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Your search for The ASCO Post matches 317 pages

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prostate cancer

Charles G. Drake, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer and Immunology: Expert Perspective

Charles G. Drake, MD, PhD, of Columbia University Medical Center, summarizes his keynote lecture on immunotherapy as a new frontier in prostate cancer and its synergistic use with traditional treatments.

prostate cancer

Joshua Armenia, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Recent Discoveries

Joshua Armenia, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses new information that is changing the understanding of prostate cancer, including the identification of a new subclass, which represents 21% of cases, and the discovery of recurrently mutated cancer pathways not previously...

prostate cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Blood Test Uncovers Potential New Treatment Targets in Advanced Prostate Cancer

Analysis of free-floating cancer DNA from blood samples has yielded leads for new prostate cancer treatment targets. Using a commercially available “liquid biopsy” test in patients with advanced prostate cancer, researchers found a number of genetic changes in cell-free, circulating...

prostate cancer

Researchers Identify ‘Synthetic Essentiality’ as Novel Approach for Locating Cancer Therapy Targets

A new method has been found for identifying therapeutic targets in cancers lacking specific key tumor suppressor genes. The process, which located a genetic site for the most common form of prostate cancer, has potential for developing precision therapy for other cancers, such as breast, brain, and ...

prostate cancer

Validation of the Five-Tiered Gleason Grade Grouping System in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Scientists have been able to validate the recently proposed five-tiered system of Gleason grade grouping using population-based data. The study, led by Grace Lu-Yao, PhD, MPH, Associate Director for Population Science at the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University and Vice...

prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer Treatment Rates Drop, Reflecting Change in Screening Recommendations

As some national guidelines now recommend against routine prostate cancer screening, the overall rate of men receiving treatment for the disease declined 42% between 2007 and 2012, a new study published by Borza et al in Health Affairs found. The decline reflects efforts to decrease overdiagnosis...

prostate cancer

NAALADL2 Marker for Aggressive Prostate Cancer May Also Serve as a Drug Target

Researchers have discovered that a marker found on aggressive prostate cancer cells could also be used as a way to guide treatments to the cancer, according to new research presented by Luxton et al at the 2016 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference in Liverpool, United...

prostate cancer

Second Opinions From Urologists for Prostate Cancer: Do They Make a Difference?

A new analysis indicates that many men with prostate cancer obtain second opinions from urologists before starting treatment, but surprisingly, second opinions are not associated with changes in treatment choice or improvements in perceived quality of prostate cancer care. Published by...

prostate cancer
sarcoma

Link Between Molecular Mechanisms in Prostate Cancer and Ewing Sarcoma Found

Medical researchers at Indiana University (IU) Bloomington have found evidence for a link between prostate cancer, which affects millions of men aged 50 and older, and Ewing's sarcoma, a rare form of cancer that affects children and young adults. The results of the study, reported by Kedage et al...

prostate cancer

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: CHAARTED Trial Follow-up

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses how long-term study results showed no survival benefit in men with ogliometastatic prostate cancer. (Abstract 720PD)

prostate cancer

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, on Localized Prostate Cancer: Metastasis-Free Survival as a Surrogate for Overall Survival

Christopher J. Sweeney, MBBS, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses how this early clinical endpoint will accelerate the development of new therapies for localized intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer. (Abstract 717O)

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2016: Extremely Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy Shows Promising Toxicity Results for Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

For men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer, side effects at 2 years following radiation therapy were comparable for extremely hypofractionated treatment, which was delivered in 7 fractions across 2.5 weeks, and conventional treatment of 39 fractions across 8 weeks, according to research...

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2016: SBRT Offers Patients With Prostate Cancer High Disease Control and Low Toxicity in Fewer Treatments

High-dose stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for men newly-diagnosed with low- or intermediate-risk prostate cancer results in shorter treatment times, low severe toxicity, and excellent cancer control rates, according to research presented by Meier et al at the 58th Annual Meeting of the...

prostate cancer

Paul L. Nguyen, MD, on Prostate Cancer: High-Risk Disease, Brachytherapy, And Hormones

Paul L. Nguyen, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes a session he moderated, which included talks on local recurrence following brachytherapy, long-term PSA stability after the procedure, and androgen deprivation and high-dose radiotherapy. (Scientific Session 41)

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2016: Three Novel Intrinsic Subtypes of Prostate Cancer Identified

In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have identified and validated three distinct molecular subtypes of prostate cancer that correlate with distant metastasis-free survival and can assist in future research to determine how patients will respond to treatment, according to research...

