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skin cancer
issues in oncology

2019 AAD: Disadvantages and Potential Improvements of Artificial Intelligence in Skin Cancer Detection

While artificial intelligence (AI) systems for skin cancer detection have shown promise in research settings, there is still a lot of work to be done before the technology is appropriate for real-world use. This was the topic of a scientific session at the 2019 American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: Diet May Influence Gut Microbiome and Response to Immunotherapy

Among patients with melanoma treated with anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) immunotherapy, consumption of a high-fiber diet was associated with higher gut microbiome diversity and better response to treatment, according to data presented by Spencer et al at a presscast in advance of ...

lymphoma
skin cancer

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: Can Genetic Polymorphisms Help Select Patients for Treatment With Bexarotene?

Bexarotene is a retinoid approved for the treatment of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) who have not responded to at least one previous treatment regimen. Hypertrigylceridemia is the most frequent adverse event related to treatment with bexarotene in CTCL. Even with prophylactic...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Adjuvant Pembrolizumab for Melanoma

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with lymph node involvement following complete resection. Approval was based on the phase III EORTC1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial, a randomized, double-blind,...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Merkel Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial (Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network-09/Keynote-017) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nghiem et al found that first-line pembrolizumab produced a high response rate in patients with advanced Merkel cell carcinoma. In the multicenter trial, 50 adult patients who had ...

skin cancer

Updated German Guidelines for Basal Cell Carcinoma

The German S2k guidelines for cutaneous basal cell carcinoma were recently updated to include new developments regarding the epidemiology, diagnosis, and histology of the disease. Commissioned by the Dermatologic Cooperative Oncology Group of the German Cancer Society and the German Society of...

Skin Cancer

In Vitro and Ex Vivo Activity of Gentian Violet in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in JAMA Dermatology, Jianqiang Wu, MD, PhD, and Gary S. Wood, MD, found that the widely available nonprescription topical antimicrobial agent gentian violet has potent activity against cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in studies in vitro and ex vivo. The study involved high-throughput ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Combination Checkpoint Blockade in Advanced Melanoma

Neoadjuvant combination checkpoint blockade showed activity among patients with high-risk stage III melanoma in a small study. However, a high incidence of side effects caused the trial to be closed early. These results were published by Rodabe N. Amaria, MD, Assistant Professor of Melanoma...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Treatment Impact of Newer Agents on Survival of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

The approval of several new agents for metastatic melanoma in the past several years has led to changes in how the disease is treated and managed. Treatments such as the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors pembrolizumab, ipilimumab, and nivolumab; BRAF inhibitors; and MEK inhibitors...

skin cancer

HLA Mismatch and Skin Cancer Risk After Organ Transplant

Data on the risk factors for the development of skin cancer after a solid organ transplant are limited. In a retrospective cohort study, researchers sought to determine the relationship between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatch and risk of skin cancer after transplant. Their findings were...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

How Effective Is Talimogene Laherparepvec Injection in Metastatic Melanoma?

Injection of a genetically modified virus that induces the body’s own immune cells to attack metastatic melanoma effectively treated almost 40% of patients with tumors that could not be surgically removed, according to findings published by Louie et al in the Journal of the American...

lung cancer
lymphoma
skin cancer

FDA Pipeline: Updates on Treatments in NSCLC and Lymphomas, Plus New Dosimetry Software

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted the following application, designations, and clearance: sBLA for Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic, Nonsquamous NSCLC On January 17, the FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

lymphoma
skin cancer

2018 Update of WHO-EORTC Classification of Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas

As reported by Willemze and colleagues in Blood, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) have released a 2018 update of their classification of primary cutaneous lymphomas. As noted by the authors, “Primary cutaneous...

skin cancer

Surgical Factors Contributing to Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrence

Invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is typically treated surgically, with guidelines in place recommending surgical margins for excision based on the SCC being classified as low or high risk. Researchers undertook a study to examine recurrence rates of SCC after surgical excision, taking into...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Molecular Profiles of BRAF-Mutant Melanomas and Response to Therapy

A study investigating the clinicopathologic features of BRAF V600E– and V600K–mutant melanomas and whether genotype affects response to immunotherapy found that the mutations not only have different clinical phenotypes, but also different molecular features and different...

skin cancer

Association Between Sun Exposure and BMI in the Development of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Exposure to the sun, whether cumulative or intermittent, is a known risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Past studies have found that greater body mass index (BMI) actually lessens the risk of women developing NMSCs. With this in mind, researchers sought to determine...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Pilot Study of Intratumoral G100 in Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Multiple recent reports have addressed the activity of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab and avelumab, in Merkel cell carcinoma. However, approximately half of all patients who receive these agents do not maintain a persistent response. In an...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Optimal Duration of Checkpoint Inhibition in Melanoma Is No More Than 2 Years

