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Your search for The ASCO Post matches 10169 pages

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hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Fedratinib for Treatment of Myelofibrosis

On August 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) inhibitor fedratinib (Inrebic) for the treatment of adults with intermediate-2 or high-risk primary or secondary (postpolycythemia vera or postessential thrombocythemia) myelofibrosis. “Prior to [this...

head and neck cancer

SITC Publishes First Clinical Immunotherapy Guidelines for Treatment of Head/Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) has published the first clinical immunotherapy guidelines for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, providing oncologists and other advanced practice providers with a clinical roadmap to treating this disease with immunotherapies approved in...

issues in oncology
health-care policy

Karen M. Winkfield, MD, PhD, on Policy and Business Solutions to Address Disparities in Cancer Care

Karen M. Winkfield, MD, PhD, of the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, discusses cultural factors that contribute to cancer care disparities, the role of national policy in addressing inequities in access to care, and what local institutions can do to improve the situation.

lung cancer

The Mark Foundation Awards $6 Million Grant for Lung Cancer Research

The Mark Foundation for Cancer Research has awarded a 3-year $6 million grant to support a new phase of discovery for a team of investigators developing, optimizing, and integrating targeted therapies and immunotherapies to improve outcomes for patients with the most common—and most difficult to...

supportive care
cost of care

Linda D. Bosserman, MD, on Pathways for Personalized Precision Medicine and Value

Linda D. Bosserman, MD, of City of Hope, discusses guidelines vs pathways, how to personalize pathways, integrated diagnostics, supportive care regimens, and financial guidance for patients with cancer.

issues in oncology

Hey Siri, Should I Get a Medical Degree?

I received a coffee mug from a physician colleague some years ago with the tag line: “Please do not confuse your Google search with my Medical Degree.” Physicians of all stripes and colors can relate to the agony of debunking a “Dr. Google” diagnosis. However, in a fast-evolving health-care...

issues in oncology

How Patient Advocacy Is Integral to High-Quality Oncology Care

Karen M. Winkfield, MD, PhD, has made patient advocacy—with a specific emphasis on health equity and access to high-quality care—front and center of her oncology practice since she completed her residency at the Harvard Radiation Oncology Program in Boston, where she noticed that most of the...

lung cancer

WCLC 2019: Safety and Toxicity of AMG 510 for KRAS G12C–Mutated, Advanced NSCLC

In a clinical trial testing the toxicity of a KRAS inhibitor, the treatment demonstrated early promising antitumor activity and few adverse side effects in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring a KRAS G12C mutation. The research was presented by Govindan et al at the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2019: First-Line Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in Special Populations With NSCLC

First-line therapy consisting of nivolumab plus ipilimumab showed a consistent safety profile in special populations with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to research presented by Fabrice Barlesi, MD, PhD, of Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2019: Two Studies Show Tumor Mutational Burden Not Associated With Pembrolizumab Efficacy in NSCLC

At the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2019 World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC), two presentations showed that tumor mutational burden is not associated with the efficacy of pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer...

hepatobiliary cancer

Real-Time ctDNA Evaluation in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a study published in the Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Mody et al described results from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) testing in a real-time clinical context. The authors wrote, “[ctDNA assessment] holds incredible promise for early...

myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia
lung cancer
solid tumors
colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designation in Myelodysplastic Syndrome and AML, Plus Multiple Breakthrough Designations

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to magrolimab in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The agency also granted Breakthrough Therapy designations in lung cancer and desmoid tumors, as well as Breakthrough Device designations...

evista
soltamox

USPSTF Recommendation on Medication Use to Reduce Breast Cancer Risk

In a statement published in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended that clinicians offer to prescribe risk-reducing medications to women who are at an increased risk of breast cancer and at low risk of adverse events related to medications. However, the Task Force...

First-Line Nivolumab and Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

This week, we’ll be talking about an extended follow-up of a phase III trial that investigated first-line nivolumab and ipilimumab vs sunitinib in advanced renal cell carcinoma. Then we’ll go over a research letter that identified strong predictors of response to immune checkpoint inhibitor...

gynecologic cancers

Does PTSD Increase the Risk of Developing Ovarian Cancer?