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2016: Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer May Be Well Controlled With Brachytherapy Alone

For men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer, radiation treatment with brachytherapy alone can result in similar cancer control with fewer long-term side effects, when compared to more aggressive treatment that combines brachytherapy with external beam therapy (EBT), according to research...

prostate cancer

ASTRO 2016: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy Can Reduce Treatment Time With Comparable Quality of Life for Patients With Prostate Cancer

For men with early stage, low-risk prostate cancer, treatment with hypofractionated radiation therapy offers comparable health-related quality of life outcomes in one-third less treatment time than conventional radiation therapy, according to research presented by Watkins Bruner et al at the 58th...

prostate cancer

Bradley R. Prestidge, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Initial Findings of NRG Oncology/RTOG 0232

Bradley R. Prestidge, MD, of Bon Secours VA Health System, summarizes his plenary lecture on this phase III trial comparing combined external beam radiation and transperineal interstitial permanent brachytherapy with brachytherapy alone for selected patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer....

prostate cancer

Alan Pollack, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy

Alan Pollack, MD, PhD, of the University of Miami Health System, summarizes a session that included discussion of outcomes, dose response, oligometastatic disease, and gene predictor of response. (Presentations 228-235)

prostate cancer

Anders Widmark, MD, PhD, on Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer: Results From the HYPO-RT-PC Trial

Anders Widmark, MD, PhD, of the Umea University Hospital Oncology, discusses the early toxicity results from the phase III Scandinavian study on extreme hypofractionation vs conventionally fractionated radiotherapy for intermediate-risk prostate cancer. (Abstract LBA-5)

prostate cancer

Daniel Hamstra, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Decreasing Rectal Toxicity 126

Daniel A. Hamstra, MD, PhD, of Texas Oncology, discusses phase III findings on the use of an absorbable hydrogel spacer designed to decrease rectal toxicity and improve bowel quality of life for patients with prostate cancer. (Abstract LBA-6)

prostate cancer

Blood Biomarkers in Abiraterone- or Enzalutamide-Resistant Prostate Cancer Tumor Cells 

While searching for a noninvasive way to detect prostate cancer cells circulating in blood, Duke Cancer Institute researchers have identified some blood markers associated with tumor resistance to two common hormone therapies. In a study published by Gupta et al in Clinical Cancer Research, a team...

prostate cancer

Decline in Circulating Tumor Cell Count and Treatment Outcome in Advanced Prostate Cancer

A drop in the number of cancer cells detected in a patient’s blood could be the best indicator yet as to whether treatment for prostate cancer is working. A new study, published by Lorente et al in European Urology, shows that a 30% decline in a patient’s numbers of circulating tumor...

prostate cancer

Novel MRI Technique Distinguishes Healthy Prostate Tissue From Cancer Using Zinc

A novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that detects low levels of zinc ion can help distinguish healthy prostate tissue from cancer, The University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center radiologists have determined. The findings were published by Clavijo Jordan et al in the Proceedings ...

prostate cancer

Similar Functional Outcomes Reported With Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic and Open Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy

Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy yielded similar domain-specific quality-of-life or pathologic outcomes at 12 weeks in men with newly diagnosed, clinically localized prostate cancer, according to the results of a randomized phase III trial reported ...

prostate cancer

Higher Exposure to Radical Local Treatment Linked to Lower Mortality in Men With Very High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Men with very high-risk prostate cancer treated at hospitals with a high proportion of administered radical local treatment (radiotherapy or prostatectomy) have half of the mortality risk of men who are treated at hospitals with the lowest proportions, according to a new study conducted by...

prostate cancer

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Increase Mortality in African American Men With Favorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective study analyzing patients' medical records, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) found that race significantly affected longevity by increasing the likelihood of death after receiving androgen-deprivation therapy. These findings were published by Kovtun et al in...

prostate cancer

Sociodemographic and Clinical Predictors of Switching to Active Treatment From Observational Management in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Although active surveillance for patients with low-risk prostate cancer has become an increasingly acceptable strategy for disease management, many men opt for definitive therapies such as radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy. A new study of more than 2,200 patients with low-risk prostate...

prostate cancer

Patients With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer on Active Surveillance Experience Good Quality of Life

Active surveillance has become an increasingly important alternative to surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatment for men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. However, what is the impact of active surveillance on health-related quality of life in patients selected or opting for this...

prostate cancer

Early Evidence of Anti–PD-1 Activity in Enzalutamide-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Restoring tumor-specific immunity is a treatment strategy that works well in melanoma and lung cancer patients. Now a new study out of the Oregon Health & Science University (OSHU) Knight Cancer Institute is reviving hope that the approach also may help men with life-threatening prostate...

prostate cancer

PET/MRI: A One-Stop Imaging Test to Detect Prostate Cancer?

A University of Michigan study published by Piert et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine reported that the addition of molecular imaging based on F-18-choline positron-emission tomography (PET) improves the identification of significant prostate cancer over multiparametric prostate magnetic...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2016: PET/CT Imaging of Prostate Cancer With Specific Agent May Be an Accurate Prebiopsy/Preoperative Guide

With surgical removal at the frontline of defense against prostate cancer, oncologists are considering prostate-specific molecular imaging at the point of initial biopsy and preoperative planning to root out the full extent of disease, researchers showed at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of ...

prostate cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Paul L. Nguyen, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Expert Perspectives on Four Studies

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Paul L. Nguyen, MD, both of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss four key studies on high- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer, as well as localized disease (Abstracts 5001, 5003, 5023, and 5021).

