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New Supportive Care Resources From NCCN Help Patients With Cancer Confront Distress

All patients with cancer experience some level of distress associated with their cancer diagnosis and the effects of the disease and its treatment—regardless of the stage of disease. Not only does distress affect a patient’s mental and psychosocial well-being, but because distress is a...

Major Pharmaceutical Companies Collaborate in NCCN Research Project

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) Oncology Research Program (ORP) has funded three studies in its first multi-industry collaborative research project in which Boehringer Ingelheim and Eli Lilly are collaborating with NCCN to study combination therapeutic agents in ...

FDA Approves Avelumab for Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today granted accelerated approval to avelumab (Bavencio) for the treatment of adults and pediatric patients 12 years and older with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma, including those who have not received prior chemotherapy. Avelumab is a programmed cell...

Delays in Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer in Insured and Indigent Populations

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Thomas et al found that interruption of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer was more frequent and treatment outcomes were poorer among indigent populations vs commercially or Medicare-insured populations within a single academic health...

Celecoxib or Celecoxib/Zoledronic Acid in Men Initiating Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Mason et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term survival results of the UK-based, multiarm, multistage platform–design STAMPEDE trial showed no survival benefit with the addition of celecoxib or celecoxib plus zoledronic acid in men initiating long-term hormone...

SSO 2017: Preclinical Trial Shows Intratumoral Vaccination Induces Antitumor Response in Pancreatic Cancer

Building on their previous research focusing on intratumoral vaccination for the most common form of pancreatic cancer, investigators from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School have shown that in a mouse model of early-stage resected pancreatic...

IASLC Endorses Tobacco Reform Report Outlining Progress Toward Ending Adult Cigarette Smoking

The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) has endorsed a report released by the Core Team for Tobacco Control that outlines key action items that can be taken immediately to accelerate progress toward ending cigarette smoking in adults. Issuing their Executive Summary ...

Multikinase Inhibitor Treatment Responses in Patients With RET-Rearranged NSCLC

In a report from the Global, Multicenter RET Registry in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gautschi et al documented response rates with multikinase RET inhibitors in patients with RET-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study involved registry data (through...

Suboptimal BMD Evaluation in Postmenopausal Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer Receiving Aromatase Inhibitors

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Stratton et al found that most postmenopausal Medicare patients with early-stage breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitor therapy do not receive recommended bone mineral density (BMD) measurements. Most expert panels recommend BMD...

Adding Vandetanib to Gemcitabine in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Carcinoma

In a UK phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Middleton et al found that adding the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor vandetanib (Caprelsa) to gemcitabine did not improve overall survival in patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. Study ...

Risk of Second Cancer in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

In a study in the Swedish population reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sud et al found an increased risk of second cancers in survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma. Risk was further augmented in those with first-degree relatives with a cancer diagnosis. Study Details The study used data from...

Testosterone Replacement Therapy and Risk of Prostate Cancer

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Loeb et al found that use of testosterone replacement therapy was not associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and was associated with a lower risk of aggressive cancer among men developing the disease. Study Details The ...

Japanese Phase II Trial of Nivolumab in Previously Treated Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In a Japanese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kudo et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) had activity in heavily pretreated patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, with enrollment between February and November 2014, 65 patients...

Association of Metformin Use for Diabetes With Outcomes in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III ALTTO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sonnenblick et al found that among patients receiving adjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer, those with diabetes who received metformin had better outcomes than those who did not receive...

ASCO Releases Its State of Cancer Care in America: 2017 Report

In a press briefing today on Capitol Hill, ASCO presented its fourth annual State of Cancer Care in America: 2017 report, which found that although the cancer care delivery system in the United States is undergoing profound changes to better meet the needs of cancer survivors, persistent hurdles...

Dexamethasone Mouthwash in Preventing Everolimus-Related Stomatitis in Women With Breast Cancer

In the phase II SWISH study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rugo et al found that use of a dexamethasone-based mouthwash may prevent everolimus-related stomatitis in postmenopausal women receiving everolimus (Afinitor) for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer....

Thoracic 2017: SBRT Offers Curative Option for Patients With Lung Cancer Aged 80 and Older

Patients in their 80s and 90s who have early-stage lung cancer but cannot undergo an operation can be treated safely and effectively with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), according to research presented by Cassidy et al at the 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium (Abstract...

Thoracic 2017: Updated Data Confirm Benefits of Single-Fraction SBRT for NSCLC

New research led by a radiation oncologist at Roswell Park Cancer Institute indicates that less may be more when it comes to some forms of radiation therapy for cancer. In a presentation highlighted in a plenary session (Abstract 4) at the 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium in San...