Women who experienced six or more symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point in life had a twofold greater risk of developing ovarian cancer compared with women who never experienced any PTSD symptoms. These findings were published by Roberts et al in Cancer Research. The...

pancreatic cancer

ASTRO Guideline on Use of Radiation Therapy for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, including when radiation treatments are appropriate, as well as the optimal dosing, timing, and...

issues in oncology

New Report Finds Cancer Drugs Account for Over a Quarter of All New Drug Approvals in the United States

Cancer drugs currently account for 27% of all new drug approvals in the United States since 2010—an increase from the 4% share they occupied in the 1980s, a newly completed analysis summarized in the most recent issue of the Tufts CSDD Impact Report. From 1980 through 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug...

issues in oncology

Association Between Postdischarge Bleeding in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome and Subsequent Cancer Diagnosis

Bleeding during the first 6 months after discharge from the hospital for acute coronary syndrome may be linked to subsequent cancer diagnosis, according to research presented by Muñoz Pousa et al at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2019 (Abstract P677). “Our results suggest that patients ...

issues in oncology

2019 Quality Care: Socioeconomic Deprivation and Outcomes in Cancer Clinical Trials

In a study to be presented by Unger et al at the 2019 ASCO Quality Care Symposium, researchers found patients living in socioeconomically deprived areas were more likely to experience worse survival in cancer clinical trials, even after adjustments for race and insurance (Abstract 162). Methods...

issues in oncology

2019 Quality Care: End-of-Life Care in Western Washington State vs Alberta, Canada

In a study to be presented by Khaki et al at the 2019 ASCO Quality Care Symposium, researchers found more aggressive end-of-life measures—including use of chemotherapy and admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU)—were employed in the last 30 days of life in Western Washington state vs Alberta,...

issues in oncology
cost of care

2019 Quality Care: Cost of Treatment, Prior Authorization of Treatment Plans May Cause Barriers to Care

Drug costs and requirements for prior authorization of treatment plans pose barriers to cancer treatment and can potentially affect outcomes for many patients, according to two studies that will be presented at the ASCO Quality Care Symposium. The studies respectively examine how the high...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

2019 Quality Care: Clinical Trial Enrollment May Be Associated With Reduced Mortality in Patients With Metastatic Lung Cancer

Researchers from the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle investigated the relationship between participation in a clinical trial and overall survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cristina Merkhofer, MD, MHS, will present...

prostate cancer

TITAN Trial: Apalutamide Adds to Options for Men With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Androgen-deprivation therapy has been, and remains, the standard of care for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Patients are often surprised to know that was all we would do to control their disease and sometimes asked why they would not get chemotherapy, as for other cancers. I would take...

issues in oncology

FDA Recommendation on Duodenoscopes With Disposable Components

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended that duodenoscope manufacturers and health-care facilities transition to different types of duodenoscopes that may pose less risk to patient safety. Specifically, because of challenges with cleaning these devices for reuse and persistent...

issues in oncology

Analysis of HPV-Related Cancers Reported From 2012 to 2016

During 2012–2016, an average of approximately 34,800 human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers were reported each year, according to a new study published by Senkomago et al in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Among the cancers probably caused by HPV, 92% are attributable to the HPV types ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

What Role Do Physicians Play in Health Promotion Among Patients With Cancer?

A recent study published by Stump et al in Cancer indicated that certain physicians who care for patients with cancer do not often promote healthy lifestyle changes to cancer survivors, and they may fear that providing such advice would distress or overwhelm patients. The findings are noteworthy...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Results From the TAPUR Study on Palbociclib for Pancreatic Cancer and Cholangiocarcinoma

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study have demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. These findings were...

prostate cancer

Many Choices Now for Men With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: How to Decide?

Based on the recently published ENZAMET, ARCHES, and TITAN trials,1-3 we now have several choices of systemic combination therapies for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer; the ENZAMET trial is reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post. In 2019, men are now faced with decisions of...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Text Instructions and Reminders May Improve Colonoscopy Adherence Rates

Having text message conversations with patients 1 week before they are scheduled for a colonoscopy decreased “no-show” rates, according to a recent study published by Mahmud et al in Health Education & Behavior. Through sending reminders and instruction, the team increased the rate of...

head and neck cancer

Maura L. Gillison, MD, PhD, Pioneer in HPV-Related Head and Neck Cancer, Has Often Changed Lanes in Her Career

When The ASCO Post asked physician-scientist Maura L. Gillison, MD, PhD, where she was from, she answered, “North America.” Actually, she was born in Canada, but her father worked for a large international company, so the family moved regularly through Canada, the United States, and Mexico. “I...

issues in oncology

Exposure to Secondhand E-Cigarette Aerosols Increasing Among Middle and High School Students

A growing number of middle and high school students are being exposed to secondhand aerosols from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) by living with or being around individuals who are vaping, according to data from a national survey. Such exposure increased rapidly in 2018 compared to the years...