prostate cancer

Celestia S. Higano, MD, and Chris Parker, MD, on the PROMIS Study of Elevated PSA

Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, and Chris Parker, MD, of the Royal Marsden Hospital, discuss findings from this confirmatory study evaluating the accuracy of MRI and TRUS biopsy in men with an elevated PSA (Abstract 5000).

prostate cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, on Findings of the FIRSTANA Trial in Prostate Cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, of Tulane University, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, discuss findings from this phase III study on cabazitaxel vs docetaxel in chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5006).

prostate cancer

FDA Approves New Diagnostic Imaging Agent to Detect Recurrent Prostate Cancer

On May 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fluciclovine F-18 (Axumin), a radioactive diagnostic agent for injection. Fluciclovine F-18 is indicated for positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging in men with suspected prostate cancer recurrence based on elevated...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: IsoPSA, a Novel, Structure-Based Biomarker Test for Prostate Cancer, Explored in a Multicenter Prospective Trial

A promising new test is detecting prostate cancer more precisely than current tests by identifying molecular changes in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) protein, according to Cleveland Clinic research presented at the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA)...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Relationship Between Testosterone Therapy and Prostate Cancer Explored

Men with low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone need not fear that testosterone replacement therapy will increase their risk of prostate cancer. This is the finding of an analysis of more than a quarter-million medical records of mostly white men in Sweden, research led by investigators at ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Cell-Cycle Progression Score Provides Significant Prognostic Information in Patients With Gleason Score < 7

Myriad Genetics announced results from a study of the prognostic information provided by its Prolaris test in patients with prostate cancer and a Gleason score < 7 at the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) (Abstract MP02-20). Prolaris is a novel 46-gene ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: BRCA Gene Mutations Associated With Increased Prostate Cancer Risk

Though predominantly known for their increased associations with breast cancer risk, germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are also associated with an increased susceptibility to other diseases, including prostate cancer. New data being presented during the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy May Benefit Men at High Risk for Relapse

Not all men with prostate cancer benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy after radical prostatectomy; however, African American men and men with a higher tumor stage may, according to a new U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) study (Abstract PI LBA 06) featured at the 111th Annual Scientific...

prostate cancer

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy May Offer a Higher Cure Rate in Prostate Cancer Than More Traditional Approaches

A 5-year study published by Hannan et al in the European Journal of Cancer showed that stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to treat prostate cancer offers a higher cure rate than more traditional approaches, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center Harold C. Simmons...

prostate cancer

Preclinical Studies Show Many Androgen-Deprivation Therapies May Suppress Adaptive Immune Responses

Prostate cancer patients and their doctors may want to think twice about the best timing for chemotherapy or radiation therapy in conjunction with a common nonsurgical treatment, based on international research findings led by UT Southwestern Medical Center investigators. Researchers using mouse...

prostate cancer

Widely Cited Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening Publications Influence Biopsy Rates and Associated Complications

While absolute rates of biopsy and postbiopsy complications have decreased following several benchmark prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening publications, the relative risk for each patient continues to increase, according to a new study by Mayo Clinic researchers. The study is the largest to...

prostate cancer

Study Links Normal Stem Cells to Aggressive Prostate Cancer

A study that revealed new findings about prostate cells may point to future strategies for treating aggressive and therapy-resistant forms of prostate cancer. The study proved that the prostate basal cell layer contains adult stem cells, which possess a unique gene-expression profile resembling the ...

prostate cancer

Light Reflectance Technique May Improve Ability to Remove Prostate Cancer During Surgery

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have determined that light reflectance spectroscopy can differentiate between malignant and benign prostate tissue with 85% accuracy, a finding that may lead to real-time tissue analysis during prostate cancer surgery. These findings were reported...

palliative care
prostate cancer

GU Symposium 2016: Even After Antiandrogen Therapy, Docetaxel Remains Useful in Prostate Cancer

A study presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium showed that 40% of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with docetaxel following abiraterone (Zytiga) had at least a 50% reduction in prostate-specific antigen (PSA), demonstrating the activity of...

prostate cancer

GU Symposium 2016: New Blood Test Technology Shows Promise for Guiding Prostate Cancer Treatment Decisions

An early study suggests that an experimental blood test may help guide individualized decisions on the most appropriate treatments for patients with prostate cancer. The new noninvasive “liquid biopsy” scans the entire landscape of different kinds of cancer cells in blood and analyzes...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

GU Symposium 2016: Regular Aspirin Use May Reduce Risk of Dying From Prostate Cancer

A large observational study has found that men who take aspirin regularly may have a lower risk of dying from prostate cancer. Men who took aspirin regularly after their prostate cancer diagnosis were less likely to die from the disease. However, aspirin did not affect the overall incidence of...

prostate cancer

David Penson, MD, MPH, Receives $2 Million Research Award to Study Prostate Cancer  

David Penson, MD, MPH, Professor of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, has received a $2 million research award from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to study localized prostate cancer. Dr. Penson is also Director of the Vanderbilt Center for Surgical ...

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