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cns cancers
solid tumors
leukemia
multiple myeloma
sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Myeloma, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, and Kaposi Sarcoma, Plus ODAC Votes

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted designations in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma; and the FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) held votes on treatments for tenosynovial giant cell tumor and acute...

bladder cancer

Does Quitting Smoking Affect Risk of Bladder Cancer in Postmenopausal Women?

A large study of postmenopausal women indicated that quitting cigarette smoking was associated with significantly reduced risk of bladder cancer. The most significant reduction in risk occurred in the first 10 years after quitting, with a modest but continued decline in later years. These results...

symptom management

FDA Approves Dalteparin Sodium for VTE in Pediatric Patients

On May 16, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dalteparin sodium (Fragmin) to reduce the recurrence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pediatric patients 1 month of age and older. This is the first FDA-approved therapy to treat VTE in pediatric patients....

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Chemotherapy-Free Regimen, Venetoclax Plus Obinutuzumab, as First-Line Treatment for CLL/SLL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) for the treatment of people with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). The approval is based on the results of the...

FDA Approves Avelumab/Axitinib Combination for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This is the first FDA approval for an anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Tumor Mutational Burden as a Marker of Response to Immunotherapy in MSI-High Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Foundational research recently published by Schrock et al in Annals of Oncology may help patients with microsatellite instability (MSI)-high metastatic colorectal cancer decide whether to choose immunotherapy or chemotherapy as their first treatment option. “Immunotherapy is the new,...

solid tumors

AUA Releases New Clinical Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Early-Stage Testicular Cancer

Recently, the American Urological Association (AUA) released a new clinical guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of early-stage testicular cancer. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer among men ages 20 to 40. Although it is a less common form of cancer, about 9,600 American men...

breast cancer

Addition of Tucidinostat to Exemestane in Advanced Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

In the Chinese phase III ACE trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jiang et al found that the addition of the oral histone deacetylase inhibitor tucidinostat to exemestane improved progression-free survival in postmenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer whose...

breast cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Lifetime Risk of Brain Metastases in Elderly Survivors of Breast, Lung, and Skin Cancers

Elderly survivors of breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma face risk of brain metastasis later in life, and may require extra surveillance in the years following initial cancer treatment, according to results of a study published by Ascha et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, &...

gynecologic cancers

Study Finds New Candidate Susceptibility Genes for High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

A team of researchers have identified 34 genes that are associated with an increased risk for developing the earliest stages of ovarian cancer. The findings, published by Gusev et al in Nature Genetics, may help identify women who are at highest risk of developing ovarian cancer and pave the way...

hepatobiliary cancer

ARRS 2019: Percutaneous Liver Ablation Intervention vs Surgery for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Compared to surgery, percutaneous liver ablation interventions in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were associated with lower in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization costs, according to a study presented by Sodagari et al at the American Roentgen Ray Society...

hepatobiliary cancer

ARRS 2019: Arterial-Phase Hyperenhancement for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With SBRT

Although arterial-phase hyperenhancement is a key feature of untreated or recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma, standard response assessment such as modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) should be used with caution, particularly in the early phases after stereotactic body...

breast cancer

ARRS 2019: Short-Interval Follow-up MRI in Identifying Early-Stage Breast Cancer

When appropriate, short-interval follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to identify early-stage breast cancer and avoid unnecessary biopsies, according to a study presented by Lamb et al at the American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS) 2019 Annual Meeting (Abstract 2367). Utilization of ...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Ramucirumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On May 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ramucirumab (Cyramza) as a single agent for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who have an alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level ≥ 400 ng/mL and have been previously treated with sorafenib. REACH-2 Trial Approval was based on the...

pain management

CDC Issues Clarification on Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

ASCO, the American Society of Hematology (ASH), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) recently acknowledged receipt of a key clarification1 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on prescribing opioids to manage pain from certain conditions. The clarification...

health-care policy
breast cancer

FDA Advances Policy Changes to Modernize Mammography Services

ON MARCH 27, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced important new steps to modernize breast cancer screening and help empower patients with more information when they are considering important decisions regarding their breast health care. For the first time in more than 20...

Emil J Freireich, MD, FAACR, Honored With AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research

THE AMERICAN Association for Cancer Research (AACR) recognized Emil J Freireich, MD, FAACR, with the 2019 AACR Award for Lifetime Achievement in Cancer Research at the opening ceremony of this year’s AACR Annual Meeting. Dr. Freireich was honored for his work in establishing combination...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Front-Line Therapy in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Developing a New Standard

THE FRONT-LINE systemic treatment landscape for metastatic renal cell carcinoma has undergone tremendous movement over the past several years. A better understanding of the current management paradigm for therapy-naive patients warrants a reflection of historic landmark clinical trials that have...

issues in oncology

Harnessing the Power of Twitter for Clinical Trial Enrollment and Success

CLINICAL TRIALS are vital for advancing cancer care for our patients. Each trial represents an unanswered problem for which researchers are committed to solving. Designing, funding, recruiting, and completing a trial are tremendous undertakings for each researcher, physician, patient, and...

