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Issues in Oncology

The Future of the Radiation Abscopal Response

One of the first patients I encountered after residency was a 26-year-old woman with a single brain metastasis from melanoma. For anonymity, let’s call her Anna. Anna had just given birth to a daughter, 10 months earlier. She and her husband were both looking toward a long, happy life together to help raise their newborn daughter. The couple touched my heart, since I too had a daughter of similar age. 

Thyroid Cancer

Effect of Patient General Preference for More vs Less Medical Care on Intensity of Posttreatment Thyroid Cancer Surveillance

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Evron et al found that patients with thyroid cancer who were declared disease-free after initial treatment were more likely to have increased numbers of physician visits and imaging tests if they reported a generalized preference for greater vs less medical care on the Medical Maximizer-Minimizer Scale.

Breast Cancer

Selected Breast Cancer Abstracts From ESMO 2019

This week on The ASCO Post Podcast, we’ll be discussing selected breast cancer abstracts presented at the ESMO Congress 2019, including the MONALEESA-3 and MONARCH-2 studies of CDK4/6 inhibitors for advanced breast cancer; the BROCADE 3 trial of veliparib plus carboplatin and paclitaxel in some advanced BRCA-mutated breast cancers; and the KATE-2 study of atezolizumab and trastuzumab emtansine in HER2-positive breast cancer.

 


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Issues in Oncology

Cancer Researcher Mary J.C. Hendrix, PhD, Returns to West Virginia to Lead Her Alma Mater

Nationally regarded melanoma researcher Mary J.C. Hendrix, PhD, was born in La Jolla, California, a seaside community surrounded by ocean bluffs and beaches within the city of San Diego. She was reared in a Navy family that moved from the West Coast to the East Coast during her childhood, eventually settling in West Virginia. Dr. Hendrix told The ASCO Post there were four major influences in her life that have stood her in good stead to this day, starting with her paternal grandfather who, as a surgeon in the eastern panhandle of West Virginia, used to take her on house calls.

Breast Cancer

Pooled Analysis of Outcomes in Older Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer Receiving CDK4/6 Inhibitor Plus Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

In a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) pooled analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Howie et al found that progression-free survival and benefit were similar for older vs younger postmenopausal women treated with combined cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) plus aromatase inhibitor therapy vs aromatase inhibitor therapy alone for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Older women had higher rates of toxicity.

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More Top Stories

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: KATE2 Study of Atezolizumab/Trastuzumab Emtansine

Gynecologic Cancers

Three Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is typically a second-tier newsmaker at the world’s premier oncology conferences, but at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, this tumor type generated universal buzz. Impressive findings were presented for three PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance...

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Impact of Genes on Total Number and Type of Nevi

A study by Duffy et al in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology reported on specific gene variations affecting the number and types of moles on the body and their role in causing skin cancer.  “The goal was to investigate the genetic underpinnings of different mole classes, or...

Issues in Oncology

Lauren M. Hamel, PhD, on Race and Doctor-Patient Behavior

Gynecologic Cancers

Three Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is typically a second-tier newsmaker at the world’s premier oncology conferences, but at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, this tumor type generated universal buzz. Impressive findings were presented for three PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance...

Lung Cancer

FLAURA Trial: First-Line Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival in EGFR-Mutated Advanced Lung Cancer

First-line treatment with osimertinib extended overall survival compared with the older tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to late-breaking final overall survival results of the phase III FLAURA...

Gemcitabine/Eribulin in Cisplatin-Ineligible Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In the final analysis from a phase II California Cancer Consortium trial (NCI-9653) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found the combination of gemcitabine and eribulin showed activity in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Study Details...

Prostate Cancer

Maha H.A. Hussain, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Olaparib/Enzalutamide/Abiraterone

Lung Cancer

Out-of-Pocket Costs for Oral Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and Survival in Advanced Lung Cancer

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have changed the paradigm of care for advanced EGFR- and ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but not all patients taking these drugs may receive the same benefit. The results of a recent retrospective analysis suggest that higher out-of-pocket costs for...

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Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chera et al found that deintensified chemoradiotherapy produced favorable outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 114 patients were recruited...