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gastroesophageal cancer

New Preclinical Study Shows Esophageal Cancers Driven by 'Marginal Gain' Rather Than Speed

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists have shown that unexpectedly, esophageal cancer cells do not divide faster than their normal neighbors. Unlike normal cells, however, the tumor cells produce slightly more dividing daughter cells than nondividing cells, forming a tumor. The study,...

gastroesophageal cancer

Association Between Germline Mutation in VSIG10L and Barrett's Esophagus/Esophageal Cancer

Researchers at University Hospitals Case Medical Center have discovered that a rare genetic mutation is associated with susceptibility to familial Barrett's esophagus and esophageal cancer. The findings were published by Fecteau et al in JAMA Oncology. Amitabh Chak, MD, of University Hospitals...

gastrointestinal cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, on Gastric and GEJ Adenocarcinoma: Results From the FAST Trial

Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, MD, of the Institute of Clinical Cancer Research and Nordwest Hospital, discusses findings from this international phase II study of epirubicin, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine with or without IMAB362, as first-line treatment of gastric and gastroesophageal junction...

gastroesophageal cancer

Jaffer Ajani, MD, on Metastatic Gastroesophageal Cancers: Expert Perspective

Jaffer Ajani, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the importance of HER2/neu testing and other aspects of treating patients with advanced gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma.

head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Researchers Find Possible Association Between Oral Bacteria and Esophageal Cancer

University of Louisville School of Dentistry researchers have found that a bacterial species responsible for gum disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis, is present in 61% of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The findings, published by Gao et al in Infectious Agents and Cancer, only...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

PET Scan Use in Follow-up Care for Lung and Esophageal Cancer Shows Wide Variation Between Hospitals, No Impact on Survival

A new study suggests that one approach to watching for a cancer's return is being inappropriately used at many hospitals and isn't helping patients survive longer. The findings are published by Healy et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The study looked at how often survivors ...

gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

STS 2016: Race, Lower Socioeconomic Status Linked With Worse Survival Following Esophageal Cancer Surgery

Poor black patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer are at higher risk for death than white patients and patients with higher socioeconomic status, according to a scientific presentation by Erhunmwunsee et al at the 52nd Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. The abstract,...

colorectal cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Researchers at Roswell Park Receive Grants to Study New Anticancer Agent in Lung, Colorectal, and Gastrointestinal Cancers

Researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute have been awarded three of four grants by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Oncology Research Program to evaluate and define the clinical effectiveness of the investigational compound nintedanib. Nintedanib is an investigational...

gastroesophageal cancer

ASTRO 2015: Involved-Field Irradiation for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer Reduces Toxicity Without Increasing Locoregional Lymph Node Recurrence

For patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, radiation therapy that targets only the involved lymph node regions results in less toxicity without causing a statistically significant difference in locoregional lymph node recurrence, distant failure, and...

issues in oncology
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

‘Pill on a String’ Could Help Spot Early Signs of Esophageal Cancer

A “pill on a string” developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge could help doctors detect esophageal cancer at an early stage, helping them overcome the problem of wide variation between biopsies, suggests research published by Ross-Innes et al in Nature Genetics. The...

issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

New Molecular Diagnostic Test Predicts Progression of Barrett's Esophagus to Esophageal Cancer

Interpace Diagnostics, a subsidiary of PDI, Inc, announced new data demonstrating the clinical value of BarreGen, a molecular diagnostic test that predicts the risk of progression from Barrett’s esophagus to esophageal cancer approximately 3 to 4 years before the cancer develops. These...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

AACR 2015: Long-Term, Regular Aspirin Use Modestly Decreased Cancer Risk

Long-term, regular aspirin use was associated with a modestly reduced overall risk for cancer, driven primarily by a reduction in the risk for colorectal cancers, according to research presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2015, held April 18 to 22 in Philadelphia (Abstract 876). “Previous...

solid tumors
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves Ramucirumab in Combination With Paclitaxel for Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved ramucirumab (Cyramza) for use in combination with paclitaxel for the treatment of patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Ramucirumab was approved in April 2014 as a single agent for the treatment of...

issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

ASTRO: Pretreatment Serum Levels of VEGF-A and TGF-β1 Predictive of Outcomes in Esophageal Cancer

Serum levels of VEGF-A and TGF-β1 may be helpful in tailoring neoadjuvant treatment regimens for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, according to research presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology’s (ASTRO) 56th Annual Meeting (Abstract 10). Results of...

gastroesophageal cancer

ASTRO: Radiation Therapy Alone vs Chemoradiotherapy for Reducing Dysphagia in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Radiation therapy alone is as effective in decreasing swallowing complications experienced by advanced esophageal cancer patients as radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, thus allowing patients to forgo chemotherapy, according to research presented at the American Society for Radiation...

gastroesophageal cancer

Study Helps Compare Risks of Endoscopic vs Surgical Resection for Early Esophageal Cancer

A new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute by researchers at Northwestern Medicine shed new light on the risks associated with the growing popularity of endoscopic resection in the treatment of localized, early-stage esophageal cancer. Merkow et al found that the...

gastroesophageal cancer

Statin Use Associated With Decreased Risk of Barrett's Esophagus

Statin use was associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing Barrett’s esophagus, according to a new study by Nguyen et al in Gastroenterology. Obese patients experienced the greatest level of risk reduction with statin use. While statins have been associated with a reduced risk...

issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

Tumor Protein Predicts Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Esophageal Cancer

Patients with the most common type of esophageal cancer are less likely to respond to chemotherapy when their tumors are high in a protein called leptin, according to a study by Bain et al published in the British Journal of Cancer. Study Details Researchers from the University of Aberdeen...

gastroesophageal cancer

Cetuximab Fails to Improve Survival in Nonoperable Esophageal Cancer

More data have emerged that discount the potential for benefit with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in esophageal cancer. The latest comes from the RTOG 0436 randomized phase III trial in patients with nonoperable esophageal cancer, the results of which were presented at the 2014 ...

gastroesophageal cancer

Less-Invasive Endoscopic Therapy as Effective as Esophagectomy in Early Esophageal Cancer

Use of a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure to remove superficial, early-stage esophageal cancer is as effective as surgery that takes out and rebuilds the esophagus, according to a study by researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida. The research, published in Clinical Gastroenterology and...

gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Four Genetic Variants Linked to Esophageal Cancer and Barrett’s Esophagus

An international consortium co-led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute in Australia has identified four genetic variants associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer and its precursor, Barrett’s esophagus. The...

issues in oncology
issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer

Newly Identified Biomarkers May Help Predict Progression of Barrett’s Esophagus to Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

A series of microRNA expression signatures that may help to define progression of the precancerous condition Barrett’s esophagus into esophageal adenocarcinoma was reported recently in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. “Once a rare...

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