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issues in oncology
covid-19

Harvard Medical Student’s Innovation: Disinfection You Can See

In 2014, three undergrads at Columbia University had a crazy idea for a hackathon challenge: colorize bleach so health-care workers could spot missed areas on the surfaces and personal protective equipment they are trying to disinfect. Five years later, the result is a product called Highlight®,...

breast cancer
bladder cancer
lymphoma
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Approval of New Dosing for Biosimilar, Plus Two Fast Track Designations

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a new dose for a biosimilar referencing trastuzumab and granted Fast Track designations to agents for patients with urothelial cancer and follicular lymphoma. Approval of Multidose Vial of Trastuzumab Biosimilar The FDA approved a...

issues in oncology

Apixaban for Cancer-Associated Venous Thromboembolism

For patients with cancer, the oral blood thinner apixaban is at least as effective as dalteparin, a low–molecular-weight heparin given by injection, in preventing a repeat venous thromboembolism (VTE), with no excess in major bleeding events. These findings from the phase III Caravaggio study were...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Beyond Disease Progression in HER2‑Positive Advanced Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

In the Japanese phase II T-ACT study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Makiyama et al found no benefit of continued trastuzumab combined with paclitaxel after disease progression on first-line trastuzumab plus fluoropyrimidine/platinum chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive...

covid-19

Cancer Care in the Time of COVID-19: Statement From Fox Chase Cancer Center

In an article published by Kutikov et al in Annals of Internal Medicine, practitioners from Fox Chase Cancer Center reviewed the challenges faced in cancer care during the COVID-19 crisis and suggested measures that may help to maintain standards of care while reducing risk of transmission as well...

prostate cancer

Gallium-68 PSMA PET/CT Prior to Surgery or Radiotherapy in High-Risk Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial (proPSMA) reported in The Lancet, Michael S. Hofman, MBBS, and colleagues found that gallium-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PSMA PET/CT) provided greater accuracy in identifying nodal and distant metastases ...

covid-19

Oncologists on the Front Lines of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Conversation With Miriam A. Knoll, MD

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, The ASCO Post will be interviewing oncologists on how they and their centers are dealing with the crisis. Here, we speak with Miriam A. Knoll, MD, a radiation oncologist at the John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack University Medical Center, ...

hematologic malignancies
covid-19

ASH Research Collaborative's Data Hub Creates International Data Registry for Patients With Blood Cancers and COVID-19

On April 1, the ASH Research Collaborative's (ASH RC) Data Hub launched the ASH RC Data Hub COVID-19 Registry for Hematologic Malignancy, a global registry with clinical data exclusively on people with COVID-19 and a current or past diagnosis of a hematologic malignancy. The registry is intended to ...

survivorship

Factors Associated With Small Adult Height in Childhood Cancer Survivors

In an analysis from the French Childhood Cancer Survivors (CCS) Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Demoor-Goldschmidt et al found that receipt of pituitary irradiation, busulfan, and higher doses of lomustine were risk factors for small adult height in survivors of childhood...

neuroendocrine tumors
immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Metastatic High-Grade Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

As reported in the British Journal of Cancer by Namrata Vijayvergia, MD, and colleagues, a pooled analysis of two phase II studies found that pembrolizumab monotherapy showed little activity in patients with previously treated metastatic high-grade neuroendocrine neoplasms. Study Details In the...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Camrelizumab for Previously Treated Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a Chinese phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Qin et al found that the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor camrelizumab showed activity in patients with previously treated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Study Details In the open-label multicenter trial, 217 evaluable ...

covid-19

Maintaining Blood Donations During the COVID-19 Pandemic

A major casualty of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is the dramatic decrease in the number of blood donations across the United States. As more people are urged to shelter-in-place and avoid social contact, the number of cancellations in blood drives has been dramatic. According to ...

