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breast cancer

Hormonal Contraception and Breast Cancer Risk

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mørch et al, a Danish study has shown that the risk of breast cancer is increased in hormonal contraception users vs nonusers, with the absolute increase in risk being small. Study Details The study assessed the association between the...

breast cancer

BELLE-3 Trial: Combination Therapy in Resistant Advanced Breast Cancer

The phase III BELLE-3 trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival but a worse safety profile with the addition of the pan-phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

breast cancer

Eric S. Winer, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Debate on a Research Tool

Eric S. Winer, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, addresses the much-discussed controversy over whether all women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer should undergo next-generation sequencing.

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: the PADMA Trial

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses a phase IV study evaluating palbociclib plus endocrine treatment vs a chemotherapy-based treatment strategy in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (Abstract OT3-05-04).

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Risk: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses 11-year followup results that showed a significantly lower breast cancer incidence among women with a greater than 5% weight loss (Abstract GS5-07).

breast cancer

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, on Tackling Breast Cancer Diversity

Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Trust, discusses the challenges of treating metastatic breast cancer and how liquid biopsies can serve as a guide to genetic phenotypes.

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on Stage II–III Breast Cancer and CTCs

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, discusses findings that suggest circulating tumor cells 5 years after diagnosis are prognostic for late recurrence in operable stage II–III breast cancer (Abstract GS6-03).

breast cancer

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, on DCIS: Results of the CALGB 40903 Trial

Eun-Sil Shelley Hwang, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on primary endocrine therapy for estrogen receptor–positive ductal carcinoma in situ (Abstract GS5-05).

breast cancer

Lynn J. Howie, MD, on ER+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: An FDA Treatment Analysis

Lynn J. Howie, MD, of the U. S. Food & Drug Administration, discusses a pooled analysis of outcomes of older women with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer treated with a CDK4/6 inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy (Abstract GS5-06).

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Older Women With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer May Receive Similar Benefit From CDK4/6 Inhibitors as Younger Women

Older women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors achieved progression-free survival at a rate similar to that of younger women, according to data presented by Singh et al at the 2017 San...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Postmenopausal Women Who Lose Weight May Have Reduced Breast Cancer Risk

Postmenopausal women who lose weight may have a significantly reduced chance of developing breast cancer, according to data presented by Chlebowski et al at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS5-07). “Breast cancer is among the leading types of cancer and...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Circulating Tumor Cells May Predict Late Recurrence in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Among patients with hormone receptor–positive HER2-negative stage II–III breast cancer without clinical evidence of recurrence, those who had circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detected in blood 5 years after diagnosis had an increased risk for late recurrence of breast cancer, according to ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Phase III EMBRACA Trial Meets Primary Endpoint

Patients with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations had significantly prolonged progression-free survival when treated with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib, compared with those who received chemotherapy of physician’s choice, according...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Certain Breast and Stomach Cancers

On December 1, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved trastuzumab-dkst (Ogivri) as a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin) for the treatment of patients with breast or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma whose tumors overexpress the HER2 gene. The...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The randomized phase II LOTUS trial has shown improved progression-free survival with the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to paclitaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. These results were reported by Sung-Bae Kim, MD, of the University of Ulsan...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Partial-Breast and Reduced-Dose Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery

The UK IMPORT LOW phase III trial has shown noninferiority in local relapse for partial-breast and reduced-dose vs standard whole-breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in early breast cancer. These study results were reported by Charlotte E. Coles, PhD, of the University of...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Genomic Characteristics and Immune Infiltration in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Thomas Karn, PhD, of Goethe-University Frankfurt, and colleagues found that triple-negative breast cancers with high immune gene expression levels were characterized by lower clonal heterogeneity, reduced copy number alterations, and lower somatic mutation,...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combined Residual Risk Score Test and Predicting Breast Cancer Risk in Women Who Tested Negative for Hereditary Mutations

Results from a validation study to better define the risk of breast cancer in women of European ancestry who tested negative for a hereditary cancer mutation with a hereditary cancer risk test (myRisk Hereditary Cancer test) were reported earlier this week in a spotlight presentation at the 2017...