immunotherapy
skin cancer

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Associated With Improved Outcomes in Patients With Locally Advanced Melanoma

ACCORDING TO DATA from a small prospective study presented at the 2019 Society of Surgical Oncology Annual Cancer Symposium,1 neoadjuvant immunotherapy significantly prolonged relapse-free survival vs adjuvant immunotherapy in patients with stage III or oligometastatic stage IV melanoma intended...

breast cancer
solid tumors

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, ctDNA Detection

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted a Fast Track designation to a treatment for CCR5-positive metastatic triple-negative breast cancer; granted Breakthrough Device designation to a test for the postsurgical detection and quantification of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA);...

solid tumors

PRRT Shows Long-Term Effectiveness in Malignant Neuroendocrine Tumors

A 12-year retrospective clinical study of patients who received peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) for malignant neuroendocrine tumors demonstrated the long-term effectiveness of this treatment, which also allows patients to maintain a high quality of life. The study was published by...

issues in oncology

IMPACT Study, Aimed at Increasing Diversity Among Clinical Trial Participants, Launches

The University of Southern California (USC) Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center has launched a study to determine how financial assistance for costs associated with clinical trial participation might increase enrollment, particularly among low-income patients and racial and ethnic minorities....

health-care policy
cost of care

AMA Commends Final CMS Rule for Requiring Pricing Information in TV Drug Ads

Today, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar announced a final rule from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) that will require direct-to-consumer television advertisements for prescription pharmaceuticals covered by Medicare or Medicaid to include the list price—the ...

issues in oncology

WINTHER Trial: Genomic and Transcriptomic Profiling May Translate to New Therapeutic Options for Patients With Advanced Cancer

Published by Rodon et al in Nature Medicine, results of the WINTHER study showed that RNA profiling together with DNA testing matches more patients with advanced cancer to personalized therapies than DNA profiling for tumor mutations alone. The WINTHER trial aimed to...

breast cancer

ASBrS 2019: Comprehensive Postoperative Mastectomy Home Recovery Programs Show Patient Benefit

Comprehensive postoperative mastectomy home recovery programs significantly increased same-day patient discharge with no decrease in quality of care, according to two new studies presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS). “Research demonstrates the...

bladder cancer

AUA 2019: Studies Highlight Potential Bladder Cancer Risks

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), exposure to certain environmental factors, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may increase the risk of developing bladder cancer, according to new data presented this week at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). The...

breast cancer
pain management

ASBrS 2019: Opioid Management Program Reduces Post–Breast Surgery Narcotic Use

A breast surgery opioid prescription management program that analyzed current physician patterns and provided education and guidelines successfully reduced the volume of narcotics given postoperatively to patients at a large institution. These results were presented by Fan et al at the Annual...

breast cancer

ASBrS 2019: Retrospective Study of Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy Outcomes Over Time

Nipple-sparing mastectomy complication and implant failure rates have decreased significantly since introduction of the procedure, while the patient population undergoing nipple-sparing mastectomy increasingly includes more advanced cancers and women traditionally considered at risk for...

bladder cancer

AUA 2019: OLYMPUS Trial Assesses Mitomycin Gel in Low-Grade Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Findings from a secondary analysis of the phase III OLYMPUS trial were presented by Kleinmann et al during the Plenary Session at the 2019 American Urological Association (AUA) Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA-16). Results showed that instillation of UGN-101, an investigational formulation of mitomycin ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2019: Insights in Prostate Cancer Identification and Management

Prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment are ever-changing, with new research showcasing different ways to identify and manage patients with the disease. Three new abstracts—highlighting how beta-blockers may impact prostate cancer risk, the advantages and disadvantages of using magnetic...

breast cancer
symptom management

ASBrS 2019: Bioimpedance Spectroscopy for Surveillance of Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema

Surveillance of women at risk for breast cancer–related lymphedema using bioimpedance spectroscopy was more effective in preventing lymphedema progression than traditional arm circumference measurement when each was combined with immediate compression therapy. These were the results of an...

breast cancer

ASBrS 2019: Factors Associated With Nonoperative Management of Select Patients With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Tumor hormonal status, possible ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) on initial biopsy, and imaging results following neoadjuvant chemotherapy may help physicians predict whether surgery might be safely eliminated for HER2-positive breast cancer that is traditionally treated aggressively....

breast cancer

FDA Approves Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine for HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

On May 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1; Kadcyla) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer who have residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant taxane- and trastuzumab-based treatment. Patients should be...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
symptom management

ESTRO 38: REQUITE Project Finds Predictive Biomarkers for Late Radiotherapy Toxicity

The latest results from the REQUITE project, which aimed to discover what makes patients more likely to experience adverse effects after radiotherapy, have shown that a combination of biologic markers and certain genetic changes can predict radiation sensitivity. In addition, the international team ...

cns cancers

ESTRO 38: What Type of Radiotherapy May Best Preserve Cognitive Function in Pediatric Patients With Brain Tumors?

