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ESMO 2018 Congress

ESMO 2018: CTONG 1103 Finds Benefit With Neoadjuvant Erlotinib in Some EGFR-Mutated NSCLCs

Neoadjuvant erlotinib (Tarceva) benefits selected patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo complete resection of stage IIIA-N2...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: CheckMate-142 Reports New Data on First-Line Nivolumab Plus Low-Dose Ipilimumab in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and low-dose ipilimumab (Yervoy) could become a new first-line treatment in patients with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H), mismatch repair–def...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: Small Study of Preoperative Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in dMMR Colon Cancer

Neoadjuvant treatment with a combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) achieved major pathological responses in mismatch repair­–deficient (d...

ESMO 2018: HOBOE-2: Zoledronic Acid in Premenopausal Hormone Receptor–Positive Early Breast Cancer

Adjuvant treatment with zoledronic acid, plus hormonal therapy with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, significantly increases disease-free survival compared to tamoxifen in premenopausal women with h...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: CheckMate 067: 4-Year Follow-up of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology and at the European Society for Medical Oncology 2018 Congress by Hodi et al, the 4-year follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 067 trial has shown a continued overall...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy
symptom management

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy Toxicities: Expert Perspective

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses managing toxicities of immunotherapy, including neurotoxicity, and treating beyond acute adverse events.

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, on Advanced Melanoma: Research Highlights

Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses two high-impact studies in stage III melanoma treatment: an update of the COMBI-AD trial examining dabrafenib and trametinib; and n...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: First-Line Immunotherapy for Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) improved survival in patients with head and neck cancer that has recurred or metastasized in the KEYNOTE-048 trial, according to late-breaking results from the study reported ...

ESMO 2018: Cetuximab vs Cisplatin in Patients With HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy

Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive throat cancer responded better to chemoradiotherapy than to cetuximab (Erbitux) with radiotherapy, according to late-breaking research reported by Meh...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: Updates From the STAMPEDE Trial

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses study findings on treating metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, including results on radiotherapy and ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Tony Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Targeted Treatment Update

Tony Mok, MD, of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses two important studies in non–small cell lung cancer: FLAURA, which looked at the first-line activity of osimertinib and the mechanisms o...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Lung Cancer: Research Highlights

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes the top-line lung cancer results reported at this year’s ESMO Congress, including the role of targeted treatment for ea...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Challenging Established Front-Line Treatment

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses data from the global, phase III JAVELIN trial that compared axitinib plus avelumab vs sunitinib, which could lead to a new standard of care in r...

ESMO 2018: Survival Results From STAMPEDE: Local Radiotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer With Low Disease Burden

Radiotherapy to the prostate improved overall survival in men newly diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer who have a low metastatic disease burden, but not in those with higher burden of disease, ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A combination of the immune checkpoint blocker avelumab (Bavencio) plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with a...

ESMO 2018: SOLO-1: Olaparib Maintenance Extends Progression-Free Survival in BRCA1/2-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Two-year maintenance therapy with olaparib (Lynparza), a poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, led to a substantial improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) in newly diagnosed patients wi...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpassion130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in hor...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, on TNBC: Combination Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss the phase III IMpassion 130 trial testing the first-line combination of ...

ESMO 2018: SOLAR-1: Alpelisib in Patients With PIK3CA-Mutated HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Targeting a common mutation in patients with hormone receptor (HR)–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer with the alpha-specific phosphatidyli...

ESMO 2018: PALOMA-3: Palbociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Treatment with the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib (Ibrance) achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, h...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: IMpassion 130: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-Paclitaxel in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy improves survival in some patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, according to late-breaking results from the IMpassion130 trial reporte...

ESMO 2018: HDAC Inhibitor Therapy in Advanced Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

A phase III trial presented by Jiang et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress showed activity of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor therapy in advanced hormone recepto...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Renal and Bladder Cancers: Focus on Immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital and the Israel Englander Institute of Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell, discusses results from the phase III CheckMate-025 study on nivoluma...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpower 130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in horm...

skin cancer

Karl Lewis, MD, on Basal Cell Carcinoma: An Ongoing Study

Karl Lewis, MD, of the University of Colorado, discusses a phase II study of cemiplimab in patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma who experienced progression of disease on, or were intolerant of,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Hepatobiliary Cancer: Multimodality Approaches

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the latest information on locoregional and systemic treatments of hepatocellular carcinoma as well as targeted therapy for ...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, on Bladder Cancer: Results From KEYNOTE-057

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, of the University Medical Center Rotterdam, discusses phase II findings on the efficacy of pembrolizumab in Bacillus Calmette Geurin–unresponsive bladder cancer with high risk ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, on Discontinuing Immunotherapy: When Is the Right Time?