issues in oncology
gynecologic cancers
global cancer care

Gynecologic Cancer Screening After a Natural Disaster

Cervical cancer screening rates were significantly affected in the years following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, according to a report published by Miki et al in PLOS ONE. “Conflicts and disasters, and the social isolation that often follows, have a major impact on health care and lead...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Disparities in Receipt of Chemotherapy Among Patients With pN1 Lung Cancer

In patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where the cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes close to the lungs—a condition known as pathologic N1 (pN1) disease—current guidelines recommend a two-part protocol: surgical resection, followed by chemotherapy. However, a retrospective...

sarcoma

Does Ivosidenib Show Activity in Patients With Advanced IDH1-Mutated Chondrosarcoma?

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, William D. Tap, MD, and colleagues found that the selective mutant-IDH1 inhibitor ivosidenib produced no objective responses but resulted in durable disease control in a cohort of patients with advanced chondrosarcoma. As noted by...

prostate cancer

Effect of Familial and Hereditary Cancer Syndromes on Risk of Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jennifer L. Beebe-Dimmer, MPH, PhD, and colleagues found that risk of prostate cancer varied according to cancer family history, with the strongest association being observed between family history and early-onset prostate cancer. Study...

covid-19

COVID-19 and Pediatric Patients With Cancer

In a correspondence published in The Lancet Oncology, Rishi S. Kotecha, MB, ChB, of the Government of Western Australia Department of Health, identified challenges in protecting children with cancer from COVID-19 infection and stressed that some measures proposed to protect adults with cancer may...

multiple myeloma
covid-19

Irene M. Ghobrial, MD, on How COVID-19 is Changing the Conduct of Clinical Trials

Irene M. Ghobrial, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, talks about PROMISE—her screening study for people at high-risk of developing precursor conditions of multiple myeloma­­—and how this and other trials have been altered in the wake of the pandemic, as well as what might be considered a silver...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibodies: Successes and Challenges

Bispecific T-cell engager (BiTE) antibodies, such blinatumomab, may be the most appealing type of bispecific antibodies, a class of manufactured constructs that is expected to expand into the solid tumor space, according to Hermann Einsele, MD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Würzburg,...

breast cancer

Quality of Life After Adjuvant Radiotherapy With vs Without Tumor Bed Boost for Patients With Non–Low-Risk DCIS

In a health-related quality-of-life study reported in The Lancet Oncology, King et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy with a tumor bed boost was associated with poorer cosmetic status and arm and shoulder functional status than radiotherapy with no boost among women with non–low-risk ductal...

gastroesophageal cancer
immunotherapy

Bemarituzumab for FGFR2b-Overexpressing Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the first-in-class anti–fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b (FGFR2b) antibody bemarituzumab showed activity in patients with high FGFR2b-overexpressing, advanced-stage...

solid tumors

Selumetinib for Inoperable Plexiform Neurofibromas in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1

In a phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Gross et al found that the oral MEK inhibitor selumetinib produced a high response rate and durable responses in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 and symptomatic inoperable plexiform neurofibromas. Study Details The study,...

lung cancer

Imaging-Based Radiotherapy Target Volume Reduction in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a European trial (PET-Plan) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nestle et al found that the use of reduced radiotherapy target volumes determined by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) alone may achieve improved local control vs conventional target planning with...

issues in oncology
geriatric oncology

Polypharmacy and Inpatient Hospitalization Rates in Older Patients With Cancer

In a study published by Grace Lu-Yao, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Geriatric Oncology, researchers found hospitalization rates can increase by as much as 114% in patients with breast, prostate, and lung cancers when those patients have taken 15 or more medications prior to chemotherapy...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Does Pembrolizumab Show Activity in Some Rare Cancers?

