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prostate cancer
sarcoma

Link Between Molecular Mechanisms in Prostate Cancer and Ewing Sarcoma Found

Medical researchers at Indiana University (IU) Bloomington have found evidence for a link between prostate cancer, which affects millions of men aged 50 and older, and Ewing's sarcoma, a rare form of cancer that affects children and young adults. The results of the study, reported by Kedage et al...

sarcoma

Is Regorafenib Active in Advanced Nonadipocytic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma?

Mir et al found that regorafenib (Stivarga) was active in patients with advanced nonadipocytic soft-tissue sarcoma previously treated with an anthracycline, according to a French-Austrian phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology. Regorafenib should be evaluated further in this setting, the...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Olaratumab for Treatment of Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to olaratumab (Lartruvo) in combination with doxorubicin to treat adults with certain types of soft-tissue sarcoma. Olaratumab is approved for use with the FDA-approved chemotherapy drug doxorubicin for the treatment of ...

sarcoma

ESMO 2016: Significant Survival Gains From Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with an anthracycline plus ifosfamide was associated with significant survival gains in patients with soft-tissue sarcoma of the trunk or extremities who are at high-risk of recurrence, in an interim analysis that led to the early discontinuation of a trial presented by...

sarcoma

Early FDG-PET and Volumetric Analysis May Be Best Predictors of Benefit in Ewing Sarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Koshkin et al found that among anatomic and functional imaging modalities, volumetric analysis and outcome with early 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)–positron-emission tomography (PET) were the best predictors of benefit in patients with...

sarcoma

Does Intensified Postoperative Chemotherapy for High-Grade Osteosarcoma Benefit Poor Responders to Preoperative Therapy?

In a phase III trial (EURAMOS-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Marina et al found no improvement in event-free survival by adding postoperative ifosfamide/etoposide to cisplatin, doxorubicin, and methotrexate in patients with newly diagnosed high-grade osteosarcoma who responded poorly to...

sarcoma

Study Finds Genetic Risk Variants in Half of Patients With Sarcoma

In an international genetic study (International Sarcoma Kindred Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ballinger et al found that approximately half of all patients with sarcoma harbored potentially pathogenic monogenic and polygenic variation in known and novel cancer genes. Study Details The...

sarcoma

Kaposi Sarcoma–Associated Herpesvirus Mimics Host Signal to Drive Cell Growth, Protein Production

In a study report published by Bhatt et al in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center explained how a type of herpesvirus uses mimicry to trick the host cell to produce proteins the virus needs and...

sarcoma

Study Finds Adding Olaratumab to Doxorubicin Improves Survival in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

The addition of olaratumab, an anti–platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (anti–PDGFRα) antibody, to doxorubicin resulted in prolonged progression-free and overall survival in the phase II evaluation of patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma, according to findings...

solid tumors
sarcoma

French Phase III Trial Shows No Benefit of Adding Zoledronate to Chemotherapy and Surgery in Osteosarcoma

In the French phase III OS2006 trial reported by Piperno-Neumann et al in The Lancet Oncology, the addition of zoledronate to chemotherapy and surgery provided no event-free survival benefit in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed high-grade osteosarcoma. Study Details In the open-label ...

Sarcoma

A Conquer Cancer Foundation Award Helps to Launch a Pioneering Study in Liposarcoma

Mark A. Dickson, MD, has been fascinated by science and medicine since he was in high school. After graduating magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1999, Dr. Dickson pursued a medical degree from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in New York. Once he decided on a...

sarcoma

Survival Benefit Reported With Radiotherapy vs Surgery Alone in Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

In a study using National Cancer Data Base data reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nussbaum et al found that preoperative and postoperative radiotherapy improved overall survival vs surgery alone in patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma. Study Details The study consisted of case-control, propensity ...