LEAD Conference to Focus on Empowering Women in Hematology/Oncology

Nearly 46% of medical school graduates are women, yet women physicians remain underrepresented in leadership roles. A recent report on The State of Women in Academic Medicine notes that women make up nearly 50% of medical school applicants, but only 21% of full professors, 16% of deans, and 15% of...

hepatobiliary cancer

Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy and Reduced Mortality in Patients With Hepatitis C and a History of Liver Cancer

A study published by Singal et al in Gastroenterology demonstrated that treatment with antiviral therapy for hepatitis C reduced liver-related deaths by nearly 50% in patients with a history of liver cancer. Previous Research The finding builds on a December 2018 study by Singal et al also...

pancreatic cancer

Role of the YAP Regulatory Network in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have decoded a chain of molecules that are critical for the growth and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. They say their findings, published by Murakami et al in Developmental Cell, suggest that inhibiting the YAP biologic network may effectively regress early-stage...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

FDA Issues Draft Guidance Encouraging Inclusion of Male Patients in Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

A draft guidance issued by the U.S. Food Drug Administration (FDA) on August 26 includes draft recommendations for the inclusion of male patients in breast cancer clinical trials. Historically, males either have not been included in clinical trials for drugs to treat breast cancer, or inclusion of...

solid tumors

FDA Clears Next-Generation Scalp-Cooling Device

ON JUNE 27, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted clearance of the DigniCap Delta scalp-cooling system to Dignitana, for use by health-care providers in the United States. The device is a fourth generation of the DigniCap scalp-cooling system. It is indicated to reduce the...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

gastrointestinal cancer

New NCCN Guidelines®: First to Address Small Intestine Cancers

THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE Cancer Network® (NCCN®) recently announced the publication of a new set of recommendations focused on cancers in the small intestine. The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Small Bowel Adenocarcinoma are the first treatment guidelines in...

prostate cancer

Looking at Prostate Cancer–Specific Mortality by Gleason Score and Race

Black men suffer disproportionately from prostate cancer, both in terms of incidence and mortality, compared with their white counterparts. However, a newer study conducted by investigators at the University of California, San Francisco, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, found that black...

breast cancer

Tumor Size and Grade Matter, and Ovarian Ablation by Chemotherapy May Explain Subgroup Anomaly in TAILORx

At the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, and simultaneously in The New England Journal of Medicine, we heard the third paper reporting results from TAILORx.1,2 The first, in 2015,3 indicated that women with node-negative breast cancers with Oncotype DX recurrence scores less than 11 did extremely well...

Pelotonia Institute for Immuno-Oncology Launched at The Ohio State University Cancer Center

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC– James) announced the formation of the Pelotonia Institute for Immuno-Oncology (PIIO), a comprehensive bench-to-bedside research initiative focused on harnessing...

Dana-Farber Researchers Win Grand Challenge Funding From Cancer Research UK

DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE researchers are Grand Challenge winners for a project that aims to discover how certain microbes inside the body lead to colorectal cancer and influence a patient’s response to treatment, Cancer Research UK announced recently. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute’s Matthew...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

solid tumors

FDA Clears Next-Generation Scalp-Cooling Device

ON JUNE 27, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted clearance of the DigniCap Delta scalp-cooling system to Dignitana, for use by health-care providers in the United States. The device is a fourth generation of the DigniCap scalp-cooling system. It is indicated to reduce the...

solid tumors

FDA Approves Pexidartinib for Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor

ON AUGUST 2, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to pexidartinib (Turalio) capsules for the treatment of adult patients with symptomatic tenosynovial giant cell tumor associated with severe morbidity or functional limitations and not responsive to improvement with surgery. ...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Darolutamide for Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ON JULY 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved darolutamide (Nubeqa) for the treatment of nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Approval was based on the ARAMIS study, a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 1,509 patients with nonmetastatic ...

health-care policy
immunotherapy

CMS Finalizes Decision to Cover CAR T-Cell Therapy for Medicare Beneficiaries

ON AUGUST 7, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) finalized the decision to cover U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy among recipients of Medicare benefits. FDA-approved CAR T-cell therapies are approved to treat patients ...

solid tumors

Exploratory Analysis Shows DNA Methylation Assay Highly Specific for Cancer Detection

A cell-free DNA test based on the presence of DNA methylation has proven highly specific as a multicancer detection test and appears especially good at detecting high-risk malignancies. In most cases, it can also accurately pinpoint the tumor’s tissue of origin, researchers reported at the 2019...

lymphoma
prostate cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Prostate Cancer, Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted new drug applications for enzalutamide in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and zanubrutinib in relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma, and granted both applications Priority Review. Priority Review for Enzalutamide in ...

skin cancer

Genomic Landscape of Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Researchers have developed the largest descriptive genomic analysis of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma to date. Their analysis, published by Knepper et al in Clinical Cancer Research, will provide important information to improve the care and treatment of patients with Merkel cell...

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