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Most Federal Exchange Plans Under Affordable Care Act Do Not Contain NCI-Designated Cancer Center

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kehl et al found that most federal exchange networks under the Affordable Care Act contain a Commission on Cancer–accredited hospital, but less than half contain a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center. Study Details ...

Lower Locoregional Failure but Increased Toxicity With Addition of Cetuximab to Chemoradiotherapy for Anal Carcinoma

In a phase II trial (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group–American College of Radiology Imaging Network Cancer Research Group E3205) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Garg et al found that the addition of cetuximab (Erbitux) to definitive chemoradiotherapy appeared to reduce the...

Is Mirvetuximab Soravtansine Active in Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer?

Moore et al found that mirvetuximab soravtansine (also known as IMGN853)—an antibody-drug conjugate targeting folate receptor alpha (FRα)—is active in FRα-positive platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, according to a phase I expansion cohort study reported in the Journal of...

Clonal Hematopoiesis of Indeterminate Potential at Time of ASCT May Be Linked to Adverse Outcomes in Lymphoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gibson et al found that clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential at the time of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with lymphoma was associated with an increased risk of poorer outcomes. Study Details In the...

Identification and Characterization of HPV-Independent Cervical Cancers

A team of University of South Carolina scientists led by Carolyn Banister, PhD, and Phillip Buckhaults, PhD, identified a new subtype of cervical cancer that, like most cervical cancers, is triggered by human papillomavirus (HPV), but whose growth is not directed by the virus, suggesting that...

Fear of Diagnostic Low-Dose Radiation Exposure May Be Overstated, Experts Assert

In an article published by Siegel et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers assert that exposure to medical radiation does not increase a person’s risk of getting cancer. The long-held belief that even low doses of radiation, such as those received in diagnostic imaging, increase...

Prostate Cancer Treatment Rates Drop, Reflecting Change in Screening Recommendations

As some national guidelines now recommend against routine prostate cancer screening, the overall rate of men receiving treatment for the disease declined 42% between 2007 and 2012, a new study published by Borza et al in Health Affairs found. The decline reflects efforts to decrease overdiagnosis...

FDA Approves Morphine Sulfate Extended-Release Tablets Formulated With Abuse-Deterrent Properties

On January 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved morphine sulfate extended-release tablets formulated with abuse-deterrent properties (Arymo ER) for the management of pain severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative...

FDA Accepts sBLA and Grants Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

On January 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) and granted Priority Review for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who are ineligible for cisplatin...

Potential Biomarker of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism in Cancer Patients Receiving Anticoagulant Therapy

In a biomarker analysis of the CATCH trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Khorana et al found that elevated circulating tissue factor levels were associated with an increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism in cancer patients on anticoagulant therapy. CATCH was a randomized ...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

ASCO Releases Principles for Patient-Centered Health-Care Reform

ASCO has released the “ASCO Principles for Patient-Centered Health-care Reform,” seven recommendations designed to ensure access to high-quality cancer care amid the changing U.S. health-care delivery landscape. The principles aim to assist the new Congress and Administration, so, as...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study published by Cooper et al in Cancer looked at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket...

breast cancer
symptom management

No Increased Risk of Skeletal Events in Patients With Bone Metastases Taking Zoledronic Acid

A new study published in JAMA reported that patients with bone metastases due to breast cancer, prostate cancer, or multiple myeloma who used zoledronic acid every 12 weeks compared with every 4 weeks did not have in an increased risk of skeletal events over 2 years. In this study, Andrew L....

Case Report of Regression of Glioblastoma After Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-Cell Therapy

In a brief report in The New England Journal of Medicine, Brown et al described regression of glioblastoma after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. A 50-year-old patient with recurrent multifocal glioblastoma after tumor resection, radiation therapy, and temozolomide was treated with...

Ofatumumab vs Rituximab in Salvage Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

The final results of the international phase III ORCHARD study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by van Imhoff et al, showed no difference in progression-free survival with the addition of ofatumumab (Arzerra) vs rituximab (Rituxan) to cisplatin, cytarabine, and dexamethasone (O-DHAP vs ...

Effect of Sorafenib in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma May Depend on Hepatitis Status

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jackson et al found that overall survival with sorafenib (Nexavar) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly improved vs comparator treatments among patients who were both hepatitis B virus (HBV)-negative and hepatitis C...

Does Adding Bortezomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improve Outcomes in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Myeloma?

In the phase III SWOG S0777 trial reported in The Lancet, Durie et al found that adding bortezomib (Velcade) to lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed myeloma who were not planned for immediate autologous stem cell...

