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multiple myeloma

Are Cardiac Events During Proteasome Inhibitor Therapy for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Common?

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cornell et al found that cardiovascular adverse events are common in patients receiving proteasome inhibitor therapy for relapsed multiple myeloma and are associated with poorer outcome. The prospective observational study involved 95...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

EHA 2019: CASSIOPEIA Trial Examines Addition of Daratumumab to Standard Treatment Before and After ASCT in Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial, reported in The Lancet and presented at the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA; Abstract S145) by Moreau et al, daratumumab plus bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone (D-VTd) given before and after autologous stem cell transplantation...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Addition of Daratumumab to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone in Untreated Myeloma Ineligible for ASCT

In the phase III MAIA trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Facon et al found that the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival in previously untreated multiple myeloma ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation ...

multiple myeloma

Cytogenetic Prognostic Index for Survival in Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Perrot et al identified a cytogenetic prognostic index predictive of survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Study Details The study involved data from 1,635 patients in four trials conducted by the Intergroupe...

multiple myeloma

OPTIMISMM: Addition of Pomalidomide to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone in Pretreated Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III OPTIMISMM trial, reported by Richardson et al in The Lancet Oncology, researchers found that the addition of pomalidomide to bortezomib/dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma previously treated with lenalidomide. Study Details...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Anti-BCMA CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase I trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Raje et al found that bb2121, a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), was safe in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Investigators reported ...

multiple myeloma

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Salvage Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation vs Nontransplantation in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

In an analysis of the phase III UK Myeloma X trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ahmedzai et al found that patient-reported outcomes tended to be worse with salvage autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) vs nontransplantation consolidation in relapsed multiple myeloma. The...

multiple myeloma

Trial of Autologous Transplantation, Consolidation, and Maintenance Therapy in Multiple Myeloma

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stadtmauer and colleagues found that second autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) or RVD (lenalidomide, bortezomib, dexamethasone) consolidation as post-AHCT interventions did not improve outcomes vs single...

multiple myeloma

Lenalidomide Maintenance vs Observation in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In a UK phase III trial (Myeloma XI) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jackson et al found that lenalidomide maintenance was associated with improved progression-free survival but not overall survival among patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with at least minimal response to induction...

multiple myeloma

ELOQUENT-3: Addition of Elotuzumab to Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Dimopoulos et al, the phase II ELOQUENT-3 trial has shown that the addition of elotuzumab (Empliciti) to pomalidomide (Pomalyst) and dexamethasone significantly prolonged progression-free survival in patients with relapsed and/or refractory...

multiple myeloma

CAR T Cells Targeting B-Cell Maturation Antigen in Poor-Prognosis Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

In a first-in-human study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brudno et al found that chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) autologous T cells targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) produced responses in patients with poor-prognosis relapsed multiple myeloma. Study Details The current...

multiple myeloma

Once- vs Twice-Weekly Carfilzomib in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

An interim analysis of the phase III ARROW trial reported in The Lancet Oncology by Moreau et al indicated that a higher-dose once-weekly schedule of carfilzomib was associated with prolonged progression-free survival vs a twice-weekly schedule in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple...

multiple myeloma
symptom management

Analysis of Carfilzomib-Related Cardiotoxicity

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in Leukemia & Lymphoma, Shah et al identified the risk of cardiotoxicity among patients, most with multiple myeloma, receiving carfilzomib (Kyprolis) in clinical trials. Study Details The study included data from 4,164 patients who received...

multiple myeloma

Denosumab vs Zoledronic Acid in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma With Bone Disease

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Raje et al found that denosumab was noninferior to zoledronic acid in preventing skeletal-related events (SREs) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients with bone disease. Study Details In the double-blind trial, 1,718 patients with at...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Pomalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone in Patients With Multiple Myeloma and Renal Impairment

In a European phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dimopoulos et al found that pomalidomide (Pomalyst) plus low-dose dexamethasone produced responses in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and renal impairment. Study Details In the study, 81 patients with ...

multiple myeloma

Selective Inhibition of Nuclear Export in Heavily Pretreated Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vogl et al found that the investigational oral selective exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor selinexor combined with dexamethasone produced responses in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. ...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

ASPIRE Trial: Final Overall Survival Results in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The final overall survival results of the phase III ASPIRE trial indicate significant improvement with carfilzomib (Kyprolis), lenalidomide (Revlimid), and dexamethasone (KRd) vs lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (Rd) in patients who had received one to three prior lines of therapy for multiple...

multiple myeloma

Role of Bone-Modifying Agents in Multiple Myeloma: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kenneth Anderson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on the role of bone-modifying agents in multiple myeloma. The update was informed by an expert panel systematic literature...

