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Your search for The ASCO Post matches 90 pages

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hepatobiliary cancer

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Atezolizumab Combined With Bevacizumab

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses an exploratory analysis seeking to identify tumor-based molecular biomarkers that may be associated with clinical response or resistance to the combination treatment of atezolizumab and bevacizumab in patients with advanced...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Yau, MBBS, on Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: CheckMate 040 Trial of Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and Cabozantinib

Thomas Yau, MBBS, of the University of Hong Kong, discusses this triplet combination, which yielded better responses than doublet combination therapy in patients with advanced liver cancer, but with more severe adverse events and more treatment discontinuations (Abstract 478).

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Peter R. Galle, MD, on Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab vs Sorafenib for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Patient-Reported Outcomes

Peter R. Galle, MD, of the University Medical Center, Mainz, discusses patient-reported outcomes from this phase III study, which showed the combination of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sorafenib is well tolerated and may represent a new standard of care in the first-line setting for...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, MBA, on Cholangiocarcinoma: ClarIDHy Trial of Ivosidenib vs Placebo

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, MBA, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings showing improvement in progression-free survival among patients with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation who received ivosidenib compared with a similar group that received placebo ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Tim Meyer, PhD, and Lorenza Rimassa, MD, on Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: CELESTIAL Trial of Cabozantinib

Tim Meyer, PhD, of the University College London, and Lorenza Rimassa, MD, of Humanitas Research Hospital, Milan, discuss their phase III findings on prognostic and predictive factors of cabozantinib vs placebo in previously treated liver cancer, and outcomes based on clinical characteristics and...

hepatobiliary cancer

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, on Liver Metastases From Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, of the Christie NHS Foundation Trust, discusses findings from a study that showed new staging criteria should be considered for patients diagnosed with liver metastases in the absence of other extrahepatic tumor spread (Abstract 731P).

hepatobiliary cancer

CD8-Positive, Ki67-Positive T Cells Producing Interferon Gamma as a Biomarker of Response to Sorafenib Therapy in Patients With Advanced HCC

Immunology researchers have uncovered a biomarker that may help explain why some patients respond better than others to sorafenib, a common chemotherapy used in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Their analysis of immune responses among patients receiving sorafenib, published by...

hepatobiliary cancer

Outcomes in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease–Associated HCC

A recent study has found that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease–associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with greater surgical morbidity and postresection liver failure, but long-term survival was better than in non–nonalcoholic fatty liver disease etiologies. These...

hepatobiliary cancer

Aspirin Use May Improve Liver Function After Embolization for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

According to research published by Boas et al in the American Journal of Roentgenology, aspirin therapy is associated with improved liver function test results and survival after transarterial embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. Findings In a retrospective review of 304 patients, among the ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Radiofrequency Ablation vs Minimally Invasive Surgery for Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a retrospective analysis published by Si et al in Surgical Endoscopy, researchers found minimally invasive surgery led to higher survival and lower local recurrence in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma vs radiofrequency ablation, whereas radiofrequency ablation was associated with...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Pembrolizumab Plus Lenvatinib in Advanced HCC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to the programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitor pembrolizumab in combination with the multiple kinase inhibitor lenvatinib for the potential first-line treatment of patients with advanced unresectable...

hepatobiliary cancer

Role of IL-6/JAK1 Pathway in the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

A recent study published by Chan et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation found a cellular pathway associated with cancer may be beneficial in reducing side effects and extending duration of immunotherapy in some patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. IL-6/JAK1 Pathway Researchers...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ivosidenib for Advanced IDH1-Mutated Advanced Cholangiocarcinoma

Ivosidenib, a small-molecule inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1), is currently being studied in a phase I clinical trial assessing its efficacy in patients with IDH1-mutated solid tumors. In a report published by Lowery et al in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, researchers...

hepatobiliary cancer

KIR-HLA System Gene Loci Imbalance and Biliary Tract Cancer

Patients with biliary tract cancer have an altered genetic architecture in some immune system receptor systems, according to research published by Cornillet et al in Gastroenterology. Research Findings Researchers at Karolinska Institutet investigated the genetic architecture of two large genetic ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Link Between Poor Oral Health and Increased Liver Cancer Risk

Poor oral health is associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, according to new research published by Jordão et al in the United European Gastroenterology Journal. Methods “Poor oral health has been associated with the risk of several chronic diseases, such as...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Serum MicroRNAs for the Diagnosis of Pancreatic and Biliary Tract Cancers

Diagnosis of pancreatic and biliary tract cancers is complex and challenging due to the lack of symptoms and/or the difficulty of direct, invasive, and imaging-based methods of diagnosis. In an effort to develop better diagnostic markers for these diseases, Kim et al analyzed the genome-wide...