Belgian Study Combines BRAF and MEK Inhibition in Advanced BRAF 600–Mutant Melanoma

In a Belgian two-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Schreuer et al found that rechallenge with the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and the MEK inhibitor trametinib (Mekinist) showed activity in patients with BRAF V600–mutant melanoma whose disease had progressed on...

Adding Temozolomide to Short-Course Radiotherapy in Older Patients With Glioblastoma

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Perry et al found that adding temozolomide to short-course radiotherapy improved overall survival in patients aged ≥ 65 years with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The survival advantage was largest among patients with methylated ...

Thoracic 2017: Combination of Radiation and Immune Checkpoint Therapy Holds Potential for Lung Cancer

An emerging approach for cancer treatment seeks to combine radiation therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors to more effectively control tumors in the chest with an acceptable risk of severe treatment-related side effects. About 10% of patients in a retrospective analysis of metastatic lung...

Thoracic 2017: Racial Disparities Persist in Treatment and Survival of Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Analysis of the largest American cancer database indicates that racial disparities persist in the treatment and outcomes of patients diagnosed with stage I non­­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite increased availability of potentially curative treatments for early-stage NSCLC,...

Thoracic 2017: Proton Therapy Offers New Treatment Possibility for Recurrent Lung Cancer

A new study offers hope for patients with recurrent lung cancer, who historically have been considered ineligible for curative treatment. In the largest analysis to date of reirradiation using intensity-modulated proton therapy for lung and other thoracic tumors, more than three-fourths of patients ...

Common Genetic Variation and Risk of Gallbladder Cancer in India

Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the chromosomal region containing both ABCB1 and ABCB4 genes were associated with an increased risk of gallbladder cancer, in an Indian case-control genome-wide association study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Mhatre et al. Study Details The study...

Thoracic 2017: Genetic Profile of Treatment-Resistant Lung Cancer More Variable Than Previously Thought

The genetic mutations underlying treatment resistance in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more complex and dynamic than previously thought. Analysis of 355 biopsied tumors from patients who acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, the most common form...

Antisense Oligonucleotide Custirsen Combined With Docetaxel and Prednisone in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

In the phase III SYNERGY trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chi et al found that the addition of the second-generation antisense oligonucleotide custirsen to docetaxel and prednisone did not improve overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Custirsen...

Thoracic 2017: Biomarker Test Shows Cancer Recurrence Months Before CT Scans

Results from a prospective clinical trial showed that a blood test looking at specific biomarkers was able to detect recurrences of lung cancer an average of 6 months before conventional imaging methods found evidence of recurrence. In the largest prospective clinical trial to date of circulating...

ASCO Statement: President's Budget Will Devastate U.S. Research Enterprise

ASCO President Daniel F. Hayes, MD, FACP, FASCO, released the following statement today: “We soundly oppose President Trump's budget outline, which would cut $6 billion from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Reducing NIH's funding by nearly 20% will devastate our nation's...

Association of DNA Thioguanine Nucleotide Concentration and Outcome During Maintenance Therapy for Childhood ALL

In a substudy of a European phase III trial (Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology ALL2008) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nygaard Nielsen et al found that higher leukocyte DNA-incorporated thioguanine nucleotide (DNA-TGN) levels were associated with an improved relapse-free...

SGO 2017: Hospital Readmission Metrics May Not Be an Ideal Measure in Ovarian Cancer Cases

To reduce costs and improve quality of care, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has made reducing hospital readmission rates a priority, yet two research studies presented at the 2017 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer question the use...

SGO 2017: Parental Concern About Lack of Sexual Activity Declining as Reason Not to Vaccinate Children Against HPV

Parental concern that a child is not sexually active is declining as a reason parents do not vaccinate their children against papillomavirus (HPV), according to a study presented by Beavis et al at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology’s (SGO) 2017 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer...

SGO 2017: New Immunotherapy Axalimogene Filoslisbac Shows Positive Results in Cervical Cancer

A new immunotherapy drug, axalimogene filoslisbac (AXAL), showed improved survival rates for patients with cervical cancer, according to a study presented at the 2017 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Study coauthor Charles Leath, MD, MSPH, an SGO member ...

SGO 2017: Secondary Endpoint Results of Phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA Trial of Niraparib in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Secondary endpoint results from the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA trial of niraparib were presented at the 2017 Society for Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, by Sven Mahner, MD, Director, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Munich. “The results of...