A study published by Naing et al in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer found that treatment with pembrolizumab demonstrated acceptable toxicity and antitumor activity in patients with four types of advanced, hard-to-treat rare cancers. “Our findings that pembrolizumab has a favorable toxicity...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Evidence-Based Anticancer Drug Use in Physician Offices vs Hospital Outpatient Facilities

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Fishman et al found no significant difference in the use of optimal evidence-based anticancer drug regimens in physician offices vs hospital-based outpatient departments. However, the investigators found significantly higher costs of treatment in the...

covid-19

French Guidelines on Patients With Cancer and SARS-CoV-2 Infection

As reported by You et al in The Lancet Oncology, a representative group of French medical and radiation oncologists formulated guidelines to protect patients with cancer against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Guideline development was overseen by the French...

immunotherapy
lung cancer

FDA Approves Durvalumab as Part of a First-Line Combination Regimen for Extensive-Stage SCLC

On March 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved durvalumab (Imfinzi) in combination with etoposide and either carboplatin or cisplatin as first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). CASPIAN Trial Efficacy of this combination in patients...

Cancer Care Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic

To start off this week, we’ll discuss a report from physicians in Washington state about how they’re handling cancer care currently in their institutions amid the COVID-19 pandemic. We’ll then hear from Dr. Giuseppe Curigliano, who spoke with The ASCO Post from his office in Milan about how Italy...

covid-19

The Blind Leading the Blind: COVID-19, Cancer, and the Need for More Data

In the novel Blindness, Portuguese author José Saramago describes an epidemic that quickly and inexorably causes nearly all inhabitants of an unnamed city to lose their sight. The Nobel Laureate writes in long uninterrupted sentences, making the reader experience the fears and anxieties of the...

hepatobiliary cancer
global cancer care

Trends in Global Rates of Liver Cancer From 1990 to 2017

New research published by Liu et al in the journal Cancer has revealed rising rates of liver cancer around the world, despite advances aimed at preventing the disease; however, some steps towards alleviation have been made due to control of hepatitis. Methods To obtain trends and estimates of liver ...

covid-19

American College of Surgeons Issues COVID-19 Guidelines for Triage of Patients Undergoing Cancer Surgery

This week, the American College of Surgeons issued guidelines on triage of patients undergoing elective cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, hospital leadership and individual providers are facing increasingly difficult decisions about how to conserve...

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

First-in-Human Study of RAF Family Kinase Inhibitor Lifirafenib in Solid Tumors

In a first-in-human phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Desai et al found that the RAF family kinase inhibitor lifirafenib produced responses in several solid tumor types in patients with BRAF or KRAS/NRAS mutations. Study Details The study, conducted in Australia and New...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

End-of-Study Results From CLEOPATRA: Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, and Docetaxel in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sandra M. Swain, MD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the phase III CLEOPATRA trial has shown maintained overall survival benefit with the addition of pertuzumab to trastuzumab plus docetaxel in patients with previously untreated HER2-positive metastatic...

global cancer care
covid-19

Giuseppe Curigliano, MD, PhD, on How COVID-19 Is Affecting Cancer Care: The View From Italy

Giuseppe Curigliano, MD, PhD, of the University of Milan, talks about how, in the face of the coronavirus pandemic, he and his fellow oncologists have altered the way they treat patients with cancer. Filmed March 24, 2020.

covid-19

Practicing Oncology in the Era of COVID-19

The coronavirus-related pandemic has affected nearly every corner of the globe. What originated in one country is on course to likely affect every country in the world. In a few countries, the disease has peaked and is on the downward trend. In some, including the United States, the disease is on...

covid-19

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, MBA, on Delivering Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Report From Philadelphia

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, MBA, Director of the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, talks about what she and her staff have encountered during the COVID-19 crisis and how they and their patients are coping. Filmed March 25, 2020.