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
myelodysplastic syndromes
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Designations and Reviews in Myelofibrosis, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Biliary Tract Cancer, and T-Cell Receptor Therapy

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation for momelotinib in myelofibrosis, granted Priority Review to a biologics license application for luspatercept in myelodyslastic syndromes and beta-thalassemia, granted Orphan Drug designation for a new chemical...

hepatobiliary cancer

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, on Biliary Tract Cancers: Active Symptom Control With Oxaliplatin and Fluorouracil

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, of The Christie NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Manchester, discusses phase III findings from a multicenter study of active symptom control alone or active symptom control with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil for patients with locally advanced or metastatic biliary...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Early-Stage Study of Nivolumab Alone or in Combination With Cisplatin/Gemcitabine in Biliary Tract Cancer

In a Japanese phase I trial reported by Ueno et al in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology, researchers found nivolumab showed activity and had a manageable safety profile in patients with unresectable or recurrent biliary tract cancer. Methods The open-label phase I trial was conducted...

hepatobiliary cancer

ARRS 2019: Percutaneous Liver Ablation Intervention vs Surgery for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Compared to surgery, percutaneous liver ablation interventions in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were associated with lower in-hospital mortality, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization costs, according to a study presented by Sodagari et al at the American Roentgen Ray Society...

hepatobiliary cancer

ARRS 2019: Arterial-Phase Hyperenhancement for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With SBRT

Although arterial-phase hyperenhancement is a key feature of untreated or recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma, standard response assessment such as modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST) should be used with caution, particularly in the early phases after stereotactic body...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Ramucirumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On May 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ramucirumab (Cyramza) as a single agent for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who have an alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level ≥ 400 ng/mL and have been previously treated with sorafenib. REACH-2 Trial Approval was based on the...

hepatobiliary cancer
issues in oncology

Trends in Liver Cancer Death Rates by Educational Attainment

A new study has found that rising rates of liver cancer deaths in the United States have largely been confined to individuals who have received less education—especially among men. Published by Ma et al in Cancer, the findings emphasize the need for enhanced efforts to address the growing...

hepatobiliary cancer

Demographic Factors Increasing Risk of Liver Cancer Development in Patients With Fatty Liver Disease

A new study published by Zarrinpar et al in Liver International has found that elderly, diabetic, and Hispanic patients with steatohepatitis—fatty liver disease—may have a higher risk of developing liver cancer. Ali Zarrinpar, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Surgery at the...

hepatobiliary cancer

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, on Liver Cancer: Outcomes in the REFLECT Study on Lenvatinib

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses an analysis of survival and objective response in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who took part in a phase III study of lenvatinib (Abstract 186).

hepatobiliary cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on BRAF V600E–Mutated Biliary Tract Cancer: Results From the ROAR Basket Trial

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the efficacy and safety of dabrafenib and trametinib in patients with BRAF V600E–mutated biliary tract cancer (Abstract 187).

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Ahmed Omar Kaseb, MD, on Liver Cancer: Results From an Immunotherapy Trial

Ahmed Omar Kaseb, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II study findings on nivolumab alone vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 185).

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

2019 GI Cancers Symposium: Nivolumab vs Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Resectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Anti–programmed cell death protein 1 and anti–cytotoxic T-lymphocyte–associated protein 4 antibodies have shown activity in hepatocellular carcinoma. Based on these earlier findings, researchers sought to examine the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of perioperative treatment...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib for Previously Treated Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On January 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with sorafenib. The FDA’s approval of cabozantinib was based on results from the phase III CELESTIAL trial....

hepatobiliary cancer
issues in oncology

Role of Donor Race in Liver Transplant Outcomes in African American Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Among African American adults undergoing liver transplant to treat hepatocellular carcinoma, patients whose organ donor was also African American lived significantly longer than those with a racially unmatched donor, report authors of a new study using national data. Their findings were published...

hepatobiliary cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

EORTC-NCI-AACR: Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib Active in Some BRAF V600E–Mutated Gastrointestinal Cancers

