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Your search for Matthew Stenger matches 297 pages

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lung cancer

Phase III Trial Finds No Survival Benefit of Adding Ipilimumab to Etoposide/Platinum in Extensive-Stage SCLC

The addition of the anti–CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4) checkpoint inhibitor ipilimumab (Yervoy) to etoposide/platinum did not improve overall survival in the first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to a phase...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Ceritinib Shows Overall and Intracranial Activity in Advanced NSCLC Previously Treated With Crizotinib and Chemotherapy

Crinò et al found that ceritinib (Zykadia) was active overall and in central nervous system (CNS) metastases in patients with ALK-rearranged advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) previously treated with crizotinib (Xalkori) and chemotherapy, according to the ASCEND-2 phase II...

lung cancer

Plasma vs Tissue Genotyping and Outcomes With Osimertinib in Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) positive for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor T790M resistance mutation on a plasma assay had similar outcomes with the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib (Tagrisso) as did those who were...

lung cancer

First-Line Nivolumab Monotherapy Active in Advanced NSCLC

As part of the phase I CheckMate 012 study reported by Gettinger et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, nivolumab (Opdivo) monotherapy was found to be active as first-line treatment in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study is also examining first-line nivolumab plus...

lung cancer

First-Line Nivolumab Active in Combination With Platinum-Based Doublets in Advanced NSCLC

Nivolumab (Opdivo) was found to be active combined with platinum-based doublets as first-line treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as part of the phase I CheckMate 012 study reported by Rizvi et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The study is also evaluating...

lung cancer

Routine Prophylactic vs Deferred Radiotherapy for Procedure-Tract Metastases in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Prophylactic radiotherapy after surgery and large-bore pleural procedures did not result in significant reduction in the incidence of procedure-tract metastases in malignant pleural mesothelioma, according to the UK phase III SMART trial reported by Clive et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study...

lung cancer

Is Nivolumab Active in Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer?

In the phase I/II CheckMate 032 study, nivolumab (Opdivo) alone and with ipilimumab (Yervoy) demonstrated activity in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) progressing after at least one previous platinum regimen, as reported in The Lancet Oncology by Antonia et al. Study Details In the...

lung cancer

Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib Shows Activity in BRAF V600E–Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Planchard et al found that combined MAPK pathway inhibition with the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and the MEK inhibitor trametinib (Mekinist) resulted in a high response rate in patients with BRAF V600E–mutant non–small cell...

lung cancer
skin cancer

Pembrolizumab Active for Untreated/Progressive Brain Metastases in Melanoma or NSCLC

Goldberg et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was active in untreated or progressive brain metastases in melanoma and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details The study included 36 patients at Yale...

lung cancer

Low-Dose CT Screening May Detect New Solid Nodules and Lung Cancer Probability

As reported by Walter et al in The Lancet Oncology, incidence screening with low-dose computed tomography (CT) in high-risk individuals detected new solid nodules in approximately 5% to 7% at second and third screenings in the ongoing Dutch-Belgian NELSON trial. Larger nodule size was associated...

lung cancer

Adjuvant MAGE-A3 Immunotherapeutic Shows No Benefit in Resected MAGE-A3–Positive NSCLC

In the phase III MAGRIT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Vansteenkiste et al found that adjuvant therapy with the MAGE-A3 cancer immunotherapeutic did not improve disease-free survival in patients with resected MAGE-A3–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The...

lung cancer

Validation of Rapid Plasma Genotyping for Detecting EGFR and KRAS Mutations in Advanced Lung Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology, Sacher et al have prospectively validated a plasma droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) assay for detecting common EGFR and KRAS mutations in patients with advanced nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer. Study Details The study involved 180...

lung cancer

Advantage of Afatinib vs Gefitinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

The irreversible ErbB family inhibitor afatinib (Gilotrif) was associated with improvement in progression-free survival and time to treatment failure vs the reversible EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa) in the first-line treatment of EGFR-mutant non–small...

lung cancer

Dabrafenib Active in BRAF-Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

Planchard et al found that the BRAF kinase inhibitor dabrafenib (Tafinlar) produced responses in previously treated and untreated patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology. Activating BRAF V600E...

lung cancer

Noninferiority of Gefitinib vs Erlotinib Not Established in Japanese Trial in Advanced Lung Adenocarcinoma

In a Japanese phase III trial (WJOG 5108L) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Urata et al found that noninferiority of gefitinib vs erlotinib was not established in previously treated patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer. Study Details In the open-label trial, 559...

lung cancer

Evidence of Intracranial Benefit With Crizotinib in Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Solomon et al found that crizotinib (Xalkori) was associated with a significantly better disease control rate vs chemotherapy among patients with brain metastases in ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Crizotinib was also...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Individuals With a Negative Low-Dose CT Prevalence Screen

In an analysis of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) cohort reported in The Lancet Oncology, Patz et al found that participants who had a negative low-dose computed tomography (CT) prevalence screen had a low incidence of lung cancer detected at first annual screen and exhibited reduced...