Sarcoma

Eribulin in Liposarcoma: A Closer Look at the Comparative Data

Sarcoma therapy is a challenge for oncologists. Soft-tissue sarcomas encompass more than 50 different histologies, resulting in limited familiarity of management for many treating physicians. In addition, there have been few available effective therapies. The phase III trial of eribulin (Halavan) ...

Sarcoma

Eribulin Improves Overall Survival vs Dacarbazine in Previously Treated Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Patrick Schöffski, MD, of University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, Belgium, and colleagues found that eribulin (Halaven) improved overall survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma who had received...

sarcoma

AATS 2016: Strategies for Increasing Survival In Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Patients With Lung Metastases Undergoing Resection

Up to 50% of patients with soft-tissue sarcoma develop lung metastases. Effective systemic therapies for metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma are currently limited; when possible, pulmonary metastasectomy is the preferred treatment. However, guidelines for the performance of pulmonary metastasectomy for...

solid tumors
sarcoma

Outcomes With Palbociclib at Altered Dose and Schedule in Liposarcoma

In a single-center phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Dickson et al found that changing the dose and schedule of palbociclib (Ibrance) from those in a previous phase II trial appeared to maintain activity while potentially reducing hematologic adverse effects in patients with advanced...

Sarcoma

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Ewing Sarcoma

Phase I Study Title: A Phase I Study to Examine the Toxicity of Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Relapsed or Therapy-Refractory Ewing Sarcoma Study Type: Interventional/nonrandomized/single-group assignment Study Sponsor and Collaborators: University of Louisville Purpose: To examine the...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Priority Review for BLA for Olaratumab in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Eli Lilly and Company announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review for the biologics license application (BLA) for olaratumab, a platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) antagonist, in combination with doxorubicin, for the...

head and neck cancer
lung cancer
sarcoma
gastrointestinal cancer

AACR 2016: LOXO-101 Shows Continued Promise in Patients Whose Tumors Had NTRK Gene Fusions

The investigational drug LOXO-101, which selectively targets a family of proteins called neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptors (NTRKs), produced significant tumor regression in patients whose tumors had NTRK gene fusions, according to data from a phase I clinical trial presented by Hong et al at...

sarcoma

Nomograms for Predicting Survival and Distant Metastasis After Resection of Localized Soft-Tissue Sarcoma of the Extremities

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Callegaro et al have developed nomograms to predict overall survival and risk of distant metastases in patients undergoing resection of soft-tissue sarcomas of the extremities. Study Details The study involved data from a development cohort of 1,452 consecutive ...

Sarcoma

Eribulin Mesylate in Advanced Liposarcoma Previously Treated With an Anthracycline

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On January 28, 2016, eribulin mesylate (Halaven) was approved for...

sarcoma

Eribulin Improves Overall Survival vs Dacarbazine in Advanced Liposarcoma or Leiomyosarcoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Schöffski et al found that eribulin improved overall survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma who had received at least two prior systemic treatments for advanced disease. Outcome in the subgroup with...

breast cancer
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
sarcoma

Increased Breast Cancer Risk Reported in Childhood Sarcoma and Leukemia Survivors With No History of Chest Radiotherapy

In an analysis of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Henderson et al found that childhood survivors of sarcoma and leukemia with no history of chest radiotherapy were at an increased risk of breast cancer. Increased Risk The study included data from...

sarcoma

Patrick Schöffski, MD, on Eribulin for Soft-Tissue Sarcomas

Patrick Schöffski, MD, of the University Hospital Leuven, discusses a phase III study in which he and his colleagues found, for the first time in soft-tissue sarcomas, a significant overall survival benefit of a single agent compared to a standard treatment (Abstract LBA10502).

sarcoma

FDA Approves Eribulin Mesylate in Unresectable or Metastatic Liposarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved eribulin mesylate (Halaven), an antimicrotubular antineoplastic agent, for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic liposarcoma. This treatment is approved for patients who received prior chemotherapy that contained an anthracycline drug....

