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Your search for Charlotte Bath matches 31 pages

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issues in oncology

Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity Among Oncology Surgeons Do Not Necessarily Result in Culturally Competent Care

A survey of oncology surgeons from six hospitals in Washington State found that the surgeons in the sample “displayed and valued cultural awareness and sensitivity” but that “cultural awareness and sensitivity did not necessarily result in culturally competent behavior.”...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Serum Tumor Marker Testing Overused, Especially for Solid Tumors

A retrospective review to evaluate the frequency of serum tumor marker testing “found a high rate of serum tumor marker testing overuse and extreme overuse in patients with advanced solid tumors,” Melissa K. Accordino, MD, of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Fecal Immunochemical Test Sensitive and Effective for Annual Colorectal Cancer Screening

Annual screening with the fecal immunochemical test is highly sensitive for detecting colorectal cancer and “is feasible and effective for population-level colorectal cancer screening,” according to a large-scale retrospective cohort study assessing the fecal immunochemical...

issues in oncology

Quality Improvement Projects Aim at Reducing Prescribing Errors for Chemotherapy

Two quality improvement projects described by Bryant-Bova in the Journal of Oncology Practiceresulted in reduced errors in prescribing intravenous and oral chemotherapy. A project at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston outpatient infusion centers first identified 15 different types ...

supportive care
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Anemia Prevalent and Independently Associated With Functional Disability in Older Patients With Cancer

“Anemia was highly prevalent and independently associated with functional disability” among older adults with cancer, according to an analysis of data conducted by Owusu et al. “Older patients with anemia were more than twice as likely to have functional disability than those...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology
palliative care

Aggressive End-of-Life Care More Frequent Among Black Than White Men With End-Stage Prostate Cancer

A study to examine racial disparities in end-of-life care among black and white patients dying of prostate cancer found that “significant racial disparities in end-of-life care" do exist. “Although diagnostic and therapeutic interventions are less frequent in black patients with...

breast cancer
supportive care
issues in oncology

To Optimize Tamoxifen Use Among Premenopausal Women With Breast Cancer, Include Access to Fertility-Preservation Options

A multivariable analysis of clinical factors associated with tamoxifen use among premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer showed that fertility preservation was a significant factor and “the only predictor of both noninitiation and early cessation” of...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Adding Lenalidomide to Melphalan/Prednisone Yields Better Quality of Life Than Thalidomide in Elderly Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A phase III Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) trial (E1A060) comparing melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide (Thalomid) (MPT-T) with melphalan, prednisone, and lenalidomide (Revlimid) (mPR-R) in elderly patients with untreated multiple myeloma found that at the end of the induction period, ...

issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Cancer Diagnosis Among Patients With Diabetes Reduced Adherence to Evidence-Based Diabetes Medications

“A cancer diagnosis among patients with diabetes reduced adherence with evidence-based medications, particularly if patients’ life expectancy was short,” according to a study among Medicare beneficiaries reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice. “These findings emphasize ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Diagnosis of Additional Small Breast Cancers Suggests Screening Mammography May Lead to Overdiagnosis

A study of screening mammography across U.S. counties found that “the clearest result of mammography screening is the diagnosis of additional small cancers” but without a “concomitant decline in the detection of larger cancers, which might explain the absence of any significant...

hepatobiliary cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

More Than One-Third of Patients Diagnosed With Hepatocellular Carcinoma as Outpatients Have Diagnostic Delays

Nearly 20% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma “wait more than 3 months from presentation to diagnosis, which can contribute to interval tumor growth,” Patel et al concluded in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. They based their conclusions on a review of...

skin cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Patients’ Desire for Rapid Notification of Skin Biopsy Results Leads to Preference for Phone Call Over In-Person Discussion

Patients’ preference for how they receive biopsy results “has shifted from face-to-face visit to discussion over the telephone because of a desire for rapid notification,” according to a survey of 301 patients recruited at three different melanoma clinics. A total of 67.1% of the...

issues in oncology

Study Identifies Factors Contributing to Disparities in Cancer Treatment Based on HIV Status

A survey sent to medical and radiation oncologists to identify factors contributing to observed disparities in cancer treatment between patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and those not infected found that 21% of physicians would alter their treatment recommendations based on...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Collaboration Between Surgeons and Medical Oncologists Improves Outcomes for Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer

Collaboration between surgeons and medical oncologists specialists “is associated with lower mortality without increased cost among patients with stage III colon cancer,” according to a study by Hussain et al in the Journal of Oncology Practice. An increase from one to five in the...

issues in oncology
lung cancer

EGFR L858R Mutation in Circulating Free DNA From Blood Samples of Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Shown to Be Negative Prognostic Marker

Using a novel polymerase chain reaction assay “to efficiently assess” epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in circulating free DNA (cfDNA) from blood samples of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the Spanish Lung Cancer Group has “shown...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

‘Frailty Profile’ Predicts Survival and Toxicities Among Elderly Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A frailty score predicts mortality and the risk of toxicity in elderly patients with multiple myeloma and can be used to determine more suitable therapies for these patients, the International Myeloma Working Group reported in Blood. “Chronologic age, performance status, and physician's...

lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Chemotherapy Trials for Advanced Cancers of the Lung and Pancreas Overestimate Survival for Elderly Medicare Patients

Results of clinical trials evaluating chemotherapy regimens for advanced pancreatic cancer and lung cancers “tended to correctly estimate survival for Medicare patients aged 65 to 74 years, but to overestimate survival for older Medicare patients by 6 to 8 weeks,” Lamont et al reported...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Widespread Use of Docetaxel Preceded Phase III Evidence of Usefulness in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Docetaxel was being widely used by patients with metastatic prostate cancer before phase III evidence that it was more effective than standard-of-care for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to an analysis of Medicare claims from before and after the trial results and...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Almost Half of Women Taking Tamoxifen for Primary Prevention of Breast Cancer Discontinue Use Before 5 Years

After 4.5 years of taking tamoxifen for primary prevention of breast cancer, 46% of women discontinued use, according to research conducted within the Sister Study, a prospective cohort of women who had a sister who had been diagnosed with breast cancer but did not have breast cancer themselves....

gynecologic cancers
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer
issues in oncology

14 Million Major Medical Conditions Attributable to Cigarette Smoking

At least 14 million major medical conditions among U.S. adults aged 35 years and older were attributed to cigarette smoking by a study estimating the disease burden of cigarette smoking, which, according to the study’s authors, “remains immense.” Among current and former smokers,...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Oncologists Respond Rapidly to Clinical Trial Evidence on Use of EGFR Inhibitors

Use of panitumumab (Vectibix) and cetuximab (Erbitux) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer decreased significantly after the publication of clinical trial evidence that anti-EGFR antibodies should be restricted to wild-type KRAS tumors, subsequent ASCO guidelines recommending testing for...

issues in oncology

ASCO 2014: Stopping Statins Is Safe and Can Improve Quality of Life for Patients With Cancer Near the End of Life

Stopping statin therapy is safe for patients with cancer who have a life expectancy of less than 1 year, according to a randomized study reported at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago (Abstract LBA9514). Discontinuing statins did not shorten survival and provided a number of important...

supportive care
issues in oncology

ASCO 2014: Starting Palliative Care Support for Family Caregivers at the Time of Cancer Diagnosis Improves Quality of Life

Introducing a palliative care support program for caregivers of patients with advanced cancer at or near the time patients are diagnosed provides greater benefits than delayed palliative care services, according to results of the ENABLE III study reported at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting in Chicago...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

ASCO 2014: Women With Breast Cancer and Bone Metastasis Can Safely Scale Back Frequency of Zoledronic Acid Dosing

Findings from a phase III randomized study suggest that women with breast cancer and bone metastasis who have received at least nine doses of zoledronic acid over the previous year can safely scale back dosing from every 4 weeks to every 12 weeks without compromising the effectiveness of the...

issues in oncology

Electronic Cigarette Usage Associated With Use of Conventional Cigarettes Among Adolescents

“Use of e-cigarettes does not discourage, and may encourage, conventional cigarette use among US adolescents.” This was the conclusion of a cross-sectional analysis of survey data from a representative sample of middle and high school students who completed the National Youth Tobacco...

skin cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Sunscreen Use Infrequently Discussed With Patients, Even Those With History of Skin Cancer

Although the incidence of skin cancer is increasing, “the rate at which physicians are mentioning sunscreen at patient visits is quite low, even for patients with a history of skin cancer,” according to an analysis of data from more than 18.30 billion patient visits....

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Low Risk of Transformation to Melanoma for Biopsy-Diagnosed Mildly or Moderately Dysplastic Nevi, So Surgical Excision May Not Be Indicated

The risk of transformation to melanoma appears very low for biopsy-diagnosed mildly or moderately dysplastic nevi, and routine surgical excision of nevi with a positive biopsy margin may not be indicated. Patients with biopsy-diagnosed moderately-to-severely and severely atypical nevi, however,...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Indoor Tanning Common Among Young White Females Despite Skin Cancer Risk

Indoor tanning, defined as using a tanning booth, sun bed, or sunlamp, is common among non-Hispanic white female high school students and young adults, despite risks of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer, according to Gery P. Guy, Jr, PhD, MPH, and colleagues of the Centers for Disease...

issues in oncology

Best of ASCO 2013: Promises and Challenges of Applying Molecular Profiling to Clinical Practice

A “new kind of pathology,” in which anatomy and histology are supplemented by molecular etiology, has been emerging over the past decade and promises better response rates among cancer patients as genomic alterations in cancer continue to be identified and treated with targeted...

issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Best of ASCO 2013: Off-Label Prescribing of Chemotherapy Drugs Is Common but Most Meets NCCN Compendium Criteria

Off-label prescribing of drugs remains common in oncology, but about two-thirds of off-label prescribing is consistent with the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Drugs & Biologics Compendium, according to a study reviewed at Best of ASCO Chicago by Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, of ...

issues in oncology

ASCO 2013: Top Five Things Oncologists Need to Know about Cancer in Older Adults

A workforce shortage of geriatricians and other health professionals trained and certified in caring for older patients with cancer is colliding with the aging of the population and the increasing number of older Americans with cancer. After describing factors contributing to these dual challenges, ...

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