Profile of ERBB2/ERBB3-Mutant Colorectal Cancer


Key Points

  • MSI was strongly associated with ERBB2 and ERBB3 mutations.
  • PIK3CA mutations were significantly associated with ERBB2 mutations.

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Loree et al found that ERBB2/ERBB3 mutations in colorectal cancer are associated with microsatellite instability and PIK3CA mutation.

Study Details

The study involved retrospective analysis of 419 patients from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) and 619 patients from the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS)/Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) with stage I to IV disease, with tissue sequencing, clinicopathologic, mutational, and colorectal cancer consensus molecular subtype (CMS) profiles of patients with ERBB2/ERBB3 mutations. The circulating tumor DNA profile associated with ERBB2 mutation was also investigated in an additional cohort of 1,623 patients with circulating tumor DNA assay results. 

Factors Associated With ERBB2/ERBB3 Mutation

ERBB2 mutations were found in 4.1%, 5.8%, and 5.1% of the MDACC, NHS/HPFS, and circulating tumor DNA cohorts. ERBB3 mutations were found in 5.7% of both the MDACC and NHS/HPFS cohorts. No association was observed between either mutation and age, disease stage, or tumor location.

Presence of microsatellite instability was significantly associated with higher likelihood of ERBB2 mutation in the MDACC (odds ratio [OR] = 5.98, P < .001) and NHS/HPFS cohorts (OR = 5.13, P < .001) and ERBB3 mutation in the MDACC (OR = 3.48, P = .002) and NHS/HPFS cohorts (OR = 3.40, P = .03). Neither mutation was associated with TP53, APC, KRAS, NRAS, or BRAF mutations in the tissue cohorts.

PIK3CA mutations were significantly associated with ERBB2 mutations in the MDACC (OR = 3.68, P = .001), NHS/HPFS (OR = 2.25, P = .02), and circulating tumor DNA cohorts (OR = 2.11, P = .004) and with ERBB3 mutations in the MDACC cohort (OR = 13.26, P < .001). ERBB2 (P = .08) and ERBB3 mutations (P = .008) were associated with the CMS-1 subtype. ERBB2 (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.82, P = .009) but not ERBB3 mutations (HR = 0.88, P = .73) were associated with poorer overall survival.

The investigators concluded, “[Microsatellite instability] and PIK3CA mutations are associated with ERBB2/ERBB3 mutations. Co-occurring PIK3CA mutations may represent a second hit to oncogenic signaling that needs consideration when targeting ERBB2/ERBB3.”

The study was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health.

Kanwal Raghav, MD, MBBS, Division of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, is the corresponding author for the Journal of the National Cancer Institute article.

The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Inc. (ASCO®) and does not necessarily reflect the ideas and opinions of ASCO®.