In a late-breaking presentation at the 30th EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics, Zev Wainberg, MD, reported on results from a phase II international clinical trial of dabrafenib (Tafinlar) plus trametinib (Mekinist), which showed some activity in 36 patients ...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With a Kinase Inhibitor

On November 9, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with the kinase inhibitor sorafenib. KEYNOTE-224 Approval was based on KEYNOTE-224, a single-arm,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Hepatobiliary Cancer: Multimodality Approaches

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the latest information on locoregional and systemic treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma as well as targeted therapy for biliary cancer.

hepatobiliary cancer

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease May Be Risk Factor for Liver Cancer

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common disease, and with the incidence of liver cancer rising across the country, little has been understood about the link between it and hepatocellular carcinoma. To establish a better understanding of the link between hepatocellular carcinoma risk and...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima) for first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). REFLECT Trial Approval was based on the international, multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority REFLECT trial ...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Combination as First-Line Treatment for Advanced or Metastatic HCC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin) as a first-line treatment for people with advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Priority Review to sBLA for Pembrolizumab in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently accepted and granted priority review for a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as a second-line treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. This sBLA, which is...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Accepts Supplemental New Drug Application for Cabozantinib in Previously Treated Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for filing the supplemental new drug application (sNDA) for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets as a treatment for patients with previously treated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The filing has been assigned a Prescription Drug...

hepatobiliary cancer

Phase III REACH-2 Study in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Meets Overall Survival Endpoint

Topline results from the phase III REACH-2 study of ramucirumab (Cyramza) as a single agent in the second-line treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were recently announced. The trial met its primary endpoint of overall survival as well as the secondary endpoint of...

hepatobiliary cancer

Lenvatinib Mesylate Approved in Japan for Unresectable HCC

On March 23, the multiple-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib mesylate (Lenvima) was approved in Japan for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This is the first approval worldwide of lenvatinib mesylate for the indication of unresectable HCC and the first new systemic therapy to...

hepatobiliary cancer

Anne M. Covey, MD, on HCC: Screening and Diagnosis Updates

Anne M. Covey, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the latest recommendations for screening and diagnosing hepatocellular carcinoma, an aggressive tumor marked by increasing incidence in the United States and a poor 5-year survival rate.

hepatobiliary cancer

Combining Ultrasound Imaging With Alpha-Fetoprotein Test May Boost Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Combining ultrasound imaging with a blood test for high alpha fetoprotein levels may improve detection of early-stage liver cancer by as much as 40%, researchers at UT Southwestern’s Simmons Cancer Center found. Their findings were presented by Tzartzeva et al in Gastroenterology....

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

hepatobiliary cancer

2018 GI CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: First-Line Lenvatinib vs Sorafenib in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

The results of an analysis of the phase III REFLECT trial of lenvatinib mesylate (Lenvima) vs sorafenib (Nexavar) as first-line treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma based on independent imaging review were presented during the 2018 Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancers Symposium (Abstract...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, on HCC: Results From KEYNOTE-224

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma previously treated with sorafenib (Abstract 209).

hepatobiliary cancer

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, on HCC: Results From the CELESTIAL Trial

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings on cabozantinib vs placebo in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who have received prior treatment with sorafenib (Abstract 207).

hepatobiliary cancer

The Liver Meeting: Daily Aspirin May Reduce Risk for Hepatitis B Virus–Related Liver Cancer

A new study presented at The Liver Meeting, held by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, found that daily aspirin therapy was significantly associated with a reduced risk in hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related liver cancer (Abstract 223). According to AASLD’s...

hepatobiliary cancer

The Liver Meeting: Direct-Acting Antiviral Medications as Hepatitis C Treatment May Reduce Risk of Liver Cancer

A new study presented at The Liver Meeting—held by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases—found that eradication of the hepatitis C virus induced by direct-acting antiviral medications is associated with a 71% reduction in the risk of liver cancer (Abstract 142)....

hepatobiliary cancer

CELESTIAL Trial: Cabozantinib Meets Primary Endpoint of Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On October 16, Exelixis announced that its global phase III CELESTIAL trial met its primary endpoint of overall survival, with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) providing a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in median overall survival compared to placebo in patients with...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Accepts sNDA for Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On September 26, Eisai Inc announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for lenvatinib  (Lenvima) for potential use in the first-line treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. “Patients with...

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