NCI-Designated Cancer Centers Issue Statement in Support of New CDC Recommendations on HPV Vaccination

The 69 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers have issued a joint statement in support of recently revised recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to improve national vaccination rates for human papillomavirus (HPV). According to the CDC,...

Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer May Benefit From Delayed Adjuvant Chemotherapy

A new Yale study suggested that patients with a common form of lung cancer may still benefit from delayed chemotherapy started up to 4 months after surgery, according to the researchers. The study was published by Salazar et al in JAMA Oncology. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than of...

Older Patients With Lung Cancer Face Significant Treatment Burden

Depending on the type of treatment older patients with lung cancer receive, they can spend an average of 1 in 3 days interacting with the health-care system in the first 60 days after surgery or radiation therapy, according to a study by Yale researchers. These findings were published by Presley in ...

head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

TCGA Study of Esophageal Cancers Finds Features That Aid in Their Classification

A new integrated genomic study by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network identified genetic alterations that distinguish the two most common subtypes of esophageal cancer. Esophageal cancer is a rare cancer in the United States, but the 8th most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide. It...

Disappointing Efficacy of Chemotherapy Guided by Ki67 Level After Neoadjuvant AI Therapy for Breast Cancer

In an analysis in the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z1031 Trial/Alliance reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ellis et al found that switching to chemotherapy in patients with elevated Ki67 levels after 2 to 4 weeks of neoadjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy resulted ...

Survival Benefit Reported With Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Nephroureterectomy for Urothelial Carcinoma

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Seisen et al found that adjuvant chemotherapy after radical nephroureterectomy was associated with an overall survival benefit in patients with locally advanced or regional lymph node–positive upper tract...

Results of International Cross-Sectional Survey Reveal Gaps in Primary and Secondary Skin Cancer Prevention, Perceptions, and Knowledge

A large international survey on sun exposure behaviors and skin cancer detection found there are many imperfections and geographic disparities in primary and secondary prevention of skin cancer. This information could help inform future awareness campaigns developed to address the global need to...

Cancer Death Rate Has Dropped 25% Since 1991 Peak, According to American Cancer Society Report

A steady decline over more than 2 decades has resulted in a 25% drop in the overall cancer death rate in the United States. The drop equates to 2.1 million fewer cancer deaths between 1991 and 2014. The news comes from "Cancer Statistics, 2017," the American Cancer Society’s...

How Common Is Cognitive Impairment After Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer Survivors?

In a prospective longitudinal study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Janelsins et al found that nearly half of women with breast cancer reported a clinically significant decline in cognitive function from before to after chemotherapy, compared with only 10% of age-matched noncancer...

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Integration of Palliative Care Into Standard Oncology Care

As reported by Betty R. Ferrell, PhD, of the City of Hope Medical Center, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline update on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care. This update of a 2012 ASCO provisional clinical...

Diagnostic Laparoscopy May Predict Result of Primary Cytoreductive Surgery in Suspected Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In a Dutch trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rutten et al found that initial diagnostic laparoscopy can prevent futile primary cytoreductive surgery in patients with suspected advanced-stage ovarian cancer. Study Details In the trial, 201 women who were qualified for primary...

issues in oncology
cost of care

ACCC 2016 Survey Finds Cancer Drug Costs Remain the Most Critical Challenge to Care

As more cost pressures are placed on the health-care system, and the transition to value-based care gains momentum, the Association of Community Cancer Centers’ (ACCC) 7th annual Trends in Cancer Programs survey revealed critical challenges and emerging trends in U.S. cancer programs. The...

breast cancer
head and neck cancer
lung cancer

Receptor Tyrosine Kinase AXL May Mediate Nuclear Translocation of EGFR

New research from the University of Wisconsin (UW) Carbone Cancer Center has clarified the mechanisms involved in a common growth pathway implicated in many solid tumor types and could lead to better outcomes for patients with head and neck, lung, and triple-negative breast cancer,...

No Improvement in Event-Free Survival Reported With More Extensive or Serial Resections in Wild-Type GIST

Findings from the National Institutes of Health Pediatric and Wildtype Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) Clinic, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Weldon et al, indicate that more extensive or serial resections are not associated with improvement in event-free survival in...

Benefit of Early Integrated Palliative Care in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Incurable Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Temel et al found that early integration of palliative care resulted in better quality of life and reduced depression in patients with newly diagnosed incurable lung or noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancer. Outcomes differed by cancer type. ...

Endometrial Cancer Mutations May Be Detectable in Uterine Lavage Fluid Before Cancer Is Diagnosed

Mutations that have been linked to endometrial cancer can be found in the uterine lavage fluid of pre- and postmenopausal women both with and without detectable cancer, according to a study published by Nair et al in PLOS Medicine. “Today, there are no effective screening methods for...