Sarcoma

Novel Approaches and Agents Making Headway against Sarcoma

Novel approaches and agents reported at the ASCO 2011 Annual Meeting are improving outcomes in sarcoma, a heterogeneous disease with historically poor outcomes, according to William D. Tap, MD, Section Chief of Sarcoma Oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. Dr. Tap...

Sarcoma

Researchers Find Remarkable Heterogeneity in Sarcomas

Does one size fit all for the treatment of sarcoma? The answer is a resounding “no,” according to Jean-Yves Blay, MD, Department of Medicine, Université Claude Bernard, and Unité INSERM (National Institute of Health and Medical Research Unit), Lyon, France. Researchers have been able to classify...

Sarcoma

ODAC Offers Recommendations on Two Sarcoma Drugs

The FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) recently recommended approval of one drug for sarcoma but rejected another. The panel voted 11 to 2 that clinical studies support a favorable benefit-risk assessment for use of pazopanib (Votrient) in treating patients with advanced soft-tissue...

Sarcoma

FDA Approves Pazopanib for Advanced Soft-tissue Sarcoma

The FDA has approved pazopanib (Votrient) to treat patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma who have previously received chemotherapy. Pazopanib is an oral agent that works by interfering with angiogenesis. Soft-tissue sarcoma occurs in about 10,000 cases annually in the United States. More than ...

Sarcoma

Pazopanib: New Drug for Advanced Soft-tissue Sarcoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. Indication In April 2012, pazopanib (Votrient) was approved for the ...

Sarcoma

For Advanced Sarcomas, New Agents Prolong Remission but Not Survival

“We are beginning to understand the molecular biology underlying a portion of the 80 or so subtypes of sarcomas, and we hope this will lead to subtype-specific treatments,” said William D. Tap, MD, of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, at the Best of ASCO Boston meeting. “And in...

Sarcoma

Interval-compressed Chemotherapy More Effective with No Increase in Toxicity

A randomized controlled trial among patients with newly diagnosed localized Ewing sarcoma found that “chemotherapy administered every 2 weeks is more effective than chemotherapy administered every 3 weeks, with no increase in toxicity,” investigators from the Children’s Oncology Group reported in...

Sarcoma

Expert Point of View: George Demetri, MD

Invited discussant of the abstract, George Demetri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, noted that metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas present with variable clinical behaviors but are nearly always incurable with any approach. “Therefore, our intent is to palliate...

Sarcoma

No Survival Advantage for Combination Chemotherapy in Advanced Soft-tissue Sarcoma  

The addition of aggressively dosed ifosfamide to doxorubicin in the treatment of advanced soft-tissue sarcomas significantly delayed disease progression but did not improve survival in the randomized phase III EORTC 62012 trial conducted by the Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group of the European...

Sarcoma

Nearly Half of Sarcoma Surgeries Performed by Non-oncology Surgeons  

Nearly half the surgical procedures for sarcoma done at 85 academic medical centers were performed by surgeons untrained in oncology, according to national data analyzed by researchers from the University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento. Orthopedic oncologists and surgical...

Sarcoma

Ridaforolimus Delayed Tumor Progression in Patients with Previously Treated Metastatic Sarcoma  

“Ridaforolimus delayed tumor progression to a small statistically significant degree in patients with metastatic sarcoma who experienced benefit with prior chemotherapy,” according to results of an international phase III trial. The large randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial evaluated the...

Sarcoma

Surgery Plus Radiation Offers Mixed Results in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Adjuvant radiation following surgery for soft-tissue sarcomas of the extremities did not lead to a survival benefit and seemed to be associated with some degree of long-term limb complications, according to a presentation at the 2014 Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) Cancer Symposium in Phoenix.1...

Lung Cancer
Sarcoma
Head and Neck Cancer
Kidney Cancer

New Research Presented in Wilms Tumor, Pediatric Sarcoma, Head and Neck Cancer, and Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In the past few months, numerous presentations from this year’s ASCO Annual Meeting have been covered in depth in the pages of The ASCO Post and online at ASCOPost.com. The brief summaries below capture additional important highlights that have not been covered thus far. We hope you will find them...

