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colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

2020 GI Cancers Symposium: Young Adults With Colorectal Cancer Living in Areas of Low Income, Education Likely to Have Worse Survival Outcomes

A retrospective analysis of 26,768 young adults with colorectal cancer aged 40 and under found that those who live in areas with lower income (a median income of less than $38,000) and less education (under 79% high school graduation rate), as well as those who live in urban areas, had worse...

hepatobiliary cancer
colorectal cancer

2020 GI Cancers Symposium: Patient-Reported Outcomes From IMbrave150, BEACON CRC

Patient-reported outcomes from two large studies show that quality of life is maintained longer with newer drug combinations compared with standard-of-care treatments in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma and BRAF V600E­–mutant metastatic colorectal cancer. The results, from...

gastrointestinal cancer

2020 GI Cancers Symposium: Detecting GI Tumors Using a Cell-Free DNA Test

A blood-based screening test using cell-free DNA to identify methylation signals of hard-to-detect gastrointestinal (GI) cancers could potentially help detect disease at earlier stages. This research will be presented by Brian M. Wolpin, MD, MPH, and colleagues at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers...

breast cancer
survivorship

Does Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Affect Cognition in Breast Cancer Survivors?

Proton pump inhibitors, which are sometimes recommended to ease stomach problems during cancer treatment, may have an unintended side effect: impairment of breast cancer survivors' memory and concentration. These findings were published by Madison et al in the Journal of Cancer Survivorship....

skin cancer

Using T-Cell Fraction to Predict Melanoma Recurrence

In a paper published by Pruessmann et al in Nature Cancer, investigators presented a new, quantitative technique that leverages DNA sequencing to make more sophisticated and accurate predictions about which primary melanomas are likely to recur and spread. "As recently as 10 years ago, the outlook...

immunotherapy
skin cancer
sarcoma
kidney cancer

Three Studies Examine Relationship Between B-Cell Enrichment and Response to Immunotherapy

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures, according to three studies all recently published in Nature. The studies showed that enrichment of B cells...

gynecologic cancers
prostate cancer
lung cancer
supportive care
multiple myeloma
colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Ovarian Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and NSCLC

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for ovarian, prostate, and lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to therapies for chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia and multiple myeloma; and granted Breakthrough Device designation to platforms...

hepatobiliary cancer

Treatment Resistance and Novel Therapies in FGFR-Mutated Cholangiocarcinoma

A new study has shown how resistance to fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor treatment develops in patients with cholangiocarcinoma and suggests that adding another therapy at the time of disease progression might resensitize tumor cells to initial therapy. These findings were...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Genomic Aberrations and Pancreatic Cancer Subtypes

Researchers have discovered detailed new genetic information about the subtypes of pancreatic cancer. A better understanding of the disease groups may lead to new treatment options and improved clinical outcomes for this lethal disease, Chan-Seng-Yue et al reported in Nature Genetics. The study...

breast cancer

Are Women in Europe or Asia More Likely to Have Breast-Conserving Therapy Than Those in the United States?

Neoadjuvant systemic therapy can shrink tumors in patients with breast cancer and, in some cases, allow patients to receive breast-conserving therapy who would otherwise require mastectomy. However, in the United States, about 55% of patients who become eligible for breast-conserving therapy after...

prostate cancer

Use of Artificial Intelligence for Diagnosing and Grading Prostate Cancer

Researchers at have developed a method based on artificial intelligence (AI) for the histopathologic diagnosis and grading of prostate cancer. The study, published by Ström et al in The Lancet Oncology, showed that the AI system can be trained to detect and grade prostate cancer from needle biopsy...

breast cancer

Higher 21-Gene Recurrence Score May Be Associated With Increased Risk of Locoregional Recurrence in Patients With Breast Cancer

A new study shows that a test physicians commonly use to guide chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer after surgery may also help them decide whether radiation therapy may be of benefit. Results published by Wendy A. Woodward, MD, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology suggest patients with an...

multiple myeloma

Selected Abstracts on New Therapies for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

To complement The ASCO Post’s comprehensive coverage of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapeutic regimens including the monoclonal antibody daratumumab in combination ...

head and neck cancer

Patients With HPV-Positive and HPV-Negative Oropharyngeal Cancer May Have Different Rates of Mortality

New research indicates that there is a higher risk of early death among patients with oropharyngeal cancer not associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vs those whose tumors are HPV-positive. The findings are published by Fullerton et al in Cancer.  The incidence of oropharyngeal cancer is...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Retrospective Analysis of PD-L1 Immunohistochemistry Assays

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses a retrospective analysis on the effectiveness of the VENTANA PD-L1 SP142 assay, the Dako 22C3 assay, and the VENTANA SP263 assay as predictors of response to atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in...

skin cancer

Molecular Characteristics of Leptomeningeal Melanoma Metastases

Patients with advanced melanoma who develop metastases in the leptomeninges usually have a poor prognosis—most patients only survive for 8 to 10 weeks after diagnosis. One reason for this poor prognosis is that very little is known about the molecular development of leptomeningeal melanoma...

