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issues in oncology
integrative oncology

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use in Patients With Cancer

In a recent study focusing on patients with cancer and cancer survivors, one-third of patient participants reported use of complementary and alternative medicines such as meditation, yoga, acupuncture, herbal medicine, and supplements. These findings were published by Sanford et al in JAMA...

breast cancer

Addition of Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery Based on Level of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes

In a long-term follow-up of the Swedish Breast Cancer Group 91 Radiotherapy trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kovács et al found that higher levels of stromal tumor–infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and receipt of radiotherapy were independently associated with reduced...

lymphoma

Addition of Bortezomib to R-CHOP in DLBCL Subtypes Identified With Gene-Expression Profiling

In the phase III REMoDL-B trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Davies et al found that the addition of bortezomib to standard R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) did not improve progression-free survival subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...

gynecologic cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-158: Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Chung et al, the phase II KEYNOTE-158 trial showed activity of pembrolizumab in previously treated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive advanced cervical cancer. The study supported the 2018 accelerated approval of pembrolizumab in this...

symptom management

ASCO and ASH Release Update to Clinical Practice Guidelines for Use of Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents

ASCO and the American Society of Hematology (ASH) have released an update to existing guidelines for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents to manage anemia in patients with cancer. The update was simultaneously published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology and Blood Advances. “The...

symptom management

'Oral Cryotherapy' for Patients Undergoing Oxaliplatin-Based Chemotherapy

A study by Bauman et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found that patients who kept ice chips in their mouths—what the study authors called “oral cryotherapy”—during oxaliplatin infusions reported less trouble with eating and...

pain management

Cost and Health-Care Utilization With Targeted Drug Delivery Plus Conventional Medical Management for Cancer-Related Pain

Results of a study published by Stearns et al in JAMA Network Open demonstrated a reduction in health-care utilization and cost for patients cancer-related pain using targeted drug delivery and conventional medical management vs conventional medical management alone. The study found...

issues in oncology

Treatment of Patients With Imminently Fatal de Novo Metastatic Cancer

Some patients who died within 1 month of being newly diagnosed with metastatic cancer in the United States received ineffective surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hormonal therapy, according to a new study published by Sineshaw et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum. The study authors said the...

pancreatic cancer

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Survival After Pancreatic Cancer Resection

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Dimitrakopoulos et al found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in noncoding, functional regions of genes that regulate cancer progression. They were associated with survival after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The study involved...

breast cancer

Follow-up of Adjuvant Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab in Small HER2-Positive Breast Tumors

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Tolaney et al, 7-year follow-up of the phase II Adjuvant Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab trial showed that adjuvant paclitaxel and trastuzumab were associated with “excellent” outcomes in women with small, node-negative HER2-positive breast...

Conquer Cancer Foundation Announces 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Merit Awards

The Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO has announced the recipients of its 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting Merit Awards. These distinguished awards support oncology trainees who are first authors on abstracts selected for presentation at the ASCO Annual Meeting. This year, Conquer Cancer will...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer

Actionable Pathogenic Variants in a Population-Based Cohort of Patients With Breast or Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kurian et al found that approximately one-quarter of women with breast cancer and one-third of those with ovarian cancer underwent cancer genetic testing, and that 8% to 15% of those tested had actionable pathogenic variants. Study Details...

head and neck cancer

Lenvatinib in Recurrent or Metastatic Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

In a single-center phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tchekmedyian et al found that the multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib was active in progressive recurrent or metastatic adenoid cystic carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 32 evaluable patients at...

hepatobiliary cancer
issues in oncology

Trends in Liver Cancer Death Rates by Educational Attainment

A new study has found that rising rates of liver cancer deaths in the United States have largely been confined to individuals who have received less education—especially among men. Published by Ma et al in Cancer, the findings emphasize the need for enhanced efforts to address the growing...

issues in oncology

Collaborative Telerehabilitation in Patients With Advanced Cancer

Recent research suggests that remotely delivering rehabilitation services to patients with advanced cancer may improve their physical function, pain, and quality of life, while allowing them to spend less time in hospitals and nursing homes. These findings were published by Cheville et al in JAMA...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Costs Associated With Continued Smoking in Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Warren et al quantified incremental costs of first-line cancer treatment failure attributable to continued smoking in patients with cancer. Study Details The study involved development of a model to identify attributable incremental costs of subsequent...

issues in oncology

ASTRO Radiation Oncologist Workforce Study Shows Demographic Shifts

The newest study of America’s radiation oncologist workforce finds that gender and racial gaps have narrowed slightly, although persistent and growing geographic disparities point to a need for more equity in access to radiation therapy care. The survey found that fewer radiation oncologists...