Breast Cancer

NCCN Awards Nine Grants for Quality Improvement in Breast Cancer Care

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) Oncology Research Program in collaboration with Pfizer Global Medical Grants announced they have awarded funding to nine projects that use clinical care pathways to implement quality-improvement initiatives along the continuum of care for...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: 2 Years of Extended Anastrozole Therapy Proved as Effective as 5 Years in Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who took the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole for 2 years after an initial 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy received an equal benefit to those who took the drug for 5 additional years. The trial results suggest that a...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: SOLD Trial Data Support Current Standard 12-Month Adjuvant Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Disease-free survival after 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) and standard chemotherapy was not comparable to disease-free survival after 12 months of adjuvant trastuzumab and standard chemotherapy for women with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer, supporting the current...

breast cancer

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, on HR+ Early Breast Cancer: Update of the SOFT Trial

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on a comparison of adjuvant tamoxifen plus ovarian function suppression vs tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract GS4-03).

breast cancer

Melinda Telli, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: New Clinical Approaches

Melinda Telli, MD, of the Stanford University School of Medicine, discusses the current status of treatment for advanced TNBC, and new therapeutic strategies now being used for better outcomes.

breast cancer

Lisa A. Carey, MD, on Locally Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results of a CALGB/NCCTG Trial

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, discusses the long-term follow-up of CALGB 40502/NCCTG N063H, a phase III study of weekly paclitaxel compared with weekly nanoparticle albumin bound nab-paclitaxel or ixabepilone with or without bevacizumab as first-line therapy for locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer (Abstract GS3-06).

breast cancer

Michael Gnant, MD, on Duration of Anastrozole Treatment: Results of the ABCSG-16 Trial

Michael Gnant, MD, of the Medical University of Vienna, discusses phase III study findings on giving an additional 2 vs an additional 5 years of anastrozole after the first 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy (Abstract GS3-01).

breast cancer

Vered Stearns, MD, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, on ER+ Breast Cancer: Controversies in Adjuvant Treatment

Vered Stearns, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, and Prudence A. Francis, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss two key topics in adjuvant treatment: endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with ER+ breast cancer and finding the optimal duration of treatment.

Genomics/Genetics
Solid Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer

National Cancer Institute Awards $12 Million for Breast Cancer Genetics Study

A large study headed by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California and two other institutions received $12 million in funding to examine why African American women seem to have more aggressive breast tumors and higher mortality rates from breast cancer than...

breast cancer

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, on HR+ Breast Cancer: Treatment Trial Results

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of the West Cancer Center, discusses phase II study findings evaluating exemestane with or without enzalutamide in patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract GS4-07).

breast cancer

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Roberto Salgado, MD, PhD, on HER2+ Metastatic Breast Cancer: Results From the PANACEA/KEYNOTE 014 Trial

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Roberto Salgado, MD, PhD, both of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss study findings on pembrolizumab and trastuzumab in patients with trastuzumab-resistant disease (Abstract GS2-06).

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Preparing for Steep Increase in Breast Cancer Among the Elderly

“We are in the midst of a steep increase” in the incidence of breast cancer among women aged 65 years and older, Arti Hurria, MD, reported at the 19th Annual Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium, Chicago.1 “Are we prepared as a health-care system and as providers to address this burgeoning need?” she...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Combined Therapies Increase Adverse Events in Patients With Hormone Receptor–Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In patients with hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer, the combination of targeted agents and hormone therapy is associated with a significantly increased risk of severe adverse events, according to research presented by Matteo Lambertini, MD, European Society for Medical Oncology...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Managing Neurotoxicity in Advanced Breast Cancer

Neurotoxicity in advanced breast cancer is not limited to chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, according to Matti Aapro, MD, of IMO Clinique de Genolier, Switzerland. Surgery, radiation therapy, and medical therapy can all have detrimental effects on either the central or peripheral nervous ...

breast cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, on Preserving Fertility in Patients With Early Breast Cancer: Pooled Analysis

Matteo Lambertini, MD, of the Institut Jules Bordet, discusses the results of five clinical trials investigating temporary ovarian suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs during chemotherapy as a strategy to preserve ovarian function and fertility in premenopausal early breast cancer patients (Abstract GS4-01).

breast cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy in Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the growing role of immunotherapy in treating breast disease, the evidence of biomarkers that may be associated with response to therapy, and the opportunities to perform robust correlative studies.

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Temporary Ovarian Suppression With Hormone Analog May Preserve Fertility During Breast Cancer Chemotherapy

Meta-analysis of individual patient data from five randomized clinical trials provided a high level of evidence that treatment with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) could safely and effectively protect ovarian function and potentially preserve fertility in premenopausal women...

breast cancer
pain management

SABCS 2017: Acupuncture May Reduce Joint Pain Caused by Aromatase Inhibitor Treatment

Acupuncture significantly reduced joint pain for postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer receiving treatment with an aromatase inhibitor compared with both sham acupuncture and no treatment, according to data from the randomized, phase III SWOG S1200 trial presented by Hershman et al at ...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: MONALEESA-7: Ribociclib Improved Progression-Free Survival for Pre- and Perimenopausal Women With HR-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