lung cancer

No Treatment Failure or Survival Benefit but Less Toxicity With Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment in Elderly Patients With Advanced NSCLC

Use of comprehensive geriatric assessment to guide therapy in elderly patients with stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not improve treatment failure–free or overall survival but was associated with slightly reduced toxicity, based on the results of the phase III...

lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Possible Overuse of PET to Detect Recurrence of Lung and Esophageal Cancers

Healy et al found that greater use of positron-emission tomography (PET) for detection of recurrence of lung and esophageal cancers was not associated with improved survival, suggesting potential overuse of the modality in this setting. They reported their results in the Journal of the National...

lung cancer

Occult Metastasis on Immunohistochemistry May Affect Survival in Stage I NSCLC

Mature results of the Cancer and Leukemia Group B 9761/Alliance study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Martin et al, indicate that occult metastases detected by immunohistochemistry in N2 lymph nodes may be associated with poorer overall survival after resection in clinical stage I...

lung cancer

Update of ASCEND-1 Trial Shows Ceritinib Highly Active in ALK-Rearranged NSCLC, Including Intracranial Disease

Updated results of the phase I ASCEND-1 trial, reported by Kim et al in The Lancet Oncology, indicate that the ALK inhibitor ceritinib (Zykadia) produced high response rates in advanced ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including intracranial disease, in both patients with...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab Improves Survival vs Docetaxel in Advanced NSCLC in Relation to Increased PD-L1 Expression

In the phase II POPLAR trial reported in The Lancet, Fehrenbacher et al found that the anti–PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) antibody atezolizumab improved overall survival vs docetaxel in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had progressed on prior platinum-based...

lung cancer

Resensitization to Crizotinib via Acquisition of Lorlatinib ALK Resistance Mutation Reported in Patient With NSCLC

As reported by Shaw et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, a woman with metastatic ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had received multiple prior therapies, including the first- and second-generation ALK inhibitors crizotinib (Xalkori) and ceritinib (Zykadia),...

lung cancer

Anamorelin Increases Lean Body Mass in NSCLC Patients With Cachexia

Anamorelin (a ghrelin-receptor agonist) increased lean body mass but had no beneficial effect on handgrip strength vs placebo in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and cachexia, according to two international phase III trials (ROMANA 1 and 2) reported in The Lancet...

lung cancer

Racial/Ethnic Variations in Lung Cancer Incidence and Mortality in the Women’s Health Initiative Study Cohort

As reported by Patel et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, analysis of lung cancer incidence and mortality in the Women’s Health Initiative Study cohort of postmenopausal women showed a marginally significant lower risk of cancer in Hispanic women vs white women and no difference in...

lung cancer

Improved Outcomes Reported With Adjuvant Therapy in Patients With Early-Stage SCLC Undergoing Complete Resection

Adjuvant chemotherapy and chemotherapy plus prophylactic cranial irradiation were associated with significantly improved survival vs surgery alone in patients with early-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) undergoing complete resection, according to an analysis of National Cancer Data Base data...

lung cancer

UK Trial Shows No Survival Benefit of Low–Molecular-Weight Heparin in Patients With Lung Cancer

In the UK phase III FRAGMATIC trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Macbeth et al found no survival benefit of adding low–molecular-weight heparin to standard treatment in patients with lung cancer. Previous evidence suggested that low–molecular-weight heparin might...

lung cancer

No Survival Benefit of Pemetrexed/Cisplatin Chemoradiation vs Standard Treatment in Nonresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported by Senan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the phase III PROCLAIM trial showed no significant improvement in overall survival for chemoradiation with pemetrexed (Alimta)/cisplatin vs etoposide/cisplatin followed by consolidation pemetrexed vs a platinum-based doublet in...

lung cancer

Intense Tumor Lymphocytic Infiltration Prognostic of Better Outcome in Resectable NSCLC

Intense tumor lymphocytic infiltration was associated with improved outcomes in patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer, according to a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Brambilla et al. Study Details The LACE-Bio (Lung Adjuvant Cisplatin Evaluation...

lung cancer

Addition of TG4010 Vaccine to First-Line Chemotherapy Appears to Improve Progression-Free Survival in Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Quoix et al, the addition of immunotherapy with TG4010—the modified vaccinia Ankara expressing MUC1 and interleukin 2—to first-line chemotherapy improved progression-free survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in ...

lung cancer
solid tumors

French Trial Shows Addition of First-Line Bevacizumab to Cisplatin/Pemetrexed Improves Survival in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In the French phase III MAPS trial reported in The Lancet, Zalcman et al found that the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to standard cisplatin/pemetrexed (Alimta) treatment increased overall and progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed pleural mesothelioma. Vascular endothelial...

lung cancer

Study Finds Alectinib Highly Active in ALK-Positive, Crizotinib-Resistant NSCLC

In a North American phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shaw et al found that alectinib (Alecensa), which is active against acquired crizotinib (Xalkori) resistance mutations and exhibits high central nervous system (CNS) penetration, was associated with considerable activity in...