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Relapsed or Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma in Adult and Pediatric Patients

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda), an anti–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) therapy, for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients who have refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma or have relapsed after three or more prior lines of...

Researchers Find Evidence-Based Radiation Treatment After Lumpectomy Leads to High-Quality, High-Value Care

A new study demonstrates that the use of less radiation therapy for patients with breast cancer who have undergone lumpectomy does not negatively impact patient outcomes, and could result in significant reductions in health-care costs. These findings, which examine patient eligibility for...

Busulfan and Melphalan vs Carboplatin, Etoposide, and Melphalan in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ladenstein et al found that high-dose chemotherapy with busulfan and melphalan vs carboplatin, etoposide, and melphalan was associated with an improved event-free survival in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma and adequate disease response to ...

Factors Associated With Early Death in Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Green et al found that risk factors for death within 1 month of diagnosis of childhood cancer included age up to 1 year, specific diagnoses, and minority race/ethnicity. The study involved analysis of data from SEER (Surveillance,...

Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline: Use of Adjuvant Bisphosphonates and Other Bone-Modifying Agents in Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dhesy-Thind, ofJuravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton Health Sciences, and colleagues, Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO have issued a clinical practice guideline on the use of adjuvant bisphosphonates and other bone-modifying agents in breast cancer. The...

Benefit of Imatinib in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Persists Long Term in IRIS Trial

Long-term follow-up of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) randomized to imatinib in the IRIS trial was reported by Hochhaus et al in The New England Journal of Medicine. In the open-label crossover-design trial, 1,106 patients with CML were randomized to receive imatinib at 400 mg/d (n = ...

European Cohort Study of Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

In a large European cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smith Byrne et al found that vasectomy was not associated with an increased overall risk of prostate cancer or death from prostate cancer but appeared to increase the risk of lower-grade disease. Other studies have...

Binimetinib vs Dacarbazine: Which Was More Effective in NRAS-Mutant Melanoma?

In the phase III NEMO trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dummer et al found that treatment with the MEK inhibitor binimetinib improved progression-free survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced NRAS-mutant melanoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, 402 patients from 118 sites in ...

Evidence of Stage Shift in Ovarian Cancer Detected in UK Screening Study

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rosenthal et al found evidence of a shift to an earlier stage among ovarian cancers detected in high-risk women in the UK Familial Ovarian Cancer Screening Study. Study Details The study was performed to evaluate performance of screening using...

Blinatumomab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In the phase III TOWER trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kantarjian et al found that blinatumomab (Blincyto) treatment improved overall survival vs chemotherapy in heavily pretreated patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Blinatumomab received...

ASCO Honors Researchers and Scientists for Significant Advancements in Cancer Treatment and Care

ASCO and the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO (CCF) have proudly announced the winners of ASCO's Special Awards, the Society's highest honors, and the CCF Women Who Conquer Cancer Mentorship Award. The recipients of these awards include researchers, patient advocates, and global oncology leaders...

FDA Approves Ribociclib as Initial Therapy for Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On March 13, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ribociclib (Kisqali), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor, in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy for the treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive,...

Preclinical Study Finds SPOP Mutation Drives Prostate Cancer Subtype

A genetically engineered mouse model developed by Blattner et al investigating the role of the gene Speckle Type BTB/POZ Protein, or SPOP, as a driver of prostate cancer has found that the mutation drives prostate neoplasia through coordinate deregulation of both P13K/mTOR and androgen receptor...

ACC.17: History of Exercise Helps Prevent Heart Disease After Breast Cancer

Regular exercise appears to help mitigate the increased cardiovascular risk faced by women treated for breast cancer, according to a study scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session (ACC.17). The study found that women with breast cancer who...

Key Gene Controlling Tumor Growth in Gliomas Pinpointed

Cedars-Sinai investigators have identified a stem cell–regulating gene that affects tumor growth in patients with brain cancer and can strongly influence survival rates of patients. The findings, published by Edwards et al in Nature Scientific Reports, could move physicians closer to their...

Use of Evidence-Based Prostate Cancer Imaging in an Integrated Health-Care System

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Salloum et al found that use of nonindicated imaging for diagnostic staging of low-risk prostate cancer in a nonprofit integrated health-care system remained common but has decreased in frequency. As noted by the authors: “The overuse...

Dutch Study Examines Effect of Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Sexual Functioning in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hummel et al found that use of an Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention improved sexual functioning among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 169 women with a diagnosis of sexual dysfunction from 10 ...

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