For patients with advanced melanoma, the concept of treating to disease progression does not always apply. With many patients responding to checkpoint inhibition for years, when can treatment be safely discontinued? This important clinical question was addressed at the European Society for Medical...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2018: OpACIN Trial: Neoadjuvant Ipilimumab Plus Nivolumab in Stage III Melanoma

Updated data of the OpACIN study, which studied combined ipilimumab (Yervoy) plus nivolumab (Opdivo) administered as neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma, demonstrated high response rates upon neoadjuvant therapy and promising long-term clinical outcome,...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma. The FDA’s approval was based on Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network protocol 9...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2018: Does Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy Impact the Efficacy of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab?

Patients with melanoma receiving proton pump inhibitors for comorbidities derived approximately half the clinical benefit from immunotherapy consisting of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) as patients receiving the same combination but not treated with proton pump inhibitors, according to ...

skin cancer

Aggressive Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in recipients of a solid organ transplant. When organ transplant recipients are diagnosed with SCC, they are also at higher risk for a more aggressive disease course, metastasis, and death than the general population. Researchers ...

Skin Cancer

Encorafenib and Binimetinib: A New Benchmark in Metastatic Melanoma Therapy?

IN JULY 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of the oral BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the oral MEK inhibitor binimetinib (Mektovi) for BRAF V600E– or V600K– positive metastatic melanoma. The FDA approval was based on the results of the COLUMBUS...

Skin Cancer

Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib vs Vemurafenib in Advanced BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

AS REPORTED in The Lancet Oncology by Reinhard Dummer, MD, of the University Hospital Zurich Skin Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III COLUMBUS trial has shown a significant improvement in overall survival with the combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the MEK...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Reinhard Dummer, MD

KEYNOTE-022’S invited discussant, Reinhard Dummer, MD, Professor of Dermatologic Oncology at the University Hospital Zurich Skin Cancer Center in Switzerland, told attendees, “We’ve been waiting for this small prospective randomized phase II trial, and the initial results appear very promising.”...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Triplet Shows Activity in BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

AS FIRST-LINE treatment of advanced BRAF-mutant melanoma, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) added to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) produced a nonsignificant improvement in progression-free survival. It also increased the rate of grade 3 to 5 treatment-related adverse events in the phase II ...

Skin Cancer

Expert Point of View: Cara Haymaker, PhD

CARA HAYMAKER, PhD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, said the researchers have made a “crucial” discovery: adoptive cellular therapy can be expanded beyond academic centers and be “taken to the masses.” Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes can now be manufactured and shipped to patients treated at centers...

Skin Cancer

Using Tumor‑Infiltrating Lymphocytes to Treat Metastatic Melanoma

STEVEN A. ROSENBERG, MD, PhD, Chief of Surgery at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), began his pioneering research in adoptive cell transfer using interleukin (IL)-2 in the mid-1970s. His IL-2 studies were among the clinical trials that led to the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval ...

Skin Cancer

The Skin Cancer Foundation Raises $600,000 at Gala

The Skin Cancer Foundation recently held its 22nd annual Gala at The Plaza Hotel in New York. The Champions for Change Gala is the Foundation’s signature fundraising event, and $600,000 was raised to support the organization’s educational campaigns, community programs, and research initiatives....

skin cancer
lymphoma

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, on PTCL and CTCL: Trial Results on Cerdulatinib

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase IIa study findings on the novel SYK/JAK inhibitor cerdulatinib for relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (Abstract 1001).

skin cancer

Incidence of Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in England

Changes to the National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service (NCRAS) in England have allowed more accurate data analysis of primary and metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) since 2013. Developed by experts at Queen Mary University of London and Public Health England, and...

Skin Cancer

Cemiplimab-rwlc for Metastatic or Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On September 28, 2018, cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) was approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who are not candidates for curative surgery or curative radiation.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Therapy With Reduced-Dose Immunotherapy for Stage III Melanoma

In patients with stage III melanoma, a reduced-dose neoadjuvant immunotherapy combination was well tolerated and led to high pathologic response rates, in the phase II OpACIN-neo trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress.1 “Neoadjuvant ipilimumab (Yervoy) at...

skin cancer

NCRI 2018: Mortality in Men With Malignant Melanoma

The rate of men dying from malignant melanoma has risen in populations around the world, whereas in some countries, mortality rates for the disease are steady or falling for women, according to research presented by Yang et al at the 2018 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference...

