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Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Eleni Efstathiou, MD

Formal study discussant Eleni Efstathiou, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, commented on results of the PROfound trial at the ESMO Congress 2019. “This is the first phase III targeted therapy trial to deliver a positive outcome in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer,” she...

Prostate Cancer

Phase III PROfound Study Evaluates Olaparib in Setting of Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib delayed disease progression and appears to improve survival, compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombinant repair (HRR) genetic...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Silke Gillessen, MD

Formal discussant Silke Gillessen, MD, of the Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, agreed that this study is practice-changing. “The study was well designed and addressed an unmet clinical need that is commonly seen in the clinic. Until now we had no randomized...

Prostate Cancer

Third-Line Cabazitaxel Improves Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Third-line treatment with cabazitaxel extended progression-free survival and overall survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the CARD trial. These results provide the first evidence from a randomized phase III trial for a survival benefit with third-line therapy, and ...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Treatment for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer and Health-Related Quality of Life

In an analysis of the phase III TITAN trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and colleagues found that that treatment with apalatuamide was associated with preserved health-related quality of life, including pain and fatigue outcomes, in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

Acute Toxicity With Intensity-Modulated Fractionated Radiotherapy vs Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III PACE-B trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nicholas van As, MD, and colleagues found that shortened treatment courses with stereotactic body radiotherapy did not increase gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity vs intensity-modulated fractionated...

Prostate Cancer

2019 NCRI: Higher IGF-1 and Free Testosterone Levels May be Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Men with higher levels of free (biologically active) testosterone and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in their blood are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, according to research presented by Travis et al at the 2019 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference....

Prostate Cancer

DNA Vaccine for Patients With Progressive, Nonmetastatic, Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McNeel et al found that a DNA vaccine (pTVG-HP) encoding prostatic acid phosphatase did not improve 2-year metastasis-free survival vs control treatment in patients with progressive, nonmetastatic, castration-sensitive prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Targeted Therapy Moves Into Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Strong Showing by Olaparib and Rucaparib

Treatment with olaparib delayed disease progression, and early survival data suggest a positive trend in favor of olaparib compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombinant repair genetic alterations—specifically...

Prostate Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Salvage Short-Term ADT Plus Radiotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Carrie et al, the 112-month follow-up of the French phase III GETUG-AFU 16 trial has confirmed the initial 5-year report of the trial, which reported improved progression-free survival with the addition of short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to...

Breast Cancer
Leukemia
Prostate Cancer
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Treatments for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer, AML; Breakthrough Device for Prostate Cancer; Statement on Safety Information for Breast Implants

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to trastuzumab deruxtecan for the treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer; granted Fast Track designation for bemcentinib for elderly patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML); granted Breakthrough...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Treatment for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer and Health-Related Quality of Life

In an analysis of the phase III TITAN trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and colleagues found that that treatment with apalatuamide was associated with preserved health-related quality of life, including pain and fatigue outcomes, in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Gert de Meerleer, MD

Commenting on both RADICALS-RT and the meta-analysis, formal discussant Gert de Meerleer, MD, of the University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium, stated: “A big applause for these trials. I agree with both conclusions and congratulate both groups of authors for finding noncommercial funding.” Dr. de...

Prostate Cancer

Studies Suggest Early Salvage Radiotherapy May Be Preferable to Adjuvant Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Early salvage radiotherapy appears to be a better choice after radical prostatectomy for men with prostate cancer than adjuvant radiotherapy, according to late-breaking results from the ­RADICALS-RT trial and the ARTISTIC meta-analysis of three trials that included RADICALS-RT. Observation after...

Prostate Cancer

Acute Toxicity With Intensity-Modulated Fractionated Radiotherapy vs Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III PACE-B trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brand et al found that shortened treatment courses with stereotactic body radiotherapy did not increase gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity vs intensity-modulated fractionated radiotherapy in low-risk to...

Prostate Cancer
Integrative Oncology

Mindfulness Training for Men Diagnosed With Prostate Cancer Who Are on Active Surveillance

GUEST EDITOR Integrative Oncology is guest edited by Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, Laurance S. Rockefeller Chair in Integrative Medicine and Chief of Integrative Medicine Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. The ASCO Post’s Integrative Oncology series is intended to facilitate the...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on the STAMPEDE Trial: Long-Term Subgroup Analysis by Metastatic Burden in Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses results from a long-term follow-up of a cohort treated with docetaxel in the STAMPEDE randomized trial, confirming that the treatment showed benefit in patients with both high- and low-volume disease (Abstract 844O).

