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Your search for Alice Goodman matches 1047 pages

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symptom management
issues in oncology

Primary Prophylaxis With a Direct Oral Anticoagulation Agent Reduces Venous Thromboembolism Rate in Ambulatory Patients With Cancer

LATE-BREAKING results from the large, randomized, placebo-controlled CASSINI trial showed that primary prophylaxis with the direct oral anticoagulation agent rivaroxaban reduced the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) as well as VTE-related deaths in high-risk patients with cancer who were...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: Joseph Mikhael, MD

JOSEPH MIKHAEL, MD, press conference moderator where these data were discussed, commented on the BEAT AML trial: “One of the greatest challenges in the concept of personalized medicine is that by the time you determine what is right for a patient [ie, genomic analysis], the horse is out of the...

leukemia

BEAT AML Umbrella Trial: Bringing Personalized Medicine to Acute Myeloid Leukemia

THE MULTIARM, multicollaborative BEAT AML umbrella trial demonstrated the feasibility of using next-generation sequencing to assign treatment tailored to individual genomics of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) within 7 days. This may prove to be a major advance, since typically...

breast cancer
symptom management

Expert Point of View: C. Kent Osborne, MD

COMMENTING ON the ACCRU study SC-1603, press conference moderator C. Kent Osborne, MD, Director of the Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston and Co-Director of the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, said: “In patients who have breast cancer, I usually...

breast cancer
symptom management

Oxybutynin: A Novel Option for Managing Hot Flashes?

OXYBUTYNIN, AN ANTICHOLINERGIC drug approved for the treatment of overactive bladder, reduced the frequency and intensity of hot flashes in women who were suffering frequent hot flashes, including breast cancer survivors who were receiving tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors. These results of the...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Carlos L. Arteaga, MD

PRESS CONFERENCE moderator Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, Director, Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, said that oncologists typically do not test triple-negative breast cancer for basal-like or non–basal-like features....

breast cancer

Role of Adjuvant Capecitabine in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

ADJUVANT CAPECITABINE added to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy failed to significantly improve disease-free or overall survival in patients with early triple-negative breast cancer in the large phase III CIBOMA/2004-01_GEICAM/2003-11 (CIBOMA/GEICAM) trial.1 However, extended treatment with...

lung cancer

New Data Reported From International Studies of Lung Cancer Treatment

At the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress, important studies were presented for every cancer type. Here, The ASCO Post offers some snapshots of lung cancer studies that may inform approaches to treating this common cancer, which—despite the advances in recent years—remains...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Fixed-Duration Venetoclax Plus Rituximab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

In patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), fixed-duration venetoclax -(Venclexta) combined with rituximab (Rituxan) reduced the risk of disease progression or death compared with standard-of-care bendamustine/rituximab, according to longer-term follow-up of the...

Expert Point of View: Joseph C. Alvarnas, MD

“When people don’t respond [to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy] as well as they should, it may be that the T cells are depleted and functionally exhausted. The mechanism of exhaustion is in part mediated by checkpoint-related killing. By thwarting that process with pembrolizumab...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Combining a Checkpoint Inhibitor With CAR T-Cell Therapy May Augment Immune Response

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a revolutionary approach to treating hematologic malignancies. As experience with this strategy is gained, researchers are learning more about how to optimize responses, especially in patients with “immune exhaustion,” who have a suboptimal initial...

Expert Point of View: Joseph C. Alvarnas, MD, and Henry Fung, MD

Commenting on the ibrutinib (Imbruvica)/chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell approach at a press conference, Joseph C. Alvarnas, MD, said: “Patients with CLL do not do as well on CAR T-cell therapy as those with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and by combining ibrutinib with CAR T cells,...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
immunotherapy

Early Studies of Ibrutinib Plus CAR T-Cell Combination in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Researchers are combining chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with ibrutinib (Imbruvica) as a means of augmenting and deepening responses in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Two pilot studies presented at the 2018 American Society of Hematology...

Expert Point of View: Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, Laura J. Esserman, MD, MBA, and Joseph Sparano, MD

“This study supports the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy,” commented press conference moderator Carlos L. Arteaga, MD, of the Simmons Cancer Center at UTSouthwestern Medical Center in Dallas. “It did not matter whether patients received adjuvant therapy, as long as they had achieved a pathologic...

breast cancer

Association Between Pathologic Complete Response After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Breast Cancer Outcomes

A large comprehensive patient-level meta-analysis showed that achieving pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy correlates with significantly improved event-free survival and overall survival in patients with localized breast cancer. These findings were particularly robust in...

Expert Point of View: Aaron T. Gerds, MD, MS

At a press conference where the ECOG-ACRIN E1912 presentation and related issues were discussed, session moderator Aaron T. Gerds, MD, MS, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, was quite enthusiastic about these results. “I believe these results should change clinical practice....