FDA Grants Priority Review for the sNDA for Regorafenib in the Second-Line Systemic Treatment of Liver Cancer

On January 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review status for the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for regorafenib (Stivarga) tablets for the second-line systemic treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in the United States. “Liver cancer is ...

Germline Cancer Susceptibility Mutations in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pearlman et al found that 16% of patients with early-onset colorectal cancer had germline cancer susceptibility mutations, with a wide array of such mutations being identified. The study involved 450 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age < 50...

Contralateral Prophylactic Mastectomy Decisions in a Population-Based Sample of Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a new study published by Jagsi et al in JAMA Surgery, nearly half of patients with early-stage breast cancer considered having double mastectomy, and one in six received it—including many who were at low risk of developing a second breast cancer. Many patients who chose double...

Preclinical Study Potentially Explains Vulnerability of Young Patients With Cancer to Treatment Toxicities

Despite many successes in treating pediatric cancer, young children remain at high risk for developing severe, long-lasting impairments in their brain, heart, and other vital organs from chemotherapy and radiation treatments. In adults, however, these tissues are relatively spared. This disparity, ...

Comparison of Scales for Assessing Cisplatin-Related Ototoxicity in Children

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Knight et al of the Children’s Oncology Group found that the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Ototoxicity (SIOP) scale may be more sensitive than other classification systems in detecting ototoxicity in children...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Genome-Based Model for Adjusting Radiotherapy Dose Shows Promise

In a retrospective cohort–based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Scott et al found that individual patient genomic-adjusted radiation dose was associated with outcomes across different cancer types. Study Details In the study, gene-expression–based radiation-sensitivity index...

Customer Response to Personal Genomic Testing for Cancer Risk

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gray et al found that most people receiving cancer-related data through direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing tended not to change health or screening behaviors when an elevated risk was identified. The study involved baseline and...

Vascular-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Shows Promise in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a European phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Azzouzi et al found that padeliporfin vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy was associated with a reduced rate of disease progression vs active surveillance in men with low-risk prostate cancer. Study Details In the open-label trial, ...

Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells May Enable Tumor Cells to Circumvent Immune Attack, Improving Immunotherapy

One of the main reasons cancer remains difficult to treat is that cancer cells have developed a multitude of mechanisms that allow them to evade destruction by the immune system. One of these escape mechanisms involves a type of immune cell called myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). A recent...

Is Adding Onartuzumab to Erlotinib of Benefit in Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer?

In a phase III METLung trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Spigel et al found that adding the MET inhibitor onartuzumab to erlotinib (Tarceva) was of no benefit in patients with MET-positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had progressed after platinum-based...

FDA Permits Marketing of New Tissue Expander for Women Undergoing Breast Reconstruction Following Mastectomy

On December 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allowed marketing of a new tissue-expander system for soft-tissue expansion in two-stage breast reconstruction following mastectomy and in the treatment of underdeveloped breasts and soft-tissue deformities. A patient uses a dose...

Improved Survival With Higher Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Values in Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a retrospective analysis of the phase III CLEOPATRA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Luen et al found that higher baseline tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte levels were associated with improved overall survival among patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer receiving trastuzumab...

Atezolizumab Shows Activity in First-Line Treatment of Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet, Balar et al found that first-line atezolizumab (Tecentriq) produced durable responses in cisplatin-ineligible patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. In the study, 119 patients from 47 sites in North America and Europe who were ...

ESMO Asia 2016: Study Validates Set of Six Adaptable Prognosis Prediction Models for Patients With Cancer in Palliative Care Settings

A routine blood test may predict how long patients with cancer in palliative care will survive, researchers reported at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress in Singapore. “Cancer patients in palliative care want honest and accurate prognostic information but this information needs to be shared...

ESMO Asia 2016: Depressed Patients May Be Less Responsive to Chemotherapy

A brain-boosting protein plays an important role in how well people respond to chemotherapy, researchers reported at the ESMO Asia 2016 Congress in Singapore. A study (Abstract 497O_PR) found that patients with cancer suffering from depression have decreased amounts of brain-derived neurotrophic...

Atezolizumab Improves Survival vs Docetaxel in Previously Treated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In the phase III OAK trial reported in The Lancet by Rittmeyer et al, treatment with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) improved overall survival vs docetaxel in previously treated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results of the trial...

FDA Approves Rucaparib and Companion Genetic Test in Advanced Deleterious BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today granted accelerated approval to rucaparib (Rubraca) to treat women with advanced ovarian cancer who have been treated with two or more chemotherapies and whose tumors have a specific gene mutation (deleterious BRCA) as identified by an FDA-approved...

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