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: STAMPEDE Trial M1|RT Comparison of Radiotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses the efficacy of prostate radiotherapy plus androgen-deprivation therapy with or without docetaxel in patients with prostate cancer with only lymph node metastases or less than four bone metastases (Abstract 844O).

Prostate Cancer

ESMO 2019: Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide in Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA13) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ronald de Wit, MD, and colleagues, the phase III CARD trial has shown improved imaging-based progression-free survival and overall...

Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Hematologic Malignancies
Breast Cancer
CNS Cancers
Leukemia
Skin Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Advances in Prostate Cancer, Urothelial Cancer, Myelofibrosis, and More

In the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued regulatory decisions in prostate cancer, urothelial cancer, myelofibrosis, breast cancer, pediatric brain cancer, leukemia, and skin cancer. Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Niraparib in Metastatic...

prostate cancer

Maha H.A. Hussain, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Olaparib/Enzalutamide/Abiraterone

Maha H.A. Hussain, MD, of Northwestern University Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the phase III PROfound trial results on the efficacy of olaparib in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer whose tumors harbor alterations in DNA damage response genes and who had disease progression on prior hormone therapy (Abstract LBA12).

prostate cancer

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results of the CARD Trial on Cabazitaxel, Abiraterone, and Enzalutamide

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, of the University Medical Center Rotterdam, discusses study findings which showed that cabazitaxel improved radiographic progression-free survival as well as overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract LBA13).

Prostate Cancer

ESMO 2019: Men With Prostate Cancer May Avoid Postoperative Radiotherapy, Study Finds

Men with prostate cancer may be spared radiotherapy after surgery, according to late-breaking results of the RADICALS-RT trial presented by Parker et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA49_PR). The study answers a long-standing question about whether...

Prostate Cancer

Investigating the Inflammatory Mechanisms That May Be Causing Prostate Cancer in World Trade Center First Responders

The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001*, on the World Trade Center in New York City resulted in the deaths of more than 2,700 people.1 Nearly 2 decades later, that number may soon be exceeded by the more than 2,000 deaths—and climbing—of first responders to the attack, including firefighters,...

Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

AACR Disparities: Uninsured/Underinsured, Lower-Income, and/or Minority Patients More Likely to Receive Cancer Diagnosis After ED Visit

Medicare patients from lower socioeconomic groups and several ethnic minority groups were more likely to be diagnosed with cancer following an emergency department visit, according to results of a study presented at the 12th American Association for Cancer Research Conference on The Science of...

prostate cancer

Andrew Kneebone, MD, on an ANZUP Trial on Adjuvant vs Early Salvage Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Andrew Kneebone, MD, of Royal North Shore Hospital, discusses phase III study findings showing that at 5 years, biochemical control was similar between adjuvant and early salvage radiotherapies, the latter sparing half of the men potential side effects of radiotherapy without any significant compromise in outcome (Abstract 77).

prostate cancer

Ryan Phillips, MD, PhD, on Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer: ORIOLE Trial on Observation vs Stereotactic Ablative Radiation

Ryan Phillips, MD, PhD, of Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, discusses phase II findings suggesting that treatment with stereotactic ablative radiation significantly decreased the risk of disease progression at 6 months and increased progression-free survival (Abstract LBA3).

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer

Adoption of Conservative Management of Prostate Cancer Among Urology Practices

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Modi et al found that the difference in the rates of use of conservative management of prostate cancer widened between lower-use and higher-use urology practices between 2014 and 2018. Study Details Use of a sample of Medicare claims...

Prostate Cancer

Two Fred Hutch Scientists Receive Fellowships for Prostate Cancer Research

Two early-career scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center—Alexandra Corella and Sander Frank, PhD—have received grants to further their prostate cancer research. Ms. Corella, a graduate research assistant, won a $25,000, 1-year fellowship from the Ford Foundation Fellowship Programs,...

prostate cancer

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, on the Impact of Antiandrogen Treatment in Prostate Cancer: NRG Oncology/RTOG 9601 Trial

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, of the University of Michigan, discusses phase III study findings showing that 2 years of antiandrogen therapy increased cardiac and neurologic toxicities, as well as mortality from causes other than prostate cancer, in men with low levels of prostate-specific antigen after prostatectomy who received adjuvant early salvage radiotherapy (Abstract LBA1).

Prostate Cancer

FDA Approves Apalutamide for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On September 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved apalutamide (Erleada) for patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer. Apalutamide was initially approved by the FDA in 2018 for patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. TITAN Trial...