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

First-Line Ibrutinib/Rituximab Combination Shows Benefit for Younger Patients With CLL

First-line therapy with the combination of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and rituximab (Rituxan) reduced disease progression by two-thirds compared with standard chemotherapy using fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR) in younger patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Bladder Cancer: Strategies to Address Checkpoint Inhibitor Failure

CHECKPOINT INHIBITORS have rapidly become the standard of care as second-line treatment, and in some patients first-line treatment, of advanced bladder cancer. However, the majority of patients do not respond and eventually experience disease progression; these patients will need subsequent...

prostate cancer

Shedding Light on Mechanisms of Resistance to Treatment of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ONE OF the pressing issues in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is the development of resistance to therapies directed at the androgen receptor (AR), such as enzalutamide (Xtandi) and abiraterone acetate (Zytiga). Research is ongoing to identify mechanisms of resistance in the hope of ...

breast cancer

Management of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Business as Usual?

MANAGEMENT OF HER2-positive breast cancer changed after the introduction of trastuzumab (Herceptin), the first anti-HER2 therapy to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this type of cancer. Recent studies have more clearly defined the role of pertuzumab (Perjeta) and...

breast cancer

Expert Point of View: Rebecca Dent, MD, and Suzette Delaloge, MD, MSc

FORMAL DISCUSSANT of the ACE trial, Rebecca Dent, MD, of the National Cancer Center in Singapore, commented that the phase II ENCORE 301 study provided proof of concept that a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor can reprogram epigenetic changes.1 In that randomized, double-blind,...

breast cancer

HDAC Inhibitor May Overcome Endocrine Resistance in Advanced Breast Cancer

EPIGENETIC CHANGES are associated with the development of cancer, and epigenetic therapy is an attractive strategy for targeting the tumor microenvironment. One approach targeted to epigenetic changes is using histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition, which has antitumorigenic effects including growth ...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Joaquin Mateo, MD, PhD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT Joaquin Mateo, MD, PhD, of the Prostate Cancer Translational Research Group, Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, said that the TRITON2 findings were encouraging, although still preliminary. “We should interpret these results with caution, because this interim analysis ...

prostate cancer

PARP Inhibitor Active in BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

THE SEARCH for biomarkers in prostate cancer has proved frustrating, partly due to the complexity of the disease and its heterogeneity. A preliminary analysis of a phase II (TRITON2) study suggests that rucaparib (Rubraca), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, may be active in men with...

kidney cancer

Expert Point of View: Manuela Schmidinger, MD

“TARGETED AGENTS were a breakthrough in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma, and immunotherapy also works well, improving survival. In the past 2 years, combining a checkpoint inhibitor with targeted agents appears to work even better, and multiple combination trials are underway. The outcomes...

kidney cancer

Progress Made in Identifying Gene-Signature Biomarkers in Renal Cell Carcinoma

A NEW ANALYSIS of the phase III IMmotion151 trial identified gene signatures in renal cell carcinoma that correlate with improved progression-free survival in patients treated with atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus bevacizumab (Avastin) vs sunitinib (Sutent). These findings were presented at the...

lymphoma

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD

LAURIE H. SEHN, MD, Chair, Lymphoma Tumour Group, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, said these results are not unexpected and support de-escalation in selected patients. “The FLYER trial evaluates treatment with four cycles compared with six cycles of cyclophosphamide,...

lymphoma

De-escalation of Chemotherapy in Favorable-Risk Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

THE REGIMEN of four cycles of rituximab (Rituxan)/cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone (R-CHOP) plus two cycles of rituximab was noninferior to that of six cycles of R-CHOP in younger patients with favorable-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), according to the results of...

Expert Point of View: Daniel Heinrich, MD, and Silke Gillessen, MD

Formal discussant of the ERA 223 trial, Daniel Heinrich, MD, of Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway, reminded listeners at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress that radium-223 was developed in Norway. “When the ALSYMPCA results came out, we were celebrating....

prostate cancer

Treatment With Radium-223 Plus Abiraterone Not Advisable in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The combination of radium-223 plus AAP (abiraterone acetate [Zytiga] and prednisone) was not superior to placebo plus AAP in the phase III ERA 223 trial, which enrolled men with asymptomatic bone-predominant metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.1 Patients treated with the combination had ...

Expert Point of View: Viktor Grünwald, MD, PhD

Formal discussant Viktor Grünwald, MD, PhD, of the Hannover Medical School, Germany, agreed that the results of JAVELIN Renal 101 were impressive, but he was more cautious about accepting avelumab (Bavencio)/axitinib (Inlyta) as a new standard of care without longer follow-up and quality-of-life...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy and Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Combination in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the JAVELIN Renal 101 phase III study, the combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio), a programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) blocking antibody, plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) significantly improved progression-free survival in previously untreated...