lung cancer

Report Finds Benefit With Third-Generation EGFR Inhibitor After Progression on Another Such Agent in Patients With Lung Cancer

In a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Sequist et al reported clinical benefit with the recently approved third-generation EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib (Tagrisso) in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer who had disease...

lung cancer

Pembrolizumab Improves Survival vs Docetaxel in Previously Treated PD-L1–Positive Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet by Herbst et al, the phase II/III KEYNOTE-010 trial showed that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) significantly improved overall survival vs docetaxel in patients with previously treated programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

solid tumors
lung cancer
cns cancers

Everolimus Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung or Gastrointestinal Tract

In a phase III RADIANT-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Yao et al found that everolimus (Afinitor) and supportive care significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo and supportive care in patients with advanced nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors of the lung or gastrointestinal tract. ...

lung cancer

Similar Outcomes Reported With Surgery vs Definitive Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Resectable Stage III NSCLC

Findings in an early-terminated German phase III trial (ESPATUE), reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Eberhardt et al, indicate similar outcomes with surgery vs definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy after induction chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy in patients with resectable stage...

lung cancer

Alectinib Highly Active in Crizotinib-Refractory ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ou et al found that the investigational ALK inhibitor alectinib, which is active against acquired crizotinib (Xalkori) resistance mutations and exhibits high CNS penetration, was associated with considerable activity in patients with ...

lung cancer

Intratumoral Heterogeneity of ALK Fusions and ALK/EGFR Co-alterations in Lung Adenocarcinomas

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cai et al found intratumoral genetic heterogeneity of ALK rearrangement and coexisting ALK rearrangement and EGFR mutation in lung adenocarcinomas. Study Details The study involved evaluation for ALK fusions and EGFR mutations in 629...

lung cancer

Molecular Prognostic Index Improves Risk Stratification of Early-Stage NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Gentles et al identified a nine-gene molecular prognostic index that improved the overall survival prognostic power of clinical factors in patients with stage I non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the...

lung cancer
cns cancers

Prognostic Factors Identified in Patients With ALK‑Rearranged NSCLC and Brain Metastasis

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Johung and colleagues identified factors that distinguished survival rates among patients with ALK-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and brain metastasis. The study included 90 patients from six institutions. Of them, 84...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Reported Hospitalization Rate in Patients Receiving Systemic Therapy for Metastatic NSCLC Much Higher in Real-World vs Clinical Trial Setting

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Prince et al found that the hospitalization rate among patients receiving systemic therapy for metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was much higher in observational studies vs clinical trials among studies reporting hospitalization rates. Study...

lung cancer

Chemoradiotherapy Survival Benefit in Elderly Patients With Limited-Stage SCLC

In a population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Corso et al found that chemoradiotherapy was associated with an overall survival benefit vs chemotherapy in elderly patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Study Details The study involved National Cancer ...

lung cancer

ASCO Endorses CHEST Guideline on Treatment of Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has endorsed the current American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) guideline on treatment of small cell lung cancer, released in 2013. After review of evidence from an updated literature search covering 2011 to March 2015, an ASCO...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds No Disease-Free Survival Improvement With Adjuvant Erlotinib in EGFR-Expressing NSCLC

In the phase III RADIANT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kelly et al found no disease-free survival improvement with adjuvant erlotinib (Tarceva) vs placebo in patients with EGFR-expressing stage IB to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, there was evidence of ...

lung cancer

Higher Failure-to-Rescue Rates in Lung Cancer Resections Reported at Hospitals With High Mortality Rates in Major Cancer Resections

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Grenda et al found higher mortality and higher failure to rescue rates in patients undergoing lung resection at hospitals with high vs low mortality rates in major cancer resections. Study Details In the study, hospitals with the lowest...

lung cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Systemic Therapy for Stage IV NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Masters et al, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on systemic therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recommendations are based on an update committee systematic review of randomized controlled trials...

lung cancer

European Trial Indicates No Additional Benefit From Preoperative Radiotherapy Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Stage IIIA/N2 NSCLC

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Pless et al in the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research found that adding preoperative radiation following neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not appear to improve outcomes vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone in patients with stage IIIA/N2 non–small...

lung cancer

Limited Resection Not Equivalent to Lobectomy for Survival in Older Patients With Early-Stage Lung Cancer

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Veluswamy et al found that limited resection was not equivalent to lobectomy in overall survival among older patients with stage IA invasive adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Among patients with adenocarcinoma,...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Sequencing Studies Show High Frequency of Actionable MET Mutations in Pulmonary Sarcomatoid Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Liu et al, next-generation sequencing revealed a high frequency of actionable MET mutations in patients with pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma. Study Details In the study, whole-exome sequencing was used in a discovery set of 10 patients...

lung cancer

No Survival Benefit of Adding MET Inhibitor Tivantinib to Erlotinib in Previously Treated Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scagliotti et al found that the addition of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor tivantinib to erlotinib (Tarceva) did not improve overall survival in previously treated patients with locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous ...

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