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Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Supports Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Extended analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 study upholds pembrolizumab plus axitinib as a preferred front-line regimen over sunitinib in patients with advanced sporadic renal cell carcinoma. These updated results were presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, Chief of the Division of Genitourinary Medical Oncology and Director of Genitourinary Clinical Research at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia.

 

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Elotuzumab Fails to Add Benefit in Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Myeloma

The addition of elotuzumab to a standard three-drug induction regimen did not improve outcomes in patients with high-risk multiple myeloma enrolled in the randomized phase II SWOG S1211 trial, according to findings reported during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Saad Zafar Usmani, MD, FACP, of Levine Cancer Institute/Atrium Health, Charlotte, North Carolina.

 

Gynecologic Cancers

Two Studies Report Secondary Surgery Extends Survival in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Two phase III trials provide support for secondary cytoreductive surgery in women with recurrent ovarian cancer, with the caveats that patient selection is key and the surgery should be performed at sites of excellence. The results of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, both presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, found cytoreductive surgery improved outcomes in selected patients.

 


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Prostate Cancer

Novel Androgen-Deprivation Therapy With Relugolix Causes Fewer Cardiac Events Than Leuprolide in Advanced Prostate Cancer

Men with prostate cancer on androgen-deprivation therapy are usually treated with leuprolide, a long-acting injectable luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist requiring an every-3-month injection, but it may be possible for ADT to be delivered by a daily oral treatment, pending regulatory approval. In the phase III HERO study, oral relugolix, given daily, was superior to leuprolide for achieving testosterone suppression in men with advanced prostate cancer who required androgen-deprivation therapy, as reported during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Neal D. Shore, MD, FACS, of Carolina Urologic Research Center, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, and published online in The New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with the presentation.

 

COVID-19

ASCO Coronavirus Resources

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to spread, ASCO is committed to providing the most current information and resources to its members and the larger oncology...

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Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: The JAVELIN Bladder 100 Study on Avelumab vs Best Supportive Care

Lymphoma

Survival With Different Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Regimens for Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ghosh et al found that a more intense reduced-intensity conditioning and nonmyeloablative conditioning (RIC-NMAC) regimen consisting of fludarabine plus melphalan at 140 mg/kg (Flu-Mel14) appears to be associated with poorer overall survival and higher...

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Impact of Genes on Total Number and Type of Nevi

A study by Duffy et al in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology reported on specific gene variations affecting the number and types of moles on the body and their role in causing skin cancer.  “The goal was to investigate the genetic underpinnings of different mole classes, or...

Gynecologic Cancers

Tingyan Shi, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: Secondary Cytoreductive Surgery for Recurrent Disease

Solid Tumors

Effect of Radiation Boost to Residual Disease in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) ANBL0532 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al found that a radiotherapy boost to the gross residual tumor in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma did not appear to improve outcomes compared with patients in another...

Health-Care Policy
Genomics/Genetics

Trends in Policy Coverage for ctDNA Testing

New research published by Douglas et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network examined coverage trends for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) testing, also known as liquid biopsy. In the first-ever study to analyze insurance coverage for ctDNA-based panel tests, researchers found ...

Gemcitabine/Eribulin in Cisplatin-Ineligible Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In the final analysis from a phase II California Cancer Consortium trial (NCI-9653) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found the combination of gemcitabine and eribulin showed activity in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Study Details...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Michael J. Dickinson, MBBS, DMedSc, on Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Early Study Findings With Novel T-Cell–Engaging Bispecific Antibody

Lung Cancer
Health-Care Policy

Impact of Medicare OCM Reporting Requirements on Biomarker Testing and Treatment in Advanced NSCLC

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Emily H. Castellanos, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that the requirement for Medicare Oncology Care Model (OCM) practices to report biomarker testing of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not substantially altered the...

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Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chera et al found that deintensified chemoradiotherapy produced favorable outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 114 patients were recruited...