issues in oncology

American Cancer Society Report Finds Application of Cancer-Reducing Strategies in the United States Is Suboptimal

The latest edition of the American Cancer Society’s (ACS) review on recent cancer prevention and early detection efforts has found that although many strategies have been proven to reduce cancer risk, their application has been suboptimal in the United States, especially in socioeconomically...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Effect of Exercise Intervention on Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Overweight or Obese Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Lee et al found that an aerobic and resistance exercise intervention reduced Framingham Risk Scores (FRS) for cardiovascular disease among overweight or obese women with early-stage breast cancer. In the single-center trial, 100 women with stage I to III...

lung cancer

Five-Fraction SBRT for Centrally Located, Inoperable NSCLC

In the phase I/II NRG Oncology/RTOG 0813 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bezjak et al found that five-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) was associated with relatively low rates of serious treatment-related toxicity and good outcomes in patients with centrally...

gynecologic cancer

Niraparib in Late-Line Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

In the phase II QUADRA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Moore et al found that the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib was active in fourth- or later-line treatment of ovarian cancer, particularly in patients with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive,...

bladder cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Erdafitinib for Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to erdafitinib (Balversa) for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with susceptible FGFR3 or FGFR2 genetic alterations that has progressed during or following platinum-containing...

skin cancer
myelodysplastic syndromes
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Designation in Uveal Melanoma, Application for MDS Side-Effect Management

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted a Fast Track designation to a treatment for metastatic uveal melanoma and received a biologics application for an agent to control anemia. Fast Track Designation for Tebentafusp in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma The FDA granted...

pancreatic cancer

Factors Contributing to Improved Survival Following Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline/Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

A newly published Mayo Clinic study has found that a presurgery treatment plan for patients with borderline/locally advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing total neoadjuvant therapy may improve outcomes. The findings were published by Truty et al in Annals of Surgery. The study followed 194...

gastroesophageal cancer

Paclitaxel or Cisplatin Plus Fluorouracil in Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In the Chinese phase III ESO-Shanghai 1 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chen et al found that paclitaxel plus fluorouracil did not significantly prolong overall survival vs standard cisplatin plus fluorouracil in definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) for locally...

lung cancer

Prophylactic Irradiation of Chest Wall Procedure Sites in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bayman et al found that prophylactic radiotherapy to the chest wall after diagnostic or therapeutic procedures did not reduce the risk of chest wall metastases in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. In the open-label,...

issues in oncology
pain management

Opioid-Related Hospitalizations Among Patients With Cancer in the United States

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Chua et al found that opioid-related hospitalizations among American patients with cancer are rare, increasing at a very low rate, and consist mostly of hospitalization for nonheroin opioid poisoning. The study analyzed trends and risk...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Pembrolizumab Indication for NSCLC in First-Line Setting

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or those with metastatic NSCLC....

issues in oncology

ASCO Announces New Task Force to Address Rural Cancer Care Gap

Yesterday at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, ASCO announced a new task force aimed at reducing disparities and improving outcomes for patients and survivors of cancer who live in rural communities. The new Rural Cancer Care Task Force will identify opportunities to close the care gap and ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

ELCC 2019: Does Maintenance Immunotherapy Improve Survival in Patients With Advanced SCLC?

Maintenance immunotherapy did not improve survival in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to late-breaking results from the CheckMate 451 study presented today by Owonikoko et al at the European Lung Cancer Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA1_PR). Around 60% to 70% of...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

ELCC 2019: Immunotherapy in Elderly Patients With Advanced NSCLC

Two studies reported at the European Lung Cancer Congress (ELCC) 2019 provided new insights on the efficacy and safety of immunotherapy in elderly patients with advanced non–­small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although around half of all people newly diagnosed with NSCLC are elderly (Pallis ...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Organizations Join Forces to Launch GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer

Two nonprofit organizations serving the lung cancer community—the Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) and Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA)—have announced they are joining forces as the GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer. With more than 3 decades of combined expertise, a...

issues in oncology

Initiative to Improve Tobacco Cessation Efforts in a Radiation Oncology Department

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Singer et al found that a quality improvement initiative was successful in increasing a radiation oncology department’s efforts in encouraging patients with cancer to cease tobacco use prior to radiation therapy. As noted by the...

breast cancer

Stromal Tumor–Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Outcomes in Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Kim and colleagues found that higher levels of stromal tumor–infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were associated with better outcomes in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or trastuzumab plus chemotherapy for early-stage...

lymphoma

Addition of Ibrutinib to R-CHOP in Non–Germinal Center B-Cell DLBCL

In the phase III PHOENIX trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Younes et al found that the addition of ibrutinib to R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) did not improve outcomes in patients with untreated non–germinal center B-cell...

pain management

CDC Issues Clarification on Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain in Patients With Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease

ASCO, the American Society of Hematology (ASH), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) are pleased to acknowledge receipt of a key clarification from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on prescribing opioids to manage pain from certain conditions. ...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Recurrence and Staging of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma After Mohs Surgery

Mohs surgery is known to have lower recurrence rate compared to conventional wide excision for removal of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas. However, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma does sometimes recur—even after Mohs surgery. In a Korean study by Roh et al presented at the World Congress ...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Small Study of Electrochemotherapy for Basal Cell Carcinomas in the Head and Neck Region

Increasing evidence is emerging about the effectiveness of electrochemotherapy in the treatment of basal cell carcinomas in the head and neck region. A study presented by Kis et al at the World Congress on Advanced Treatments and Technologies in Skin Cancer (Skin Cancer 2019) (Poster Board 6) aimed ...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Reflectance Confocal Microscopy Plus Optical Coherence Tomography in Diagnosing Suspicious Basal Cell Carcinoma Lesions

The increasing incidence and prevalence of nonmelanoma skin cancers has led to the search for new and more efficient diagnostic imaging and therapy guidance approaches. However, proper selection of therapy requires the precise delineation of skin cancer margins. To address this need, researchers...

breast cancer

American College of Physicians Issues Guidance Statement for Breast Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Women

Average-risk women between the ages of 50 and 74 who have no symptoms for breast cancer should undergo breast cancer screening with mammography every other year, the American College of Physicians (ACP) has recommended in a new evidence-based guidance statement published by Qaseem et al...

palliative care
lung cancer
cost of care

Effect of Increased VA Hospice Care on Use of Aggressive Care and Costs for Veterans With Advanced Lung Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mor et al found that veterans with advanced lung cancer treated in Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers with high hospice use were more likely to receive concurrent cancer care but less likely to receive aggressive care. Moreover, veterans treated at...

hepatobiliary cancer

Capecitabine vs Observation Following Surgery for Resected Biliary Tract Cancer

Watch John Marshall, MD, and BILCAP first author John Neil Primrose, PhD, MBBS, discuss the trial at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting. In the phase III BILCAP trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Primrose and colleagues found evidence that adjuvant capecitabine may improve overall...

cns cancers
leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Glioblastoma, Neurofibromatosis, Multiple Myeloma, and AML

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted designations for treatments for recurrent glioblastoma, neurofibromatosis type 1 and plexiform neurofibromas, multiple myeloma, and relapsed or refractory FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Fast Track Designation for Ad-RTS-hIL-12...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Preventive Medication Use in the Last Year of Life in Older Patients With Cancer

A new study reveals that preventive medications—such as those to lower blood pressure or cholesterol, or to protect bone health, among others—are commonly prescribed during the last year of life of older adults with cancer, even though they are unlikely to provide meaningful benefits....

skin cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes in the COMBI-AD Trial

In a study focused on the phase III COMBI-AD trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Schadendorf et al found no difference in patient-reported outcomes with adjuvant dabrafenib plus trametinib vs placebo in patients with resected BRAF V600E– or BRAF V600K–mutant stage III melanoma. The...

breast cancer

Final Overall Survival Results With Fulvestrant Plus Anastrozole in Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mehta et al, the final overall survival results of the phase III SWOG S0226 trial show that the addition of first-line fulvestrant to anastrozole was associated with improved overall survival in postmenopausal women with hormone...

breast cancer

FDA Expands Palbociclib Indication in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer to Include Male Patients

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the indication of palbociclib (Ibrance) capsules in combination with specific endocrine therapies for hormone receptor (HR)–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer to include male patients. “Today, we are...

gastroesophageal cancer

AACR 2019: Small Study of Virotherapy Plus Radiotherapy for Patients With Esophageal Cancer Unable to Receive Standard Treatments

The experimental oncolytic adenovirus telomelysin in combination with radiotherapy was safe and showed early clinical efficacy in vulnerable patients with esophageal cancer, according to results from a phase I clinical trial presented by Fujiwara et al at the American Association for ...

gynecologic cancer

AACR 2019: Does Use of Oral Contraceptives Decrease the Risk of Fatal Ovarian Cancer?

Researchers have observed for several years that people who have a history of using oral contraceptives are less likely to develop ovarian cancer. A team from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center and the University at Buffalo analyzed those connections more deeply, reporting that the protective ...

solid tumors

AACR 2019: Phase I Trial Evaluates LOXO-195 in Patients With NTRK-Positive Solid Tumors

The investigational anticancer therapeutic LOXO-195, which targets a family of proteins called tropomyosin receptor kinases (TRKs), was safe, tolerable, and showed signs of clinical activity in patients who had solid tumors that harbored NTRK gene fusions and had become resistant to other...

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