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Skin Cancer

Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib vs Vemurafenib in Advanced BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Reinhard Dummer, MD, of the University Hospital Zurich Skin Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III COLUMBUS trial has shown a significant improvement in overall survival with the combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the MEK inhibitor binimetinib (Mektovi) vs vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in patients with advanced BRAF V600–mutant melanoma.

Leukemia

Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for Relapsed or Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia

On September 13, 2018, moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti), a CD22-directed cytotoxin, was approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia who received at least two prior systemic therapies, including with a purine nucleoside analog.

Issues in Oncology

Oncology Researcher Catherine J. Wu, MD, Always Knew She Wanted to Be a Doctor

Catherine J. Wu, MD, Professor at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, was reared in a medical environment, which shaped her career path as a physician-scientist. “Both of my parents are physicians and were trained in internal medicine. Medicine was always part of my life as I grew up, and it seemed like an exciting and worthy career in an ever-changing environment. And I never encountered one thing that made me question that decision,” said Dr. Wu.


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Genomics/Genetics

Role of Genomic Profiling in Younger Patients With Cancer

Although overall cancer survival rates continue to improve among all age groups in the United States—there are currently an estimated 15.5 million cancer survivors, and that number is expected to increase to 20.3 million by 20261—survival rates for adolescents and young adults with cancer (AYAs) still lag behind those for children and older adults with the disease. According to one study, between 2002 and 2006, the 5-year relative survival rate for all invasive cancers diagnosed in AYAs, those between the ages of 15 and 39, was 82.5%.2 However, survival is worse in AYAs with specific cancers, such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and medulloblastoma, compared with children with those cancers; it also is worse in AYAs than in older adults who have hepatic carcinoma, AML, high-grade astrocytoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), pancreatic carcinoma, low-grade astrocytoma, gastric carcinoma, renal carcinoma, cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, Hodgkin lymphoma, ovarian cancer, fibromatous sarcoma, other soft-tissue sarcoma, and thyroid carcinoma.2 In addition, compared with older women, women younger than age 40 are generally diagnosed with more aggressive breast cancers and tend to have lower survival rates.3

Global Cancer Care

Global Burden of Cancer on the Rise: Implications for Cancer Prevention and Control

As the global burden of cancer grows, cancer control measures must be tailored to regional and national priorities, underscoring the need for high-quality cancer registries, according to Christopher P. Wild, PhD, Director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, France.

 

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Lung Cancer

Daniel R. Gomez, MD, on NSCLC: Findings From a Phase II Treatment Trial

Breast Cancer

Management of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Business as Usual?

MANAGEMENT OF HER2-positive breast cancer changed after the introduction of trastuzumab (Herceptin), the first anti-HER2 therapy to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this type of cancer. Recent studies have more clearly defined the role of pertuzumab (Perjeta) and...

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Genetic Assay May Help Predict Disease Relapse in Patients With Gastroesophageal Cancer

A seven-gene assay could improve care for patients with gastroesophageal cancer by predicting their likelihood of relapse after chemotherapy and surgery. These findings were published by Smyth et al in Annals of Oncology. A team at The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), London, and The Royal...

Leukemia

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Trial Results

Leukemia

Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for Relapsed or Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia

ON SEPTEMBER 13, 2018, moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti), a CD22-directed cytotoxin, was approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia who received at least two prior systemic therapies, including with a purine nucleoside analog.1,2 Supporting...

Lung Cancer

Pembrolizumab With Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

On August 20, 2018, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) and platinum was granted regular approval as first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or anaplastic lymphoma...

Does Tailored Lifestyle Feedback Given During Colorectal Cancer Screening Improve Disease-Preventive Behaviors?

A program that provided individually tailored lifestyle recommendations for patients undergoing screening for colorectal cancer helped encourage healthy behavior, according to results published by Knudsen et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. “It is well known that...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Laura S. Dominici, MD, on Young Women With Breast Cancer: Local Therapy and Quality of Life

Oncology Researcher Catherine J. Wu, MD, Always Knew She Wanted to Be a Doctor

Catherine J. Wu, MD, Professor at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, was reared in a medical environment, which shaped her career path as a physician-scientist. “Both of my parents are physicians and were trained in internal medicine. Medicine was always part of my life as I grew up, and it seemed like...

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Regorafenib in Previously Treated Metastatic Osteosarcoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Duffaud et al found evidence of activity of regorafenib (Stivarga) in a cohort of adult patients with previously treated metastatic osteosarcoma. This noncomparative, double-blind trial involves 4 cohorts of patients, consisting of those with...