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Prostate Cancer

Acute Toxicity With Intensity-Modulated Fractionated Radiotherapy vs Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III PACE-B trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brand et al found that shortened treatment courses with stereotactic body radiotherapy did not increase gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity vs intensity-modulated fractionated radiotherapy in low-risk to intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer.

Breast Cancer

ASCO Breakthrough: Breast Cancer Gene Expression Signature May Help Predict Recurrence Postradiotherapy

Researchers have identified a gene pattern that may help predict which patients with breast cancer will have early or late disease recurrence following radiation therapy. The ability to predict the timing of recurrence could change—and improve—treatment strategies and determine the length of follow-up needed. These findings were presented by Speers et al at ASCO Breakthrough: A Global Summit for Oncology Innovators.

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lung Cancer Research Highlights From ESMO 2019

This week on The ASCO Post Podcast, we’ll be discussing research highlights in lung cancer presented at the ESMO Congress 2019, including the FLAURA trial...


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Supportive Care

Community Health Workers May Improve Value of End-of-Life Cancer Care

The results of simple interventions involving community health workers suggest that improvements in value-based cancer care need not come from health-care professionals. According to data presented at the 2019 ASCO Quality Care Symposium, reliance upon community health workers trained to assess patient symptoms and make referrals led to significant differences in health-care utilization, including decreased visits to the emergency department in the last month of life and increased use of hospice for the intervention group. Authors of the study also reported significant reductions in total costs of care among patients receiving the intervention, as compared with the control.

Solid Tumors

Plasma miR371 Expression as a Biomarker for Active Germ Cell Malignancy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nappi et al showed that plasma microRNA miR371 expression was associated with high specificity and positive predictive values in predicting active germ cell malignancy.

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More Top Stories

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Jorge J. Castillo, MD, on Evolution of Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology

Impact of Treating Facility, Provider Volume, and Patient-Sharing in the Treatment of Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A study published by Freeman et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found that generally, providers with more experience treating multiple myeloma have better outcomes than those with more limited experience. Providers who saw the most cases were more likely to be...

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Impact of Genes on Total Number and Type of Nevi

A study by Duffy et al in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology reported on specific gene variations affecting the number and types of moles on the body and their role in causing skin cancer.  “The goal was to investigate the genetic underpinnings of different mole classes, or...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nicoletta Colombo, MD, on Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab for Advanced Endometrial Cancer

Lung Cancer

Addition of Metformin to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

In a single-center phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Arrieta et al found that the addition of metformin to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy resulted in improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with an activating EGFR mutation. ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Addition of Doxorubicin to Sorafenib in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, and colleagues, the phase III Alliance/CALGB 80802 trial has shown no progression-free or overall survival benefit with the addition of doxorubicin to sorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. The study was stopped early...

Gemcitabine/Eribulin in Cisplatin-Ineligible Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In the final analysis from a phase II California Cancer Consortium trial (NCI-9653) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found the combination of gemcitabine and eribulin showed activity in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Study Details...

Prostate Cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on the STAMPEDE Trial: Long-Term Subgroup Analysis by Metastatic Burden in Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

Solid Tumors

ESMO 2019: Lenvatinib for Advanced Thymic Carcinoma

Patients with thymic carcinoma that has progressed following treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy may benefit from treatment with lenvatinib, according to findings from a phase II study reported by Itoh et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract...

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Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chera et al found that deintensified chemoradiotherapy produced favorable outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 114 patients were recruited...