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breast cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, on an Update on 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, of the University of Oxford, discusses an analysis of 86,000 women in the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group database, which showed that the risk of distant recurrence 20 years after a diagnosis of node-negative, estrogen receptor–negative early-stage breast...

breast cancer

Ivana Sestak, PhD, on Clinical Treatment Score From TAILORx: Predicting Distant Breast Cancer Recurrence

Ivana Sestak, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London and the Centre for Cancer Prevention, discusses study findings that confirm the prognostic ability of the Clinical Treatment Score at 5 years (CTS5) for late distant recurrence, specifically for patients older than 50 years and/or for those...

breast cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, on an Update on 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, of the University of Oxford, discusses an analysis of 86,000 women in the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group database, which showed that the risk of distant recurrence 20 years after a diagnosis of node-negative, estrogen receptor–negative early-stage breast...

skin cancer
breast cancer
lung cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Mobilizing the Immune System to Treat Select Solid Tumors

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, summarizes a session she co-chaired on utilizing the immune system in neoadjuvant trials to treat melanoma, breast, and lung cancers.

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Retrospective Analysis of PD-L1 Immunohistochemistry Assays

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses a retrospective analysis on the effectiveness of the VENTANA PD-L1 SP142 assay, the Dako 22C3 assay, and the VENTANA SP263 assay as predictors of response to atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in...

breast cancer

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, on Extending Letrozole Treatment in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, of Orlando Health UF Health Cancer Center, discusses 10-year results from NRG Oncology/NSABP B-42, which showed that, for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who have completed previous adjuvant therapy with an aromatase inhibitor or with...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Luca Gianni, MD, on the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Luca Gianni, MD, of the Fondazione Michelangelo, discusses findings from the NeoTRIP trial on pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant treatment with or without atezolizumab in triple-negative, early high-risk, and locally advanced breast cancer (Abstract GS3-04).

breast cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, on an Update on 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

Hongchao Pan, PhD, of the University of Oxford, discusses an analysis of 86,000 women in the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group database, which showed that the risk of distant recurrence 20 years after a diagnosis of node-negative, estrogen receptor–negative early-stage breast...

breast cancer

Nadine M. Tung, MD, on HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: INFORM Trial of Cisplatin vs Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide

Nadine M. Tung, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, discusses cisplatin vs doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC) as neoadjuvant treatment in BRCA-mutation carriers with HER2-negative breast cancer. Although cisplatin as a single agent shows activity in this setting, the pathologic complete...

breast cancer

Ivana Sestak, PhD, on Clinical Treatment Score From TAILORx: Predicting Distant Breast Cancer Recurrence

Ivana Sestak, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London and the Centre for Cancer Prevention, discusses study findings that confirm the prognostic ability of the Clinical Treatment Score at 5 years (CTS5) for late distant recurrence, specifically for patients older than 50 years and/or for those...

breast cancer

Marie-Jeanne T.F.D. Vrancken Peeters, MD, PhD, on Omitting Breast Surgery: Results of the MICRA Trial

Marie-Jeanne T.F.D. Vrancken Peeters, MD, PhD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses an interim study analysis showing that ultrasound-guided core biopsies of the breast in patients with excellent response on MRI after neoadjuvant systemic therapy may not be accurate enough to safely...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Ariella B. Hanker, PhD, on Therapeutic Implications of HER2 and HER3 Mutations in Breast Cancer

Ariella B. Hanker, PhD, of UT Southwestern Medical Center, discusses data showing that breast cancers expressing co-occurring HER2 and HER3 mutations may require the addition of a phosphoinositide 3-kinase alpha inhibitor to a HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (Abstract GS6-04).

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Findings From The Women’s Health Initiative

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the Lundquist Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, discusses the long-term influence of using estrogen plus progestin or estrogen alone on breast cancer incidence and mortality (Abstract GS5-00).

breast cancer

Gerardo Antonio Umanzor Funez, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Comparing IV and Oral Formulations of Paclitaxel

Gerardo Antonio Umanzor Funez, MD, of Liga Contra El Cáncer, discusses phase III findings on intravenous (IV) paclitaxel and oral paclitaxel plus encequidar (a novel P-gp inhibitor), the first orally administered taxane regimen shown to be superior to the IV formulation in terms of response and...

breast cancer

Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, on Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for Patients With Previously Treated, HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase II trial findings on trastuzumab deruxtecan, a HER2-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer who were previously treated with trastuzumab emtansine (Abstract GS1-03).

breast cancer

Jack Cuzick, PhD, on the International Breast Cancer Intervention Study II: 10-Year Results

Jack Cuzick, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discusses the substantially greater benefits of anastrozole as compared with tamoxifen in terms of preventing breast cancer, with no increase in fractures or other reported serious side effects (Abstract GS4-04).

breast cancer

Madeleine M.A. Tilanus-Linthorst, MD, PhD, on MRI vs Mammography: Comparing Cost and Effectiveness