colorectal cancer

Association Between Colorectal Cancer and Ulcerative Colitis

Patients with the inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis have a higher risk of dying from colorectal cancer, despite modern therapy, even though the risk has declined in recent years. Olén et al published these findings in The Lancet. Previous research has shown that patients with ulcerative ...

issues in oncology

Patient Access to High-Quality Oncologic Pathology Improves Care

Accurate and timely diagnoses are critical components for developing treatment plans for patients with cancer and also for informing prognosis and assessment of responses. Pathologists are an essential part of the oncology team because they have specialized knowledge that helps inform diagnostic...

bladder cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track/Orphan Drug Designation for Cholangiocarcinoma Treatment, Breakthrough Device Designation for Bladder Cancer Test

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to infigratinib for patients with advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a certain genetic mutation, and Orphan Drug designation to the treatment for patients with cholangiocarcinoma. The FDA also granted...

colorectal cancer

Does Statin Use Increase Overall Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer?

About 40 million adults in the United States take a statin to lower their cholesterol and reduce the risk for heart disease—but they may also be getting an added anticancer benefit, a growing body of evidence suggests. According to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific...

gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Approves Avapritinib for the Treatment of PDGFRA-Mutated Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

On January 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved avapritinib (Ayvakit) for the treatment of adults with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that harbors platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) exon 18 mutation. This approval includes...

lung cancer

Step Counts May Help Predict Treatment Outcomes for Patients With NSCLC

A new study suggests step counters could play a role in predicting outcomes for people undergoing chemoradiation therapy for lung cancer. These findings were published by Ohri et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics. “I consider step counts to be a new vital...

issues in oncology

Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among Patients With Cancer and Survivors

New research published by Nina N. Sanford, MD, and colleagues in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has found most cancer survivors reported that they are current alcohol drinkers, with a subset of those survivors self-reporting excessive drinking behaviors. “We recommend...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves PD-1 Inhibitor for BCG-Unresponsive, High-Risk Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non–muscle invasive bladder cancer with carcinoma in situ with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have...

gynecologic cancers

Many Pelvic Examinations and Papanicolaou Tests Performed on Young Women May Be Unnecessary

Pelvic examinations and cervical cancer screenings are no longer recommended for most females under age 21 during routine health visits, but a new study has found that millions of young women are undergoing the tests, which can lead to false-positive testing, overtreatment, anxiety, and needless...

skin cancer

Does Weight-Loss Surgery Lower the Risk of Malignant Melanoma?

Bariatric surgery is associated with a distinct reduction in skin cancer risk, according to findings published by Taube et al in JAMA Dermatology. This finding further substantiates the connection between weight loss and malignant skin cancer. “This [study] provides further evidence for a...

issues in oncology

Largest Single-Year Drop in Cancer Mortality Reported in ‘Cancer Statistics, 2020’

The cancer death rate declined by 29% from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2% drop from 2016 to 2017—the largest single-year drop in cancer mortality ever reported. These findings were reported in “Cancer Statistics, 2020,” the latest edition of the American Cancer Society’s annual report on cancer...

head and neck cancer

T-DM1 Shows Activity in HER2-Amplified Salivary Gland Cancer in Small Patient Sample of NCI-MATCH

The antibody-drug conjugate ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) showed activity in HER2-amplified salivary gland tumors, according to data published by Jhaveri et al in Annals of Oncology. The publication is for ‘Arm Q,’ which is one of nearly 40 single-arm phase II treatments in the NCI-Molecular...

issues in oncology

Physical Activity at Recommended Levels May Lower Risk of Multiple Cancers

A pooled analysis of nine prospective studies involving more than 750,000 adults has found that recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity were linked to a lower risk for seven cancers, with several cancer types having a dose/response relationship. These findings were published by...

solid tumors

One Cycle of Bleomycin/Etoposide/Cisplatin May Be as Effective as Two for Patients With Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer recurrence may be prevented by giving men one cycle of chemotherapy instead of the two cycles used as standard. Lowering the overall exposure to chemotherapy also reduced side effects. These findings were published by Cullen et al in European Urology. Testicular cancer is the most ...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

JAVELIN Bladder 100 Study of Avelumab for Urothelial Cancer Meets Primary Endpoint

The phase III JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial met its primary endpoint of overall survival at the planned interim analysis. In this study, patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma whose disease did not progress on induction chemotherapy and who were randomly...

head and neck cancer

Saliva Test May Play A Role in the Early Detection of HPV-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer

A report by Wang et al in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics described the use of acoustofluidics, a noninvasive method that analyzes saliva for the presence of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16), the pathogenic strain of the disease associated with oropharyngeal cancers. This novel technique...

issues in oncology

FDA Finalizes Enforcement Policy on Unauthorized Flavored Cartridge-Based E-Cigarettes

Amid the epidemic levels of youth use of e-cigarettes and the popularity of certain products among children, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a policy prioritizing enforcement against certain unauthorized flavored e-cigarette products that appeal to children, including fruit...

colorectal cancer

Screening Rates Rose Among People Aged 45–49 After Release of Updated Colorectal Cancer Guidelines

Colorectal cancer screening rates more than doubled among people aged 45 to 49 in the months after the release of updated American Cancer Society guidelines in 2018 recommending screening in that age group, according to a new study. According to the findings from Fedewa et al—published in...

pancreatic cancer

FDA Approves Olaparib for Patients With Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

On December 27, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved olaparib (Lynparza) as a maintenance treatment for adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma as detected by an FDA-approved test whose disease has not ...