Prostate Cancer

ASTRO 2019: Long-Term Hormone Therapy May Increase Other-Cause Mortality in Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Early Salvage Radiotherapy

Findings from the randomized phase III NRG Oncology/RTOG 9601 trial were initially reported in 2017, and showed that the addition of 2 years of antiandrogen therapy to postsurgical radiation treatment for men with recurrent prostate cancer increased their long-term overall survival rate. That study ...

Prostate Cancer

ASTRO 2019: ORIOLE Trial: Observation vs SABR for Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer

The randomized, phase II ORIOLE trial studying the efficacy of targeted high-dose radiation for men with oligometastatic prostate cancer has shown that stereotactic ablative radiation (SABR) is an effective and safe option for patients who wish to delay hormone-suppression therapy. Data from the...

Prostate Cancer

TITAN Trial: Apalutamide Adds to Options for Men With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Androgen-deprivation therapy has been, and remains, the standard of care for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Patients are often surprised to know that was all we would do to control their disease and sometimes asked why they would not get chemotherapy, as for other cancers. I would take...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of Apalutamide to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer and Vancouver Prostate Centre, and colleagues, the first analysis of the phase III TITAN trial has shown that the addition of apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy improved radiographic progression-free and...

Prostate Cancer

Many Choices Now for Men With Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: How to Decide?

Based on the recently published ENZAMET, ARCHES, and TITAN trials,1-3 we now have several choices of systemic combination therapies for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer; the ENZAMET trial is reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post. In 2019, men are now faced with decisions of...

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide Improves Survival vs Standard First-Line Treatment in Hormone-Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, FRACP, FAChPM, of Monash University and Eastern Health in Melbourne, and colleagues, the phase III ENZAMET trial has shown that the androgen receptor inhibitor enzalutamide improved progression-free and overall survival ...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

Prostate Cancer

Looking at Prostate Cancer–Specific Mortality by Gleason Score and Race

Black men suffer disproportionately from prostate cancer, both in terms of incidence and mortality, compared with their white counterparts. However, a newer study conducted by investigators at the University of California, San Francisco, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, found that black...

Prostate Cancer

Darolutamide for Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On July 30, 2019, darolutamide was approved for the treatment of patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.1,2 Approval was based on findings in the double-blind phase III ARAMIS trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02200614), in which 1,509 patients were randomly assigned ...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

Prostate Cancer

FDA Approves Darolutamide for Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ON JULY 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved darolutamide (Nubeqa) for the treatment of nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Approval was based on the ARAMIS study, a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of 1,509 patients with nonmetastatic ...

lymphoma
prostate cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Prostate Cancer, Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted new drug applications for enzalutamide in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and zanubrutinib in relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma, and granted both applications Priority Review. Priority Review for Enzalutamide in ...

prostate cancer

Mortality Risk for Patients With Preexisting Cardiovascular Conditions Treated With Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide

A new population-based study showed that novel oral androgen signaling–inhibitor therapies may be associated with an increased risk of death in patients with preexisting cardiovascular conditions. The research was published by Lu-Yao et al in European Urology. “Data from published ...

leukemia
prostate cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Pipeline: Designation in CLL, New Drug Application in GIST, New Prostate Ablation System Receives 510(k) Clearance

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to acalabrutinib in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), accepted a new drug application for avapritinib in some types of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), and granted 501(k) clearance to market the...

prostate cancer

FDA Review Finds No Increased Risk of Prostate Cancer With Parkinson's Disease Treatments Containing Entacapone

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review of additional data found no increased risk of prostate cancer with the use of entacapone to treat Parkinson’s disease. The FDA conducted this review after an earlier trial—the Stalevo Reduction in Dyskinesia Evaluation–Parkinson's...

prostate cancer

Are MRI-Assisted Biopsies More Effective Than Standard Ultrasound-Guided Biopsies Alone in the Detection of Prostate Cancer?

Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to target biopsies is more effective at detecting prostate cancers that are likely to need treatment than standard ultrasound-guided biopsies alone, according to research published by Elwenspoek et al in JAMA Network Open. Prostate biopsies can cause side...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Scans for Detection of Early Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer After Prostatectomy

In a single-center study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Calais et al found that the use of gallium Ga-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PSMA PET/CT) resulted in higher detection rates of early biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer after ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Increase Risk for QT Prolongation and Torsades de Pointes

In a study published by Salem et al in Circulation, researchers examined how several testosterone-blocking drugs commonly used in the treatment of prostate cancer affect the heart's QT interval. The longer a QT interval—typically measured by an electrocardiogram—the more at risk a ...

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