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, of the NYU Langone Perlmutter Cancer Center, discusses how long people with melanoma should be treated with PD-1 blockade and the data on remission rates.

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Immunotherapy and Targeted Treatments

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, of Catholic University Leuven, summarizes a session he co-chaired that included discussion of translating advances in stage IV disease to nonmetastatic lung cancer, TK...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy for Thoracic Malignancies: Expert Perspective

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of the LungenClinic, discusses recent updates on biomarkers beyond PD-L1 expression; mechanisms and management of resistance; as well as combinations and novel approaches in lung...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Ezra E.W. Cohen, MD, on Head and Neck Cancer: Using Curative Immunotherapy

Ezra E.W. Cohen, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses the effectiveness of anti–PD-1 therapy in patients with recurrent head and neck cancer and the studies that might help predic...

issues in oncology

Matti S. Aapro, MD, on Advanced Disease: Reducing Use of Futile Treatments

Matti S. Aapro, MD, of the Genolier Cancer Centre, discusses the challenges of avoiding futile treatments and the need to work with patients, integrate palliative care, and monitor toxicities.

geriatric oncology
immunotherapy

Matti S. Aapro, MD, on Immunotherapy in Older Patients

Matti S. Aapro, MD, of the Genolier Cancer Centre, discusses the optimal treatment and supportive care for older patients with cancer, including the importance of maintaining dose density and intensit...

breast cancer

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, of the Baylor College of Medicine, discusses data on endocrine therapy alone or in combination with targeted treatments for postmenopausal women with strongly ER-posi...

skin cancer

Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Advances in Adjuvant Therapy

Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses findings from recent adjuvant trials in high-risk melanoma, and what the NCCN Guidelines recommend in light of such data as results on d...

skin cancer
symptom management

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Melanoma: Acute and Chronic Toxicities

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of Istituto Nazionale Tumori–Fondazione Pascale, discusses the breakthroughs in melanoma treatment and the challenges of managing toxicities, especially endocrine and neurologic...

survivorship

Kathrine Rugbjerg, PhD, on Adolescents and Young Adult Survivors: Late Effects

Kathrine Rugbjerg, PhD, of the Danish Cancer Society, discusses her findings on the risk of cardiovascular disease and hospitalizations in Danish survivors of cancer during their adolescence and young...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ESMO 2018: Variations Between European Countries in Time to Reimbursement Decisions for New Cancer Treatments Approved by the EMA

Some European countries take more than twice as long as others to reach health technology assessment (HTA) decisions to reimburse new cancer treatments following their approval by the European Medicin...

issues in oncology
gastroesophageal cancer
symptom management

ESMO 2018: Pooled Analysis of Influence of Sex on Chemotherapy Efficacy and Toxicity in Esophagogastric Cancer

In an analysis presented by Davidson et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (Abstract 619PD_PR), data were pooled from four UK randomized controlled clinical...

ESMO 2018: About 1 in 6 Premenopausal Patients With Early Breast Cancer Do Not Adhere to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Nearly 1 in 6 premenopausal women being treated for early-stage breast cancer do not adhere adequately to tamoxifen therapy after 1 year of treatment, potentially putting themselves at increased risk ...

ESMO 2018: Short-HER Trial Examines Abbreviated Course of Trastuzumab in Some HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancers

Women with HER2-positive early breast cancer with small tumors have similar disease-free survival and lower risk of cardiac toxicity with a 9-week course of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) compared t...

ESMO 2018: Patients With Breast Cancer Use Twitter as a Nonmedical Forum to Share Experiences

Twitter is a place where many patients with cancer go to share and discuss their experiences of the disease, according to a recent exploratory study to be presented by Sánchez-Bayona et al...

ESMO 2018: Precision Cancer Care Moves to Community Setting

Nearly 1 in 4 patients with advanced cancer treated at a community practice cancer network in the United States received innovative drugs matched to DNA mutations in their tumors. These results, to be...

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