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Predicting Which Patients With Ovarian Cancer May Respond to Combination PARP and PD-1 Inhibition

In some patients with advanced ovarian cancer, the combination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors can produce responses, but up until now, investigators have been unable to predict which patients would not benefit from the treatment and...

covid-19

Association for Clinical Oncology: More Testing, Personal Protective Equipment, Practice Support Needed During COVID-19 Crisis

The Association for Clinical Oncology, ASCO's affiliated 501(c)(6) organization, is urging the White House and leaders in Congress to swiftly work together to meet the needs of patients and health-care professionals in response to the COVID-19 crisis. In a letter to the President, Vice President,...

colorectal cancer

Prognostic Impact of Tumor Deposits in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Therapy for Stage III Colon Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the phase III IDEA France trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Delattre et al found that the presence of tumor deposits was associated with poorer prognosis in patients with stage III colon cancer receiving 3 or 6 months of adjuvant FOLFOX (fluorouracil,...

issues in oncology
global cancer care
genomics/genetics

International Uptake of Molecular Testing Across Tumor Types: Analysis of Eight Countries

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Chambers et al found that use of molecular testing across tumor types often varied widely in several countries, sometimes reflecting regional differences in the incidence of cancer types. Study Details The study involved the use of aggregated results of ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Pemigatinib for Previously Treated Advanced Cholangiocarcinoma

In the phase II FIGHT-202 study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, and colleagues found that the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), FGFR2, and FGFR3 inhibitor pemigatinib was active in patients with previously treated locally advanced or metastatic...

Prepare Your Patients for Potential Side Effects With ASCO Answers Fact Sheets

  Help patients with cancer identify, manage, and cope with side effects by giving them in-depth information from ASCO Answers. Direct, easy to understand, and in a convenient single-page format, ASCO Answers fact sheets are the ideal take-home resource for your patients. Popular titles include:   ...

Leaving ‘No Stone Unturned’ in Research to Cure a Rare Kidney Cancer

It is devasting for a doctor to tell a patient there is nothing that can be done to help him. For Nizar Tannir, MD, FACP, the words of a young father still ring in his ears: “I was trying to tell him that, unfortunately, despite all our efforts, I didn’t have any more treatments to offer him. And...

Conquer Cancer–Rising Tide Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research Career Pathway Grants

Conquer Cancer, the ASCO Foundation, and Rising Tide Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research (RTFCCR) have partnered to establish the Conquer Cancer–Rising Tide Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research Career Pathway Grants in Symptom Management. These grants will support research in symptom...

New Study in JCO Oncology Practice Highlights Smoking Cessation Initiative Success for Patients With Cancer

A new study in JCO Oncology Practice (JCO OP) highlights an effective effort to increase the use of evidence-based state smoking cessation programs among patients with cancer and survivors who use tobacco. In Michigan, state agencies and the Michigan Oncology Quality Consortium partnered to create...

Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking Cessation Highlights Evidence-Based Ways to Help People Quit

ASCO applauds the Office of the Surgeon General for releasing its first report on smoking cessation in 30 years. The report provides the latest evidence-based information on the public health consequences of tobacco use and effective ways to help people quit smoking. Smoking rates in the United...

Survey Says: A Low-Tech Approach Leads to High-Quality Care in South Africa

An American medical student travels to rural Uganda; there, he finds most villagers walking miles to receive health care at the nearby district hospital. Upon arrival, they spend hours waiting in line. Some patients make this trip monthly. Before entering internal medicine residency, Daniel O’Neil, ...

ASCO, Project ECHO Partner to Pilot Impactful Cancer Tele-Education Program in Nepal

Cancer care for patients in rural areas is challenging—for example, in the United States, only 3% of medical oncologists practice in rural areas, and patients must travel long distances to see specialists. Patients may also have trouble managing complications from care or follow-up from treatment....

The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy Awards $2.75 Million to Support Six Early-Career Researchers

The parker institute for cancer immunotherapy (PICI) recently announced awards for six early-career researchers through the Parker Scholars, Parker Bridge Fellows, and Parker Senior Fellows programs. They are receiving a total of up to $2.75 million in funding to advance their research in profound...

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