Sarcoma

Social Media Is Helping Me Cope With Cancer

Despite a diagnosis in August 2013 of stage III high-grade spindle cell sarcoma and subsequent disease recurrence, I’m mindful of how fortunate I am that my cancer was found before widespread metastases could take hold, making treatment futile. It was just happenstance, 2 months before, on a long...

Sarcoma

Treating Sarcomas in 2014

In 2014, about 15,000 people in the United States will be diagnosed with some form of sarcoma, and of those, approximately 5,000 adults and children are expected to die of the disease. Sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of mesenchymal malignancies that have historically been difficult to diagnose...

Sarcoma

Advances in Sarcoma Owe Much to Children’s Oncology Group

Improvements over the past 3 decades in 5-year survival rates for patients with osteosarcoma and Ewing’s sarcoma owe a lot to chemotherapy clinical trials conducted by the Children’s Oncology Group (COG), Mark Agulnik, MD, acknowledged at the Best of ASCO meeting in Chicago. Dr. Agulnik is...

Sarcoma

Targeted Agents Making Inroads Against Sarcoma

Targeted agents have started to make inroads in sarcoma therapies, and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the poster child for this success,” Mark Agulnik, MD, stated in summarizing progress in GIST and other sarcomas at the Best of ASCO meeting in Chicago. Dr. Agulnik is Associate Professor, ...

Sarcoma

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Soft-Tissue Sarcomas

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes details of actively recruiting clinical studies of children and adults with various types of soft-tissue sarcoma, including non-rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and Kaposi sarcoma. The studies...

Supportive Care
Sarcoma

Growing Support Group for Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma Spins the ‘Wheel of Hope’

Two years ago, my son was diagnosed with the rare vascular sarcoma epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, on which there is incredibly little reseach and knowledge (see here for more on this rare cancer). PubMed revealed a “characteristic” description: unpredictable behavior, no correlation with...

Sarcoma

Unraveling the Mysteries of Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma

Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare and devastating vascular sarcoma that affects between 100 and 200 people, mostly young adults, each year in the United States. The cancer may arise as a solitary lesion but more commonly presents with metastatic involvement, usually in the liver and lungs. ...

sarcoma
issues in oncology

Skull Sarcoma Removed Under Local Anesthesia, East Prussia, Circa 1921

The text and photographs on this page are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology Tumors & Treatment: A Photographic History, by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS. The photos below are from the volume titled “The Radium Era: 1916–1945.” To view additional photos from this series...

Sarcoma

Priority Review Granted for Trabectedin in Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review for the New Drug Application (NDA) for trabectedin to treat patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma, including liposarcoma and leiomyosarcoma subtypes, who have received prior chemotherapy including an anthracycline. The NDA ...

Sarcoma

Shining a Spotlight on Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma

In the winter of 2013, my son, Dmitriy, now 26, had a cough that wouldn’t go away. After several rounds of antibiotics failed to halt the persistent problem, a pulmonologist we consulted ordered a chest x-ray, which showed a large tumor lodged between Dmitriy’s lungs. Although the doctor said the...

Sarcoma

Persistence of HER2-Specific CAR T Cells in HER2-Positive Sarcoma

In a phase I/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology,1 Nabil Ahmed, MD, MSc, of Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and colleagues, found that infusion of T cells expressing HER2-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) with a CD28.ζ signaling domain (HER2-CAR T cells) could produce...

Sarcoma

Eribulin Improves Overall Survival in Difficult-to-Treat Sarcoma Types

Eribulin (Halaven), a cytotoxic agent approved for advanced/metastatic breast cancer, may improve overall survival for patients with two common and difficult-to-treat forms of advanced/metastatic sarcoma, investigators reported at the 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 Eribulin is a microtubule inhibitor...

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