Adding the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor ribociclib (Kisqali) to standard endocrine therapy with temporary ovarian suppression significantly improved progression-free survival for pre- and perimenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor–positive (HR-positive), HER2-negative...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Combination of Pembrolizumab and Trastuzumab Shows Early Promise for Patients With Trastuzumab-Resistant Breast Cancer

A combination of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) and trastuzumab (Herceptin) tested in patients with trastuzumab-resistant advanced HER2-positive breast cancer was well tolerated and had clinical benefit in patients whose tumors were positive for a biomarker for pembrolizumab, according to data presented...

breast cancer

Richard G. Gray, MSc, on Adjusting Adjuvant Chemotherapy Dosing: Results From an EBCTCG Analysis

Richard G. Gray, MSc, of the University of Oxford, discusses an Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group meta-analysis of 21,000 women in 16 randomized trials, which showed that increasing the dose density of adjuvant chemotherapy by shortening intervals between courses or sequentially administering treatment significantly reduces disease recurrence and breast cancer mortality (Abstract GS1-01).

breast cancer

Louis Fehrenbacher, MD, on Invasive Breast Cancer: Results From the NSABP B-47 Trial

Louis Fehrenbacher, MD, of Kaiser Permanente, discusses study findings comparing adjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel—or docetaxel and cyclophosphamide—with or without a year of trastuzumab in women with node-positive or high-risk node-negative disease (Abstract GS1-02).

breast cancer

Debu Tripathy, MD, on HR+, HER2– Breast Cancer: Results From the MONALEESA-7 Trial

Debu Tripathy, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings on first-line ribociclib vs placebo with goserelin and tamoxifen or a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer (Abstract GS2-05).

breast cancer

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer and Bisphosphonate Treatment: Results From the SUCCESS A Trial

Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD, of Ulm University, discusses study findings that showed extended adjuvant bisphosphonate treatment over 5 years in early breast cancer does not improve disease-free and overall survival when compared with 2 years of treatment (Abstract GS1-06).

breast cancer

Keynote Lecture: Silvia C. Formenti, MD, on Converting Tumors Into in Situ Vaccines With Radiation Therapy

Silvia C. Formenti, MD, of Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses the high therapeutic potential of combining radiotherapy with immunotherapy and findings that show radiation dose and fractionation seem particularly relevant to the success of abscopal responses. The science has now matured to clinical translation.

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Increasing the Dose Intensity of Chemotherapy May Lower the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence and Death

Increasing the dose intensity of chemotherapy—by either shortening the intervals between the cycles or by sequential administration instead of concurrent administration of the drugs—reduced the risk of early-stage breast cancer recurrence and death compared with standard chemotherapy...

breast cancer

SABCS 2017: Adjuvant Trastuzumab Did Not Improve Outcomes for Patients With HER2-Low Breast Cancer

Adding trastuzumab (Herceptin) to standard adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve invasive disease–free survival for patients with early-stage breast cancer found to have low levels of HER2, defined as immunohistochemistry (IHC) 1–positive or IHC 2-positive and/or in situ hybridization...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Regimens Compared in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The phase III KRISTINE trial has shown that neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (Herceptin) plus pertuzumab (Perjeta) resulted in a higher pathologic complete response rate vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) plus pertuzumab, as well as a higher incidence of severe...

breast cancer

Extended Intermittent vs Continuous Adjuvant Therapy for Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer

The phase III SOLE trial has shown no disease-free survival benefit with extended intermittent vs continuous adjuvant letrozole in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. These findings were reported by Colleoni et al in The Lancet Oncology. As noted by the investigators, the findings suggest an...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Urban American Indian and Alaskan Natives May Have Lower Survival Rates Following Invasive Prostate and Breast Cancers

Compared with the non-Hispanic white (NHW) population, the urban American Indian and Alaskan Native (AIAN) community was more likely to have lower survival rates following invasive prostate and breast cancer, according to a new study by Emerson et al in Cancer Research. “It’s been...

breast cancer
cost of care

Climbing Costs for Treating Breast Cancer Poised to Strain Medicare in the Near Future

With cancer care costs projected to increase 32% from 2010 to 2020, researchers are working to determine the main drivers of costs for treating breast cancer. In a study led by Ami Vyas, PhD, MS, MBA, of the University of Rhode Island, published in the November issue of JNCCN–Journal of the...

Hematologic Malignancies
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Lymphoma

FDA Approvals in November 2017: Novel Drugs, New Indications

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) approved a number of novel drugs and new indications in November 2017. Several of them are listed here.  Fulvestrant/Abemaciclib Combination in Breast Cancer  ON NOVEMBER 15 , the FDA approved fulvestrant (Faslodex) in combination with abemaciclib...

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