marrow transplant, selective androgen receptor modulators, Vitamin D3...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Foundation Announces 2017 Young Investigator Awards Recipients

The Prostate Cancer Foundation has announced its 2017 Young Investigator (YI) Awards, which support early-career scientists who are focused on accelerating the delivery of life-extending and life-saving therapies for patients living with prostate cancer. The YI Awards provide 3 years of funding—a...

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