Madeleine M.A. Tilanus-Linthorst, MD, PhD, of Erasmus University, reports data from the first randomized trial comparing MRI breast cancer screening with mammography in women with a familial risk. Because MRI screening detected cancer at an earlier stage, it might reduce the use of adjuvant...

breast cancer

Joerg Heil, MD, PhD, on Image-Guided Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy

Joerg Heil, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital Heidelberg, discusses findings on how accurately this technique can diagnose residual disease and pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer. These data may help tailor, de-escalate, and potentially...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: SOPHIA Trial of Chemotherapy Plus Margetuximab or Trastuzumab

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses trial data on margetuximab plus chemotherapy, which improved progression-free survival in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer when compared with trastuzumab...

breast cancer

Javier Cortes, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the KEYNOTE-119 Trial of Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy

Javier Cortes, MD, PhD, of the IOB Institute of Oncology, discusses study findings that suggested pembrolizumab offered a prolonged survival benefit compared to chemotherapy for a subset of patients with previously treated metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. In the trial, high...

breast cancer

Joseph Sparano, MD: The William L. McGuire Memorial Lecture

Joseph Sparano, MD, of the Montefiore Medical Center, discusses three challenges: How can gene-expression profiles and other diagnostic tests be used to guide the use of adjuvant systemic therapy? Is it time to reappraise active surveillance? Are there diagnostic and therapeutic strategies that ...

breast cancer

Milan Radovich, PhD, on ctDNA After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Recurrence in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Milan Radovich, PhD, of Indiana University School of Medicine, discusses trial findings that show patients with triple-negative breast cancer who are at high risk of relapse after receiving preoperative chemotherapy can be risk-stratified based on the presence of minimal residual disease as...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Belinda Kingston, MB ChB, on the Genomic Landscape of Breast Cancer Based on ctDNA Analysis

Belinda Kingston, MB ChB, of the Institute of Cancer Research London, discusses next-generation sequencing results from the plasmaMATCH trial, including the incidence of gene alterations overall, as well as the associations with clinical and pathologic features that may help direct treatment...

breast cancer

Tari A. King, MD, on Molecular Differences Between Primary and Metastatic Breast Tumors

Tari A. King, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber/ Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, discusses retrospective findings from the AURORA U.S. Network on molecular differences between primary tumors and metastases, a better understanding of which may help lead to more effective...

breast cancer

Rashmi K. Murthy, MD, on HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: HER2CLIMB Trial of Tucatinib, Capecitabine, and Trastuzumab

Rashmi K. Murthy, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data on the efficacy and safety of tucatinib, trastuzumab, and capecitabine, a treatment regimen under investigation for patients with advanced HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer refractory to standard-of-care ...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, on ctDNA Testing to Direct Targeted Therapies in Advanced Breast Cancer

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses findings from the plasmaMATCH trial, which showed that circulating tumor DNA testing offers accurate tumor genotyping to identify patients with rare HER2 and AKT1 mutations and may enable matching them with targeted...

breast cancer

Priyanka Sharma, MD, on Postoperative Treatment of Primary Breast Cancer: POTENT Trial

Priyanka Sharma, MD, of the University of Kansas Medical Center, reviews new phase III data on adding oral fluoropyrimidine to adjuvant endocrine therapy, the current standard of care, in the setting of hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative primary breast cancer (Abstract GS1-09).

breast cancer

Icro Meattini, MD, on Breast Irradiation After Breast-Conservation Surgery: 10-Year Follow-up Results

Icro Meattini, MD, of the University of Florence, discusses study findings that showed the less-invasive partial-breast irradiation using intensity-modulated radiotherapy after surgery may be an acceptable choice for patients with early breast cancer, as it is cost-effective, safe, and efficacious...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Ralph R. Weichselbaum, MD, on Oligometastatic Cancer: The Role of Radioimmunotherapy

Ralph R. Weichselbaum, MD, of the University of Chicago, summarizes a plenary lecture in which he presented data that could guide future clinical strategies: studies supporting the basis and classification of oligometastatic disease, including breast cancer; and basic and clinical data on...

breast cancer

Miguel Martín, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: PEARL Trial on Palbociclib Plus Endocrine Therapy vs Capecitabine

Miguel Martín, MD, PhD, of the Gregorio Marañón Institute and GEICAM, discusses phase III study findings that showed no improvement in progression-free survival with palbociclib plus endocrine therapy vs capecitabine in patients with hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: ATEMPT Trial on T-DM1 vs Paclitaxel Plus Trastuzumab

Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase II findings on patients receiving T-DM1 monotherapy as adjuvant treatment for stage I HER2-positive breast cancer, a regimen associated with few recurrences in the study population (Abstract GS1-05).

breast cancer

Véronique Diéras, MD, on HER2-Negative, BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer: Veliparib Plus Carboplatin/Paclitaxel

Véronique Diéras, MD, of Institut Curie Paris & Saint Cloud, discusses results from the phase III BROCADE 3 trial, which investigated the PARP inhibitor veliparib in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel in patients with advanced HER2-negative, germline BRCA–mutated breast cancer (Abstract...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: KATE2 Study of Atezolizumab/Trastuzumab Emtansine