Expert Point of View: Amanda Psyrri, MD, PhD

Formal discussant of this trial, Amanda Psyrri, MD, PhD, of the University of Athens Medical School, Attikon Hospital, Athens, Greece, commented on these results, suggesting they would affect clinical practice “tomorrow.” “Cisplatin/radiotherapy remains the standard of care for low-risk human...

head and neck cancer

Phase III Study Supports Use of Cisplatin Over Cetuximab in HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

In the United States and European countries, many oncologists are using cetuximab (Erbitux)/radiotherapy instead of cisplatin/radiotherapy in the treatment of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer, based on the belief that cetuximab is equally effective with less toxicity than...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Outcomes in Small Cell Lung Cancer

ATEZOLIZUMAB (TECENTRIQ), an anti–program cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody, combined with carboplatin/ etoposide as first-line treatment for extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) improved overall and progression-free survival and may represent a new standard of care, according to...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Adding the Patient’s Voice to Collaborative Clinical Trial Efforts

THE INTERNATIONAL Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer was the largest in its history. One of the key themes of the meeting was to focus on the patient. Here are highlights of presentations from this conference that demonstrate the role of the...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Shahrokh Shariat, MD

“BACILLUS CALMETTE-GUÉRIN (BCG) failures are quite common, with a 66% recurrence rate at 5 years, and about 25% of patients will have disease progression,” explained formal discussant Shahrokh Shariat, MD, Chair of the Department of Urology at Medical University, Vienna, and Adjunct Professor at...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Shows Antitumor Activity in Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

THE ANTI–PROGRAMMED cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to have antitumor activity in patients with high-risk non–muscle invasive bladder cancer who were nonresponsive to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), according to the preliminary results of the ...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Robert Bristow, MD, PhD; Ignacio Duran, MD; Karim Fizazi, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT Robert G. Bristow, MD, PhD, of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom, called this trial “an exemplar.” “Radiation to the prostate should be considered standard of care in the setting of hormone-sensitive low-metastatic burden. The treatment is well...

prostate cancer

Radiation to Primary Tumor Improves Survival in Subset of Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

MEN WITH newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer do not typically receive treatment to the primary tumor with radiation or surgery. A new analysis of the STAMPEDE trial found that radiation administered to the prostate can improve overall survival in men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate...

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Jonathan Ledermann, MD, and Clara MacKay

“A KEY AIM of treatment is the need to focus on preventing recurrence, which happens in 70% of patients. Over the past 20 years, we have made few inroads in preventing recurrence. This study brings a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib (Lynparza) to the first-line setting,...

gynecologic cancers

Results Reported for Olaparib Maintenance in Ovarian Cancer

TWO-YEAR MAINTENANCE therapy with olaparib (Lynparza), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor, achieved a significant improvement in progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, according to results of the phase III SOLO-1...

lung cancer

Expert Point of View: Fiona Blackhall, MD, PhD

FORMAL STUDY discussant, Fiona Blackhall, MD, PhD, of the University of Manchester, UK, welcomed brigatinib (Alunbrig) as a new first-line option for ALK-positive patients but said, “In the absence of comparisons of next-generation ALK inhibitors, it will take some time to determine if there is...

lung cancer

Brigatinib Improves Outcomes Over Crizotinib in ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

THE FIRST-LINE USE of brigatinib (Alunbrig) was superior to standard-of-care crizotinib (Xalkori) in patients with advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the first report of the phase III ALTA-1L trial presented at the International...

leukemia

Current Treatment Landscape of Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Novel agents such as ibrutinib (Imbruvica), idelalisib (Zydelig), and venetoclax (Venclexta) have transformed the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and are increasingly used to treat the disease. The optimal sequencing of these agents is not clear in relapsed or refractory disease,...

Expert Point of View: Antoinette Wozniak, MD

Formal discussant Antoinette Wozniak, MD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, said, “KEYNOTE-407 is a very positive trial, showing improved overall and progression-free survival with the addition of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to standard chemotherapy.” In her opinion, evidence from this and...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Regardless of Taxane Used, Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Squamous NSCLC

The addition of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to a standard platinum doublet as first-line therapy improved overall and progression-free survival in patients with metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in the primary analysis of KEYNOTE-407.1,2 Furthermore, it did not seem to matter...

Expert Point of View: Chengxiang Ren, MD, PhD

Formal discussant, Shengxiang Ren, MD, PhD, of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China, commented on the entrectinib study as well as two potent ROS1 inhibitors in development. “Both entrectinib and lorlatinib could be first-line agents for patients with brain metastases.”...

lung cancer

Entrectinib Shows Activity in ROS1-Positive NSCLC

Although ROS1-mutated lung cancer accounts for about 1% to 2% of all non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), it is an important druggable oncogene, and new data show that it can be successfully targeted for clinical gain. In a pooled analysis of phase I and II trials in patients with ROS1-positive...

Expert Point of View: John K. Field, PhD, FRCP

“This wonderful result joins other landmark studies. The differential effect by gender is extremely important,” said formal discussant of the trial, John K. Field, PhD, FRCP, of the University of Liverpool, UK. “This study validates the management protocol and analysis of nodule volume and growth...

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