skin cancer

Meta-Analysis of Voriconazole Exposure and Risk of Cutaneous SCC

Voriconazole is an antifungal medication that is sometimes used to treat fungal infection in immunocompromised patients, including patients undergoing various transplants. In order to better assess the risk associated with voriconazole use after lung or hematopoietic stem cell transplant and...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Outcomes in Melanoma With Active Brain Metastases After Treatment With Pembrolizumab

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kluger et al, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in brain metastases in patients with melanoma enrolled in a phase II study. The study included 23 patients with melanoma with one or more asymptomatic untreated 5- to 20-mm brain metastasis...

skin cancer

Combining Genetic and Sun Exposure Data May Improve Prediction of Skin Cancer Risk

By combining data on individuals’ lifetime sun exposure and their genetics, researchers may be able to generate improved predictions of their risk of skin cancer, according to findings presented by Fontanillas et al at the 2018 American Society of Human Genetics Annual Meeting (Abstract PgmNr ...

Skin Cancer

Melanoma Research Alliance Appoints Marc Hurlbert, PhD, as Chief Science Officer

The Melanoma Research Alliance (MRA) recently appointed Marc Hurlbert, PhD, as the organization’s Chief Science Officer. Dr. Hurlbert will succeed Louise Perkins, PhD, who will retire form the role after serving MRA for more than 5 years. As Chief Science Officer, Dr. Hurlbert will guide MRA’s...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

COMBI-AD Trial: Longer-Term Follow-up of Adjuvant Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in Resected BRAF V600–Mutant Stage III Melanoma

As reported by Hauschild et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, longer-term follow-up of the phase III COMBI-AD trial has confirmed improved relapse-free survival with adjuvant dabrafenib (Tafinlar) plus trametinib (Mekinist) vs placebo in resected BRAF V600–mutant stage III melanoma. In...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: CheckMate 067: 4-Year Follow-up of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology and at the European Society for Medical Oncology 2018 Congress by Hodi et al, the 4-year follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 067 trial has shown a continued overall survival benefit with first-line nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) or nivolumab alone vs ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, on Advanced Melanoma: Research Highlights

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses two high-impact studies in stage III melanoma treatment: an update of the COMBI-AD trial examining dabrafenib and trametinib; and neoadjuvant ipilimumab and nivolumab therapy.

skin cancer

Karl Lewis, MD, on Basal Cell Carcinoma: An Ongoing Study

Karl Lewis, MD, of the University of Colorado, discusses a phase II study of cemiplimab in patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma who experienced progression of disease on, or were intolerant of, prior hedgehog pathway inhibitor therapy.For more information about this ongoing trial, visit clinicaltrials.govClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03132636

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, on Discontinuing Immunotherapy: When Is the Right Time?

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, of the NYU Langone Perlmutter Cancer Center, discusses how long people with melanoma should be treated with PD-1 blockade and the data on remission rates.

skin cancer

Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Advances in Adjuvant Therapy

Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses findings from recent adjuvant trials in high-risk melanoma, and what the NCCN Guidelines recommend in light of such data as results on dabrafenib plus trametinib vs anti–PD-1 treatments (nivolumab or pembrolizumab) and the new standard for wild-type disease.

skin cancer
symptom management

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Melanoma: Acute and Chronic Toxicities

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of Istituto Nazionale Tumori–Fondazione Pascale, discusses the breakthroughs in melanoma treatment and the challenges of managing toxicities, especially endocrine and neurologic side effects, which can require lifetime hormone replacement and may cause permanent dysfunction.

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Small Study of Neoadjuvant Combination Checkpoint Blockade in High-Risk Stage III Melanoma

Neoadjuvant combination checkpoint blockade showed activity among patients with high-risk stage III melanoma in a small study. However, a high incidence of side effects caused the trial to be closed early. These results were published by Amaria et al in Nature Medicine. The phase II...

lymphoma
skin cancer

Results From ECHELON-2: Brentuximab Vedotin in CD30-Expressing Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

The phase III ECHELON-2 clinical trial has met its primary endpoint, demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) with brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) in combination with CHP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, prednisone) vs CHOP (cyclophosphamide,...

lymphoma
skin cancer

In Vitro and Ex Vivo Activity of Gentian Violet in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in JAMA Dermatology, Wu and Wood found that the widely available nonprescription topical antimicrobial agent gentian violet has potent activity against cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in studies in vitro and ex vivo. The study involved high-throughput small molecule screening of 1,710...

skin cancer

Recurrence and Cosmetic Outcomes With Treatments for Primary Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in Annals of Internal Medicine, Drucker et al found differences in recurrence rates and patient-reported cosmetic outcomes among various treatments for mostly low-risk primary basal cell carcinoma of the skin. Study Details The study involved data ...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Cemiplimab-rwlc for Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On September 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or locally advanced cutaneous SCC who are not candidates for curative surgery or...

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