V. Craig Jordan, PhD, DSc, Receives Award at Buckingham Palace

V. Craig Jordan, CMG, OBE, PhD, DSc, was presented with his Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG) for services to women’s health.  Prince William presented the award on November 5. Dr. Jordan was recognized for his  discovery and development of selective...

multiple myeloma

Taking a Reasonable Approach to Treating Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a malignancy characterized by clonal proliferation of terminally differentiated plasma cells within the bone marrow. Although it leads to a host of different issues within the body, overall survival has steadily improved in recent years. “This is largely because of better...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-013 and KEYNOTE-170: Improving the Precision of Checkpoint Blockade in Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is an uncommon but distinct clinicopathologic variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) that typically presents with an aggressive mediastinal mass and invasion of local structures. Most patients are young, typically in their 20s and 30s, and there is a...

Oncology Analytics Appoints Lee Newcomer, MD, as Strategic Advisor

Oncology Analytics, a technology-enabled service company that provides health plans, providers, and patients with an evidence-based, analytics-focused approach to utilization management, purpose-built for oncology, has announced the appointment of Lee Newcomer, MD, as a strategic advisor. Dr....

New Award and Grant to Support Pediatric Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the St. Baldrick’s Foundation announced the creation of the AACR–St. Baldrick’s Foundation Award for Outstanding Achievement in Pediatric Cancer Research. The award includes a grant to provide support for a junior faculty investigator to...

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society and ASH Team Up to Connect Patients With Blood Cancer to Clinical Trials

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) and the American Society of Hematology (ASH) recently announced a collaboration to expand access to LLS’s free service that provides clinical trials navigation and support to patients with hematologic malignancies and their families. With approximately 5%...

issues in oncology

Time to Treatment Is a Priority

Dr. Smith called us on a Tuesday afternoon. “I have a patient who has an abnormal mammogram showing a large mass. I’m suspecting cancer and am referring her to you for diagnosis and treatment. She’s very anxious. I hope you can help.” We were able to get Dr. Smith’s patient in the next day for...

Professor Jean-Charles Soria Appointed General Director of Gustave Roussy

In a statement from Gustave Roussy on December 16, 2019, the following news was released: “By an order, the Minister of Health and Solidarity, Madame Agnès Buzyn, appointed Professor Jean-Charles Soria as General Director of Gustave Roussy for a term of 5 years. He will assume his responsibilities...

Edmondo Robinson, MD, MBA, FACP, Joins Moffitt as Chief Digital Innovation Officer

Edmondo Robinson, MD, MBA, FACP, has joined Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa as the new Senior Vice President and Chief Digital Innovation Officer. This newly created position will be critical to Moffitt’s success and navigating a continually evolving health-care industry. Dr. Robinson brings over...

multiple myeloma

My Dream Is That Multiple Myeloma Will One Day Be in My Past and No Longer a Part of My Future

A year before my diagnosis of multiple myeloma, in 2010, my husband Paul and I moved with our six children to Monterrey, Mexico, where Paul was helping to create a venture capital industry. We were so busy settling into a new country and getting our children integrated into school that when I...

lung cancer
bladder cancer
colorectal cancer
hematologic malignancies
myelodysplastic syndromes
breast cancer
head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in SCLC, Bladder Cancer, Colorectal Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Reviews for treatments in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), non–muscle invasive bladder cancer, and BRAF V600E–mutant colorectal cancer. The Agency also recently issued multiple Breakthrough Therapy designations and ...

Explaining Risk Factors Related to Anal Cancer

A recent study found rising rates of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, “particularly advanced-stage disease, and a similar rise in mortality.”1 The authors concluded: “Improved prevention strategies are urgently needed to mitigate the rising [squamous cell carcinoma of the anus] burden among a...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On December 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received two or more prior anti–HER2-based regimens in the metastatic setting....

solid tumors

Incidence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anus Has ‘Increased Dramatically’ in Older Women and Young Black Men

“Squamous cell carcinoma of the anus incidence has increased dramatically in elderly women and young black men,” according to a study of recent trends in incidence and mortality. “Advanced-stage [anal squamous cell carcinoma] incidence tripled with a prominent rise in … mortality,” researchers...

issues in oncology

The Rise and Fall of Tobacco Products in the United States

It was a press conference on a cold Saturday in January 1964 that had garnered international attention, but the trappings were those of a secret government meeting, behind locked doors secured by uniformed guards. To the chagrin of the reporters, “no smoking” signs had been hastily posted around...

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