A comparison of three types of radiotherapy for pediatric brain tumors suggests that a type of proton therapy called pencil-beam scanning (PBS) offers the best hope of preserving cognitive functions. The study, presented by Toussaint et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the European Society...

prostate cancer

ESTRO 38: High–Dose Rate Brachytherapy in Localized Prostate Cancer

A single high dose of radiation that can be delivered directly to a treatment site within a few minutes is a safe and effective technique for treating men with localized, low-risk prostate cancer, according to a study presented by Tharmalingam et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the ...

solid tumors
leukemia
prostate cancer
pain management

FDA Pipeline: Applications and Designations in Prostate Cancer, Leukemia, and HER2-Positive Cancers

In the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application and granted Priority Review for a prostate cancer treatment, granted Orphan Drug designation to a treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, accepted an investigational new drug application for a...

leukemia

FDA Approves First-Line Ivosidenib for IDH1-Mutated AML

On May 2, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded its approval of ivosidenib (Tibsovo) to include newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a susceptible IDH1 mutation, as detected by an FDA-approved test, in patients who are at least 75 years old or who have comorbidities that ...

lung cancer

ESTRO 38: Radical Hemithoracic Therapy in Patients With Mesothelioma

Patients with mesothelioma are twice as likely to survive for 2 years or longer if they are treated with a high dose of radiation to the affected side of the trunk, according to research presented by Minatel et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the European Society for Radiotherapy...

lymphoma

ESTRO 38: Radiotherapy After ABVD May Improve Survival in Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

Patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma with bulky lesions at the time of diagnosis may benefit from radiotherapy after chemotherapy, according to late-breaking results presented by Ricardi et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology...

breast cancer

ESTRO 38: Long-Term Results of Adjuvant Radiotherapy Plus Antihormonal Treatment in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Women with early-stage, low-risk, hormone receptor–positive breast cancer may be less likely to experience disease recurrence if they have radiotherapy after surgery as well as antihormonal treatment, according to results from a trial that has followed 869 women for 10 years. These findings...

breast cancer

ESMO Breast Cancer 2019: Does Continuous Chemotherapy Benefit Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer?

Continuous chemotherapy showed greater benefit in patients with advanced breast cancer by both improving survival and maintaining quality of life compared to intermittent scheduling, according to analyses of the Stop&Go study presented by Erdkamp et al and Claessens et al at the European...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Hope and Fear Are Two Constants in the Lives of Patients With Cancer

A year and a half ago, when I was 33, the thought of having a life-threatening disease was unimaginable. In hindsight, the weight loss I began experiencing in the fall of 2017 should have raised concern because I’ve always had to be mindful of my diet if I wanted to lose weight. But denial can be a ...

breast cancer

ESMO Breast Cancer 2019: PERNETTA Trial Examines Treatment De-escalation in Women With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

De-escalation approaches in the treatment of women with HER2-positive breast cancer need to be personalized, according to a European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) spokesperson Carmen Criscitiello, MD, PhD, of the European Institute of Oncology in Milan, Italy. Dr. Criscitello commented on the ...

Hematologist Francesco Lo Coco, MD, Dies in Rome at 63

Hematologist Francesco Lo Coco, MD, known for his research accomplishments in both acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), died in Rome on March 3, 2019. He was 63. After graduating from the Medical School in Pisa, he moved to La Sapienza University of Rome in 1981....

Robert O. Hickman, MD, Inventor of the Hickman Catheter, Dies at 92

Robert O. Hickman, MD, a pediatric nephrologist and inventor of a catheter that revolutionized care for patients with cancer, died on April 4, 2019. He was 92. Dr. Hickman was born on September 27, 1926, in Monticello, Utah. He served in the U.S. Air Force in the mid-1940s and married Lucy Jean...

Nobel Laureate and Pioneer in Molecular Biology, Sydney Brenner, MSc, MBBCh, DPhil, Dies at 92

Sydney Brenner, MSc, MBBCh, DPhil, died on April 6, 2019, at age 92, according to The Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore, where Dr. Brenner had served as a Senior Fellow. Dr. Brenner was conferred the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2002 for his pioneering...

The Skin Cancer Foundation Awards $125,000 in Research Grants

The Skin Cancer Foundation hosted its member reception on March 1 during the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) Annual Meeting. As part of the reception, the Foundation announced the winners of its annual research grant awards, collectively totaling $125,000. David Polsky, MD, Chair of The Skin...

Cigall Kadoch, PhD, Chosen for 2019 Martin and Rose Wachtel Cancer Research Prize

The American Association for the Advancement of Science and Science Translational Medicine announced that Cigall Kadoch, PhD, has been chosen for the 2019 Martin and Rose Wachtel Cancer Research Prize. Dr. Kadoch is Assistant Professor of Pediatric Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute;...

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