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Your search for Jo Cavallo matches 21 pages

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prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Exposure to Specific Carcinogens and Prostate Cancer Risk Among World Trade Center First Responders

Since the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, studies have shown an increased risk of several cancers—including multiple myeloma and prostate, head and neck, and thyroid cancers—among first responders to the scene. The results from a new study by Gong et al...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer

Following a Healthy Diet and Avoiding Alcohol May Reduce Overall Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has estimated that in developed countries, about 35% of breast cancers and 45% of colorectal cancers could be prevented with a better adherence to nutritional recommendations. A large prospective study evaluating...

lung cancer
prostate cancer

By 2030, Prostate and Lung Cancers Are Expected to Be the Most Common Cancer Types Among HIV-Infected Adults

While effective antiretroviral therapy, which suppresses HIV replication and improves immune function, has resulted in increased longevity for people living with HIV and reduced the risk of certain cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, other cancers are expected to become more ...

prostate cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary...

prostate cancer

Preclinical Study Finds SPOP Mutation Drives Prostate Cancer Subtype

A genetically engineered mouse model developed by Blattner et al investigating the role of the gene Speckle Type BTB/POZ Protein, or SPOP, as a driver of prostate cancer has found that the mutation drives prostate neoplasia through coordinate deregulation of both P13K/mTOR and androgen receptor...

prostate cancer

PSA-Based Computational Model Predicts Time to Relapse After Prostate Cancer Surgery

Approximately one in four patients who undergo radical prostatectomy experience a cancer recurrence. Now a study by Stura et al investigating a prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based computational model that uses four consecutive postsurgical PSA values has found the mathematical model to be highly...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Incidence of Mutations in DNA-Repair Genes Significantly Higher in Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The incidence of mutations in DNA-repair genes was significantly higher among men with metastatic prostate cancer than among men with localized disease (11.8% vs 4.6%), according to a study by Pritchard et al reported in The New England Journal of Medicine. In addition, the frequency ...

issues in oncology
prostate cancer

Study Finds Prostate Cancer Survivors Who Maintained a Western Diet Had an Increased Risk of Death

A large study evaluating the relationship of dietary patterns with prostate cancer–specific and all-cause mortality among men diagnosed with nonmetastatic prostate cancer has found that the men who ate a Western-style diet of foods rich in processed meats, red meats, and high-fat dairy...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

American College of Physicians Offers Advice on High-Value Screening in Five Cancers

To provide guidance on high-value cancer care screening strategies, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recently reviewed clinical guidelines issued by various medical organizations for screening strategies in five common cancers for asymptomatic, average-risk adults. The five cancers focused...

prostate cancer

Higher Levels of Physical Activity Improve Survival Among Men With Prostate Cancer

Men with localized prostate cancer who walked or cycled for 20 minutes or more a day had a 30% decreased overall mortality and a 39% decreased prostate cancer–specific mortality compared with men who spent less time engaging in those activities, a large Swedish study has found. The study...

prostate cancer

Increase in PSA Levels 5 to 10 Years After Prostatectomy May Not Signify Subsequent Development of Metastasis in Patient's Lifetime

While early treatment of prostate cancer recurrence after a radical prostatectomy based on detectable or rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may reduce the risk of disease metastasis, even without salvage treatment, many patients will die of other causes before metastatic disease...

prostate cancer

Higher Levels of Cholesterol and Triglycerides May Increase the Risk of Prostate Cancer Recurrence

Prostate cancer survivors with higher levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides had an increased risk for disease recurrence, according to a study by Allott et al. The study findings, coupled with evidence that statin use is associated with reduced recurrence risk, suggest that lipid levels...

prostate cancer

Severe Vitamin D Deficiency Is Associated With Aggressive Prostate Cancer, Study Finds

A study investigating vitamin D status and prostate cancer diagnosis in high-risk men has found an association between vitamin D deficiency and aggressive prostate cancer. The study enrolled 667 men, ages 40 to 79 years, who were undergoing their first prostate biopsy following an abnormal...

prostate cancer

Computational Model Can Predict Therapy Outcomes in Prostate Cancer With Bone Metastasis

Active prostate cancer cells in the bone environment can disrupt the bone remodeling process, promoting a “vicious cycle” of extensive bone destruction and formation that yields nutrients allowing prostate cancer cells to grow. To simulate this complex biologic process, researchers have ...

issues in oncology
prostate cancer

Chronic Inflammation in Benign Prostate Tissue Is Associated With Aggressive Prostate Cancer

An analysis of prostate tissue biopsies collected from participants in the placebo arm of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) has found that those whose benign prostate tissue had chronic inflammation had 1.78 times higher odds of having prostate cancer, and 2.24 times higher odds of having ...

prostate cancer

No Mortality Benefit From Primary Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Most Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

A large retrospective cohort study by Potosky et al of 15,170 men with early-stage prostate cancer has found that patients who received androgen deprivation as their primary treatment instead of surgery or radiation did not live any longer than those who received no curative-intent treatment. Men...

prostate cancer

Biologic Mechanism May be Linked to Racial Disparities in Prostate Cancer

In the United States, African American men are 1.6 times more likely to develop prostate cancer and more than 2.5 times as likely to die from the disease than non-Hispanic white men, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. A study by David P. Turner, PhD, Assistant...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Genetic Mutation May Play a Role in Worse Outcomes for Obese Prostate Cancer Patients

A study by researchers from Harvard School of Public Health, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital has found that overweight or obese men with prostate cancer whose tumors were positive for the TMPRSS2:ERG genetic mutation had more than a 50% increased risk of dying...

prostate cancer

Ipilimumab Fails to Significantly Prolong Survival in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, the manufacturer of ipilimumab (Yervoy), released results from its phase III randomized double-blind study investigating the drug in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The study findings show that ipilimumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks the ...

prostate cancer

Study Suggests Low-Grade Prostate Cancers May Not Progress Over Time

Data analyzed from a large cohort study of men diagnosed with prostate cancer found that prostate cancer aggressiveness may be established when the tumor is formed and not change over time. The researchers of the study, Kathryn L. Penney, ScD, Instructor in the Department of Medicine at Harvard...

prostate cancer

Novel Research Method May Lead to Tailored Treatments for Late-stage Prostate Cancer

A study using a novel “co-clinical” approach that integrates data from hundreds of genetically engineered mouse models with clinical data from tissue samples of hundreds of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer, has identified several molecular pathways underlying...

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