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre at the University of Melbourne, and Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discuss overall survival in this phase II study of atezolizumab/trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) vs placebo/T-DM1 in previously treated HER2-positive...

breast cancer

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, on a HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Biomarker: Results From the PAM50 Trial

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, of Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, discusses the findings of a meta-analysis showing that the HER2-E subtype may predict pathologic complete response beyond hormone receptor status in HER2-positive early breast cancer (Abstract 248P).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: KEYNOTE-522 Trial of Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London Barts Cancer Institute, discusses pathologic complete response data from a phase III study of pembrolizumab/chemotherapy vs placebo/chemotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment, followed by pembrolizumab vs placebo as 6-month adjuvant treatment for ...

breast cancer

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: HERA Trial on Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, of the American University of Beirut Medical Center, discusses study findings showing that, in patients with one to three positive lymph nodes, postmastectomy radiation treatment decreased the risk of locoregional recurrence, particularly in estrogen receptor–positive...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers

USPSTF Recommendation on Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended risk assessment and, if indicated, genetic counseling and testing for potentially harmful BRCA1/2 mutations in women with a personal or family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer or who have...

breast cancer

Total Cumulative Chemotherapy Dose and Survival in Breast Cancer

Physicians should attempt to maintain full doses of chemotherapy, especially early in the course of treatment, for patients with intermediate- or high-risk breast cancer, according to research published by Veitch et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Letrozole Plus Taselisib or Placebo in Postmenopausal Women With ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancer

In the phase II LORELEI trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saura et al found that the addition of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor taselisib to neoadjuvant letrozole improved objective response rates but not pathologic complete response rates in women with estrogen receptor...

breast cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA and Relapse in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Garcia-Murillas et al found that detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) during follow-up after initial treatment for early breast cancer was associated with a high risk of relapse. Detection at diagnosis was also associated with poorer relapse-free...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
lung cancer

FDA Approves Entrectinib for NTRK-Fusion Cancers, ROS1-Positive NSCLC

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to entrectinib (Rozlytrek) for adult and adolescent patients whose cancers have an NTRK (neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase) genetic fusion and for whom there are no effective treatments. Entrectinib was also...

breast cancer
survivorship

Adiposity Distribution and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Among Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that increased visceral and intramuscular adiposity were associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease among breast cancer survivors, independent of baseline risk factors and cancer treatment. Study...

breast cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA Analysis for Detection of Residual Disease in Breast Cancer

Researchers have developed a new method for tracking residual disease in patients with breast cancer that could one day help doctors better tailor treatments and prevent unnecessary surgeries for some people with the disease. Findings were published by McDonald et al in Science Translational...

breast cancer
cost of care

How Treatment Costs Affect Decisions for Breast Cancer Surgery

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Greenup et al found that cancer treatment costs influenced women’s decisions on breast cancer surgery. Researchers reported many women, even at the highest income levels, said that costs were higher than expected, and that most women...

breast cancer

AI May Improve Efficiency and Accuracy of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

Artificial intelligence (AI) may improve the efficiency and accuracy of an advanced imaging technology used to screen for breast cancer, according to a study published by Conant et al in Radiology: Artificial Intelligence. Digital breast tomosynthesis is an advanced method for cancer...

breast cancer

Ten-Year Update on Standard Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Capecitabine in Older Women With Early Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Muss et al, long-term findings from the phase III CALGB 49907 trial support the finding from the primary analysis—that standard adjuvant chemotherapy improved recurrence-free survival vs capecitabine in women aged 65 years or older with early ...

breast cancer

Overall Survival With the Addition of Ribociclib to Endocrine Therapy in Advanced HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Im et al, an interim analysis of the phase III MONALEESA-7 trial has shown an overall survival benefit with the addition of the cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor ribociclib to endocrine therapy in pre- or perimenopausal women...

breast cancer
global cancer care

Automated Breast Cancer Detection Assay Using Fine-Needle Aspiration May Aid Patients in Developing Countries

A new laboratory test developed to identify chemical changes to a group of cancer-related genes may be able to accurately detect which breast tumors are cancerous or benign. Such a test could result in a more timely diagnosis of breast cancer for women in developing countries with less access to...

breast cancer

Use of BI-RADS Breast Density and BCSC Risk to Identify Women for Discussion of Supplemental Imaging

In a study reported in JAMA Internal Medicine, Kerlikowske et al found that the combined use of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) breast density and Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC)-defined risk for breast cancer may be an effective way of identifying women with dense...

breast cancer

Timing of Postoperative Treatment After Diagnosis of Breast Cancer and Survival

When chemotherapy is recommended as part of a treatment plan, women with breast cancer should start postoperative treatment ideally within 4 months of their cancer diagnosis. New study findings published by Kupstas et al in the Annals of Surgical Oncology show delaying chemotherapy further is...

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