multiple myeloma

Cardiovascular Adverse Events and Multiple Myeloma Treatment

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Waxman et al found that any-grade and grade ≥ 3 cardiovascular adverse events occurred in 18.1% and 8.2% of patients receiving carfilzomib (Kyprolis) for multiple myeloma in clinical trials. Study Details The study involved...

multiple myeloma

Tandem Autologous/Allogeneic HCT With Maintenance Therapy in High-Risk Myeloma

In a phase II study reported in Blood Advances, Green et al found that tandem autologous/allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) followed by bortezomib (Velcade) maintenance produced good results in patients with newly diagnosed high-risk multiple myeloma. Poorer outcomes were observed...

multiple myeloma

Overall Survival With Carfilzomib vs Bortezomib in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Dimopoulos et al in The Lancet Oncology, a prespecified interim analysis of the phase III ENDEAVOR trial has shown a significant overall survival benefit for carfilzomib (Kyprolis) vs bortezomib (Velcade) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Carfilzomib was...

multiple myeloma

Lenalidomide Maintenance After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma

According to a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by McCarthy et al, lenalidomide (Revlimid) maintenance therapy after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) was associated with improved progression-free and overall survival vs placebo or observation in patients with...

multiple myeloma

Comparison of MRI vs PET-CT in Multiple Myeloma

A study reported by Moreau et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology indicated no difference between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron-emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) in detecting bone lesions at diagnosis in patients with multiple myeloma. PET-CT normalization...

multiple myeloma
cost of care

Impact of Subsidies on Use of Oral Immunomodulatory Drugs in Medicare Beneficiaries With Myeloma

According to a study by Olszewski and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Medicare Part D beneficiaries without a low-income subsidy may face daunting barriers in affording oral immunomodulatory drugs for myeloma. The low-income subsidy markedly reduces out-of-pocket costs for...

multiple myeloma

Spanish Analysis of Prognostic Impact of MRD-Negative Status in Multiple Myeloma

A pooled analysis of three PETHEMA/GEM studies has shown that minimum residual disease (MRD)-negative status after induction therapy is more prognostic of favorable outcome than complete response alone in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The findings were reported by Lahuerta et al in the Journal...

multiple myeloma

Lenalidomide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone With or Without HCT in Younger Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A French phase III trial (IFM 2009), reported by Attal et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, has shown that consolidation treatment with lenalidomide (Revlimid), bortezomib (Velcade), and dexamethasone (RVD) was associated with poorer progression-free survival vs high-dose chemotherapy and...

multiple myeloma

Does Obesity Pose Risk for Transformation of Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance to Myeloma?

In a population-based cohort study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Chang et al found that overweight and obesity were associated with an increased risk of transformation of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance to multiple myeloma. Black race was also...

multiple myeloma

Does Adding Bortezomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improve Outcomes in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Myeloma?

In the phase III SWOG S0777 trial reported in The Lancet, Durie et al found that adding bortezomib (Velcade) to lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed myeloma who were not planned for immediate autologous stem cell...

multiple myeloma

Lower Risk of All-Cause Mortality in Multiple Myeloma Reported With Treatment at Higher-Volume Facilities

In an analysis of data from the National Cancer Database reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Go et al found a lower risk of all-cause mortality among patients with multiple myeloma treated at higher-volume facilities. Study Details The study included patients diagnosed with multiple...

multiple myeloma

Does Adding Daratumumab to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improve Outcomes in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma?

The addition of the CD38-targeted antibody daratumumab (Darzalex) to lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in patients with previously treated multiple myeloma, according to the results of the phase III POLLUX trial reported by Dimopoulos et al in The New England...

multiple myeloma

Meta-analysis Shows Association of Minimal Residual Disease–Negative Status With Improved Survival in Multiple Myeloma

In a meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Munshi et al found that minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative status was associated with improved survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. For the analysis, a literature search identified 21 English language articles published...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Study Finds Statin Use Associated With Reduced Mortality in Multiple Myeloma

Analysis of data from the Veterans Administration Central Cancer Registry, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sanfilippo et al, showed that statin use was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and multiple myeloma–specific mortality in patients with multiple myeloma....

multiple myeloma

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stewart et al found that treatment with carfilzomib (Kyprolis), lenalidomide (Revlimid), and dexamethasone (KRd) was associated with improved health-related quality of life vs lenalidomide/dexamethasone (Rd) in relapsed multiple myeloma in the phase...

multiple myeloma

Adding Daratumumab to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASTOR trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Palumbo et al found that adding the anti-CD38 antibody daratumumab (Darzalex) to bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone markedly improved progression-free survival among patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Long-Term Benefit of Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Reported in High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Mateos et al in The Lancet Oncology, long-term follow-up in the phase III QuiRedex trial indicates continued benefit of lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone vs observation in preventing disease progression in patients with high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. Study Details In...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Obesity Linked to Increased Risk of Multiple Myeloma Mortality in African Americans

Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for death from multiple myeloma in African Americans, according to a study reported by Sonderman et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Multiple myeloma incidence and mortality rates have been reported to be twice as high among...

multiple myeloma

Updated Outcomes and Impact of Age in FIRST Trial in Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Hulin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the updated findings in the phase III FIRST trial continue to show improved progression-free and overall survival with continuous lenalidomide (Revlimid) plus low-dose dexamethasone (Rd) vs melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide (MPT)...

multiple myeloma

Addition of Ixazomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Moreau et al found that adding the oral proteasome inhibitor ixazomib (Ninlaro) to lenalidomide (Revlimid) and dexamethasone significantly prolonged progression-free survival among patients with relapsed, refractory, or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. They reported the findings from the...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

International Myeloma Working Group Recommendations for Myeloma-Related Renal Impairment

International Myeloma Working Group recommendations for the diagnosis and management of myeloma-related renal impairment were recently reported by Dimopoulos et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Recommendations were based on review of published data through December 2015. Key recommendations...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

Study Finds Better Outcome With Melphalan Plus ASCT vs Chemotherapy Plus Lenalidomide Consolidation in Multiple Myeloma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gay et al found that progression-free survival was shorter with lenalidomide (Revlimid) plus chemotherapy vs high-dose melphalan plus autologous stem cell transplantation in transplant-eligible patients with multiple myeloma, with no significant ...

multiple myeloma

Anti-CD19 Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Treatment Produces Response in Patient With Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported by Garfall et al in The New England Journal of Medicine, a patient with refractory multiple myeloma who had undergone prior autologous stem cell transplantation and multiple lines of therapy exhibited a complete response to a second autologous transplantation followed by infusion of...

multiple myeloma

Study Finds CD38-Targeted Antibody Daratumumab Active in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

In a phase I/II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lokhorst et al found that the CD38-targeting human IgG1κ monoclonal antibody daratumumab had an acceptable safety profile and produced durable responses in relapsed multiple myeloma. Study Details In the dose-escalation...

multiple myeloma

Pooled Analysis Shows Improved Outcomes With Continuous vs Fixed-Duration Therapy in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In a pooled analysis of trials assessing novel agent-based continuous therapy vs fixed duration of therapy reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Palumbo et al found that continuous therapy prolonged progression-free survival, progression-free survival-2 (time to second progression or...

multiple myeloma

International Myeloma Working Group Defines Revised International Staging System for Multiple Myeloma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Palumbo et al, the International Myeloma Working Group recommends the use of a revised international staging system (R-ISS) for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma that incorporates chromosomal abnormalities detected by interphase fluorescent in situ...

multiple myeloma

Community-Based Trial Suggests No Benefit of Adding Thalidomide or Melphalan to Bortezomib-Based First-Line Treatment of Myeloma

In the U.S. community-based phase IIIB UPFRONT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Niesvizky et al found no benefit of adding thalidomide (Thalomid) or melphalan to first-line bortezomib (Velcade)-based treatment in transplant-ineligible myeloma patients. Study Details In the...

multiple myeloma

Addition of Elotuzumab to Lenalidomide-Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In an interim analysis of the phase III ELOQUENT-2 trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lonial et al found that the addition of the investigational agent elotuzumab to lenalidomide (Revlimid)-dexamethasone significantly increased progression-free survival in patients with relapsed ...

multiple myeloma

Subclinical Peripheral Neuropathy Is Common in Treatment-Naive Multiple Myeloma Patients, Correlates With Decreased Fingertip Innervation Density

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kosturakis et al found that the majority of patients with multiple myeloma had subclinical peripheral neuropathy prior to chemotherapy and that deficits corresponded with decreased fingertip innervation density. Study Details In the study,...

multiple myeloma

Continuous Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Myeloma

In the phase III FIRST trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Benboubker et al found that continuous lenalidomide (Revlimid) plus dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival vs melphalan/prednisone/thalidomide (Thalomid) in transplant-ineligible myeloma patients....

multiple myeloma

Adding Pan-Deacetylase Inhibitor Panobinostat to Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed Myeloma

In the phase III PANORAMA1 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, San-Miguel and colleagues found that adding the pan-deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat to bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in patients with relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple...

multiple myeloma

Improved Outcomes in Myeloma With High-Dose Melphalan Plus Autologous Transplant and Lenalidomide Maintenance

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Palumbo et al found that consolidation therapy with high-dose melphalan plus autologous stem cell transplantation improved progression-free survival and overall survival compared with melphalan/prednisone/lenalidomide (Revlimid)...

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